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FFmpeg Docker image

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This project prepares a minimalist Docker image with FFmpeg. It compiles FFmpeg from sources following instructions from the Compilation Guide.

You can install the latest build of this image by running docker pull jrottenberg/ffmpeg:${VERSION}-${VARIANT} or docker pull ghcr.io/jrottenberg/ffmpeg:${VERSION}-${VARIANT}.

This image can be used as a base for an encoding farm.

Builds

There are different builds available:

  • alpine based images ffmpeg:<version>-alpine or ffmpeg:<version>-alpine313 (old versions with ffmpeg:<version>-alpine312 , ffmpeg:<version>-alpine311)
    • alpine based scratch images ffmpeg:<version>-scratch or ffmpeg:<version>-scratch313 (old versions with ffmpeg:<version>-scratch312 , ffmpeg:<version>-scratch311)
  • centos based images ffmpeg:<version>-centos or ffmpeg:<version>-centos7 or ffmpeg:<version>-centos8
  • ubuntu based images ffmpeg:<version>-ubuntu or ffmpeg:<version>-ubuntu2004 (old versions with ffmpeg:<version>-ubuntu1804 , ffmpeg:<version>-ubuntu1604)
    • ubuntu based nvidia images ffmpeg:<version>-nvidia or ffmpeg:<version>-nvidia2004 (old versions with ffmpeg:<version>-nvidia1804, ffmpeg:<version>-nvidia1604)
    • ubuntu based vaapi images ffmpeg:<version>-vaapi1804 or ffmpeg:<version>-vaapi2004 (old versions with ffmpeg:<version>-vaapi1804, ffmpeg:<version>-nvidia1604)

<version> can be one of the following:

  • 3.2
  • 3.3
  • 3.4
  • 4.0
  • 4.1
  • 4.2
  • 4.3
  • 4.4

Not all combinations are supported and older versions will fade out over time. See the table below for the currently supported combinations.

Version alpine38 alpine312 centos7 centos8 nvidia1804 scratch38 scratch312 ubuntu1804 ubuntu2004 vaapi1804 vaapi2004
3.2 ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
3.3 ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
3.4 ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
4.0 ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
4.1 ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
4.2 ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
4.3 ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
snapshot ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️

Generate list of recent images

You can use the following command to generate a list of current images:

$ curl --silent https://hub.docker.com/v2/repositories/jrottenberg/ffmpeg/tags/?page_size=500 | jq -cr ".results|sort_by(.name)|reverse[]|.sz=(.full_size/1048576|floor|tostring+\"mb\")|[.name,( (20-(.name|length))*\" \" ),.sz,( (8-(.sz|length))*\" \"),.last_updated[:10]]|@text|gsub(\"[,\\\"\\\]\\\[]\";null)"

If you want to compare the one you have locally, use the following command:

$ docker images | grep ffmpeg | sort | awk '{print $1 ":" $2 "\t" $7 $8}'

Please use Github issues to report any bug or missing feature.

Test

ffmpeg version N-98740-ga72d529 Copyright (c) 2000-2020 the FFmpeg developers
  built with gcc 7 (Ubuntu 7.5.0-3ubuntu1~18.04)
  configuration: --disable-debug --disable-doc --disable-ffplay --enable-shared --enable-avresample --enable-libopencore-amrnb --enable-libopencore-amrwb --enable-gpl --enable-libass --enable-fontconfig --enable-libfreetype --enable-libvidstab --enable-libmp3lame --enable-libopus --enable-libtheora --enable-libvorbis --enable-libvpx --enable-libwebp --enable-libxcb --enable-libx265 --enable-libxvid --enable-libx264 --enable-nonfree --enable-openssl --enable-libfdk_aac --enable-postproc --enable-small --enable-version3 --enable-libbluray --enable-libzmq --extra-libs=-ldl --prefix=/opt/ffmpeg --enable-libopenjpeg --enable-libkvazaar --enable-libaom --extra-libs=-lpthread --enable-libsrt --enable-libaribb24 --enable-vaapi --extra-cflags=-I/opt/ffmpeg/include --extra-ldflags=-L/opt/ffmpeg/lib
  libavutil      56. 58.100 / 56. 58.100
  libavcodec     58.100.100 / 58.100.100
  libavformat    58. 51.100 / 58. 51.100
  libavdevice    58. 11.101 / 58. 11.101
  libavfilter     7. 87.100 /  7. 87.100
  libavresample   4.  0.  0 /  4.  0.  0
  libswscale      5.  8.100 /  5.  8.100
  libswresample   3.  8.100 /  3.  8.100
  libpostproc    55.  8.100 / 55.  8.100

  configuration:
    --disable-debug
    --disable-doc
    --disable-ffplay
    --enable-shared
    --enable-avresample
    --enable-libopencore-amrnb
    --enable-libopencore-amrwb
    --enable-gpl
    --enable-libass
    --enable-fontconfig
    --enable-libfreetype
    --enable-libvidstab
    --enable-libmp3lame
    --enable-libopus
    --enable-libtheora
    --enable-libvorbis
    --enable-libvpx
    --enable-libwebp
    --enable-libxcb
    --enable-libx265
    --enable-libxvid
    --enable-libx264
    --enable-nonfree
    --enable-openssl
    --enable-libfdk_aac
    --enable-postproc
    --enable-small
    --enable-version3
    --enable-libbluray
    --enable-libzmq
    --extra-libs=-ldl
    --prefix=/opt/ffmpeg
    --enable-libopenjpeg
    --enable-libkvazaar
    --enable-libaom
    --extra-libs=-lpthread
    --enable-libsrt
    --enable-libaribb24
    --enable-vaapi
    --extra-cflags=-I/opt/ffmpeg/include
    --extra-ldflags=-L/opt/ffmpeg/lib

Capture output from the container to the host running the command

 docker run jrottenberg/ffmpeg:4.4-alpine \
            -i http://url/to/media.mp4 \
            -stats \
            $ffmpeg_options  - > out.mp4

Examples

Extract 5s @00:49:42 into a GIF

 docker run jrottenberg/ffmpeg:4.4-alpine -stats  \
        -i http://archive.org/download/thethreeagesbusterkeaton/Buster.Keaton.The.Three.Ages.ogv \
        -loop 0  \
        -final_delay 500 -c:v gif -f gif -ss 00:49:42 -t 5 - > trow_ball.gif

Convert 10bits MKV into a 10Bits MP4

 docker run -v $(pwd):$(pwd) -w $(pwd) jrottenberg/ffmpeg:4.4-scratch \
        -stats \
        -i http://www.jell.yfish.us/media/jellyfish-20-mbps-hd-hevc-10bit.mkv \
        -c:v libx265 -pix_fmt yuv420p10 \
        -t 5 -f mp4 test.mp4

The image has been compiled with X265 Multilib. Use the pixel format switch to change the number of bits per pixel by suffixing it with 10 for 10bits or 12 for 12bits.

Convert a local GIF into a mp4

Let's assume original.gif is located in the current directory :

 docker run -v $(pwd):$(pwd) -w $(pwd)\
        jrottenberg/ffmpeg:4.4-scratch -stats \
        -i original.gif \
        original-converted.mp4

Use ZeroMQ to toggle filter value on-fly

Let's start some process continuously writing some radio music, and listen it:

docker run --rm -d -v $(pwd):$(pwd) -w $(pwd) -p 11235:11235 \
        --name radio-writer jrottenberg/ffmpeg:4.4-alpine \
        -i http://radio.casse-tete.solutions/salut-radio-64.mp3 \
        -filter_complex '[0:a]volume@vol=1,azmq=bind_address=tcp\\\://0.0.0.0\\\:11235[out]' \
        -map '[out]' ./salut-radio.mp3

docker run -it -v $(pwd):$(pwd) -w $(pwd) --entrypoint=ffprobe jrottenberg/ffmpeg:4.4-alpine -v quiet  -show_streams salut-radio.mp3

Now, just toggle its volume on-fly, and hear how it changes:

docker run --rm --network=host --entrypoint sh jrottenberg/ffmpeg:4.4-ubuntu -c \
        'echo "volume@vol volume 2" | zmqsend -b tcp://127.0.0.1:11235'

Send a stream over SRT

Let's send video.mp4 to srt-listener on port 9000 over SRT protocol.

docker run -v $(pwd):$(pwd) jrottenberg/ffmpeg:4.4-centos \
       -re -i $(pwd)/video.mp4 -acodec copy -vcodec copy -f mpegts srt://srt-listener:9000?pkt_size=1316

Use hardware acceleration enabled build

Thanks to qmfrederik for the vaapi ubuntu based variant

jrottenberg/ffmpeg:vaapi or jrottenberg/ffmpeg:${VERSION}-vaapi

  • Run the container with the device attached /dev/dri from your host into the container :

docker run --device /dev/dri:/dev/dri -v $(pwd):$(pwd) -w $(pwd) jrottenberg/ffmpeg:4.4-vaapi [...]

  • Have the Intel drivers up and running on your host. You can run vainfo (part of vainfo package on Ubuntu) to determine whether your graphics card has been recognized correctly.
  • Run ffmpeg with the correct parameters, this is the same as when running ffmpeg natively.

Use nvidia hardware acceleration enabled build

Thanks to ShaulMyplay for the nvidia based variant

Supports nvenc only on all ffmpeg versions, and hardware decoding and scaling on ffmpeg >= 4.0

Hardware encoding only example:

docker run --runtime=nvidia jrottenberg/ffmpeg:4.4-nvidia -i INPUT -c:v nvenc_h264 -preset hq OUTPUT Full hardware acceleration example: docker run --runtime=nvidia jrottenberg/ffmpeg:4.4-nvidia -hwaccel cuvid -c:v h264_cuvid -i INPUT -vf scale_npp=-1:720 -c:v h264_nvenc -preset slow OUTPUT

See what's inside the beast
docker run -it --entrypoint='bash' jrottenberg/ffmpeg:4.4-ubuntu

for i in ogg amr vorbis theora mp3lame opus vpx xvid fdk x264 x265;do echo $i; find /usr/local/ -name *$i*;done

Keep up to date

See Dockerfile-env to update a version

Contribute

See the contributing guide