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/* $NetBSD: nfs_boot.c,v 1.85 2015/05/21 02:04:22 rtr Exp $ */
/*-
* Copyright (c) 1995, 1997 The NetBSD Foundation, Inc.
* All rights reserved.
*
* This code is derived from software contributed to The NetBSD Foundation
* by Adam Glass and Gordon W. Ross.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
* are met:
* 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
* documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE NETBSD FOUNDATION, INC. AND CONTRIBUTORS
* ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
* TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
* PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE FOUNDATION OR CONTRIBUTORS
* BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
* CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
* SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
* INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
* CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
* ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
* POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*/
/*
* Support for NFS diskless booting, specifically getting information
* about where to mount root from, what pathnames, etc.
*/
#include <sys/cdefs.h>
__KERNEL_RCSID(0, "$NetBSD: nfs_boot.c,v 1.85 2015/05/21 02:04:22 rtr Exp $");
#ifdef _KERNEL_OPT
#include "opt_nfs.h"
#include "opt_tftproot.h"
#include "opt_nfs_boot.h"
#endif
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/systm.h>
#include <sys/kernel.h>
#include <sys/device.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/proc.h>
#include <sys/mount.h>
#include <sys/mbuf.h>
#include <sys/reboot.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/socketvar.h>
#include <net/if.h>
#include <net/route.h>
#include <net/if_ether.h>
#include <net/if_types.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <netinet/if_inarp.h>
#include <nfs/rpcv2.h>
#include <nfs/krpc.h>
#include <nfs/xdr_subs.h>
#include <nfs/nfsproto.h>
#include <nfs/nfs.h>
#include <nfs/nfsmount.h>
#include <nfs/nfsdiskless.h>
/*
* There are three implementations of NFS diskless boot.
* One implementation uses BOOTP (RFC951, RFC1048),
* Sun RPC/bootparams or static configuration. See the
* files:
* nfs_bootdhcp.c: BOOTP (RFC951, RFC1048)
* nfs_bootparam.c: Sun RPC/bootparams
* nfs_bootstatic.c: honour config(1) description
*/
#if defined(NFS_BOOT_BOOTP) || defined(NFS_BOOT_DHCP)
int nfs_boot_rfc951 = 1; /* BOOTP enabled (default) */
#endif
#ifdef NFS_BOOT_BOOTPARAM
int nfs_boot_bootparam = 1; /* BOOTPARAM enabled (default) */
#endif
#ifdef NFS_BOOT_BOOTSTATIC
int nfs_boot_bootstatic = 1; /* BOOTSTATIC enabled (default) */
#endif
#define IP_MIN_MTU 576
/* mountd RPC */
static int md_mount(struct sockaddr_in *mdsin, char *path,
struct nfs_args *argp, struct lwp *l);
static int nfs_boot_delroute(struct rtentry *, void *);
static void nfs_boot_defrt(struct in_addr *);
static int nfs_boot_getfh(struct nfs_dlmount *ndm, struct lwp *);
/*
* Called with an empty nfs_diskless struct to be filled in.
* Find an interface, determine its ip address (etc.) and
* save all the boot parameters in the nfs_diskless struct.
*/
int
nfs_boot_init(struct nfs_diskless *nd, struct lwp *lwp)
{
struct ifnet *ifp;
int error = 0;
int flags __unused;
/* Explicitly necessary or build fails
* due to unused variable, otherwise.
*/
flags = 0;
/*
* Find the network interface.
*/
ifp = ifunit(device_xname(root_device));
if (ifp == NULL) {
printf("nfs_boot: '%s' not found\n",
device_xname(root_device));
return (ENXIO);
}
nd->nd_ifp = ifp;
error = EADDRNOTAVAIL; /* ??? */
#if defined(NFS_BOOT_BOOTSTATIC)
if (error && nfs_boot_bootstatic) {
printf("nfs_boot: trying static\n");
error = nfs_bootstatic(nd, lwp, &flags);
}
#endif
#if defined(NFS_BOOT_BOOTP) || defined(NFS_BOOT_DHCP)
if (error && nfs_boot_rfc951) {
#if defined(NFS_BOOT_DHCP)
printf("nfs_boot: trying DHCP/BOOTP\n");
#else
printf("nfs_boot: trying BOOTP\n");
#endif
error = nfs_bootdhcp(nd, lwp, &flags);
}
#endif
#ifdef NFS_BOOT_BOOTPARAM
if (error && nfs_boot_bootparam) {
printf("nfs_boot: trying RARP (and RPC/bootparam)\n");
error = nfs_bootparam(nd, lwp, &flags);
}
#endif
if (error)
return (error);
/*
* Set MTU if passed
*/
if (nd->nd_mtu >= IP_MIN_MTU )
nfs_boot_setmtu(nd->nd_ifp, nd->nd_mtu, lwp);
/*
* If the gateway address is set, add a default route.
* (The mountd RPCs may go across a gateway.)
*/
if (nd->nd_gwip.s_addr)
nfs_boot_defrt(&nd->nd_gwip);
#ifdef TFTPROOT
if (nd->nd_nomount)
goto out;
#endif
/*
* Now fetch the NFS file handles as appropriate.
*/
error = nfs_boot_getfh(&nd->nd_root, lwp);
if (error)
nfs_boot_cleanup(nd, lwp);
#ifdef TFTPROOT
out:
#endif
return (error);
}
void
nfs_boot_cleanup(struct nfs_diskless *nd, struct lwp *lwp)
{
nfs_boot_deladdress(nd->nd_ifp, lwp, nd->nd_myip.s_addr);
nfs_boot_ifupdown(nd->nd_ifp, lwp, 0);
nfs_boot_flushrt(nd->nd_ifp);
}
int
nfs_boot_ifupdown(struct ifnet *ifp, struct lwp *lwp, int up)
{
struct socket *so;
struct ifreq ireq;
int error;
memset(&ireq, 0, sizeof(ireq));
memcpy(ireq.ifr_name, ifp->if_xname, IFNAMSIZ);
/*
* Get a socket to use for various things in here.
* After this, use "goto out" to cleanup and return.
*/
error = socreate(AF_INET, &so, SOCK_DGRAM, 0, lwp, NULL);
if (error) {
printf("ifupdown: socreate, error=%d\n", error);
return (error);
}
/*
* Bring up the interface. (just set the "up" flag)
* Get the old interface flags and or IFF_UP into them so
* things like media selection flags are not clobbered.
*/
error = ifioctl(so, SIOCGIFFLAGS, (void *)&ireq, lwp);
if (error) {
printf("ifupdown: GIFFLAGS, error=%d\n", error);
goto out;
}
if (up)
ireq.ifr_flags |= IFF_UP;
else
ireq.ifr_flags &= ~IFF_UP;
error = ifioctl(so, SIOCSIFFLAGS, &ireq, lwp);
if (error) {
printf("ifupdown: SIFFLAGS, error=%d\n", error);
goto out;
}
if (up)
/* give the link some time to get up */
tsleep(nfs_boot_ifupdown, PZERO, "nfsbif", 3 * hz);
out:
soclose(so);
return (error);
}
void
nfs_boot_setmtu(struct ifnet *ifp, int mtu, struct lwp *lwp)
{
struct socket *so;
struct ifreq ireq;
int error;
memset(&ireq, 0, sizeof(ireq));
memcpy(ireq.ifr_name, ifp->if_xname, IFNAMSIZ);
/*
* Get a socket to use for various things in here.
* After this, use "goto out" to cleanup and return.
*/
error = socreate(AF_INET, &so, SOCK_DGRAM, 0, lwp, NULL);
if (error) {
printf("setmtu: socreate, error=%d\n", error);
return;
}
/*
* Get structure, set the new MTU, push structure.
*/
error = ifioctl(so, SIOCGIFMTU, (void *)&ireq, lwp);
if (error) {
printf("setmtu: GIFMTU, error=%d\n", error);
goto out;
}
ireq.ifr_mtu = mtu;
error = ifioctl(so, SIOCSIFMTU, &ireq, lwp);
if (error) {
printf("setmtu: SIFMTU, error=%d\n", error);
goto out;
}
out:
soclose(so);
return;
}
int
nfs_boot_setaddress(struct ifnet *ifp, struct lwp *lwp,
uint32_t addr, uint32_t netmask, uint32_t braddr)
{
struct socket *so;
struct ifaliasreq iareq;
struct sockaddr_in *sin;
int error;
/*
* Get a socket to use for various things in here.
* After this, use "goto out" to cleanup and return.
*/
error = socreate(AF_INET, &so, SOCK_DGRAM, 0, lwp, NULL);
if (error) {
printf("setaddress: socreate, error=%d\n", error);
return (error);
}
memset(&iareq, 0, sizeof(iareq));
memcpy(iareq.ifra_name, ifp->if_xname, IFNAMSIZ);
/* Set the I/F address */
sin = (struct sockaddr_in *)&iareq.ifra_addr;
sin->sin_len = sizeof(*sin);
sin->sin_family = AF_INET;
sin->sin_addr.s_addr = addr;
/* Set the netmask */
if (netmask != INADDR_ANY) {
sin = (struct sockaddr_in *)&iareq.ifra_mask;
sin->sin_len = sizeof(*sin);
sin->sin_family = AF_INET;
sin->sin_addr.s_addr = netmask;
} /* else leave subnetmask unspecified (len=0) */
/* Set the broadcast addr. */
if (braddr != INADDR_ANY) {
sin = (struct sockaddr_in *)&iareq.ifra_broadaddr;
sin->sin_len = sizeof(*sin);
sin->sin_family = AF_INET;
sin->sin_addr.s_addr = braddr;
} /* else leave broadcast addr unspecified (len=0) */
error = ifioctl(so, SIOCAIFADDR, (void *)&iareq, lwp);
if (error) {
printf("setaddress, error=%d\n", error);
goto out;
}
/* give the link some time to get up */
tsleep(nfs_boot_setaddress, PZERO, "nfsbtd", 3 * hz);
out:
soclose(so);
return (error);
}
int
nfs_boot_deladdress(struct ifnet *ifp, struct lwp *lwp, uint32_t addr)
{
struct socket *so;
struct ifreq ifr;
struct sockaddr_in sin;
struct in_addr ia = {.s_addr = addr};
int error;
/*
* Get a socket to use for various things in here.
* After this, use "goto out" to cleanup and return.
*/
error = socreate(AF_INET, &so, SOCK_DGRAM, 0, lwp, NULL);
if (error) {
printf("deladdress: socreate, error=%d\n", error);
return (error);
}
memset(&ifr, 0, sizeof(ifr));
memcpy(ifr.ifr_name, ifp->if_xname, IFNAMSIZ);
sockaddr_in_init(&sin, &ia, 0);
ifreq_setaddr(SIOCDIFADDR, &ifr, sintocsa(&sin));
error = ifioctl(so, SIOCDIFADDR, &ifr, lwp);
if (error) {
printf("deladdress, error=%d\n", error);
goto out;
}
out:
soclose(so);
return (error);
}
int
nfs_boot_setrecvtimo(struct socket *so)
{
struct timeval tv;
tv.tv_sec = 1;
tv.tv_usec = 0;
return (so_setsockopt(NULL, so, SOL_SOCKET, SO_RCVTIMEO, &tv,
sizeof(tv)));
}
int
nfs_boot_enbroadcast(struct socket *so)
{
int32_t on;
on = 1;
return (so_setsockopt(NULL, so, SOL_SOCKET, SO_BROADCAST, &on,
sizeof(on)));
}
int
nfs_boot_sobind_ipport(struct socket *so, uint16_t port, struct lwp *l)
{
struct sockaddr_in sin;
int error;
sin.sin_len = sizeof(sin);
sin.sin_family = AF_INET;
sin.sin_addr.s_addr = INADDR_ANY;
sin.sin_port = htons(port);
error = sobind(so, (struct sockaddr *)&sin, l);
return (error);
}
/*
* What is the longest we will wait before re-sending a request?
* Note this is also the frequency of "timeout" messages.
* The re-send loop counts up linearly to this maximum, so the
* first complaint will happen after (1+2+3+4+5)=15 seconds.
*/
#define MAX_RESEND_DELAY 5 /* seconds */
#define TOTAL_TIMEOUT 30 /* seconds */
int
nfs_boot_sendrecv(struct socket *so, struct sockaddr_in *nam,
int (*sndproc)(struct mbuf *, void *, int),
struct mbuf *snd,
int (*rcvproc)(struct mbuf **, void *),
struct mbuf **rcv, struct mbuf **from_p,
void *context, struct lwp *lwp)
{
int error, rcvflg, timo, secs, waited;
struct mbuf *m, *from;
struct uio uio;
/* Free at end if not null. */
from = NULL;
/*
* Send it, repeatedly, until a reply is received,
* but delay each re-send by an increasing amount.
* If the delay hits the maximum, start complaining.
*/
waited = timo = 0;
send_again:
waited += timo;
if (waited >= TOTAL_TIMEOUT)
return (ETIMEDOUT);
/* Determine new timeout. */
if (timo < MAX_RESEND_DELAY)
timo++;
else
printf("nfs_boot: timeout...\n");
if (sndproc) {
error = (*sndproc)(snd, context, waited);
if (error)
goto out;
}
/* Send request (or re-send). */
m = m_copypacket(snd, M_WAIT);
if (m == NULL) {
error = ENOBUFS;
goto out;
}
error = (*so->so_send)(so, (struct sockaddr *)nam, NULL,
m, NULL, 0, lwp);
if (error) {
printf("nfs_boot: sosend: %d\n", error);
goto out;
}
m = NULL;
/*
* Wait for up to timo seconds for a reply.
* The socket receive timeout was set to 1 second.
*/
secs = timo;
for (;;) {
if (from) {
m_freem(from);
from = NULL;
}
if (m) {
m_freem(m);
m = NULL;
}
uio.uio_resid = 1 << 16; /* ??? */
rcvflg = 0;
error = (*so->so_receive)(so, &from, &uio, &m, NULL, &rcvflg);
if (error == EWOULDBLOCK) {
if (--secs <= 0)
goto send_again;
continue;
}
if (error)
goto out;
#ifdef DIAGNOSTIC
if (!m || !(m->m_flags & M_PKTHDR)
|| (1 << 16) - uio.uio_resid != m->m_pkthdr.len)
panic("nfs_boot_sendrecv: return size");
#endif
if ((*rcvproc)(&m, context))
continue;
if (rcv)
*rcv = m;
else
m_freem(m);
if (from_p) {
*from_p = from;
from = NULL;
}
break;
}
out:
if (from) m_freem(from);
return (error);
}
/*
* Install a default route to the passed IP address.
*/
static void
nfs_boot_defrt(struct in_addr *gw_ip)
{
struct sockaddr dst, gw, mask;
struct sockaddr_in *sin;
int error;
/* Destination: (default) */
memset((void *)&dst, 0, sizeof(dst));
dst.sa_len = sizeof(dst);
dst.sa_family = AF_INET;
/* Gateway: */
memset((void *)&gw, 0, sizeof(gw));
sin = (struct sockaddr_in *)&gw;
sin->sin_len = sizeof(*sin);
sin->sin_family = AF_INET;
sin->sin_addr.s_addr = gw_ip->s_addr;
/* Mask: (zero length) */
/* XXX - Just pass a null pointer? */
memset(&mask, 0, sizeof(mask));
/* add, dest, gw, mask, flags, 0 */
error = rtrequest(RTM_ADD, &dst, &gw, &mask,
(RTF_UP | RTF_GATEWAY | RTF_STATIC), NULL);
if (error) {
printf("nfs_boot: add route, error=%d\n", error);
error = 0;
}
}
static int
nfs_boot_delroute(struct rtentry *rt, void *w)
{
int error;
if ((void *)rt->rt_ifp != w)
return 0;
error = rtrequest(RTM_DELETE, rt_getkey(rt), NULL, rt_mask(rt), 0,
NULL);
if (error != 0)
printf("%s: del route, error=%d\n", __func__, error);
return 0;
}
void
nfs_boot_flushrt(struct ifnet *ifp)
{
rt_walktree(AF_INET, nfs_boot_delroute, ifp);
}
/*
* Get an initial NFS file handle using Sun RPC/mountd.
* Separate function because we used to call it twice.
* (once for root and once for swap)
*
* ndm output
*/
static int
nfs_boot_getfh(struct nfs_dlmount *ndm, struct lwp *l)
{
struct nfs_args *args;
struct sockaddr_in *sin;
char *pathname;
int error;
u_int16_t port;
args = &ndm->ndm_args;
/* Initialize mount args. */
memset((void *) args, 0, sizeof(*args));
args->addr = &ndm->ndm_saddr;
args->addrlen = args->addr->sa_len;
#ifdef NFS_BOOT_TCP
args->sotype = SOCK_STREAM;
#else
args->sotype = SOCK_DGRAM;
#endif
args->fh = ndm->ndm_fh;
args->hostname = ndm->ndm_host;
args->flags = NFSMNT_NOCONN | NFSMNT_RESVPORT;
#ifndef NFS_V2_ONLY
args->flags |= NFSMNT_NFSV3;
#endif
#ifdef NFS_BOOT_OPTIONS
args->flags |= NFS_BOOT_OPTIONS;
#endif
#ifdef NFS_BOOT_RWSIZE
/*
* Reduce rsize,wsize for interfaces that consistently
* drop fragments of long UDP messages. (i.e. wd8003).
* You can always change these later via remount.
*/
args->flags |= NFSMNT_WSIZE | NFSMNT_RSIZE;
args->wsize = NFS_BOOT_RWSIZE;
args->rsize = NFS_BOOT_RWSIZE;
#endif
/*
* Find the pathname part of the "server:pathname"
* string left in ndm->ndm_host by nfs_boot_init.
*/
pathname = strchr(ndm->ndm_host, ':');
if (pathname == 0) {
printf("nfs_boot: getfh - no pathname\n");
return (EIO);
}
pathname++;
/*
* Get file handle using RPC to mountd/mount
*/
sin = (struct sockaddr_in *)&ndm->ndm_saddr;
error = md_mount(sin, pathname, args, l);
if (error) {
printf("nfs_boot: mountd `%s', error=%d\n",
ndm->ndm_host, error);
return (error);
}
/* Set port number for NFS use. */
/* XXX: NFS port is always 2049, right? */
retry:
error = krpc_portmap(sin, NFS_PROG,
(args->flags & NFSMNT_NFSV3) ? NFS_VER3 : NFS_VER2,
(args->sotype == SOCK_STREAM) ? IPPROTO_TCP : IPPROTO_UDP,
&port, l);
if (port == htons(0))
error = EIO;
if (error) {
if (args->sotype == SOCK_STREAM) {
args->sotype = SOCK_DGRAM;
goto retry;
}
printf("nfs_boot: portmap NFS, error=%d\n", error);
return (error);
}
sin->sin_port = port;
return (0);
}
/*
* RPC: mountd/mount
* Given a server pathname, get an NFS file handle.
* Also, sets sin->sin_port to the NFS service port.
*
* mdsin mountd server address
*/
static int
md_mount(struct sockaddr_in *mdsin, char *path,
struct nfs_args *argp, struct lwp *lwp)
{
/* The RPC structures */
struct rdata {
u_int32_t errno;
union {
u_int8_t v2fh[NFSX_V2FH];
struct {
u_int32_t fhlen;
u_int8_t fh[1];
} v3fh;
} fh;
} *rdata;
struct mbuf *m;
u_int8_t *fh;
int minlen, error;
int mntver;
mntver = (argp->flags & NFSMNT_NFSV3) ? 3 : 2;
do {
/*
* Get port number for MOUNTD.
*/
error = krpc_portmap(mdsin, RPCPROG_MNT, mntver,
IPPROTO_UDP, &mdsin->sin_port, lwp);
if (error)
continue;
/* This mbuf is consumed by krpc_call. */
m = xdr_string_encode(path, strlen(path));
if (m == NULL)
return ENOMEM;
/* Do RPC to mountd. */
error = krpc_call(mdsin, RPCPROG_MNT, mntver,
RPCMNT_MOUNT, &m, NULL, lwp);
if (error != EPROGMISMATCH)
break;
/* Try lower version of mountd. */
} while (--mntver >= 1);
if (error) {
printf("nfs_boot: mountd error=%d\n", error);
return error;
}
if (mntver != 3)
argp->flags &= ~NFSMNT_NFSV3;
/* The reply might have only the errno. */
if (m->m_len < 4)
goto bad;
/* Have at least errno, so check that. */
rdata = mtod(m, struct rdata *);
error = fxdr_unsigned(u_int32_t, rdata->errno);
if (error)
goto out;
/* Have errno==0, so the fh must be there. */
if (mntver == 3) {
argp->fhsize = fxdr_unsigned(u_int32_t, rdata->fh.v3fh.fhlen);
if (argp->fhsize > NFSX_V3FHMAX)
goto bad;
minlen = 2 * sizeof(u_int32_t) + argp->fhsize;
} else {
argp->fhsize = NFSX_V2FH;
minlen = sizeof(u_int32_t) + argp->fhsize;
}
if (m->m_len < minlen) {
m = m_pullup(m, minlen);
if (m == NULL)
return(EBADRPC);
rdata = mtod(m, struct rdata *);
}
fh = (mntver == 3) ?
rdata->fh.v3fh.fh : rdata->fh.v2fh;
memcpy(argp->fh, fh, argp->fhsize);
goto out;
bad:
error = EBADRPC;
out:
m_freem(m);
return error;
}
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