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AWS EC2 metadata as files
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jszwedko Use /var/run/aws for examples
This seems like a more appropriate place looking at the Filesystem
Heirarchy Standard.

Thanks to
https://www.reddit.com/r/aws/comments/ccbcl9/show_reddit_ec2_metadata_as_a_filesystem/etmtxm6/
for pointing this out.
Latest commit e98fda3 Jul 13, 2019

README.md

ec2-metadatafs: cat your AWS EC2 metadata

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ec2-metadatafs exposes AWS EC2 metadata as a filesystem for easy ls, cat, and greping. It relies on FUSE to mount a user-space filesystem with files exposing the EC2 metadata and, optionally, the tags on the instance in the form of a readonly filesystem.

Example:

$ mkdir /var/run/aws
$ ec2-metadatafs --tags /var/run/aws
$ tree /var/run/aws
/var/run/aws
├── dynamic
│   └── instance-identity
│       ├── document
│       ├── dsa2048
│       ├── pkcs7
│       ├── rsa2048
│       └── signature
├── meta-data
│   ├── ami-id
│   ├── ami-launch-index
│   ├── ami-manifest-path
│   ├── block-device-mapping
│   │   ├── ami
│   │   └── root
│   ├── hostname
│   ├── iam
│   │   ├── info
│   │   └── security-credentials
│   │       └── test
│   ├── instance-action
│   ├── instance-id
│   ├── instance-type
│   ├── local-hostname
│   ├── local-ipv4
│   ├── mac
│   ├── metrics
│   ├── network
│   │   └── interfaces
│   │       └── macs
│   │           └── 06:5e:69:f7:53:ed
│   │               ├── device-number
│   │               ├── interface-id
│   │               ├── local-hostname
│   │               ├── local-ipv4s
│   │               ├── mac
│   │               ├── owner-id
│   │               ├── security-group-ids
│   │               ├── security-groups
│   │               ├── subnet-id
│   │               ├── subnet-ipv4-cidr-block
│   │               ├── vpc-id
│   │               └── vpc-ipv4-cidr-block
│   ├── placement
│   │   └── availability-zone
│   ├── profile
│   ├── public-keys
│   │   └── 0
│   │       └── openssh-key
│   ├── reservation-id
│   ├── security-groups
│   └── services
│       └── domain
│           └── amazonaws.com
├── tags
│   ├── createdBy
│   ├── name
│   └── role
└── user-data

16 directories, 42 files
$ cat /var/run/aws/meta-data/instance-id
i-1234567890
$ cat /var/run/aws/user-data
#! /bin/bash
echo 'Hello world'
$ cat /var/run/aws/tags/name
My Instance Name

Advantages over curl http://169.254.169.254

  • Support for tags
  • Use filesystem permissions to control access
  • Use traditional unix tools to walk and interrogate the tree
  • Tab completion of paths
  • No need to remember the special IP address of the service

Advantages over the ec2-metadata tool

  • Support for tags
  • No need to cut the output of commands to get just the field
  • Can use filesystem permissions to control access
  • Access to all metadata fields, not just the limited subset the tool returns

Feedback and feature requests are welcome!

Installing

Release packages

Packages are built for Arch Linux, CentOS, Debian, Fedora and Ubuntu. See releases to install one of these.

Binary installation

Linux (64 bit)

curl -sL https://github.com/jszwedko/ec2-metadatafs/releases/download/0.4.0/linux_amd64 > ec2-metadatafs
sudo mv ec2-metadatafs /usr/bin/
sudo chmod +x /usr/bin/ec2-metadatafs

Linux (32 bit)

curl -sL https://github.com/jszwedko/ec2-metadatafs/releases/download/0.4.0/linux_386 > ec2-metadatafs
sudo mv ec2-metadatafs /usr/bin/
sudo chmod +x /usr/bin/ec2-metadatafs

From source

Install the latest via: GOVENDOREXPERIMENT=1 go get github.com/jszwedko/ec2-metadatafs (requires Go >= 1.5 to be installed).

Usage

Usage:
  ec2-metadatafs [OPTIONS] mountpoint

ec2metadatafs mounts a FUSE filesystem which exposes the EC2 instance metadata
(and optionally the tags) of the host as files and directories rooted at the
given location.

Application Options:
  -v, --verbose                Print verbose logs, can be specified multiple times (up to 2)
  -f, --foreground             Run in foreground
  -V, --version                Display version info
  -e, --endpoint=              EC2 metadata service HTTP endpoint (default: http://169.254.169.254/latest/)
  -c, --cachesec=              Number of seconds to cache files attributes and directory listings. 0 to disable, -1 for
                               indefinite. (default: 0)
  -t, --tags                   Mount EC2 instance tags at <mount point>/tags
  -o, --options=               Mount options, see below for description
  -n, --no-syslog              Disable syslog when daemonized
  -F, --syslog-facility=       Syslog facility to use when daemonized (see below for options) (default: USER)

AWS Credentials (only used when mounting tags):
      --aws-access-key-id=     AWS Access Key ID (adds to credential chain, see below)
      --aws-secret-access-key= AWS Secret Access key (adds to credential chain, see below)
      --aws-session-token=     AWS session token (adds to credential chain, see below)

Help Options:
  -h, --help                   Show this help message

Arguments:
  mountpoint:                  Directory to mount the filesystem at

Mount options:
  -o debug                     Enable debug logging, same as -v
  -o fuse_debug                Enable fuse_debug logging (implies debug), same as -vv
  -o endpoint=ENDPOINT         EC2 metadata service HTTP endpoint, same as --endpoint=
  -o tags                      Mount the instance tags at <mount point>/tags, same as --tags
  -o aws_access_key_id=ID      AWS API access key (see below), same as --aws-access-key-id=
  -o aws_secret_access_key=KEY AWS API secret key (see below), same as --aws-secret-access-key=
  -o aws_session_token=KEY     AWS API session token (see below), same as --aws-session-token=
  -o cachesec=SEC              Number of seconds to cache files attributes and directory listings, same as --cachesec
  -o syslog_facility=                                    Syslog facility to send messages upon when daemonized (see below)
  -o no_syslog                 Disable logging to syslog when daemonized
  -o FUSEOPTION=OPTIONVALUE    FUSE mount option, please see the OPTIONS section of your FUSE manual for valid options

AWS credential chain:
  AWS credentials only required when mounting the instance tags (--tags or -o tags).

  Checks for credentials in the following places, in order:

  - Provided AWS credentials via flags or mount options
  - $AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID, $AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY, and $AWS_SESSION_TOKEN environment variables
  - Shared credentials file -- respects $AWS_DEFAULT_PROFILE and $AWS_SHARED_CREDENTIALS_FILE
  - IAM role associated with the instance

  Note that the AWS session token is only needed for temporary credentials from AWS security token service.

Caching:

Caching of the following is supported and controlled via the cachesec parameter:

* File attributes
* Directory attributes
* Directory listings

When accessed this metadata will be cached for the number of seconds specified
by cachesec. Use 0, the default, to disable caching and -1 to cache
indefinitely (good if you never expect instance metadata to change). This cache
is kept in memory and lost when the process is restarted.

Valid syslog facilities:
  KERN, USER, MAIL, DAEMON, AUTH, SYSLOG, LPR, NEWS, UUCP, CRON, AUTHPRIV, FTP, LOCAL0, LOCAL1, LOCAL2, LOCAL3, LOCAL4, LOCAL5, LOCAL6, LOCAL7

Version:
  0.3.0-16-gb73643f-dirty ('b73643f6a5aface7e405429779e8554a7b3767c8')

Author:
  Jesse Szwedko

Project Homepage:
  http://github.com/jszwedko/ec2-metadatafs

Report bugs to:
  http://github.com/jszwedko/ec2-metadatafs/issues

Automatic mounting

You can have it automatically mount by adding the following to /etc/fstab:

ec2-metadatafs /var/run/aws fuse _netdev,allow_other 0 0

Or

ec2-metadatafs /var/run/aws fuse _netdev,allow_other,tags 0 0

if you want to mount the tags as well (requires AWS API credentials -- described below).

AWS permissions

If you are mounting the instance tags, AWS API credentials are required. It is recommended that you associate an IAM instance role with your instances to support this (see iam-roles for details) to avoid the usual issues with static credentials, but you can also provide credentials via the environment, command line flags, or a file.

These credentials have access to query for the AWS API for tags -- example IAM policy:

{
  "Version": "2012-10-17",
  "Statement": [
    {
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Action": [ "ec2:DescribeTags"],
      "Resource": ["*"]
    }
  ]
}

See Usage section for more details on credential sources.

Developing

Requires Go 1.5 and GOVENDOREXPERIMENT=1 to properly include dependencies.

Uses gvt to manipulate dependencies.

  • Building: make build
  • Testing: make test
  • Building cross compiled binaries: make dist (will install gox if needed)
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