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Coding assistance for JupyterLab (code navigation + hover suggestions + linters + autocompletion + rename) using Language Server Protocol


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Language Server Protocol integration for Jupyter(Lab)

CI Documentation Status Python Demo R Demo Julia Demo Binder

Installation | Configuring | Changelog | Roadmap | Contributing | Extending


Examples show Python code, but most features also work in R, bash, typescript, and many other languages.


Hover over any piece of code; if an underline appears, you can press Ctrl to get a tooltip with function/class signature, module documentation or any other piece of information that the language server provides



Critical errors have red underline, warnings are orange, etc. Hover over the underlined code to see a more detailed message


Jump to Definition and References

Use the context menu entry, or Alt + 🖱️ to jump to definitions/references (you can change it to Ctrl/ in settings); use Alt + o to jump back.


Highlight References

Place your cursor on a variable, function, etc and all the usages will be highlighted

Automatic Completion and Continuous Hinting

  • Certain characters, for example '.' (dot) in Python, will automatically trigger completion.
  • You can choose to receive the completion suggestions as you type by enabling continuousHinting setting.


Automatic Signature Suggestions

Function signatures will automatically be displayed


Kernel-less Autocompletion

Advanced static-analysis autocompletion without a running kernel


The runtime kernel suggestions are still there

When a kernel is available the suggestions from the kernel (such as keys of a dict and columns of a DataFrame) are merged with the suggestions from the Language Server (in notebook).

If the kernel is too slow to respond promptly only the Language Server suggestions will be shown (default threshold: 0.6s). You can configure the completer to not attempt to fetch the kernel completions if the kernel is busy (skipping the 0.6s timeout).

You can deactivate the kernel suggestions by adding "Kernel" to the disableCompletionsFrom in the completion section of Advanced Settings. Alternatively if you only want kernel completions you can add "LSP" to the same setting; Or add both if you like to code in hardcore mode and get no completions, or if another provider has been added.


Rename variables, functions and more, in both: notebooks and the file editor. Use the context menu option or the F2 shortcut to invoke.


Diagnostics panel

Sort and jump between the diagnostics using the diagnostics panel. Open it searching for "Show diagnostics panel" in JupyterLab commands palette or from the context menu. Use context menu on rows in the panel to filter out diagnostics or copy their message.



You will need to have both of the following installed:

  • JupyterLab >=4.1.0,<5.0.0a0
  • Python 3.8+

In addition, if you wish to use javascript, html, markdown or any other NodeJS-based language server you will need to have appropriate NodeJS version installed.

Note: Installation for JupyterLab 2.x requires a different procedure, please consult the documentation for the extension version 2.x.


For more extensive installation instructions, see the documentation.

For the current stable version, the following steps are recommended. Use of a python virtualenv or a conda env is also recommended.

  1. install python 3

    conda install -c conda-forge python=3
  2. install JupyterLab and the extensions

    conda install -c conda-forge 'jupyterlab>=4.1.0,<5.0.0a0' jupyterlab-lsp
    # or
    pip install 'jupyterlab>=4.1.0,<5.0.0a0' jupyterlab-lsp

    Note: jupyterlab-lsp provides both the server extension and the lab extension.

    Note: With conda, you could take advantage of the bundles: jupyter-lsp-python or jupyter-lsp-r to install both the server extension and the language server.

  3. install LSP servers for languages of your choice; for example, for Python (pylsp) and R (languageserver) servers:

    pip install 'python-lsp-server[all]'
    R -e 'install.packages("languageserver")'

    or from conda-forge

    conda install -c conda-forge python-lsp-server r-languageserver

    Please see our full list of supported language servers which includes installation hints for the common package managers (npm/pip/conda). In general, any LSP server from the Microsoft list should work after some additional configuration.

    Note: it is worth visiting the repository of each server you install as many provide additional configuration options.

  4. Restart JupyterLab

    If JupyterLab is running when you installed the extension, a restart is required for the server extension and any language servers to be recognized by JupyterLab.

  5. (Optional, IPython users only) to improve the performance of autocompletion, disable Jedi in IPython (the LSP servers for Python use Jedi too). You can do that temporarily with:

    %config Completer.use_jedi = False

    or permanently by setting c.Completer.use_jedi = False in your file.

  6. (Optional, Linux/OSX-only) As a security measure by default Jupyter server only allows access to files under the Jupyter root directory (the place where you launch the Jupyter server). Thus, in order to allow jupyterlab-lsp to navigate to external files such as packages installed system-wide or to libraries inside a virtual environment (conda, pip, ...) this access control mechanism needs to be circumvented: inside your Jupyter root directory create a symlink named .lsp_symlink pointing to your system root /.

    ln -s / .lsp_symlink

    As this symlink is a hidden file the Jupyter server must be instructed to serve hidden files. Either use the appropriate command line flag:

    jupyter lab --ContentsManager.allow_hidden=True

    or, alternatively, set the corresponding setting inside your

    Help in implementing a custom ContentsManager which will enable navigating to external files without the symlink is welcome.

Configuring the servers

Server configurations can be edited using the Advanced Settings editor in JupyterLab (Settings > Advanced Settings Editor). For settings specific to each server, please see the table of language servers. Example settings might include:

  "language_servers": {
    "pylsp": {
      "serverSettings": {
        "pylsp.plugins.pydocstyle.enabled": true,
        "pylsp.plugins.pyflakes.enabled": false,
        "pylsp.plugins.flake8.enabled": true
    "r-languageserver": {
      "serverSettings": {
        "r.lsp.debug": false,
        "r.lsp.diagnostics": false

The serverSettings key specifies the configurations sent to the language servers. These can be written using stringified dot accessors like above (in the VSCode style), or as nested JSON objects, e.g.:

  "language_servers": {
    "pylsp": {
      "serverSettings": {
        "pylsp": {
          "plugins": {
            "pydocstyle": {
              "enabled": true
            "pyflakes": {
              "enabled": false
            "flake8": {
              "enabled": true

Other configuration methods

Some language servers, such as pylsp, provide other configuration methods in addition to language-server configuration messages (accessed using the Advanced Settings Editor). For example, pylsp allows users to configure the server using a local configuration file. You can change the inspection/diagnostics for server plugins like pycodestyle there.

The exact configuration details will vary between operating systems (please see the configuration section of pycodestyle documentation), but as an example, on Linux you would simply need to create a file called ~/.config/pycodestyle, which may look like that:

ignore = E402, E703
max-line-length = 120

In the example above:

  • ignoring E402 allows imports which are not on the very top of the file,
  • ignoring E703 allows terminating semicolon (useful for matplotlib plots),
  • the maximal allowed line length is increased to 120.

After changing the configuration you may need to restart the JupyterLab, and please be advised that the errors in configuration may prevent the servers from functioning properly.

Again, please do check the pycodestyle documentation for specific error codes, and check the configuration of other feature providers and language servers as needed.


This would not be possible without the fantastic initial work at wylieconlon/lsp-editor-adapter.