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<?php
/**
* Plugin Name: Get The Image
* Plugin URI: http://justintadlock.com/archives/2008/05/27/get-the-image-wordpress-plugin
* Description: This is a highly intuitive script that can grab an image by custom field input, post attachment, or extracting it from the post's content.
* Version: 0.5
* Author: Justin Tadlock
* Author URI: http://justintadlock.com
*
* Get the Image was created to solve a problem in the WordPress community about how to handle
* post-specific images. It was created to be a highly-intuitive image script that loads images that are
* related to specific posts in some way. It creates an image-based representation of a WordPress
* post (or any post type).
*
* @copyright 2008 - 2010
* @version 0.5
* @author Justin Tadlock
* @link http://justintadlock.com/archives/2008/05/27/get-the-image-wordpress-plugin
* @license http://www.gnu.org/licenses/old-licenses/gpl-2.0.html
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
*
* @package GetTheImage
*/
/* Adds theme support for post images. */
add_theme_support( 'post-thumbnails' );
/* Delete the cache when a post or post metadata is updated. */
add_action( 'save_post', 'get_the_image_delete_cache' );
add_action( 'deleted_post_meta', 'get_the_image_delete_cache' );
add_action( 'updated_post_meta', 'get_the_image_delete_cache' );
add_action( 'added_post_meta', 'get_the_image_delete_cache' );
/**
* This is a highly intuitive function that gets images. It first calls for custom field keys. If no
* custom field key is set, check for the_post_thumbnail(). If no post image, check for images
* attached to post. Check for image order if looking for attached images. Scan the post for
* images if $image_scan = true. Check for default image if $default_image = true. If an image
* is found, call display_the_image() to format it.
*
* @since 0.1
* @global $post The current post's DB object.
* @param array $args Parameters for what image to get.
* @return string|array The HTML for the image. | Image attributes in an array.
*/
function get_the_image( $args = array() ) {
global $post;
/* Set the default arguments. */
$defaults = array(
'custom_key' => array( 'Thumbnail', 'thumbnail' ),
'post_id' => $post->ID,
'attachment' => true,
'the_post_thumbnail' => true, // WP 2.9+ image function
'default_size' => false, // Deprecated 0.5 in favor of $size
'size' => 'thumbnail',
'default_image' => false,
'order_of_image' => 1,
'link_to_post' => true,
'image_class' => false,
'image_scan' => false,
'width' => false,
'height' => false,
'format' => 'img',
'echo' => true
);
/* Allow plugins/themes to filter the arguments. */
$args = apply_filters( 'get_the_image_args', $args );
/* Merge the input arguments and the defaults. */
$args = wp_parse_args( $args, $defaults );
/* If $default_size is given, overwrite $size. */
if ( !empty( $args['default_size'] ) )
$args['size'] = $args['default_size'];
/* If $format is set to 'array', don't link to the post. */
if ( 'array' == $args['format'] )
$args['link_to_post'] = false;
/* Extract the array to allow easy use of variables. */
extract( $args );
/* Check for a cached image. */
$cache = wp_cache_get( 'get_the_image' );
if ( !is_array( $cache ) )
$cache = array();
/* If there is no cached image, let's see if one exists. */
if ( !isset( $cache[$post_id][$size] ) ) {
/* If a custom field key (array) is defined, check for images by custom field. */
if ( $custom_key )
$image = image_by_custom_field( $args );
/* If no image found and $the_post_thumbnail is set to true, check for a post image (WP feature). */
if ( !$image && $the_post_thumbnail )
$image = image_by_the_post_thumbnail( $args );
/* If no image found and $attachment is set to true, check for an image by attachment. */
if ( !$image && $attachment )
$image = image_by_attachment( $args );
/* If no image found and $image_scan is set to true, scan the post for images. */
if ( !$image && $image_scan )
$image = image_by_scan( $args );
/* If no image found and a $default_image is set, get the default image. */
if ( !$image && $default_image )
$image = image_by_default( $args );
/* If an image is returned, run it through the display function. */
if ( $image )
$image = display_the_image( $args, $image );
$cache[$post_id][$size] = $image;
wp_cache_set( 'get_the_image', $cache );
}
else {
$image = $cache[$post_id][$size];
}
/* Allow plugins/theme to override the final output. */
$image = apply_filters( 'get_the_image', $image );
/* Display the image if $echo is set to true and the $format isn't an array. Else, return the image. */
if ( 'array' == $format ) {
$atts = wp_kses_hair( $image, array( 'http' ) );
foreach ( $atts as $att )
$out[$att['name']] = $att['value'];
$out['url'] = $out['src']; // @deprecated 0.5 Use 'src' instead of 'url'.
return $out;
}
elseif ( $echo )
echo $image;
else
return $image;
}
/* Internal Functions */
/**
* Calls images by custom field key. Script loops through multiple custom field keys.
* If that particular key is found, $image is set and the loop breaks. If an image is
* found, it is returned.
*
* @since 0.3
* @param array $args
* @return array|bool
*/
function image_by_custom_field( $args = array() ) {
/* If $custom_key is a string, we want to split it by spaces into an array. */
if ( !is_array( $args['custom_key'] ) )
$args['custom_key'] = preg_split( '#\s+#', $args['custom_key'] );
/* If $custom_key is set, loop through each custom field key, searching for values. */
if ( isset( $args['custom_key'] ) ) {
foreach ( $args['custom_key'] as $custom ) {
$image = get_metadata( 'post', $args['post_id'], $custom, true );
if ( $image )
break;
}
}
/* If a custom key value has been given for one of the keys, return the image URL. */
if ( $image )
return array( 'url' => $image );
return false;
}
/**
* Checks for images using a custom version of the WordPress 2.9+ get_the_post_thumbnail()
* function. If an image is found, return it and the $post_thumbnail_id. The WordPress function's
* other filters are later added in the display_the_image() function.
*
* @since 0.4
* @param array $args
* @return array|bool
*/
function image_by_the_post_thumbnail( $args = array() ) {
/* Check for a post image ID (set by WP as a custom field). */
$post_thumbnail_id = get_post_thumbnail_id( $args['post_id'] );
/* If no post image ID is found, return false. */
if ( empty( $post_thumbnail_id ) )
return false;
/* Apply filters on post_thumbnail_size because this is a default WP filter used with its image feature. */
$size = apply_filters( 'post_thumbnail_size', $args['size'] );
/* Get the attachment image source. This should return an array. */
$image = wp_get_attachment_image_src( $post_thumbnail_id, $size );
/* Get the attachment excerpt to use as alt text. */
$alt = trim( strip_tags( get_post_field( 'post_excerpt', $post_thumbnail_id ) ) );
/* Return both the image URL and the post thumbnail ID. */
return array( 'url' => $image[0], 'post_thumbnail_id' => $post_thumbnail_id, 'alt' => $alt );
}
/**
* Check for attachment images. Uses get_children() to check if the post has images
* attached. If image attachments are found, loop through each. The loop only breaks
* once $order_of_image is reached.
*
* @since 0.3
* @param array $args
* @return array|bool
*/
function image_by_attachment( $args = array() ) {
/* Get attachments for the inputted $post_id. */
$attachments = get_children( array( 'post_parent' => $args['post_id'], 'post_status' => 'inherit', 'post_type' => 'attachment', 'post_mime_type' => 'image', 'order' => 'ASC', 'orderby' => 'menu_order ID' ) );
/* If no attachments are found, check if the post itself is an attachment and grab its image. */
if ( empty( $attachments ) && $args['size'] ) {
if ( 'attachment' == get_post_type( $args['post_id'] ) ) {
$image = wp_get_attachment_image_src( $args['post_id'], $args['size'] );
$alt = trim( strip_tags( get_post_field( 'post_excerpt', $args['post_id'] ) ) );
}
}
/* If no attachments or image is found, return false. */
if ( empty( $attachments ) && empty( $image ) )
return false;
/* Loop through each attachment. Once the $order_of_image (default is '1') is reached, break the loop. */
foreach ( $attachments as $id => $attachment ) {
if ( ++$i == $args['order_of_image'] ) {
$image = wp_get_attachment_image_src( $id, $args['size'] );
$alt = trim( strip_tags( get_post_field( 'post_excerpt', $id ) ) );
break;
}
}
/* Return the image URL. */
return array( 'url' => $image[0], 'alt' => $alt );
}
/**
* Scans the post for images within the content. Not called by default with get_the_image().
* Shouldn't use if using large images within posts, better to use the other options.
*
* @since 0.3
* @global $post The current post's DB object.
* @param array $args
* @return array|bool
*/
function image_by_scan( $args = array() ) {
/* Search the post's content for the <img /> tag and get its URL. */
preg_match_all( '|<img.*?src=[\'"](.*?)[\'"].*?>|i', get_post_field( 'post_content', $args['post_id'] ), $matches );
/* If there is a match for the image, return its URL. */
if ( isset( $matches ) && $matches[1][0] )
return array( 'url' => $matches[1][0] );
return false;
}
/**
* Used for setting a default image. The function simply returns the image URL it was
* given in an array. Not used with get_the_image() by default.
*
* @since 0.3
* @param array $args
* @return array
*/
function image_by_default( $args = array() ) {
return array( 'url' => $args['default_image'] );
}
/**
* Formats an image with appropriate alt text and class. Adds a link to the post if argument
* is set. Should only be called if there is an image to display, but will handle it if not.
*
* @since 0.1
* @param array $args
* @param array $image Array of image info ($image, $classes, $alt, $caption).
* @return string $image Formatted image (w/link to post if the option is set).
*/
function display_the_image( $args = array(), $image = false ) {
/* If there is no image URL, return false. */
if ( empty( $image['url'] ) )
return false;
/* Extract the arguments for easy-to-use variables. */
extract( $args );
/* If there is alt text, set it. Otherwise, default to the post title. */
$image_alt = ( ( $image['alt'] ) ? $image['alt'] : apply_filters( 'the_title', get_post_field( 'post_title', $post_id ) ) );
/* If there is a width or height, set them as HMTL-ready attributes. */
$width = ( ( $width ) ? ' width="' . esc_attr( $width ) . '"' : '' );
$height = ( ( $height ) ? ' height="' . esc_attr( $height ) . '"' : '' );
/* Loop through the custom field keys and add them as classes. */
if ( is_array( $custom_key ) ) {
foreach ( $custom_key as $key )
$classes[] = str_replace( ' ', '-', strtolower( $key ) );
}
/* Add the $size and any user-added $image_class to the class. */
$classes[] = $size;
$classes[] = $image_class;
/* Join all the classes into a single string and make sure there are no duplicates. */
$class = join( ' ', array_unique( $classes ) );
/* If there is a $post_thumbnail_id, apply the WP filters normally associated with get_the_post_thumbnail(). */
if ( $image['post_thumbnail_id'] )
do_action( 'begin_fetch_post_thumbnail_html', $post_id, $image['post_thumbnail_id'], $size );
/* Add the image attributes to the <img /> element. */
$html = '<img src="' . $image['url'] . '" alt="' . esc_attr( strip_tags( $image_alt ) ) . '" class="' . esc_attr( $class ) . '"' . $width . $height . ' />';
/* If $link_to_post is set to true, link the image to its post. */
if ( $link_to_post )
$html = '<a href="' . get_permalink( $post_id ) . '" title="' . esc_attr( apply_filters( 'the_title', get_post_field( 'post_title', $post_id ) ) ) . '">' . $html . '</a>';
/* If there is a $post_thumbnail_id, apply the WP filters normally associated with get_the_post_thumbnail(). */
if ( $image['post_thumbnail_id'] )
do_action( 'end_fetch_post_thumbnail_html', $post_id, $image['post_thumbnail_id'], $size );
/* If there is a $post_thumbnail_id, apply the WP filters normally associated with get_the_post_thumbnail(). */
if ( $image['post_thumbnail_id'] )
$html = apply_filters( 'post_thumbnail_html', $html, $post_id, $image['post_thumbnail_id'], $size, '' );
return $html;
}
/**
* Deletes the image cache for users that are using a persistent-caching plugin.
*
* @since 0.5
*/
function get_the_image_delete_cache() {
wp_cache_delete( 'get_the_image' );
}
/**
* Get the image with a link to the post. Use get_the_image() instead.
*
* @since 0.1
* @deprecated 0.3
*/
function get_the_image_link( $deprecated = '', $deprecated_2 = '', $deprecated_3 = '' ) {
get_the_image();
}
?>
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