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README.md

smartcrop.js

Build Status

Smartcrop.js implements an algorithm to find good crops for images. It can be used in the browser, in node or via a CLI.

Example Image: https://www.flickr.com/photos/endogamia/5682480447/ by N. Feans

Demos

Simple Example

// you pass in an image as well as the width & height of the crop you
// want to optimize.
smartcrop.crop(image, { width: 100, height: 100 }).then(function(result) {
  console.log(result);
});

Output:

// smartcrop will output you it's best guess for a crop
// you can now use this data to crop the image.
{topCrop: {x: 300, y: 200, height: 200, width: 200}}

Download/ Installation

npm install smartcrop or just download smartcrop.js from the git repository.

Smarcrop requires support for Promises, use a polyfill for unsupported browsers or set smartcrop.Promise to your favorite promise implementation (I recommend bluebird).

Command Line Interface

The smartcrop-cli offers command line interface to smartcrop.js.

Node

You can use smartcrop from nodejs via either smartcrop-gm (which is using image magick via gm) or smartcrop-sharp (which is using libvips via sharp). The smartcrop-cli can be used as an example of using smartcrop from node.

Stability

While smartcrop.js is a small personal project it is currently being used on high traffic production sites. It has a basic set of automated tests and a test coverage of close to 100%. The tests are ran in all modern browsers thanks to saucelabs. If in any doubt the code is short enough to perform a quick review yourself.

Algorithm Overview

Smartcrop.js works using fairly dumb image processing. In short:

  1. Find edges using laplace
  2. Find regions with a color like skin
  3. Find regions high in saturation
  4. Boost regions as specified by options (for example detected faces)
  5. Generate a set of candidate crops using a sliding window
  6. Rank them using an importance function to focus the detail in the center and avoid it in the edges.
  7. Output the candidate crop with the highest rank

Face detection

The smartcrop algorithm itself is designed to be simple, relatively fast, small and generic.

In many cases it does make sense to add face detection to it to ensure faces get the priority they deserve.

There are multiple javascript libraries which can be easily integrated into smartcrop.js.

You can experiment with all of these in the smartcrop.js testbed

On the client side I would recommend using tracking.js because it's small and simple. Opencv.js is compiled from c++ and very heavy (~7.6MB of javascript + 900kb of data). jquery.facedetection has dependency on jquery and from my limited experience seems to perform worse than the others.

On the server side node-opencv can be quicker but comes with some annoying issues as well.

It's also worth noting that all of these libraries are based on the now dated viola-jones object detection framework. It would be interesting to see how more state of the art techniques could be implemented in browser friendly javascript.

Supported Module Formats

  • CommonJS
  • AMD
  • global export / window

Supported Browsers

See caniuse.com/canvas. A polyfill for Promises is recommended if you need to support old browsers.

API

smartcrop.crop(image, options)

Find the best crop for image using options.

image: anything ctx.drawImage() accepts, usually HTMLImageElement, HTMLCanvasElement or HTMLVideoElement.

Keep in mind that origin policies apply to the image source. You may not use cross-domain images without CORS clearance.

options: cropOptions

returns: A promise for a cropResult.

cropOptions

minScale: minimal scale of the crop rect, set to 1.0 to prevent smaller than necessary crops (lowers the risk of chopping things off).

width: width of the crop you want to use.

height: height of the crop you want to use.

boost: optional array of regions whose 'interestingness' you want to boost (for example faces). See boost;

ruleOfThirds: optional boolean if set to false it will turn off the rule of thirds composition weight.

debug (internal): if true, cropResults will contain a debugCanvas and the complete results array.

There are many more (for now undocumented) options available. Check the source and be advised that they might change in the future.

cropResult

Result of the promise returned by smartcrop.crop.

{
  topCrop: crop;
}

crop

An individual crop.

{
  x: 11, // pixels from the left side
  y: 20, // pixels from the top
  width: 1, // pixels
  height: 1 // pixels
}

boost

Describes a region to boost. A usage example of this is to take into account faces in the image. See smartcrop-cli for an example on how to integrate face detection.

{
  x: 11, // pixels from the left side
  y: 20, // pixels from the top
  width: 1, // pixels
  height: 1, // pixels
  weight: 1 // [0, 1]
}

Tests

You can run the tests using grunt test. Alternatively you can also just run grunt (the default task) and open http://localhost:8000/test/.

Benchmark

There are benchmarks for both the browser (test/benchmark.html) and node (node test/benchmark-node.js [requires node-canvas]) both powered by benchmark.js.

If you just want some rough numbers: It takes < 20 ms to find a square crop of a 640x427px picture on an i7. In other words, it's fine to run it on one image, it's suboptimal to run it on an entire gallery on page load.

Contributors

Ports, Alternatives

Version history

2.0.2

In short: It's a lot faster when calculating bigger crops. The quality of the crops should be comparable but the results are going to be different so this will be a major release.

1.1.1

Removed useless files from npm package.

1.1

Creating github releases. Added options.input which is getting passed along to iop.open.

1.0

Refactoring/cleanup to make it easier to use with node.js (dropping the node-canvas dependency) and enable support for boosts which can be used to do face detection. This is a 1.0 in the semantic meaning (denoting backwards incompatible API changes). It does not denote a finished product.

License

Copyright (c) 2018 Jonas Wagner, licensed under the MIT License (enclosed)