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Adding new documents for different versions/tools.

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  1. +53 −0 charm-tools_2.x.md
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+# charm-tools 2.x
+
+This is a summary of the 2.x charm-tools subcommands. For more detailed
+information refer to the [charm-tools documentation](https://jujucharms.com/docs/devel/tools-charm-tools).
+
+## Install charm-tools
+
+```sh
+sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:juju/devel
+sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:juju/stable
+sudo apt update -qq
+sudo apt install -y charm-tools
+```
+
+## charm-tools 2.x subcommands
+```
+add - add icon, readme, or tests to a charm
+attach - upload a file as a resource for a charm
+build - build a charm from layers and interfaces
+create - create a new charm
+grant - grant charm or bundle permissions
+help - show help on a command or other topic
+layers - inspect the layers of a built charm
+list - list charms for a given user name
+list-resources - display the resources for a charm in the charm store
+login - login to the charm store
+logout - logout from the charm store
+proof - perform static analysis on a charm or bundle
+publish - publish a charm or bundle
+pull - download a charm or bundle from the charm store
+pull-source - download the source code for a charm, layer, or interface
+push - push a charm or bundle into the charm store
+revoke - revoke charm or bundle permissions
+set - set charm or bundle extra-info, home page or bugs URL
+show - print information on a charm or bundle
+terms - lists terms owned by the user
+test - execute charm functional tests
+version - display tooling version information
+whoami - display jaas user id and group membership
+```
+
+## Using charm-tools
+
+##### `charm add`
+- `charm add tests` - Add things to an existing charm, such as icon, tests,
+readme (template).
+
+##### `charm attach`
+- `charm attach ~user/trusty/wordpress website-data ./foo.zip` - Upload a file
+as a resource for a charm.
+
+##### `charm build`
+- `charm build` - Build the layers and interfaces into a charm.
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+# Juju 1.x Cheatsheet
+
+Sometimes you don't have all day to figure stuff out, here's a TLDR of how to use Juju. Remember you can always `juju help` and then any of these subcommands to get the help for the command.
+
+## Installing the PPA and all the goodies:
+
+- `sudo add-apt-repository ppa:juju/stable && sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install juju juju-local juju-quickstart charm-tools`
+- `juju quickstart -i` - prompts you for all your cloud credentials.
+- `juju bootstrap -v` - bootstrap a node (always -v so you can see what's going on, drop the -v when you get comfortable with juju, but juju bootstrap since 1.17.0 shows what's going on -v is really verbose at this point)
+- `juju debug-log` - open this in another terminal or tab, so you can see what juju is doing while you type other commands)
+
+## Using Juju
+
+- `juju deploy servicename alias`- deploy a service, alias is optional if you want to name it something. If you use aliases you need to refer to the service via the alias from then on:
+
+ juju deploy mediawiki myawesomewiki
+
+- `juju add-unit servicename` - add a unit
+- `juju add-unit -n 10 servicename` - add 10 units.
+- `juju deploy servicename --to #` - deploy servicename to a specific machine #. Use 0 to deploy to the bootstrap node.
+- `juju status` - shows what's going on
+- `juju status servicename` - shows you what's going for a particular server
+- `juju ssh servicename/machine#` - ssh to a unit, get the # from juju status
+- `juju ssh machine#` - ssh to a machine number
+- `juju run "uname -a" --all` - Run a command (uname) on every instance. (1.17.2 and newer)
+
+## bundles
+
+- `juju quickstart bundle:~abentley/wiki-bundle/1/wiki` - Get the bundle address from jujucharms.com
+
+## Relations
+
+- `juju add-relation $service1 $service2` - relate two services
+- `juju destroy-relation $service1 $service2` - unrelate 2 services
+
+## Deploying to Containers, VMs, and metal
+
+- `juju deploy servicename --to lxc:10` - Deploy service to a container on machine #10
+- `juju deploy servicename --to kvm:10` - Deploy service to a KVM on machine #10
+- `juju deploy servicename --to 10` - Deploy service to the raw bare metal on machine #10
+- `juju deploy servicename --constraints instance-type=m1.small` - Deploy to certain AWS types.
+
+## Working with Units
+
+- `juju ssh servicename/#` - ssh to a specific machine # for a service.
+- `juju run --service servicename "uname -a"` - run a command on all machines of a service and return results to the console (useful!)
+- `juju scp file.sh servicename/0:/tmp` - copy file.sh to /tmp on node 0 of servicename.
+
+
+## Destroying Stuff
+
+- `juju destroy-environment $environment-name` - destroy an environment
+- `juju destroy-service $servicename` - destroy a service, DOES NOT REMOVE THE MACHINE, you need to follow up:
+- `juju destroy-machine` # - destroy machine #
+
+## Writing Charms/Bundles
+
+- `charm create foo` - create a blank charm template
+- `charm add tests` - add tests to an existing charm
+- `charm test -e $environment` - executes all tests found in the charm tests directory in specified environment (amazon, hp, etc.).
+- `charm add readme` - add a readme template to an existing charm
+- `charm proof` - lint for charms
+- `bundle proof` - lint for bundles
+- `juju debug-hooks` - debug mode for charm writing, this will ssh you into the units and fire off a tmux session to debug (totally awesome, use this).
+
+## Clean up
+
+- "I broke the local provider and need to start over" - http://askubuntu.com/questions/403618/how-do-i-clean-up-a-machine-after-using-the-local-provider
+- "There's a race somewhere and sometimes the unit doesn't come up" - `juju resolved $servicename --retry`
+
+## Other
+
+- Listing of all the charms: https://jujucharms.com/fullscreen/search/?text=
+- `juju status -e $environmentname` - show me the status of another environment
+- `juju switch $environmentname` - switch to a different environment
+- `juju add-machine` - add a blank machine that you can mess with
+- `juju ensure-availability` - Ensures the state server is HA (+3 nodes) - you only really need this in production.
+
+## Useful LXC commands
+
+`sudo lxc-ls --fancy` - show all the containers on your machine
+
+## Plugins
+
+Install plugins:
+
+ git clone https://github.com/juju/plugins.git ~/.juju-plugins
+ echo 'PATH=$PATH:$HOME/.juju-plugins' >> ~/.bash_profile
+ source ~/.bash_profile
+ juju help plugins
+
+Plugin Cheats:
+
+- `juju pprint` - prettier status, a must for large deployments
+- `juju clean` - reset and clean all LXC containers and the Juju local provider
+- `juju git-deploy https://github.com/charms/haproxy` - Deploy charms directly from a git repo.
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+# Juju 2.x Cheatsheet
+
+This is a summary of the Juju 2.x subcommands. For more detailed information
+refer to the official [Juju documentation](https://jujucharms.com/docs/devel/)
+
+All the juju subcommands have descriptive help, use `juju help $SUBCOMMAND` for
+more information about each subcommand.
+
+## Install Juju and charm-tools:
+
+Install the juju package and charm-tools:
+```sh
+sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:juju/devel
+sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:juju/stable
+sudo apt update -qq
+sudo apt install -y juju-2.0
+```
+
+## Juju 2.x subcommands:
+
+```
+actions alias for 'list-actions'
+add-cloud Adds a user-defined cloud to Juju from among known cloud types.
+add-credential Adds or replaces credentials for a cloud.
+add-machine start a new, empty machine and optionally a container, or add a container to a machine
+add-machines alias for 'add-machine'
+add-relation add a relation between two services
+add-space Add a new network space
+add-ssh-key Adds a public SSH key to a model.
+add-ssh-keys alias for 'add-ssh-key'
+add-storage adds unit storage dynamically
+add-subnet add an existing subnet to Juju
+add-unit Adds one or more units to a deployed service.
+add-units alias for 'add-unit'
+add-user Adds a Juju user to a controller.
+agree agree to terms
+allocate allocate budget to services
+attach upload a file as a resource for a service
+autoload-credentials looks for cloud credentials and caches those for use by Juju when bootstrapping
+backups alias for 'list-backups'
+block list and enable model blocks
+bootstrap Initializes a cloud environment.
+cached-images alias for 'list-cached-images'
+change-user-password changes the password for a user
+charm interact with charms
+collect-metrics collect metrics on the given unit/service
+create-backup create a backup
+create-budget create a new budget
+create-model create an model within the Juju Model Server
+create-storage-pool create storage pool
+debug-hooks launch a tmux session to debug a hook
+debug-log Displays log messages for a model.
+debug-metrics retrieve metrics collected by the given unit/service
+deploy deploy a new service or bundle
+destroy-controller Destroys a controller.
+destroy-model Terminate all machines and resources for a non-controller model.
+destroy-relation alias for 'remove-relation'
+destroy-service alias for 'remove-service'
+destroy-unit alias for 'remove-unit'
+disable-user Disables a Juju user.
+download-backup get an archive file
+enable-ha ensure that sufficient controllers exist to provide redundancy
+enable-user Re-enables a previously disabled Juju user.
+expose Makes a service publicly available over the network.
+get-config Displays configuration settings for a deployed service.
+get-configs alias for 'get-config'
+get-constraints Displays machine constraints for a service.
+get-model-config Displays configuration settings for a model.
+get-model-constraints Displays machine constraints for a model.
+grant Grants access to a Juju user for a model.
+gui open the Juju GUI in the default browser
+help show help on a command or other topic
+help-tool show help on a juju charm tool
+import-ssh-key Adds a public SSH key from a trusted identity source to a model.
+import-ssh-keys alias for 'import-ssh-key'
+kill-controller forcibly terminate all machines and other associated resources for a juju controller
+list-actions list actions defined for a service
+list-agreements list user's agreements
+list-all-blocks list all blocks within the controller
+list-backups get all metadata
+list-budgets list budgets
+list-cached-images shows cached os images
+list-clouds Lists all clouds available to Juju.
+list-controllers Lists all controllers.
+list-credentials Lists credentials for a cloud.
+list-machine alias for 'list-machines'
+list-machines Lists machines in a model.
+list-models Lists models a user can access on a controller.
+list-payloads display status information about known payloads
+list-plans list plans
+list-resources show the resources for a service or unit
+list-shares Shows all users with access to a model for the current controller.
+list-spaces List known spaces, including associated subnets
+list-ssh-key alias for 'list-ssh-keys'
+list-ssh-keys Lists the currently known SSH keys for the current (or specified) model.
+list-storage lists storage details
+list-storage-pools list storage pools
+list-subnets list subnets known to Juju
+list-users Lists Juju users allowed to connect to a controller.
+login logs in to the controller
+logout logs out of the controller
+machine alias for 'list-machines'
+machines alias for 'list-machines'
+publish publish charm to the store
+register Registers a Juju user to a controller.
+remove-all-blocks remove all blocks in the Juju controller
+remove-backup delete a backup
+remove-cached-images remove cached os images
+remove-credential Removes credentials for a cloud.
+remove-machine remove machines from the model
+remove-machines alias for 'remove-machine'
+remove-relation Removes an existing relation between two services.
+remove-service Remove a service from the model.
+remove-ssh-key Removes a public SSH key (or keys) from a model.
+remove-ssh-keys alias for 'remove-ssh-key'
+remove-unit remove service units from the model
+resolved marks unit errors resolved
+resources alias for 'list-resources'
+restore-backup restore from a backup archive to a new controller
+retry-provisioning retries provisioning for failed machines
+revoke Revokes access from a Juju user for a model.
+run run the commands on the remote targets specified
+run-action queue an action for execution
+scp Transfers files to/from a Juju machine.
+set-budget set the budget limit
+set-config Sets configuration options for a service.
+set-configs alias for 'set-config'
+set-constraints Sets machine constraints for a service.
+set-default-credential Sets the default credentials for a cloud.
+set-default-region Sets the default region for a cloud.
+set-meter-status sets the meter status on a service or unit
+set-model-config Sets configuration keys on a model.
+set-model-constraints Sets machine constraints on a model.
+set-plan set the plan for a service
+show-action-output show results of an action by ID
+show-action-status show results of all actions filtered by optional ID prefix
+show-backup get metadata
+show-budget show budget usage
+show-cloud Shows detailed information on a cloud.
+show-controller Shows detailed information of a controller.
+show-controllers alias for 'show-controller'
+show-machine show a machines status
+show-machines alias for 'show-machine'
+show-model shows information about the current or specified model
+show-status alias for 'status'
+show-storage shows storage instance
+show-user Show information about a user.
+spaces alias for 'list-spaces'
+ssh Initiates an SSH session or executes a command on a Juju machine.
+ssh-key alias for 'list-ssh-keys'
+ssh-keys alias for 'list-ssh-keys'
+status Displays the current status of Juju, services, and units.
+status-history output past statuses for the passed entity
+storage alias for 'list-storage'
+subnets alias for 'list-subnets'
+switch Selects or identifies the current controller and model.
+sync-tools copy tools from the official tool store into a local model
+unblock unblock an operation that would alter a running model
+unexpose Removes public availability over the network for a service.
+unset-model-config Unsets model configuration.
+update-allocation update an allocation
+update-clouds Updates public cloud information available to Juju.
+upgrade-charm upgrade a service's charm
+upgrade-gui upgrade to a new Juju GUI version
+upgrade-juju Upgrades Juju on all machines in a model.
+upload-backup store a backup archive file remotely in juju
+version print the current version
+```
+
+## Using juju
+
+##### `juju add-cloud`
+- `juju add-cloud mycloud ~/mycloud.yaml` - Add a user defined cloud to Juju.
+
+##### `juju add-credential`
+
+##### `juju add-machine`
+
+##### `juju add-relation`
+
+##### `juju add-space`
+
+##### `juju add-unit`
+- `juju add-unit servicename` - add a unit
+- `juju add-unit -n 10 servicename` - add 10 units.
+
+##### `juju deploy`
+Juju version 2.x has the ability to deploy both charms and bundles.
+
+- `juju deploy servicename alias`- deploy a service, alias is optional if you
+ want to name it something. If you use aliases you need to refer to the service
+via the alias from then on:
+```sh
+juju deploy mediawiki myawesomewiki
+```
+- `juju deploy path/to/charm --series trusty` - deploy a charm on your **local
+filesystem** you must also specify the series.
+- `juju deploy path/to/bundle.yaml` - deploy a bundle on your **local
+filesystem**.
+- `juju deploy servicename --to #` - deploy servicename to a specific machine #. Use 0 to deploy to the bootstrap node.

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