Docker build for FFmpeg on Ubuntu / Alpine / Centos 7 / Scratch
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Julien Rottenberg
Julien Rottenberg keeping it up with minors
Latest commit 9d0f732 Jul 18, 2018

FFmpeg Docker image

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This project prepares a minimalist Docker image with FFmpeg. It compiles FFmpeg from sources following instructions from the Compilation Guide.

You can install the latest build of this image by running docker pull jrottenberg/ffmpeg.

This image can be used as a base for an encoding farm.

Ubuntu builds

You can use jrottenberg/ffmpeg or jrottenberg/ffmpeg:3.3 to get the latest build based on ubuntu.

Note : I've made ubuntu the default after 3.1

You'll find centos based image using ffmpeg:X.Y-centos or ffmpeg:centos to get the latest. alpine images ffmpeg:X.Y-alpine to get the latest. scratch images ffmpeg:X.Y-scratch to get the latest. (Scratch is an experimental image containing only FFmpeg and libraries)

For information :

centos-3.3          centos              28221bb909aa        About an hour ago    264MB
ubuntu-3.3          ubuntu              d6b632a4fe7f        3 seconds ago        221MB
alpine-3.3          alpine              725234fc4162        40 minutes ago       65.6MB
scratch-3.3         scratch             34724534bb88        15 minutes ago       48.6MB

Please use Github issues to report any bug or missing feature.


ffmpeg version 3.3.4 Copyright (c) 2000-2017 the FFmpeg developers
  built with gcc 5.4.0 (Ubuntu 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.4) 20160609
  configuration: --disable-debug --disable-doc --disable-ffplay --enable-shared --enable-avresample --enable-libopencore-amrnb --enable-libopencore-amrwb --enable-gpl --enable-libass --enable-libfreetype --enable-libvidstab --enable-libmp3lame --enable-libopenjpeg --enable-libopus --enable-libtheora --enable-libvorbis --enable-libvpx --enable-libx265 --enable-libxvid --enable-libx264 --enable-nonfree --enable-openssl --enable-libfdk_aac --enable-postproc --enable-small --enable-version3 --extra-cflags=-I/opt/ffmpeg/include --extra-ldflags=-L/opt/ffmpeg/lib --extra-libs=-ldl --prefix=/opt/ffmpeg
  libavutil      55. 58.100 / 55. 58.100
  libavcodec     57. 89.100 / 57. 89.100
  libavformat    57. 71.100 / 57. 71.100
  libavdevice    57.  6.100 / 57.  6.100
  libavfilter     6. 82.100 /  6. 82.100
  libavresample   3.  5.  0 /  3.  5.  0
  libswscale      4.  6.100 /  4.  6.100
  libswresample   2.  7.100 /  2.  7.100
  libpostproc    54.  5.100 / 54.  5.100


Capture output from the container to the host running the command

 docker run jrottenberg/ffmpeg \
            -i http://url/to/media.mp4 \
            -stats \
            $ffmpeg_options  - > out.mp4


Extract 5s @00:49:42 into a GIF

 docker run jrottenberg/ffmpeg -stats  \
        -i \
        -loop 0  \
        -final_delay 500 -c:v gif -f gif -ss 00:49:42 -t 5 - > trow_ball.gif

Convert 10bits MKV into a 10Bits MP4

 docker run -v $PWD:/tmp jrottenberg/ffmpeg:3.4-scratch \
        -stats \
        -i \
        -c:v libx265 -pix_fmt yuv420p10 \
        -t 5 -f mp4 /tmp/test.mp4

The image has been compiled with X265 Multilib. Use the pixel format switch to change the number of bits per pixel by suffixing it with 10 for 10bits or 12 for 12bits.

Use hardware acceleration enabled build

Thanks to qmfrederik for the vaapi ubuntu based variant

jrottenberg/ffmpeg:vaapi or jrottenberg/ffmpeg:vaapi-${VERSION}

  • Run the container with the device attached /dev/dri from your host into the container :

docker run --device /dev/dri:/dev/dri -v $(pwd):/mnt jrottenberg/ffmpeg:vaapi [...]

  • Have the Intel drivers up and running on your host. You can run vainfo (part of vainfo package on Ubuntu) to determine whether your graphics card has been recognized correctly.
  • Run ffmpeg with the correct parameters, this is the same as when running ffmpeg natively.

See what's inside the beast

docker run -it --entrypoint='bash' jrottenberg/ffmpeg

for i in ogg amr vorbis theora mp3lame opus vpx xvid fdk x264 x265;do echo $i; find /usr/local/ -name *$i*;done

Keep up to date

See Dockerfile-env to update a version


# Add / fix stuff
${EDITOR} templates/

# Generates the Dockerfile for all variants

# Test a specific variant
docker build -t my-build docker-images/VERSION/

# Make sure all variants pass before Travis does
find ffmpeg/ -name Dockerfile | xargs dirname | parallel --no-notice -j 4 --results logs docker build -t {} {}

Commit the templates files THEN all the generated Dockerfile for a merge request. So it's easier to review the template change.