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/* $NetBSD: l2cap.h,v 1.18 2014/08/05 07:55:31 rtr Exp $ */
/*-
* Copyright (c) 2005 Iain Hibbert.
* Copyright (c) 2006 Itronix Inc.
* All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
* are met:
* 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
* documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* 3. The name of Itronix Inc. may not be used to endorse
* or promote products derived from this software without specific
* prior written permission.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY ITRONIX INC. ``AS IS'' AND
* ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
* TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
* PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL ITRONIX INC. BE LIABLE FOR ANY
* DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
* (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
* LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND
* ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
* CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
* ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
* POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*/
/*-
* Copyright (c) Maksim Yevmenkin <m_evmenkin@yahoo.com>
* All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
* are met:
* 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
* documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
* ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
* ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
* FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
* DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
* OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
* HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
* LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
* OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
* SUCH DAMAGE.
*
* $Id: l2cap.h,v 1.18 2014/08/05 07:55:31 rtr Exp $
* $FreeBSD: src/sys/netgraph/bluetooth/include/l2cap.h,v 1.4 2005/08/31 18:13:23 emax Exp $
*/
/*
* This file contains everything that application needs to know about
* Link Layer Control and Adaptation Protocol (L2CAP). All information
* was obtained from Bluetooth Specification Books (v1.1 and up)
*
* This file can be included by both kernel and userland applications.
*/
#ifndef _NETBT_L2CAP_H_
#define _NETBT_L2CAP_H_
#include <sys/types.h>
/**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
** Common defines and types (L2CAP)
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************/
/*
* Channel IDs are assigned per machine. So the total number of channels that
* a machine can have open at the same time is 0xffff - 0x0040 = 0xffbf (65471).
* This number does not depend on number of HCI connections.
*/
#define L2CAP_NULL_CID 0x0000 /* DO NOT USE THIS CID */
#define L2CAP_SIGNAL_CID 0x0001 /* signaling channel ID */
#define L2CAP_CLT_CID 0x0002 /* connectionless channel ID */
/* 0x0003 - 0x003f Reserved */
#define L2CAP_FIRST_CID 0x0040 /* dynamically alloc. (start) */
#define L2CAP_LAST_CID 0xffff /* dynamically alloc. (end) */
/* L2CAP MTU */
#define L2CAP_MTU_MINIMUM 48
#define L2CAP_MTU_DEFAULT 672
#define L2CAP_MTU_MAXIMUM 0xffff
/* L2CAP flush and link timeouts */
#define L2CAP_FLUSH_TIMO_DEFAULT 0xffff /* always retransmit */
#define L2CAP_LINK_TIMO_DEFAULT 0xffff
/* L2CAP Command Reject reasons */
#define L2CAP_REJ_NOT_UNDERSTOOD 0x0000
#define L2CAP_REJ_MTU_EXCEEDED 0x0001
#define L2CAP_REJ_INVALID_CID 0x0002
/* 0x0003 - 0xffff - reserved for future use */
/* Protocol/Service Multiplexor (PSM) values */
#define L2CAP_PSM_ANY 0x0000 /* Any/Invalid PSM */
#define L2CAP_PSM_SDP 0x0001 /* Service Discovery Protocol */
#define L2CAP_PSM_RFCOMM 0x0003 /* RFCOMM protocol */
#define L2CAP_PSM_TCP 0x0005 /* Telephony Control Protocol */
#define L2CAP_PSM_TCS 0x0007 /* TCS cordless */
#define L2CAP_PSM_BNEP 0x000f /* Bluetooth Network */
/* Encapsulation Protocol*/
#define L2CAP_PSM_HID_CNTL 0x0011 /* HID Control */
#define L2CAP_PSM_HID_INTR 0x0013 /* HID Interrupt */
#define L2CAP_PSM_ESDP 0x0015 /* Extended Service */
/* Discovery Profile */
#define L2CAP_PSM_AVCTP 0x0017 /* Audio/Visual Control */
/* Transport Protocol */
#define L2CAP_PSM_AVDTP 0x0019 /* Audio/Visual Distribution */
/* Transport Protocol */
/* 0x0019 - 0x1000 - reserved for future use */
#define L2CAP_PSM_INVALID(psm) (((psm) & 0x0101) != 0x0001)
/* L2CAP Connection response command result codes */
#define L2CAP_SUCCESS 0x0000
#define L2CAP_PENDING 0x0001
#define L2CAP_PSM_NOT_SUPPORTED 0x0002
#define L2CAP_SECURITY_BLOCK 0x0003
#define L2CAP_NO_RESOURCES 0x0004
#define L2CAP_TIMEOUT 0xeeee
#define L2CAP_UNKNOWN 0xffff
/* 0x0005 - 0xffff - reserved for future use */
/* L2CAP Connection response status codes */
#define L2CAP_NO_INFO 0x0000
#define L2CAP_AUTH_PENDING 0x0001
#define L2CAP_AUTZ_PENDING 0x0002
/* 0x0003 - 0xffff - reserved for future use */
/* L2CAP Configuration response result codes */
#define L2CAP_UNACCEPTABLE_PARAMS 0x0001
#define L2CAP_REJECT 0x0002
#define L2CAP_UNKNOWN_OPTION 0x0003
/* 0x0003 - 0xffff - reserved for future use */
/* L2CAP Configuration options */
#define L2CAP_OPT_CFLAG_BIT 0x0001
#define L2CAP_OPT_CFLAG(flags) ((flags) & L2CAP_OPT_CFLAG_BIT)
#define L2CAP_OPT_HINT_BIT 0x80
#define L2CAP_OPT_HINT(type) ((type) & L2CAP_OPT_HINT_BIT)
#define L2CAP_OPT_HINT_MASK 0x7f
#define L2CAP_OPT_MTU 0x01
#define L2CAP_OPT_MTU_SIZE sizeof(uint16_t)
#define L2CAP_OPT_FLUSH_TIMO 0x02
#define L2CAP_OPT_FLUSH_TIMO_SIZE sizeof(uint16_t)
#define L2CAP_OPT_QOS 0x03
#define L2CAP_OPT_QOS_SIZE sizeof(l2cap_qos_t)
#define L2CAP_OPT_RFC 0x04
#define L2CAP_OPT_RFC_SIZE sizeof(l2cap_rfc_t)
/* 0x05 - 0xff - reserved for future use */
/* L2CAP Information request type codes */
#define L2CAP_CONNLESS_MTU 0x0001
#define L2CAP_EXTENDED_FEATURES 0x0002
#define L2CAP_FIXED_CHANNELS 0x0003
/* 0x0004 - 0xffff - reserved for future use */
/* L2CAP Information response codes */
#define L2CAP_NOT_SUPPORTED 0x0001
/* 0x0002 - 0xffff - reserved for future use */
/* L2CAP Quality of Service option */
typedef struct {
uint8_t flags; /* reserved for future use */
uint8_t service_type; /* service type */
uint32_t token_rate; /* bytes per second */
uint32_t token_bucket_size; /* bytes */
uint32_t peak_bandwidth; /* bytes per second */
uint32_t latency; /* microseconds */
uint32_t delay_variation; /* microseconds */
} __packed l2cap_qos_t;
/* L2CAP QoS type */
#define L2CAP_QOS_NO_TRAFFIC 0x00
#define L2CAP_QOS_BEST_EFFORT 0x01 /* (default) */
#define L2CAP_QOS_GUARANTEED 0x02
/* 0x03 - 0xff - reserved for future use */
/* L2CAP Retransmission & Flow Control option */
typedef struct {
uint8_t mode; /* RFC mode */
uint8_t window_size; /* bytes */
uint8_t max_transmit; /* max retransmissions */
uint16_t retransmit_timo; /* milliseconds */
uint16_t monitor_timo; /* milliseconds */
uint16_t max_pdu_size; /* bytes */
} __packed l2cap_rfc_t;
/* L2CAP RFC mode */
#define L2CAP_RFC_BASIC 0x00 /* (default) */
#define L2CAP_RFC_RETRANSMIT 0x01
#define L2CAP_RFC_FLOW 0x02
/* 0x03 - 0xff - reserved for future use */
/**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
** Link level defines, headers and types
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************/
/* L2CAP header */
typedef struct {
uint16_t length; /* payload size */
uint16_t dcid; /* destination channel ID */
} __packed l2cap_hdr_t;
/* L2CAP ConnectionLess Traffic (dcid == L2CAP_CLT_CID) */
typedef struct {
uint16_t psm; /* Protocol/Service Multiplexor */
} __packed l2cap_clt_hdr_t;
#define L2CAP_CLT_MTU_MAXIMUM \
(L2CAP_MTU_MAXIMUM - sizeof(l2cap_clt_hdr_t))
/* L2CAP Command header (dcid == L2CAP_SIGNAL_CID) */
typedef struct {
uint8_t code; /* command OpCode */
uint8_t ident; /* identifier to match request and response */
uint16_t length; /* command parameters length */
} __packed l2cap_cmd_hdr_t;
/* L2CAP Command Reject */
#define L2CAP_COMMAND_REJ 0x01
typedef struct {
uint16_t reason; /* reason to reject command */
uint16_t data[2];/* optional data */
} __packed l2cap_cmd_rej_cp;
/* L2CAP Connection Request */
#define L2CAP_CONNECT_REQ 0x02
typedef struct {
uint16_t psm; /* Protocol/Service Multiplexor (PSM) */
uint16_t scid; /* source channel ID */
} __packed l2cap_con_req_cp;
/* L2CAP Connection Response */
#define L2CAP_CONNECT_RSP 0x03
typedef struct {
uint16_t dcid; /* destination channel ID */
uint16_t scid; /* source channel ID */
uint16_t result; /* 0x00 - success */
uint16_t status; /* more info if result != 0x00 */
} __packed l2cap_con_rsp_cp;
/* L2CAP Configuration Request */
#define L2CAP_CONFIG_REQ 0x04
typedef struct {
uint16_t dcid; /* destination channel ID */
uint16_t flags; /* flags */
/* uint8_t options[] -- options */
} __packed l2cap_cfg_req_cp;
/* L2CAP Configuration Response */
#define L2CAP_CONFIG_RSP 0x05
typedef struct {
uint16_t scid; /* source channel ID */
uint16_t flags; /* flags */
uint16_t result; /* 0x00 - success */
/* uint8_t options[] -- options */
} __packed l2cap_cfg_rsp_cp;
/* L2CAP configuration option */
typedef struct {
uint8_t type;
uint8_t length;
/* uint8_t value[] -- option value (depends on type) */
} __packed l2cap_cfg_opt_t;
/* L2CAP configuration option value */
typedef union {
uint16_t mtu; /* L2CAP_OPT_MTU */
uint16_t flush_timo; /* L2CAP_OPT_FLUSH_TIMO */
l2cap_qos_t qos; /* L2CAP_OPT_QOS */
l2cap_rfc_t rfc; /* L2CAP_OPT_RFC */
} l2cap_cfg_opt_val_t;
/* L2CAP Disconnect Request */
#define L2CAP_DISCONNECT_REQ 0x06
typedef struct {
uint16_t dcid; /* destination channel ID */
uint16_t scid; /* source channel ID */
} __packed l2cap_discon_req_cp;
/* L2CAP Disconnect Response */
#define L2CAP_DISCONNECT_RSP 0x07
typedef l2cap_discon_req_cp l2cap_discon_rsp_cp;
/* L2CAP Echo Request */
#define L2CAP_ECHO_REQ 0x08
/* No command parameters, only optional data */
/* L2CAP Echo Response */
#define L2CAP_ECHO_RSP 0x09
#define L2CAP_MAX_ECHO_SIZE \
(L2CAP_MTU_MAXIMUM - sizeof(l2cap_cmd_hdr_t))
/* No command parameters, only optional data */
/* L2CAP Information Request */
#define L2CAP_INFO_REQ 0x0a
typedef struct {
uint16_t type; /* requested information type */
} __packed l2cap_info_req_cp;
/* L2CAP Information Response */
#define L2CAP_INFO_RSP 0x0b
typedef struct {
uint16_t type; /* requested information type */
uint16_t result; /* 0x00 - success */
/* uint8_t info[] -- info data (depends on type)
*/
} __packed l2cap_info_rsp_cp;
/**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
** L2CAP Socket Definitions
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************/
/* Socket options */
#define SO_L2CAP_IMTU 1 /* incoming MTU */
#define SO_L2CAP_OMTU 2 /* outgoing MTU */
#define SO_L2CAP_IQOS 3 /* incoming QoS */
#define SO_L2CAP_OQOS 4 /* outgoing QoS */
#define SO_L2CAP_FLUSH 5 /* flush timeout */
#define SO_L2CAP_LM 6 /* link mode */
/* L2CAP link mode flags */
#define L2CAP_LM_AUTH (1<<0) /* want authentication */
#define L2CAP_LM_ENCRYPT (1<<1) /* want encryption */
#define L2CAP_LM_SECURE (1<<2) /* want secured link */
#ifdef _KERNEL
LIST_HEAD(l2cap_channel_list, l2cap_channel);
/* global variables */
extern struct l2cap_channel_list l2cap_active_list;
extern struct l2cap_channel_list l2cap_listen_list;
extern struct pool l2cap_pdu_pool;
extern struct pool l2cap_req_pool;
extern const l2cap_qos_t l2cap_default_qos;
/* sysctl variables */
extern int l2cap_response_timeout;
extern int l2cap_response_extended_timeout;
extern int l2cap_sendspace, l2cap_recvspace;
/*
* L2CAP Channel
*/
struct l2cap_channel {
struct hci_link *lc_link; /* ACL connection (down) */
uint16_t lc_state; /* channel state */
uint16_t lc_flags; /* channel flags */
uint8_t lc_ident; /* cached request id */
uint16_t lc_lcid; /* local channel ID */
struct sockaddr_bt lc_laddr; /* local address */
uint16_t lc_rcid; /* remote channel ID */
struct sockaddr_bt lc_raddr; /* remote address */
int lc_mode; /* link mode */
uint16_t lc_imtu; /* incoming mtu */
uint16_t lc_omtu; /* outgoing mtu */
uint16_t lc_flush; /* flush timeout */
l2cap_qos_t lc_iqos; /* incoming QoS flow control */
l2cap_qos_t lc_oqos; /* outgoing Qos flow control */
uint8_t lc_pending; /* num of pending PDUs */
MBUFQ_HEAD() lc_txq; /* transmit queue */
const struct btproto *lc_proto; /* upper layer callbacks */
void *lc_upper; /* upper layer argument */
LIST_ENTRY(l2cap_channel)lc_ncid; /* next channel (ascending CID) */
};
/* l2cap_channel state */
#define L2CAP_CLOSED 0 /* closed */
#define L2CAP_WAIT_SEND_CONNECT_REQ 1 /* waiting to send connect request */
#define L2CAP_WAIT_RECV_CONNECT_RSP 2 /* waiting to recv connect response */
#define L2CAP_WAIT_SEND_CONNECT_RSP 3 /* waiting to send connect response */
#define L2CAP_WAIT_CONFIG 4 /* waiting for configuration */
#define L2CAP_OPEN 5 /* user data transfer state */
#define L2CAP_WAIT_DISCONNECT 6 /* have sent disconnect request */
/* l2cap_channel flags */
#define L2CAP_SHUTDOWN (1<<0) /* channel is closing */
#define L2CAP_WAIT_CONFIG_REQ (1<<1) /* waiting for config request */
#define L2CAP_WAIT_CONFIG_RSP (1<<2) /* waiting for config response */
/*
* L2CAP Request
*/
struct l2cap_req {
struct hci_link *lr_link; /* ACL connection */
struct l2cap_channel *lr_chan; /* channel pointer */
uint8_t lr_code; /* request code */
uint8_t lr_id; /* request id */
callout_t lr_rtx; /* response timer */
TAILQ_ENTRY(l2cap_req) lr_next; /* next request on link */
};
/*
* L2CAP Protocol Data Unit
*/
struct l2cap_pdu {
struct l2cap_channel *lp_chan; /* PDU owner */
MBUFQ_HEAD() lp_data; /* PDU data */
TAILQ_ENTRY(l2cap_pdu) lp_next; /* next PDU on link */
int lp_pending; /* # of fragments pending */
};
/*
* L2CAP function prototypes
*/
struct socket;
struct sockopt;
struct mbuf;
/* l2cap_lower.c */
void l2cap_close(struct l2cap_channel *, int);
void l2cap_recv_frame(struct mbuf *, struct hci_link *);
int l2cap_start(struct l2cap_channel *);
/* l2cap_misc.c */
int l2cap_setmode(struct l2cap_channel *);
int l2cap_cid_alloc(struct l2cap_channel *);
struct l2cap_channel *l2cap_cid_lookup(uint16_t);
int l2cap_request_alloc(struct l2cap_channel *, uint8_t);
struct l2cap_req *l2cap_request_lookup(struct hci_link *, uint8_t);
void l2cap_request_free(struct l2cap_req *);
void l2cap_rtx(void *);
void l2cap_init(void);
/* l2cap_signal.c */
void l2cap_recv_signal(struct mbuf *, struct hci_link *);
int l2cap_send_connect_req(struct l2cap_channel *);
int l2cap_send_config_req(struct l2cap_channel *);
int l2cap_send_disconnect_req(struct l2cap_channel *);
int l2cap_send_connect_rsp(struct hci_link *, uint8_t, uint16_t, uint16_t, uint16_t);
/* l2cap_socket.c */
int l2cap_ctloutput(int, struct socket *, struct sockopt *);
/* l2cap_upper.c */
int l2cap_attach_pcb(struct l2cap_channel **, const struct btproto *, void *);
int l2cap_bind_pcb(struct l2cap_channel *, struct sockaddr_bt *);
int l2cap_sockaddr_pcb(struct l2cap_channel *, struct sockaddr_bt *);
int l2cap_connect_pcb(struct l2cap_channel *, struct sockaddr_bt *);
int l2cap_peeraddr_pcb(struct l2cap_channel *, struct sockaddr_bt *);
int l2cap_disconnect_pcb(struct l2cap_channel *, int);
void l2cap_detach_pcb(struct l2cap_channel **);
int l2cap_listen_pcb(struct l2cap_channel *);
int l2cap_send_pcb(struct l2cap_channel *, struct mbuf *);
int l2cap_setopt(struct l2cap_channel *, const struct sockopt *);
int l2cap_getopt(struct l2cap_channel *, struct sockopt *);
#endif /* _KERNEL */
#endif /* _NETBT_L2CAP_H_ */
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