Assertions CN

贾康 edited this page Jul 22, 2016 · 2 revisions

JUnit 为基本类型和对象以及数组(基本类型或对象)提供了重载的断言方法。参数的顺序是期望值和实际值。可选的第一个值是错误情况的消息。有一个略微不同的断言是 assertThat 它需要的参数是一个可选的失败消息,实际返回值和一个 Matcher 对象。值得注意的是,相比其他断言方法预期和实际是相反的。

例子

所有有代表性的断言方法。

import static org.hamcrest.CoreMatchers.allOf;
import static org.hamcrest.CoreMatchers.anyOf;
import static org.hamcrest.CoreMatchers.equalTo;
import static org.hamcrest.CoreMatchers.not;
import static org.hamcrest.CoreMatchers.sameInstance;
import static org.hamcrest.CoreMatchers.startsWith;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertThat;
import static org.junit.matchers.JUnitMatchers.both;
import static org.junit.matchers.JUnitMatchers.containsString;
import static org.junit.matchers.JUnitMatchers.everyItem;
import static org.junit.matchers.JUnitMatchers.hasItems;

import java.util.Arrays;

import org.hamcrest.core.CombinableMatcher;
import org.junit.Test;

public class AssertTests {
  @Test
  public void testAssertArrayEquals() {
    byte[] expected = "trial".getBytes();
    byte[] actual = "trial".getBytes();
    org.junit.Assert.assertArrayEquals("failure - byte arrays not same", expected, actual);
  }

  @Test
  public void testAssertEquals() {
    org.junit.Assert.assertEquals("failure - strings are not equal", "text", "text");
  }

  @Test
  public void testAssertFalse() {
    org.junit.Assert.assertFalse("failure - should be false", false);
  }

  @Test
  public void testAssertNotNull() {
    org.junit.Assert.assertNotNull("should not be null", new Object());
  }

  @Test
  public void testAssertNotSame() {
    org.junit.Assert.assertNotSame("should not be same Object", new Object(), new Object());
  }

  @Test
  public void testAssertNull() {
    org.junit.Assert.assertNull("should be null", null);
  }

  @Test
  public void testAssertSame() {
    Integer aNumber = Integer.valueOf(768);
    org.junit.Assert.assertSame("should be same", aNumber, aNumber);
  }

  // JUnit Matchers assertThat
  @Test
  public void testAssertThatBothContainsString() {
    org.junit.Assert.assertThat("albumen", both(containsString("a")).and(containsString("b")));
  }

  @Test
  public void testAssertThathasItemsContainsString() {
    org.junit.Assert.assertThat(Arrays.asList("one", "two", "three"), hasItems("one", "three"));
  }

  @Test
  public void testAssertThatEveryItemContainsString() {
    org.junit.Assert.assertThat(Arrays.asList(new String[] { "fun", "ban", "net" }), everyItem(containsString("n")));
  }

  // Core Hamcrest Matchers with assertThat
  @Test
  public void testAssertThatHamcrestCoreMatchers() {
    assertThat("good", allOf(equalTo("good"), startsWith("good")));
    assertThat("good", not(allOf(equalTo("bad"), equalTo("good"))));
    assertThat("good", anyOf(equalTo("bad"), equalTo("good")));
    assertThat(7, not(CombinableMatcher.<Integer> either(equalTo(3)).or(equalTo(4))));
    assertThat(new Object(), not(sameInstance(new Object())));
  }

  @Test
  public void testAssertTrue() {
    org.junit.Assert.assertTrue("failure - should be true", true);
  }
}
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