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Update coordinates of JavaMail dependency

JavaMail is moving towards using javax.mail:javax.mail-api as the
coordinates for the JavaMail API (1.5 no longer publishes the
javax.mail:mail artifact). This commit updates spring-cloud to use
the new coordinates but leaves the version unchanged.

The dependency has also been moved into the testRuntime configuration
as it is not needed for the tests to compile.
latest commit 93ff4720d1
@wilkinsona wilkinsona authored
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src Merge branch 'ups' of into sco…
.gitignore Small cleanup items in README and an exception message.
build.gradle Update coordinates of JavaMail dependency

Provides ServiceConnectorCreator implementation for javax.sql.DataSource and various spring-data connector factories.

Also provides Java config and the XML namespace support for connecting to cloud services as well as accessing cloud services and application properties.

The Java config

Typical use of Java config involves extending the AbstractCloudConfig class and adding methods with the @Bean annotation to create beans for services. Apps migrating from auto-reconfguration might first try the service-scanning approach until they need more explicit control. Java config also offers a way to expose application and service properties, should you choose to take a lower level access in creating service connectors yourself (or for debugging purposes, etc.).

Creating service beans

In the following example, the configuration creates a DataSource bean connecting to the only relational database service bound to the app (it will fail if there is no such unique service). It also creates a MongoDbFactory bean, again, connecting to the only mongodb service bound to the app. Please check Javadoc for AbstractCloudConfig for ways to connect to other services.

class CloudConfig extends AbstractCloudConfig {
        public DataSource inventoryDataSource() {
        return connectionFactory().dataSource();

    public MongoDbFactory documentMongoDbFactory() {
        return connectionFactory().mongoDbFactory();

    ... more beans to obtain service connectors

The bean names will match the method names unless you specify an explicit value to the annotation such as @Bean("inventory-service") (this just follows how Spring's Java configuration works).

If you have more than one service of a type bound to the app or want to have an explicit control over the services to which a bean is bound, you can pass the service names to methods such as dataSource() and mongoDbFactory() as follows:

class CloudConfig extends AbstractCloudConfig {
    public DataSource inventoryDataSource() {
        return connectionFactory().dataSource("inventory-db-service");

    public MongoDbFactory documentMongoDbFactory() {
        return connectionFactory().mongoDbFactory("document-service");

    ... more beans to obtain service connectors

Method such as dataSource() come in a additional overloaded variant that offer specifying configuration options such as the pooling parameters. Please see Javadoc for more details.

Connecting to generic services

Java config supports access to generic services (that don't have a directly mapped method--typical for a newly introduced service or connecting to a private service in private PaaS) through the service() method. It follows the same pattern as the dataSource() etc, except it allows supplying the connector type as an additional parameters.

Scanning for services

You can scan for each bound service using the @ServiceScan annotation as follows (conceptually similar to the @ComponentScan annotation in Spring):

class CloudConfig {

Here, one bean of the appropriate type (DataSource for a relational database service, for example) will be created. Each created bean will have the id matching the corresponding service name. You can then inject such beans using auto-wiring:

@Autowired DataSource inventoryDb;

If the app is bound to more than one services of a type, you can use the @Qualifier annotation supplying it the name of the service as in the following code:

@Autowired @Qualifier("inventory-db") DataSource inventoryDb;
@Autowired @Qualifier("shipping-db") DataSource shippingDb;

Accessing service properties

You can expose raw properties for all services and the app throught a bean as follows:

class CloudPropertiesConfig extends AbstractCloudConfig {
    public Properties cloudProperties() {
        return properties();

The <cloud> namespace

Setting up

The <cloud> namespace offers a simple way for Spring application to connect to cloud services. To use this namespace, add a declaration for the cloud namespace:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns=""

<!-- <cloud> namespace usage here -->

Creating service beans

Each namespace element that creates a bean corresponding to a service follows the following pattern (example is for a relational service):

<cloud:data-source id="inventory-db" service-name="inventory-db-service">
    <cloud:connection properties="sessionVariables=sql_mode='ANSI';characterEncoding=UTF-8"/>
    <cloud:pool pool-size="20" max-wait-time="200"/>

This creates a javax.sql.DataSource bean with the inventory-db id, binding it to inventory-db-service. The created DataSource bean is configured with connection and pool properties as specified in the nested elements. When the id attribute is not specified, the service name is used as the id. When the service-name is not specified, the bean is bound to the only service in the corresponding category (relational database, in this case). If no unique service is found, a runtime exception is thrown.

Other namespace elements that create service connector include:


Connecting to generic services

We also supports a generic <cloud:service> namespace to allow connecting to a service that doesn't have directly mapped element (typical for a newly introduced service or connecting to a private service in private PaaS). You must specify either the connector-type attribute (so that it can find a unique service matching that type) or the service-name attribute.

 <cloud:service id="email" service-name="email-service" connector-type="com.something.EmailConnectory/>

Scanning for services

Besides these element that create one bean per element, we also support the <cloud:service-scan> element in the same spirit as the <context:component-scan> element. It scans for all the services bound to the app and creates a bean corresponding to each service. Each created bean has id that matches the service name to allow the use of the @Qualifier annotation along with @Autowired when more than one bean of the same type is introduced.

Accessing service properties

Lastly, we support <cloud:properties> that exposes properties for the app and services.

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