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/* $NetBSD: ftree.c,v 1.42 2012/09/27 00:44:59 christos Exp $ */
/*-
* Copyright (c) 1992 Keith Muller.
* Copyright (c) 1992, 1993
* The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
*
* This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by
* Keith Muller of the University of California, San Diego.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
* are met:
* 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
* documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
* may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
* without specific prior written permission.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
* ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
* ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
* FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
* DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
* OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
* HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
* LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
* OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
* SUCH DAMAGE.
*/
/*-
* Copyright (c) 2001 The NetBSD Foundation, Inc.
* All rights reserved.
*
* This code is derived from software contributed to The NetBSD Foundation
* by Luke Mewburn of Wasabi Systems.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
* are met:
* 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
* documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE NETBSD FOUNDATION, INC. AND CONTRIBUTORS
* ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
* TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
* PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE FOUNDATION OR CONTRIBUTORS
* BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
* CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
* SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
* INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
* CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
* ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
* POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*/
#if HAVE_NBTOOL_CONFIG_H
#include "nbtool_config.h"
#endif
#include <sys/cdefs.h>
#if !defined(lint)
#if 0
static char sccsid[] = "@(#)ftree.c 8.2 (Berkeley) 4/18/94";
#else
__RCSID("$NetBSD: ftree.c,v 1.42 2012/09/27 00:44:59 christos Exp $");
#endif
#endif /* not lint */
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fts.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include "pax.h"
#include "ftree.h"
#include "extern.h"
#include "options.h"
#ifndef SMALL
#include "mtree.h"
#endif /* SMALL */
/*
* routines to interface with the fts library function.
*
* file args supplied to pax are stored on a single linked list (of type FTREE)
* and given to fts to be processed one at a time. pax "selects" files from
* the expansion of each arg into the corresponding file tree (if the arg is a
* directory, otherwise the node itself is just passed to pax). The selection
* is modified by the -n and -u flags. The user is informed when a specific
* file arg does not generate any selected files. -n keeps expanding the file
* tree arg until one of its files is selected, then skips to the next file
* arg. when the user does not supply the file trees as command line args to
* pax, they are read from stdin
*/
static FTS *ftsp = NULL; /* current FTS handle */
static int ftsopts; /* options to be used on fts_open */
static char *farray[2]; /* array for passing each arg to fts */
static FTREE *fthead = NULL; /* head of linked list of file args */
static FTREE *fttail = NULL; /* tail of linked list of file args */
static FTREE *ftcur = NULL; /* current file arg being processed */
static FTSENT *ftent = NULL; /* current file tree entry */
static int ftree_skip; /* when set skip to next file arg */
#ifndef SMALL
static NODE *ftnode = NULL; /* mtree(8) specfile; used by -M */
#endif /* SMALL */
static int ftree_arg(void);
#define FTS_ERRNO(x) (x)->fts_errno
/*
* ftree_start()
* initialize the options passed to fts_open() during this run of pax
* options are based on the selection of pax options by the user
* fts_start() also calls fts_arg() to open the first valid file arg. We
* also attempt to reset directory access times when -t (tflag) is set.
* Return:
* 0 if there is at least one valid file arg to process, -1 otherwise
*/
int
ftree_start(void)
{
#ifndef SMALL
/*
* if -M is given, the list of filenames on stdin is actually
* an mtree(8) specfile, so parse the specfile into a NODE *
* tree at ftnode, for use by next_file()
*/
if (Mflag) {
if (fthead != NULL) {
tty_warn(1,
"The -M flag is only supported when reading file list from stdin");
return -1;
}
ftnode = spec(stdin);
if (ftnode != NULL &&
(ftnode->type != F_DIR || strcmp(ftnode->name, ".") != 0)) {
tty_warn(1,
"First node of specfile is not `.' directory");
return -1;
}
return 0;
}
#endif /* SMALL */
/*
* set up the operation mode of fts, open the first file arg. We must
* use FTS_NOCHDIR, as the user may have to open multiple archives and
* if fts did a chdir off into the boondocks, we may create an archive
* volume in an place where the user did not expect to.
*/
ftsopts = FTS_NOCHDIR;
/*
* optional user flags that effect file traversal
* -H command line symlink follow only (half follow)
* -L follow sylinks (logical)
* -P do not follow sylinks (physical). This is the default.
* -X do not cross over mount points
* -t preserve access times on files read.
* -n select only the first member of a file tree when a match is found
* -d do not extract subtrees rooted at a directory arg.
*/
if (Lflag)
ftsopts |= FTS_LOGICAL;
else
ftsopts |= FTS_PHYSICAL;
if (Hflag)
ftsopts |= FTS_COMFOLLOW;
if (Xflag)
ftsopts |= FTS_XDEV;
if ((fthead == NULL) && ((farray[0] = malloc(PAXPATHLEN+2)) == NULL)) {
tty_warn(1, "Unable to allocate memory for file name buffer");
return -1;
}
if (ftree_arg() < 0)
return -1;
if (tflag && (atdir_start() < 0))
return -1;
return 0;
}
/*
* ftree_add()
* add the arg to the linked list of files to process. Each will be
* processed by fts one at a time
* Return:
* 0 if added to the linked list, -1 if failed
*/
int
ftree_add(char *str, int isdir)
{
FTREE *ft;
int len;
/*
* simple check for bad args
*/
if ((str == NULL) || (*str == '\0')) {
tty_warn(0, "Invalid file name argument");
return -1;
}
/*
* allocate FTREE node and add to the end of the linked list (args are
* processed in the same order they were passed to pax). Get rid of any
* trailing / the user may pass us. (watch out for / by itself).
*/
if ((ft = (FTREE *)malloc(sizeof(FTREE))) == NULL) {
tty_warn(0, "Unable to allocate memory for filename");
return -1;
}
if (((len = strlen(str) - 1) > 0) && (str[len] == '/'))
str[len] = '\0';
ft->fname = str;
ft->refcnt = -isdir;
ft->fow = NULL;
if (fthead == NULL) {
fttail = fthead = ft;
return 0;
}
fttail->fow = ft;
fttail = ft;
return 0;
}
/*
* ftree_sel()
* this entry has been selected by pax. bump up reference count and handle
* -n and -d processing.
*/
void
ftree_sel(ARCHD *arcn)
{
/*
* set reference bit for this pattern. This linked list is only used
* when file trees are supplied pax as args. The list is not used when
* the trees are read from stdin.
*/
if (ftcur != NULL)
ftcur->refcnt = 1;
/*
* if -n we are done with this arg, force a skip to the next arg when
* pax asks for the next file in next_file().
* if -M we don't use fts(3), so the rest of this function is moot.
* if -d we tell fts only to match the directory (if the arg is a dir)
* and not the entire file tree rooted at that point.
*/
if (nflag)
ftree_skip = 1;
if (Mflag || !dflag || (arcn->type != PAX_DIR))
return;
if (ftent != NULL)
(void)fts_set(ftsp, ftent, FTS_SKIP);
}
/*
* ftree_chk()
* called at end on pax execution. Prints all those file args that did not
* have a selected member (reference count still 0)
*/
void
ftree_chk(void)
{
FTREE *ft;
int wban = 0;
/*
* make sure all dir access times were reset.
*/
if (tflag)
atdir_end();
/*
* walk down list and check reference count. Print out those members
* that never had a match
*/
for (ft = fthead; ft != NULL; ft = ft->fow) {
if (ft->refcnt != 0)
continue;
if (wban == 0) {
tty_warn(1,
"WARNING! These file names were not selected:");
++wban;
}
(void)fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", ft->fname);
}
}
/*
* ftree_arg()
* Get the next file arg for fts to process. Can be from either the linked
* list or read from stdin when the user did not them as args to pax. Each
* arg is processed until the first successful fts_open().
* Return:
* 0 when the next arg is ready to go, -1 if out of file args (or EOF on
* stdin).
*/
static int
ftree_arg(void)
{
/*
* close off the current file tree
*/
if (ftsp != NULL) {
(void)fts_close(ftsp);
ftsp = NULL;
ftent = NULL;
}
/*
* keep looping until we get a valid file tree to process. Stop when we
* reach the end of the list (or get an eof on stdin)
*/
for(;;) {
if (fthead == NULL) {
int i, c = EOF;
/*
* the user didn't supply any args, get the file trees
* to process from stdin;
*/
for (i = 0; i < PAXPATHLEN + 2;) {
c = getchar();
if (c == EOF)
break;
else if (c == sep) {
if (i != 0)
break;
} else
farray[0][i++] = c;
}
if (i == 0)
return -1;
farray[0][i] = '\0';
} else {
/*
* the user supplied the file args as arguments to pax
*/
if (ftcur == NULL)
ftcur = fthead;
else if ((ftcur = ftcur->fow) == NULL)
return -1;
if (ftcur->refcnt < 0) {
/*
* chdir entry.
* Change directory and retry loop.
*/
if (ar_dochdir(ftcur->fname))
return (-1);
continue;
}
farray[0] = ftcur->fname;
}
/*
* watch it, fts wants the file arg stored in a array of char
* ptrs, with the last one a null. we use a two element array
* and set farray[0] to point at the buffer with the file name
* in it. We cannot pass all the file args to fts at one shot
* as we need to keep a handle on which file arg generates what
* files (the -n and -d flags need this). If the open is
* successful, return a 0.
*/
if ((ftsp = fts_open(farray, ftsopts, NULL)) != NULL)
break;
}
return 0;
}
/*
* next_file()
* supplies the next file to process in the supplied archd structure.
* Return:
* 0 when contents of arcn have been set with the next file, -1 when done.
*/
int
next_file(ARCHD *arcn)
{
#ifndef SMALL
static char curdir[PAXPATHLEN+2], curpath[PAXPATHLEN+2];
static int curdirlen;
struct stat statbuf;
FTSENT Mftent;
#endif /* SMALL */
int cnt;
time_t atime, mtime;
char *curlink;
#define MFTENT_DUMMY_DEV UINT_MAX
curlink = NULL;
#ifndef SMALL
/*
* if parsing an mtree(8) specfile, build up `dummy' ftsent
* from specfile info, and jump below to complete setup of arcn.
*/
if (Mflag) {
int skipoptional;
next_ftnode:
skipoptional = 0;
if (ftnode == NULL) /* tree is empty */
return (-1);
/* get current name */
if (snprintf(curpath, sizeof(curpath), "%s%s%s",
curdir, curdirlen ? "/" : "", ftnode->name)
>= (int)sizeof(curpath)) {
tty_warn(1, "line %lu: %s: %s", (u_long)ftnode->lineno,
curdir, strerror(ENAMETOOLONG));
return (-1);
}
ftnode->flags |= F_VISIT; /* mark node visited */
/* construct dummy FTSENT */
Mftent.fts_path = curpath;
Mftent.fts_statp = &statbuf;
Mftent.fts_pointer = ftnode;
ftent = &Mftent;
/* look for existing file */
if (lstat(Mftent.fts_path, &statbuf) == -1) {
if (ftnode->flags & F_OPT)
skipoptional = 1;
/* missing: fake up stat info */
memset(&statbuf, 0, sizeof(statbuf));
statbuf.st_dev = MFTENT_DUMMY_DEV;
statbuf.st_ino = ftnode->lineno;
statbuf.st_size = 0;
#define NODETEST(t, m) \
if (!(t)) { \
tty_warn(1, "line %lu: %s: %s not specified", \
(u_long)ftnode->lineno, \
ftent->fts_path, m); \
return -1; \
}
statbuf.st_mode = nodetoino(ftnode->type);
NODETEST(ftnode->flags & F_TYPE, "type");
NODETEST(ftnode->flags & F_MODE, "mode");
if (!(ftnode->flags & F_TIME))
statbuf.st_mtime = starttime;
NODETEST(ftnode->flags & (F_GID | F_GNAME), "group");
NODETEST(ftnode->flags & (F_UID | F_UNAME), "user");
if (ftnode->type == F_BLOCK || ftnode->type == F_CHAR)
NODETEST(ftnode->flags & F_DEV,
"device number");
if (ftnode->type == F_LINK)
NODETEST(ftnode->flags & F_SLINK, "symlink");
/* don't require F_FLAGS or F_SIZE */
#undef NODETEST
} else {
if (ftnode->flags & F_TYPE && nodetoino(ftnode->type)
!= (statbuf.st_mode & S_IFMT)) {
tty_warn(1,
"line %lu: %s: type mismatch: specfile %s, tree %s",
(u_long)ftnode->lineno, ftent->fts_path,
inotype(nodetoino(ftnode->type)),
inotype(statbuf.st_mode));
return -1;
}
if (ftnode->type == F_DIR && (ftnode->flags & F_OPT))
skipoptional = 1;
}
/*
* override settings with those from specfile
*/
if (ftnode->flags & F_MODE) {
statbuf.st_mode &= ~ALLPERMS;
statbuf.st_mode |= (ftnode->st_mode & ALLPERMS);
}
if (ftnode->flags & (F_GID | F_GNAME))
statbuf.st_gid = ftnode->st_gid;
if (ftnode->flags & (F_UID | F_UNAME))
statbuf.st_uid = ftnode->st_uid;
#if HAVE_STRUCT_STAT_ST_FLAGS
if (ftnode->flags & F_FLAGS)
statbuf.st_flags = ftnode->st_flags;
#endif
if (ftnode->flags & F_TIME)
#if BSD4_4 && !HAVE_NBTOOL_CONFIG_H
statbuf.st_mtimespec = ftnode->st_mtimespec;
#else
statbuf.st_mtime = ftnode->st_mtimespec.tv_sec;
#endif
if (ftnode->flags & F_DEV)
statbuf.st_rdev = ftnode->st_rdev;
if (ftnode->flags & F_SLINK)
curlink = ftnode->slink;
/* ignore F_SIZE */
/*
* find next node
*/
if (ftnode->type == F_DIR && ftnode->child != NULL) {
/* directory with unseen child */
ftnode = ftnode->child;
curdirlen = strlcpy(curdir, curpath, sizeof(curdir));
} else do {
if (ftnode->next != NULL) {
/* next node at current level */
ftnode = ftnode->next;
} else { /* move back to parent */
/* reset time only on first cd.. */
if (Mftent.fts_pointer == ftnode && tflag &&
(get_atdir(MFTENT_DUMMY_DEV, ftnode->lineno,
&mtime, &atime) == 0)) {
set_ftime(ftent->fts_path,
mtime, atime, 1, 0);
}
ftnode = ftnode->parent;
if (ftnode->parent == ftnode)
ftnode = NULL;
else {
curdirlen -= strlen(ftnode->name) + 1;
curdir[curdirlen] = '\0';
}
}
} while (ftnode != NULL && ftnode->flags & F_VISIT);
if (skipoptional) /* skip optional entries */
goto next_ftnode;
goto got_ftent;
}
#endif /* SMALL */
/*
* ftree_sel() might have set the ftree_skip flag if the user has the
* -n option and a file was selected from this file arg tree. (-n says
* only one member is matched for each pattern) ftree_skip being 1
* forces us to go to the next arg now.
*/
if (ftree_skip) {
/*
* clear and go to next arg
*/
ftree_skip = 0;
if (ftree_arg() < 0)
return -1;
}
if (ftsp == NULL)
return -1;
/*
* loop until we get a valid file to process
*/
for(;;) {
if ((ftent = fts_read(ftsp)) == NULL) {
/*
* out of files in this tree, go to next arg, if none
* we are done
*/
if (ftree_arg() < 0)
return -1;
continue;
}
/*
* handle each type of fts_read() flag
*/
switch(ftent->fts_info) {
case FTS_D:
case FTS_DEFAULT:
case FTS_F:
case FTS_SL:
case FTS_SLNONE:
/*
* these are all ok
*/
break;
case FTS_DP:
/*
* already saw this directory. If the user wants file
* access times reset, we use this to restore the
* access time for this directory since this is the
* last time we will see it in this file subtree
* remember to force the time (this is -t on a read
* directory, not a created directory).
*/
if (!tflag || (get_atdir(
ftent->fts_statp->st_dev, ftent->fts_statp->st_ino,
&mtime, &atime) < 0))
continue;
set_ftime(ftent->fts_path, mtime, atime, 1, 0);
continue;
case FTS_DC:
/*
* fts claims a file system cycle
*/
tty_warn(1,"File system cycle found at %s",
ftent->fts_path);
continue;
case FTS_DNR:
syswarn(1, FTS_ERRNO(ftent),
"Unable to read directory %s", ftent->fts_path);
continue;
case FTS_ERR:
syswarn(1, FTS_ERRNO(ftent),
"File system traversal error");
continue;
case FTS_NS:
case FTS_NSOK:
syswarn(1, FTS_ERRNO(ftent),
"Unable to access %s", ftent->fts_path);
continue;
}
#ifndef SMALL
got_ftent:
#endif /* SMALL */
/*
* ok got a file tree node to process. copy info into arcn
* structure (initialize as required)
*/
arcn->skip = 0;
arcn->pad = 0;
arcn->ln_nlen = 0;
arcn->ln_name[0] = '\0';
arcn->sb = *(ftent->fts_statp);
/*
* file type based set up and copy into the arcn struct
* SIDE NOTE:
* we try to reset the access time on all files and directories
* we may read when the -t flag is specified. files are reset
* when we close them after copying. we reset the directories
* when we are done with their file tree (we also clean up at
* end in case we cut short a file tree traversal). However
* there is no way to reset access times on symlinks.
*/
switch(S_IFMT & arcn->sb.st_mode) {
case S_IFDIR:
arcn->type = PAX_DIR;
if (!tflag)
break;
add_atdir(ftent->fts_path, arcn->sb.st_dev,
arcn->sb.st_ino, arcn->sb.st_mtime,
arcn->sb.st_atime);
break;
case S_IFCHR:
arcn->type = PAX_CHR;
break;
case S_IFBLK:
arcn->type = PAX_BLK;
break;
case S_IFREG:
/*
* only regular files with have data to store on the
* archive. all others will store a zero length skip.
* the skip field is used by pax for actual data it has
* to read (or skip over).
*/
arcn->type = PAX_REG;
arcn->skip = arcn->sb.st_size;
break;
case S_IFLNK:
arcn->type = PAX_SLK;
if (curlink != NULL) {
cnt = strlcpy(arcn->ln_name, curlink,
sizeof(arcn->ln_name));
/*
* have to read the symlink path from the file
*/
} else if ((cnt =
readlink(ftent->fts_path, arcn->ln_name,
sizeof(arcn->ln_name) - 1)) < 0) {
syswarn(1, errno, "Unable to read symlink %s",
ftent->fts_path);
continue;
}
/*
* set link name length, watch out readlink does not
* always null terminate the link path
*/
arcn->ln_name[cnt] = '\0';
arcn->ln_nlen = cnt;
break;
#ifdef S_IFSOCK
case S_IFSOCK:
/*
* under BSD storing a socket is senseless but we will
* let the format specific write function make the
* decision of what to do with it.
*/
arcn->type = PAX_SCK;
break;
#endif
case S_IFIFO:
arcn->type = PAX_FIF;
break;
}
break;
}
/*
* copy file name, set file name length
*/
arcn->nlen = strlcpy(arcn->name, ftent->fts_path, sizeof(arcn->name));
arcn->org_name = arcn->fts_name;
strlcpy(arcn->fts_name, ftent->fts_path, sizeof arcn->fts_name);
if (strcmp(NM_CPIO, argv0) == 0) {
/*
* cpio does *not* descend directories listed in the
* arguments, unlike pax/tar, so needs special handling
* here. failure to do so results in massive amounts
* of duplicated files in the output. We kill fts after
* the first name is extracted, what a waste.
*/
ftcur->refcnt = 1;
(void)ftree_arg();
}
return 0;
}
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