Skip to content
master
Go to file
Code

Latest commit

 

Git stats

Files

Permalink
Failed to load latest commit information.

README.md

Build Status Build status

minpac: A minimal package manager for Vim 8 (and Neovim)

Overview

Minpac is a minimal package manager for Vim 8 (and Neovim). This uses the packages feature and the jobs feature which have been newly added on Vim 8.

Concept

  • Utilize Vim 8's packages feature.
  • Parallel install/update using Vim 8's jobs feature.
  • Simple.
  • Fast.

Requirements

  • Vim 8.0.0050+ (or Neovim 0.2+)
  • Git 1.9+
  • OS: Windows, Linux or macOS

Installation

Minpac should be installed under pack/minpac/opt/ in the first directory in the 'packpath' option. Plugins installed under pack/*/start/ are automatically added to the 'runtimepath' after .vimrc is sourced. However, minpac needs to be loaded before that. Therefore, minpac should be installed under "opt" directory, and should be loaded using packadd minpac.

Windows

cd /d %USERPROFILE%
git clone https://github.com/k-takata/minpac.git ^
    vimfiles\pack\minpac\opt\minpac

Linux, macOS

Vim:

git clone https://github.com/k-takata/minpac.git \
    ~/.vim/pack/minpac/opt/minpac

Neovim (use $XDG_CONFIG_HOME in place of ~/.config if set on your system):

git clone https://github.com/k-takata/minpac.git \
    ~/.config/nvim/pack/minpac/opt/minpac

Sample .vimrc

Basic sample

packadd minpac

call minpac#init()

" minpac must have {'type': 'opt'} so that it can be loaded with `packadd`.
call minpac#add('k-takata/minpac', {'type': 'opt'})

" Add other plugins here.
call minpac#add('vim-jp/syntax-vim-ex')
...

" Load the plugins right now. (optional)
"packloadall

Customizing 'packpath'

If you want to use .vim directory instead of vimfiles even on Windows, you should add ~/.vim on top of 'packpath':

set packpath^=~/.vim
packadd minpac

call minpac#init()
...

Advanced sample

You can write a .vimrc which can be also used even if minpac is not installed.

" Try to load minpac.
packadd minpac

if !exists('*minpac#init')
  " minpac is not available.

  " Settings for plugin-less environment.
  ...
else
  " minpac is available.
  call minpac#init()
  call minpac#add('k-takata/minpac', {'type': 'opt'})

  " Additional plugins here.
  ...

  " Plugin settings here.
  ...
endif

" Common settings here.
...

Load minpac on demand

Very interestingly, minpac doesn't need to be loaded every time. Unlike other plugin managers, it is needed only when updating, installing or cleaning the plugins. This is because minpac itself doesn't handle the runtime path.

You can define a user command to load minpac, reload .vimrc to register the information of plugins, then call minpac#update(), minpac#clean() or minpac#status().

" For a paranoia.
" Normally `:set nocp` is not needed, because it is done automatically
" when .vimrc is found.
if &compatible
  " `:set nocp` has many side effects. Therefore this should be done
  " only when 'compatible' is set.
  set nocompatible
endif

if exists('*minpac#init')
  " minpac is loaded.
  call minpac#init()
  call minpac#add('k-takata/minpac', {'type': 'opt'})

  " Additional plugins here.
  call minpac#add('vim-jp/syntax-vim-ex')
  ...
endif

" Plugin settings here.
...

" Define user commands for updating/cleaning the plugins.
" Each of them loads minpac, reloads .vimrc to register the
" information of plugins, then performs the task.
command! PackUpdate packadd minpac | source $MYVIMRC | call minpac#update('', {'do': 'call minpac#status()'})
command! PackClean  packadd minpac | source $MYVIMRC | call minpac#clean()
command! PackStatus packadd minpac | source $MYVIMRC | call minpac#status()

Note that your .vimrc must be reloadable to use this. E.g.:

  • :set nocompatible should not be executed twice to avoid side effects.
  • :function! should be used to define a user function.
  • :command! should be used to define a user command.
  • :augroup! should be used properly to avoid the same autogroups are defined twice.

Another way is defining a function to load minpac and register the information of plugins.

function! PackInit() abort
  packadd minpac

  call minpac#init()
  call minpac#add('k-takata/minpac', {'type': 'opt'})

  " Additional plugins here.
  call minpac#add('vim-jp/syntax-vim-ex')
  call minpac#add('tyru/open-browser.vim')
  ...
endfunction

" Plugin settings here.
...

" Define user commands for updating/cleaning the plugins.
" Each of them calls PackInit() to load minpac and register
" the information of plugins, then performs the task.
command! PackUpdate call PackInit() | call minpac#update('', {'do': 'call minpac#status()'})
command! PackClean  call PackInit() | call minpac#clean()
command! PackStatus call PackInit() | call minpac#status()

This doesn't reload .vimrc, so the .vimrc doesn't need to be reloadable. However, if you make it reloadable, you can apply the changes to the .vimrc immediately by executing :so $MYVIMRC | PackUpdate.

Sometimes, you may want to open a shell at the directory where a plugin is installed. The following example defines a command to open a terminal window at the directory of a specified plugin. (Requires Vim 8.0.902 or later.)

function! PackList(...)
  call PackInit()
  return join(sort(keys(minpac#getpluglist())), "\n")
endfunction

command! -nargs=1 -complete=custom,PackList
      \ PackOpenDir call PackInit() | call term_start(&shell,
      \    {'cwd': minpac#getpluginfo(<q-args>).dir,
      \     'term_finish': 'close'})

If you execute :PackOpenDir minpac, it will open a terminal window at ~/.vim/pack/minpac/opt/minpac (or the directory where minpac is installed).

To define a command to open the repository of a plugin in a web browser:

command! -nargs=1 -complete=custom,PackList
      \ PackOpenUrl call PackInit() | call openbrowser#open(
      \    minpac#getpluginfo(<q-args>).url)

This uses open-browser.vim.

Usage

Commands

Minpac doesn't provide any commands. Use the :call command to call minpac functions. E.g.:

" To install or update plugins:
call minpac#update()

" To uninstall unused plugins:
call minpac#clean()

" To see plugins status:
call minpac#status()

Functions

minpac#init([{config}])

Initialize minpac.

{config} is a Dictionary of options for configuring minpac.

option description
'dir' Base directory. Default: the first directory of the 'packpath' option.
'package_name' Package name. Default: 'minpac'
'git' Git command. Default: 'git'
'depth' Default clone depth. Default: 1
'jobs' Maximum job numbers. If <= 0, unlimited. Default: 8
'verbose' Verbosity level (0 to 4).
0: Show only important messages.
1: Show the result of each plugin.
2: Show error messages from external commands.
3: Show start/end messages for each plugin.
4: Show debug messages.
Default: 2
'status_open' Default setting for the open option of minpac#status(). Default: 'vertical'

All plugins will be installed under the following directories:

"start" plugins: <dir>/pack/<package_name>/start/<plugin_name>
"opt" plugins:   <dir>/pack/<package_name>/opt/<plugin_name>

"start" plugins will be automatically loaded after processing your .vimrc, or you can load them explicitly using :packloadall command. "opt" plugins can be loaded with :packadd command. See :help packages for detail.

minpac#add({url}[, {config}])

Register a plugin.

{url} is a URL of a plugin. It can be a short form ('<github-account>/<repository>') or a valid git URL. If you use the short form, <repository> should not include the ".git" suffix. Note: Unlike Vundle, a short form without <github-account>/ is not supported. (Because vim-scripts.org is not maintained now.)

{config} is a Dictionary of options for configuring the plugin.

option description
'name' Unique name of the plugin (plugin_name). Also used as a local directory name. Default: derived from the repository name.
'type' Type of the plugin. 'start' or 'opt'. Default: 'start'
'frozen' If 1, the plugin will not be updated automatically. Default: 0
'depth' If >= 1, it is used as a depth to be cloned. Only effective when install the plugin newly. Default: 1 or specified value by minpac#init().
'branch' Used as a branch name to be cloned. Only effective when install the plugin newly. Default: empty
'rev' Commit ID, branch name or tag name to be checked out. If this is specified, 'depth' will be ignored. Default: empty
'do' Post-update hook. See Post-update hooks. Default: empty

The 'branch' and 'rev' options are slightly different.
The 'branch' option is used only when the plugin is newly installed. It clones the plugin by git clone <URL> --depth=<DEPTH> -b <BRANCH>. This is faster at the installation, but it can be slow if you want to change the branch (by the 'rev' option) later. This cannot specify a commit ID. The 'rev' option is used both for installing and updating the plugin. It installs the plugin by git clone <URL> && git checkout <REV> and updates the plugin by git fetch && git checkout <REV>. This is slower because it clones the whole repository, but you can change the rev (commit ID, branch or tag) later. So, if you want to change the branch frequently or want to specify a commit ID, you should use the 'rev' option. Otherwise you can use the 'branch' option.

If you include * in 'rev', minpac tries to checkout the latest tag name which matches the 'rev'.

minpac#update([{name}[, {config}]])

Install or update all plugins or the specified plugin.

{name} is a unique name of a plugin (plugin_name).

If {name} is omitted or an empty String, all plugins will be installed or updated. Frozen plugins will be installed, but it will not be updated.

If {name} is specified, only specified plugin will be installed or updated. Frozen plugin will be also updated. {name} can also be a list of plugin names.

{config} is a Dictionary of options for configuring the function.

option description
'do' Finish-update hook. See Finish-update hooks. Default: empty

You can check the results with :message command.

Note: This resets the 'more' option temporarily to avoid jobs being interrupted.

minpac#clean([{name}])

Remove all plugins which are not registered, or remove the specified plugin.

{name} is a name of a plugin. It can be a unique plugin name (plugin_name) or a plugin name with wildcards (* and ? are supported).

If {name} is omitted, all plugins under the minpac directory will be checked. If unregistered plugins are found, they are listed and a prompt is shown. If you type y, they will be removed.

If {name} is specified, matched plugins are listed (even they are registered with minpac#add()) and a prompt is shown. If you type y, they will be removed. {name} can also be a list of plugin names.

minpac#getpluginfo({name})

Get information of specified plugin.

{name} is a unique name of a plugin (plugin_name). A dictionary with following items will be returned:

item description
'name' Name of the plugin.
'url' URL of the plugin repository.
'dir' Local directory of the plugin.
'frozen' If 1, the plugin is frozen.
'type' Type of the plugin.
'depth' Depth to be cloned.
'branch' Branch name to be cloned.
'rev' Revision to be checked out.
'do' Post-update hook.
'stat' Status of last update.

minpac#getpluglist()

Get a list of plugin information. Mainly for debugging.

minpac#getpackages([{packname}[, {packtype}[, {plugname}[, {nameonly}]]]])

Get a list of plugins under the package directories.

{packname} specifies a package name. Wildcards can be used. If omitted or an empty string is specified, "*" is used.

{packtype} is a type of the package. "*", "start", "opt" or "NONE" can be used. If "*" is specified, both start and opt packages are listed. If omitted or an empty string is specified, "*" is used. If "NONE" is specified, package directories are listed instead of plugin directories.

{plugname} specifies a plugin name. Wildcards can be used. If omitted or an empty string is specified, "*" is used.

If {nameonly} is 1, plugin (or package) names are listed instead of the direcotries. Default is 0.

E.g.:

" List the all plugin directories under the package directories.
" Includes plugins under "dist" package.
echo minpac#getpackages()

" List directories of "start" plugins under "minpac" package.
echo minpac#getpackages("minpac", "start")

" List plugin names under "minpac" package.
echo minpac#getpackages("minpac", "", "", 1)

" List package names.
echo minpac#getpackages("", "NAME", "", 1)

minpac#status([{config}])

Print status of plugins.

When ran after minpac#update(), shows only installed and updated plugins.

Otherwise, shows the status of the plugin and commits of last update (if any).

{config} is a Dictionary of options for configuring the function.

option description
'open' Specify how to open the status window.
'vertical': Open in vertical split.
'horizontal': Open in horizontal split.
'tab': Open in a new tab.
Default: 'vertical' or specified value by minpac#init().

Hooks

Currently, minpac supports two types of hook: Post-update hooks and Finish-update hooks.

Post-update hooks

If a plugin requires extra works (e.g. building a native module), you can use the post-update hooks.

You can specify the hook with the 'do' item in the option of the minpac#add() function. It can be a String or a Funcref. If a String is specified, it is executed as an Ex command. If a Funcref is specified, it is called with two arguments; hooktype and name.

argument description
hooktype Type of the hook. 'post-update' for post-update hooks.
name Unique name of the plugin. (plugin_name)

The current directory is set to the directory of the plugin, when the hook is invoked.

E.g.:

" Execute an Ex command as a hook.
call minpac#add('Shougo/vimproc.vim', {'do': 'silent! !make'})

" Execute a lambda function as a hook.
" Parameters for a lambda can be omitted, if you don't need them.
call minpac#add('Shougo/vimproc.vim', {'do': {-> system('make')}})

" Of course, you can also use a normal user function as a hook.
function! s:hook(hooktype, name)
  echom a:hooktype
  " You can use `minpac#getpluginfo()` to get the information about
  " the plugin.
  echom 'Directory:' minpac#getpluginfo(a:name).dir
  call system('make')
endfunction
call minpac#add('Shougo/vimproc.vim', {'do': function('s:hook')})

The above examples execute the "make" command synchronously. If you want to execute an external command asynchronously, you should use the job_start() function on Vim 8 or the jobstart() function on Neovim. You may also want to use the minpac#job#start() function, but this is mainly for internal use and the specification is subject to change without notice.

Finish-update hooks

If you want to execute extra works after all plugins are updated, you can use the finish-update hooks.

You can specify the hook with the 'do' item in the option of the minpac#update() function. It can be a String or a Funcref. If a String is specified, it is executed as an Ex command. If a Funcref is specified, it is called with three arguments; hooktype, updated and installed.

argument description
hooktype Type of the hook. 'finish-update' for finish-update hooks.
updated Number of the updated plugin.
installed Number of the newly installed plugin.

E.g.:

" Quit Vim immediately after all updates are finished.
call minpac#update('', {'do': 'quit'})

Mappings

List of mappings available only in status window.

mapping description
<CR> Preview the commit under the cursor.
<C-j> Jump to next package in list.
<C-k> Jump to previous package in list.
q Exit the status window.
(Also works for commit preview window)

Similar projects

There are some other plugin managers built on top of the Vim 8's packages feature.

Credit

Prabir Shrestha (as the author of async.vim)
Kristijan Husak (status window)

License

VIM License

(autoload/minpac/job.vim is the MIT License.)

You can’t perform that action at this time.