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Vim
Vim
2017/sheet
Featured
2017-08-26
-10
[Vim](http://www.vim.org/) is a very efficient text editor. This reference was made for Vim 8.0.

Getting started

{: .-three-column}

Exiting

{: .-prime}

Shortcut Description
:qa Close all files
:qa! Close all files, abandon changes
--- ---
:w Save
:wq / :x Save and close file
--- ---
:q Close file
:q! Close file, abandon changes
--- ---
ZZ Save and quit
ZQ Quit without checking changes
{: .-shortcuts}

Navigating

| h j k l | Arrow keys | | ^u / ^d | Page up/page down | {: .-shortcuts}

Words

| b / w | Previous/next word | | e / ge | Previous/next end of word | {: .-shortcuts}

Line

| 0 (zero) | Start of line | | ^ | Start of line (after whitespace) | | $ | End of line | {: .-shortcuts}

Document

| gg | First line | | G | Last line | | :n | Go to line n | | nG | Go to line n | {: .-shortcuts}

Editing

Shortcut Description
a Append
i Insert
o Next line
O Previous line
--- ---
s Delete char and insert
S Delete line and insert
C Delete until end of line and insert
--- ---
r Replace one character
R Enter Replace mode
{: .-shortcuts}

Exiting insert mode

Shortcut Description
Esc / ^[ Exit insert mode
^c Exit insert mode, and abort current command
{: .-shortcuts}

Clipboard

Shortcut Description
x Delete character
--- ---
dd Delete line (Cut)
yy Yank line (Copy)
--- ---
p Paste
P Paste before
{: .-shortcuts}

Visual mode

| v | Enter visual mode | | V | Enter visual line mode | | ^v | Enter visual block mode | {: .-shortcuts}

In visual mode

| d / x | Delete selection | | s | Replace selection | | y | Yank selection (Copy) | {: .-shortcuts}

See Operators for other things you can do.

Operators

{: .-three-column}

Usage

{: .-prime}

Operators let you operate in a range of text (defined by motion). These are preformed in normal mode. {: .-setup}

| d | w | | Operator | Motion | {: .-css-breakdown}

Operators list

Shortcut Description
d Delete
y Yank (copy)
c Change (delete then insert)
--- ---
> Indent right
< Indent left
--- ---
g~ Swap case
gU Uppercase
gu Lowercase
--- ---
! Filter through external program
{: .-shortcuts}

See :help operator

Examples

Combine operators with motions to use them. {: .-setup}

Shortcut Description
dd (repeat the letter) Delete current line
dw Delete to next word
db Delete to beginning of word
2dd Delete 2 lines
dip Delete a text object (inside paragraph)
(in visual mode) d Delete selection

See: :help motion.txt

Text objects

{: .-three-column}

Usage

{: .-prime}

Text objects let you operate (with an operator) in or around text blocks (objects). {: .-setup}

| v | i | p | | Operator | [i]nside or [a]round | Text object | {: .-css-breakdown}

Text objects

Shortcut Description
p Paragraph
w Word
s Sentence
--- ---
[ ( { < A [], (), or {} block
' " ` A quoted string
--- ---
b A block [(
B A block in [{
t A XML tag block
{: .-shortcuts}

Examples

Shortcut Description
vip Select paragraph
vipipipip Select more
--- ---
yip Yank inner paragraph
yap Yank paragraph (including newline)
--- ---
dip Delete inner paragraph
cip Change inner paragraph
{: .-shortcuts}

See Operators for other things you can do.

Misc

Folds

Shortcut Description
zo / zO Open
zc / zC Close
za / zA Toggle
--- ---
zv Open folds for this line
--- ---
zM Close all
zR Open all
--- ---
zm Fold more (foldlevel += 1)
zr Fold less (foldlevel -= 1)
--- ---
zx Update folds
{: .-shortcuts}

Uppercase ones are recursive (eg, zO is open recursively).

Navigation

Shortcut Description
[( [{ [< previous ( or { or <
]) next
--- ---
[m previous method start
[M previous method end
{: .-shortcuts}

Jumping

Shortcut Description
^O Go back to previous location
^I Go forward
--- ---
gf go to file in cursor
{: .-shortcuts}

Counters

| ^A | increment number | | ^X | decrement | {: .-shortcuts}

Windows

| z{height}<Cr> | Resize pane to {height} lines tall |

Tags

Shortcut Description
:tag Classname Jump to first definition of Classname
--- ---
^] Jump to definition
g] See all definitions
^t Go back to last tag
^o ^i Back/forward
--- ---
:tselect Classname Find definitions of Classname
:tjump Classname Find definitions of Classname (auto-select 1st)
{: .-shortcuts}

Case

Shortcut Description
~ toggle case (Case => cASE)
gU uppercase
gu lowercase
--- ---
gUU uppercase current line (also gUgU)
guu lowercase current line (also gugu)
{: .-shortcuts}

Do these in visual mode.

Marks

Shortcut Description
`^ Last position of cursor in insert mode
`. Last change
`` Last jump
--- ---
ma Mark this cursor position as a
'a Jump to cursor position a
{: .-shortcuts}

Misc

Shortcut Description
. repeat last command
]p paste under the current indentation level
--- ---
zz Center this line
{: .-shortcuts}

Command line

Shortcut Description
<C-r><C-w> insert current word into the command line
<C-r>" paste from " register
{: .-shortcuts}

Text alignment

:center [width]
:right [width]
:left

See :help formatting

Calculator

<C-r>=128/2

Do this in insert mode.

Exiting with an error

:cq
:cquit

Works like :qa, but throws an error. Great for aborting Git commands.

Also see