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Sample Rails app for image cropping using Paperclip and Jcrop

branch: master
README.rdoc

RJCrop

This is a sample application that shows how to implement image cropping using the popular Paperclip Rails plugin and the Jcrop jQuery plugin for selecting the cropping area.

Paperclip project page: github.com/thoughtbot/paperclip/tree/master Jcrop home page: deepliquid.com/content/Jcrop.html

Most of the inspiration for this application was taken from this thread: groups.google.com/group/paperclip-plugin/browse_thread/thread/817266ea5b37580c and especially this helpful piece of code: groups.google.com/group/paperclip-plugin/msg/5b6dd7ade3ba6b87?hl=en

Downloading and testing the application

git clone git://github.com/jschwindt/rjcrop.git
cd rjcrop
rake db:migrate
git submodule init
git submodule update
./script/server

After that you can point your browser to localhost:3000, upload an image and see how easy is to create a cropped image that can be used as an avatar.

How does it work?

This application was featured by Ryan Bates on his Railscast #182 railscasts.com/episodes/182-cropping-images

The tricky part creating this application was to find a simple way of interacting with Paperclip in order to create the cropped images after the model was saved. In fact it was necessary to reprocess the attachments after they were initially loaded by the plugin.

The model

class User < ActiveRecord::Base

  has_attached_file :avatar,
        :styles => { :normal => "240x240>",
                     :small = > "55x55#" },
        :processors => [:jcropper]

  attr_accessor :crop_x, :crop_y, :crop_w, :crop_h

  after_update :reprocess_avatar, :if => :cropping?

  def cropping?
    !crop_x.blank? && !crop_y.blank? && !crop_w.blank? && !crop_h.blank?
  end

  # helper method used by the cropper view to get the real image geometry
  def avatar_geometry(style = :original)
    @geometry ||= {}
    @geometry[style] ||= Paperclip::Geometry.from_file avatar.path(style)
  end

  private

  def reprocess_avatar
    avatar.reprocess!
  end

end

The model includes the has_attached_file as usual but it specifies a custom processor jcropper that is slightly different from the original thumbnail.rb processor provided by Paperclip.

The process of creating the avatar works like this:

  • The user uploads an image and Paperclip creates the :normal and the :small version and because none of the :crop_x, :crop_y, :crop_w, :crop_h are defined cropping? returns false. This way the jcropper processor works just like the original thumbnail processor.

  • Then the user is presented with the normal thumbnail that is used to choose the cropping rectangle.

  • Finally when the user model is updated and cropping? returns true, the Paperclip reprocess! method is invoked and the jcropper processor crop the original image according to the cropping rectangle.

Because now the cropping rectangle parameters are provided by the view, then the crop_command specifies how to crop the original image. The string looks like: “-crop 500x500+125+450” that in the ImageMagick convert command means “crop the original image at offset 125,450 with a size of 500x500”. Finally the images are resized using :normal => “240x240>” and :small = > “55x55” parameters.

The lib/papercli_processors/jcropper.rb

# Jcropper paperclip processor
#
# This processor very slightly changes the default thumbnail processor in order to work properly with Jcrop
# the jQuery cropper plugin.

module Paperclip
  # Handles thumbnailing images that are uploaded.
  class Jcropper < Thumbnail

    def transformation_command
      if crop_command
        crop_command + super.sub(/ -crop \S+/, '')
      else
        super
      end
    end

    def crop_command
      target = @attachment.instance
      if target.cropping?
        " -crop '#{target.crop_w.to_i}x#{target.crop_h.to_i}+#{target.crop_x.to_i}+#{target.crop_y.to_i}'"
      end
    end

  end

end

The jcropper processor inherits from the original Thumbnail processor but redefines the transformation_command in order to get the cropping rectangle from the model if it is defined. Otherwise it works just like the original thumbnail processor.

The Jcrop and jQuery magic

All the magic happens in cropping.html.erb view and it should be easy to understand it by reading the Jcrop documentation. One important thing to remark is how the ratio between the original image and the normal thumbnail is computed using the avatar_geometry helper method from the model:

function showPreview(coords)
{
  :
  var ratio = <%= @user.avatar_geometry(:original).width %> / <%= @user.avatar_geometry(:normal).width %>; 
  :
}

Author

Juan Schwindt juan(at)schwindt.org

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