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🧶 Simple, lightweight tracing.
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🧶 tracer

Simple, lightweight tracing.

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💡 Idea

The tracer provides API to trace execution flow.

func Do(ctx context.Context) {
	defer tracer.Fetch(ctx).Start().Stop()

	// do some heavy job
}

Full description of the idea is available here.

🏆 Motivation

At Avito, we use the Jaeger - a distributed tracing platform. It is handy in most cases, but at production, we also use sampling. So, what is a problem, you say?

I had 0.02% requests with a write: broken pipe error and it was difficult to find the appropriate one in the Sentry which also has trace related to it in the Jaeger.

For that reason, I wrote the simple solution to handle this specific case and found the bottleneck in our code quickly.

🤼‍♂️ How to

import (
	"context"
	"io"
	"net/http"
	"time"

	"github.com/kamilsk/tracer"
)

func InjectTracer(handler http.Handler) http.Handler {
	return http.HandlerFunc(func(rw http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
		req = req.WithContext(tracer.Inject(req.Context(), make([]*tracer.Call, 0, 10)))
		handler.ServeHTTP(rw, req)
	})
}

func Handle(rw http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(req.Context(), time.Second)
	defer cancel()

	call := tracer.Fetch(req.Context()).Start(req.Header.Get("X-Request-Id"))
	defer call.Stop()

	...

	call.Checkpoint("serialize")
	data, err := FetchData(ctx, req.Body)
	if err != nil {
		http.Error(rw, err.Error(), http.StatusInternalServerError)
		return
	}

	call.Checkpoint("store")
	if err := StoreIntoDatabase(ctx, data); err != nil {
		http.Error(rw,
			http.StatusText(http.StatusInternalServerError),
			http.StatusInternalServerError)
		return
	}
	rw.WriteHeader(http.StatusOK)
}

func FetchData(ctx context.Context, r io.Reader) (Data, error) {
	defer tracer.Fetch(ctx).Start().Stop()

	// fetch a data into a struct
}

func StoreIntoDatabase(ctx context.Context, data Data) error {
	defer tracer.Fetch(ctx).Start().Stop()

	// store the data into a database
}

Output:

allocates at call stack: 0, detailed call stack:
	call Handle [ca7a87c4-58d0-4fdf-857c-ef49fc3bf271]: 14.038083ms, allocates: 2
		checkpoint [serialize]: 1.163587ms
		checkpoint [store]: 2.436265ms
	call FetchData: 1.192829ms, allocates: 0
	call StoreIntoDatabase: 10.428663ms, allocates: 0

🧩 Integration

The library uses SemVer for versioning, and it is not BC-safe through major releases. You can use go modules or dep to manage its version.

$ go get -u github.com/kamilsk/tracer

$ dep ensure -add github.com/kamilsk/tracer

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