Checks if a URL or hostname would cause a request to a private network (RFC 1918). This is useful in preventing attacks like Server Side Request Forgery.
- Ruby >= 2.0
Add this line to your application's Gemfile:
And then execute:
Or install it yourself as:
$ gem install private_address_check
require "private_address_check" PrivateAddressCheck.private_address?("220.127.116.11") # => false PrivateAddressCheck.private_address?("10.10.10.2") # => true PrivateAddressCheck.private_address?("127.0.0.1") # => true PrivateAddressCheck.private_address?("172.16.2.10") # => true PrivateAddressCheck.private_address?("192.168.1.10") # => true PrivateAddressCheck.private_address?("fd00::2") # => true PrivateAddressCheck.resolves_to_private_address?("github.com") # => false PrivateAddressCheck.resolves_to_private_address?("localhost") # => true require "private_address_check/tcpsocket_ext" require "net/http" require "uri" Net::HTTP.get_response(URI.parse("http://192.168.1.1")) # => attempts connection like normal PrivateAddressCheck.only_public_connections do Net::HTTP.get_response(URI.parse("http://192.168.1.1")) end # => raises PrivateAddressCheck::PrivateConnectionAttemptedError
After checking out the repo, run
bin/setup to install dependencies. Then, run
rake test to run the tests. You can also run
bin/console for an interactive prompt that will allow you to experiment.
To install this gem onto your local machine, run
bundle exec rake install. To release a new version, update the version number in
version.rb, and then run
bundle exec rake release, which will create a git tag for the version, push git commits and tags, and push the
.gem file to rubygems.org.
Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at https://github.com/jtdowney/private_address_check. This project is intended to be a safe, welcoming space for collaboration, and contributors are expected to adhere to the Contributor Covenant code of conduct.
If you've found a security issue in
private_address_check, please reach out to @jtdowney via email to report.
Time of check to time of use
A library like
private_address_check is going to be easily susceptible to attacks like time of check to time of use. DNS entries with a TTL of 0 can trigger this case where the initial resolution is a public address by the subsequent resolution is a private address. There are some possible defenses and workarounds:
- Use the TCPSocket extension in this library which checks the address the socket uses. This is most useful if your system is built on native Ruby like Net::HTTP.
- Use a feature like the
resolvecapability in curl and curb to force the resolution to a pre-checked IP address.
- Implement your own caching DNS resolver with something like dnsmasq or unbound. These tools let you set a minimum cache time that can override the TTL of 0.
The gem is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.