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/*
* Ogg muxer
* Copyright (c) 2007 Baptiste Coudurier <baptiste dot coudurier at free dot fr>
*
* This file is part of FFmpeg.
*
* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
#include "libavutil/crc.h"
#include "libavutil/random_seed.h"
#include "libavcodec/xiph.h"
#include "libavcodec/bytestream.h"
#include "libavcodec/flac.h"
#include "avformat.h"
#include "internal.h"
#include "vorbiscomment.h"
#define MAX_PAGE_SIZE 65025
typedef struct {
int64_t granule;
int stream_index;
uint8_t flags;
uint8_t segments_count;
uint8_t segments[255];
uint8_t data[MAX_PAGE_SIZE];
uint16_t size;
} OGGPage;
typedef struct {
unsigned page_counter;
uint8_t *header[3];
int header_len[3];
/** for theora granule */
int kfgshift;
int64_t last_kf_pts;
int vrev;
int eos;
unsigned page_count; ///< number of page buffered
OGGPage page; ///< current page
unsigned serial_num; ///< serial number
} OGGStreamContext;
typedef struct OGGPageList {
OGGPage page;
struct OGGPageList *next;
} OGGPageList;
typedef struct {
OGGPageList *page_list;
} OGGContext;
static void ogg_update_checksum(AVFormatContext *s, ByteIOContext *pb, int64_t crc_offset)
{
int64_t pos = url_ftell(pb);
uint32_t checksum = get_checksum(pb);
url_fseek(pb, crc_offset, SEEK_SET);
put_be32(pb, checksum);
url_fseek(pb, pos, SEEK_SET);
}
static int ogg_write_page(AVFormatContext *s, OGGPage *page, int extra_flags)
{
OGGStreamContext *oggstream = s->streams[page->stream_index]->priv_data;
ByteIOContext *pb;
int64_t crc_offset;
int ret, size;
uint8_t *buf;
ret = url_open_dyn_buf(&pb);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
init_checksum(pb, ff_crc04C11DB7_update, 0);
put_tag(pb, "OggS");
put_byte(pb, 0);
put_byte(pb, page->flags | extra_flags);
put_le64(pb, page->granule);
put_le32(pb, oggstream->serial_num);
put_le32(pb, oggstream->page_counter++);
crc_offset = url_ftell(pb);
put_le32(pb, 0); // crc
put_byte(pb, page->segments_count);
put_buffer(pb, page->segments, page->segments_count);
put_buffer(pb, page->data, page->size);
ogg_update_checksum(s, pb, crc_offset);
put_flush_packet(pb);
size = url_close_dyn_buf(pb, &buf);
if (size < 0)
return size;
put_buffer(s->pb, buf, size);
put_flush_packet(s->pb);
av_free(buf);
oggstream->page_count--;
return 0;
}
static int64_t ogg_granule_to_timestamp(OGGStreamContext *oggstream, OGGPage *page)
{
if (oggstream->kfgshift)
return (page->granule>>oggstream->kfgshift) +
(page->granule & ((1<<oggstream->kfgshift)-1));
else
return page->granule;
}
static int ogg_compare_granule(AVFormatContext *s, OGGPage *next, OGGPage *page)
{
AVStream *st2 = s->streams[next->stream_index];
AVStream *st = s->streams[page->stream_index];
int64_t next_granule, cur_granule;
if (next->granule == -1 || page->granule == -1)
return 0;
next_granule = av_rescale_q(ogg_granule_to_timestamp(st2->priv_data, next),
st2->time_base, AV_TIME_BASE_Q);
cur_granule = av_rescale_q(ogg_granule_to_timestamp(st->priv_data, page),
st ->time_base, AV_TIME_BASE_Q);
return next_granule > cur_granule;
}
static int ogg_reset_cur_page(OGGStreamContext *oggstream)
{
oggstream->page.granule = -1;
oggstream->page.flags = 0;
oggstream->page.segments_count = 0;
oggstream->page.size = 0;
return 0;
}
static int ogg_buffer_page(AVFormatContext *s, OGGStreamContext *oggstream)
{
OGGContext *ogg = s->priv_data;
OGGPageList **p = &ogg->page_list;
OGGPageList *l = av_mallocz(sizeof(*l));
if (!l)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
l->page = oggstream->page;
oggstream->page_count++;
ogg_reset_cur_page(oggstream);
while (*p) {
if (ogg_compare_granule(s, &(*p)->page, &l->page))
break;
p = &(*p)->next;
}
l->next = *p;
*p = l;
return 0;
}
static int ogg_buffer_data(AVFormatContext *s, AVStream *st,
uint8_t *data, unsigned size, int64_t granule)
{
OGGStreamContext *oggstream = st->priv_data;
int total_segments = size / 255 + 1;
uint8_t *p = data;
int i, segments, len;
for (i = 0; i < total_segments; ) {
OGGPage *page = &oggstream->page;
segments = FFMIN(total_segments - i, 255 - page->segments_count);
if (i && !page->segments_count)
page->flags |= 1; // continued packet
memset(page->segments+page->segments_count, 255, segments - 1);
page->segments_count += segments - 1;
len = FFMIN(size, segments*255);
page->segments[page->segments_count++] = len - (segments-1)*255;
memcpy(page->data+page->size, p, len);
p += len;
size -= len;
i += segments;
page->size += len;
if (i == total_segments)
page->granule = granule;
if (page->segments_count == 255) {
ogg_buffer_page(s, oggstream);
}
}
return 0;
}
static uint8_t *ogg_write_vorbiscomment(int offset, int bitexact,
int *header_len, AVMetadata *m)
{
const char *vendor = bitexact ? "ffmpeg" : LIBAVFORMAT_IDENT;
int size;
uint8_t *p, *p0;
unsigned int count;
size = offset + ff_vorbiscomment_length(m, vendor, &count);
p = av_mallocz(size);
if (!p)
return NULL;
p0 = p;
p += offset;
ff_vorbiscomment_write(&p, m, vendor, count);
*header_len = size;
return p0;
}
static int ogg_build_flac_headers(AVCodecContext *avctx,
OGGStreamContext *oggstream, int bitexact,
AVMetadata *m)
{
enum FLACExtradataFormat format;
uint8_t *streaminfo;
uint8_t *p;
if (!ff_flac_is_extradata_valid(avctx, &format, &streaminfo))
return -1;
// first packet: STREAMINFO
oggstream->header_len[0] = 51;
oggstream->header[0] = av_mallocz(51); // per ogg flac specs
p = oggstream->header[0];
if (!p)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
bytestream_put_byte(&p, 0x7F);
bytestream_put_buffer(&p, "FLAC", 4);
bytestream_put_byte(&p, 1); // major version
bytestream_put_byte(&p, 0); // minor version
bytestream_put_be16(&p, 1); // headers packets without this one
bytestream_put_buffer(&p, "fLaC", 4);
bytestream_put_byte(&p, 0x00); // streaminfo
bytestream_put_be24(&p, 34);
bytestream_put_buffer(&p, streaminfo, FLAC_STREAMINFO_SIZE);
// second packet: VorbisComment
p = ogg_write_vorbiscomment(4, bitexact, &oggstream->header_len[1], m);
if (!p)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
oggstream->header[1] = p;
bytestream_put_byte(&p, 0x84); // last metadata block and vorbis comment
bytestream_put_be24(&p, oggstream->header_len[1] - 4);
return 0;
}
#define SPEEX_HEADER_SIZE 80
static int ogg_build_speex_headers(AVCodecContext *avctx,
OGGStreamContext *oggstream, int bitexact,
AVMetadata *m)
{
uint8_t *p;
if (avctx->extradata_size < SPEEX_HEADER_SIZE)
return -1;
// first packet: Speex header
p = av_mallocz(SPEEX_HEADER_SIZE);
if (!p)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
oggstream->header[0] = p;
oggstream->header_len[0] = SPEEX_HEADER_SIZE;
bytestream_put_buffer(&p, avctx->extradata, SPEEX_HEADER_SIZE);
AV_WL32(&oggstream->header[0][68], 0); // set extra_headers to 0
// second packet: VorbisComment
p = ogg_write_vorbiscomment(0, bitexact, &oggstream->header_len[1], m);
if (!p)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
oggstream->header[1] = p;
return 0;
}
static int ogg_write_header(AVFormatContext *s)
{
OGGStreamContext *oggstream;
int i, j;
for (i = 0; i < s->nb_streams; i++) {
AVStream *st = s->streams[i];
unsigned serial_num = i;
if (st->codec->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO)
av_set_pts_info(st, 64, 1, st->codec->sample_rate);
else if (st->codec->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO)
av_set_pts_info(st, 64, st->codec->time_base.num, st->codec->time_base.den);
if (st->codec->codec_id != CODEC_ID_VORBIS &&
st->codec->codec_id != CODEC_ID_THEORA &&
st->codec->codec_id != CODEC_ID_SPEEX &&
st->codec->codec_id != CODEC_ID_FLAC) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Unsupported codec id in stream %d\n", i);
return -1;
}
if (!st->codec->extradata || !st->codec->extradata_size) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "No extradata present\n");
return -1;
}
oggstream = av_mallocz(sizeof(*oggstream));
oggstream->page.stream_index = i;
if (!(st->codec->flags & CODEC_FLAG_BITEXACT))
do {
serial_num = av_get_random_seed();
for (j = 0; j < i; j++) {
OGGStreamContext *sc = s->streams[j]->priv_data;
if (serial_num == sc->serial_num)
break;
}
} while (j < i);
oggstream->serial_num = serial_num;
st->priv_data = oggstream;
if (st->codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_FLAC) {
int err = ogg_build_flac_headers(st->codec, oggstream,
st->codec->flags & CODEC_FLAG_BITEXACT,
s->metadata);
if (err) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Error writing FLAC headers\n");
av_freep(&st->priv_data);
return err;
}
} else if (st->codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_SPEEX) {
int err = ogg_build_speex_headers(st->codec, oggstream,
st->codec->flags & CODEC_FLAG_BITEXACT,
s->metadata);
if (err) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Error writing Speex headers\n");
av_freep(&st->priv_data);
return err;
}
} else {
if (ff_split_xiph_headers(st->codec->extradata, st->codec->extradata_size,
st->codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_VORBIS ? 30 : 42,
oggstream->header, oggstream->header_len) < 0) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Extradata corrupted\n");
av_freep(&st->priv_data);
return -1;
}
if (st->codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_THEORA) {
/** KFGSHIFT is the width of the less significant section of the granule position
The less significant section is the frame count since the last keyframe */
oggstream->kfgshift = ((oggstream->header[0][40]&3)<<3)|(oggstream->header[0][41]>>5);
oggstream->vrev = oggstream->header[0][9];
av_log(s, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "theora kfgshift %d, vrev %d\n",
oggstream->kfgshift, oggstream->vrev);
}
}
}
for (j = 0; j < s->nb_streams; j++) {
OGGStreamContext *oggstream = s->streams[j]->priv_data;
ogg_buffer_data(s, s->streams[j], oggstream->header[0],
oggstream->header_len[0], 0);
oggstream->page.flags |= 2; // bos
ogg_buffer_page(s, oggstream);
}
for (j = 0; j < s->nb_streams; j++) {
AVStream *st = s->streams[j];
OGGStreamContext *oggstream = st->priv_data;
for (i = 1; i < 3; i++) {
if (oggstream && oggstream->header_len[i])
ogg_buffer_data(s, st, oggstream->header[i],
oggstream->header_len[i], 0);
}
ogg_buffer_page(s, oggstream);
}
return 0;
}
static void ogg_write_pages(AVFormatContext *s, int flush)
{
OGGContext *ogg = s->priv_data;
OGGPageList *next, *p;
if (!ogg->page_list)
return;
for (p = ogg->page_list; p; ) {
OGGStreamContext *oggstream =
s->streams[p->page.stream_index]->priv_data;
if (oggstream->page_count < 2 && !flush)
break;
ogg_write_page(s, &p->page,
flush && oggstream->page_count == 1 ? 4 : 0); // eos
next = p->next;
av_freep(&p);
p = next;
}
ogg->page_list = p;
}
static int ogg_write_packet(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
{
AVStream *st = s->streams[pkt->stream_index];
OGGStreamContext *oggstream = st->priv_data;
int ret;
int64_t granule;
if (st->codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_THEORA) {
int64_t pts = oggstream->vrev < 1 ? pkt->pts : pkt->pts + pkt->duration;
int pframe_count;
if (pkt->flags & AV_PKT_FLAG_KEY)
oggstream->last_kf_pts = pts;
pframe_count = pts - oggstream->last_kf_pts;
// prevent frame count from overflow if key frame flag is not set
if (pframe_count >= (1<<oggstream->kfgshift)) {
oggstream->last_kf_pts += pframe_count;
pframe_count = 0;
}
granule = (oggstream->last_kf_pts<<oggstream->kfgshift) | pframe_count;
} else
granule = pkt->pts + pkt->duration;
ret = ogg_buffer_data(s, st, pkt->data, pkt->size, granule);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
ogg_write_pages(s, 0);
return 0;
}
static int ogg_write_trailer(AVFormatContext *s)
{
int i;
/* flush current page */
for (i = 0; i < s->nb_streams; i++)
ogg_buffer_page(s, s->streams[i]->priv_data);
ogg_write_pages(s, 1);
for (i = 0; i < s->nb_streams; i++) {
AVStream *st = s->streams[i];
OGGStreamContext *oggstream = st->priv_data;
if (st->codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_FLAC ||
st->codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_SPEEX) {
av_free(oggstream->header[0]);
av_free(oggstream->header[1]);
}
av_freep(&st->priv_data);
}
return 0;
}
AVOutputFormat ogg_muxer = {
"ogg",
NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("Ogg"),
"application/ogg",
"ogg,ogv,spx",
sizeof(OGGContext),
CODEC_ID_FLAC,
CODEC_ID_THEORA,
ogg_write_header,
ogg_write_packet,
ogg_write_trailer,
.metadata_conv = ff_vorbiscomment_metadata_conv,
};
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