Skip to content
Permalink
Branch: master
Find file Copy path
Fetching contributors…
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
321 lines (273 sloc) 7 KB
layout title
post
Let's build a CRUD app with the Fetch API

View demo | View code

I recently built an application - https://stopgap.store/ which is a simple way to get up and running with an API with almost zero configuration.

In an effort to demo its capabilities, I thought I'd explore working with the fetch API as well.

Fetch is an experimental technology!

  • TOC {:toc}

Initial Setup

We're gonna do this thing entirely in a single html file:

<!doctype html>
<html>
  <head></head>
  <body>
    <form>
      <label for='todo'>Todo:</label>
      <input type='text' id='todo'>
    </form>
    <ul class='todos'></ul>
  </body>
</html>

And a little bit of JavaScript before the closing </body> tag:

var form = document.querySelector('form')
var input = document.getElementById('todo')
var todos = document.querySelector('.todos')

Setting up the API

In lieu of setting up a local API server to persist our data, or authenticating with a third party provider like Firebase, we can generate a throw-away api at https://stopgap.store/

Click on "Create Project" and copy the URL:

Add the url as a variable:

var apiUrl = 'https://stopgap.store/48277/todos'

Note: You can add whatever resource name you like to the end of the url. I decided to use "todos"

All together now!

<!doctype html>
<html>
  <head></head>
  <body>
    <form>
      <label for='todo'>Todo:</label>
      <input type='text' id='todo'>
    </form>
    <ul class='todos'></ul>
    <script>
      var apiUrl = 'https://stopgap.store/48277/todos'
      var form = document.querySelector('form')
      var input = document.getElementById('todo')
      var todos = document.querySelector('.todos')
    </script>
  </body>
</html>

Create

A good start would be console.logging whatever's in the input when the user submits the form:

form.addEventListener("submit", create)
function create(event){
  event.preventDefault()
  console.log(input.value)
}

To create something on the server, we need to send a POST request, with a JSON string of the content we want to send.

function create(event){
  event.preventDefault()
  fetch(apiUrl,{
    method: 'POST',
    body: JSON.stringify({
      text: input.value
    })
  }).then(function(response){
    response.json().then(function(todo){
      console.log(todo)
    })
  })
}

But instead of logging to the console, we'll need to create a new <li> and append it to the existing <ul>

//...
    response.json().then(li)
  })
}
function li(todo){
  var l = document.createElement("li")
  l.innerHTML = todo.text
  todos.appendChild(l)
}

Read

When the page loads, fetch all the todos from the server, and create <li>s for each of them.

fetch(apiUrl + ".json").then(function(response){
  response.json().then(function(todos){
    todos.forEach(li)
  })
})

Note: the addition of ".json" is required here because the apiUrl serves HTML as well.

Update

An easy way to allow the user to edit inidividual todos would be to make each li contenteditable:

function li(todo){
//...
  l.setAttribute("contenteditable", true)

and tell the server when the content is no longer being changed on the blur event:

function li(todo){
//...
  l.setAttribute("contenteditable", true)
  l.setAttribute("data-id", todo.id)
  l.addEventListener("blur", update)
  todos.append(l)
}

function update(event){
  var id = event.target.getAttribute("data-id")
  fetch(apiUrl + "/" + id, {
    method: 'PATCH',
    body: JSON.stringify({
     text: event.target.innerText
    })
  }).then(function(response){
    response.json().then(function(todo){
      console.log(todo)
    })
  })
}

Delete

For each list item, we can add a link to delete, though this will require a small change or to to our li() function and PATCH request.

First, create a <span> child of the <li> and make that contenteditable.

function li(todo){
  var l = document.createElement("li")
  var span = document.createElement("span")
  span.setAttribute("contenteditable", true)
  span.setAttribute("data-id", todo.id)
  span.innerHTML = todo.text
  span.addEventListener("blur", update)
  l.appendChild(span)
  todos.appendChild(l)
}

Then, create a link to delete:

// in function li()
var a = document.createElement("a")
a.innerHTML = '&times;'
a.addEventListener("click", remove)
a.setAttribute("data-id", todo.id)
l.appendChild(a)

and the function to handle the removal:

function remove(event){
  event.preventDefault()
  var id = event.target.getAttribute("data-id")
  fetch(apiUrl + "/" + id,{
    method: 'DELETE'
  }).then(function(){
    todos.removeChild(event.target.parentNode)
  })
}

Add a little css to space things out:

span + a {
  display: inline-block;
  margin-left: 1em;
  cursor: pointer;
}

Complete code

<!doctype html>
<html>
  <head>
    <style>
      span + a {
	display: inline-block;
	margin-left: 1em;
	cursor: pointer;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form>
      <label for='todo'>Todo:</label>
      <input type='text' id='todo'>
    </form>
    <ul class='todos'></ul>
    <script>
      var apiUrl = 'https://stopgap.store/48277/todos'
      var form = document.querySelector('form')
      var input = document.getElementById('todo')
      var todos = document.querySelector('.todos')
      form.addEventListener("submit", create)
      function create(event){
	event.preventDefault()
	fetch(apiUrl,{
	  method: 'POST',
	  body: JSON.stringify({
	    text: input.value
	  })
	}).then(function(response){
	  response.json().then(li)
	})
      }
      function update(event){
	var id = event.target.getAttribute("data-id")
	fetch(apiUrl + "/" + id + ".json", {
	  method: 'PATCH',
	  body: JSON.stringify({
	   text: event.target.innerText
	  })
	}).then(function(response){
	  response.json().then(function(todo){
	    console.log(todo)
	  })
	})
      }
      function li(todo){
	var l = document.createElement("li")
	var span = document.createElement("span")
	span.setAttribute("contenteditable", true)
	span.setAttribute("data-id", todo.id)
	span.innerHTML = todo.text
	span.addEventListener("blur", update)
	l.appendChild(span)
	var a = document.createElement("a")
	a.innerHTML = '&times;'
	a.addEventListener("click", remove)
	a.setAttribute("data-id", todo.id)
	l.appendChild(a)
	todos.appendChild(l)
      }
      function remove(event){
	event.preventDefault()
	var id = event.target.getAttribute("data-id")
	fetch(apiUrl + "/" + id,{
	  method: 'DELETE'
	}).then(function(){
	  todos.removeChild(event.target.parentNode)
	})
      }
      fetch(apiUrl + ".json").then(function(response){
	response.json().then(function(todos){
	  todos.forEach(li)
	})
      })
    </script>
  </body>
</html>
You can’t perform that action at this time.