Skip to content


Repository files navigation

alt text

EvaLuation of Error Correction Tools for lOng Reads


  • This program enables the testing of different hybrid and non hybrid long read correction tools.
  • It embeds a modified version of poaV2
  • Authors: Camille Marchet, Pierre Morisse @morispi, Lolita Lecompte @llecompt, Antoine Limasset @malfoy. Many thanks to Pierre Marijon @natir.


  • gcc and C++11
  • Python3 and Biopython
  • R
  • multirow LaTeX module



git clone --recursive

python3 install

Binaries are then in ./bin. ELECTOR can be run using python3 -m elector in the main directory.


Input files

ELECTOR can be run on simulated and real data. For simulated reads, NanoSim and SimLord are the two supported simulators. However, other long reads simulation tools can also be used. In this case, the user must provide the reference sequences to ELECTOR itself. Further configuration of the simulation tools such as the error rate, or the long reads coverage, is the user's call and has no impact on the ELECTOR pipeline. The genome used for the simulation, the files generated by the simulator, and the corrected reads, output by the desired correction method, are then provided as an input to our pipeline. For hybrid correction methods, whether the short reads are real or simulated has no impact on ELECTOR.

ELECTOR can be run with:

python3 -m elector -reference referenceGenome.fa -uncorrected simulatedReadsPrefix -corrected correctedReads.fa -threads nbThreads -corrector correctorName -simulator simulatorName -output out


  • referenceGenome.fa is the reference genome, with one sequence per line.

  • simulatedReadsPrefix is the prefix of the uncorrected reads that were simulated.

  • correctedReads.fa is the corrected version of the simulated reads, with one sequence per line. The corrected reads can be trimmed and/or split, or not.

  • nbThreads is the number of threads to use.

  • correctorName is the corrector that was used to correct the reads. Please see the list of compatible correctors below.

  • simulatorName is the simulator that was used to simulate the long reads. Please see the list of compatible simulators below.

  • out is a directory where to write the output

The reference reads can also be directly provided, with:

python3 -m elector -perfect referenceReads.fa -uncorrected uncorrectedReads.fa -corrected correctedReads.fa -threads nbThreads -corrector correctorName

If the corrected long reads are split, the -split option MUST be provided to ELECTOR.


python3 -m

Current compatible correctors

If one of those tools is provided with the -corrector parameter, the pipeline will itself retrieve the correspondance between corrected, uncorrected and reference reads. If another tool is used, please do not use the -corrector parameter, and make sure that the headers of the corrected reads are similar to those of the reference and uncorrected reads.

Compatible simulators

  • SimLord

  • NanoSim

If one of those tools is provided with the -simulator parameter, the pipeline will itself generate the reference reads.

Running with real reads

If you wish to run ELECTOR with real sequencing reads, please use the -simulator real option. The pipeline will work the same, and generate the reference reads itself. Instead of generating them from simulation files, it will rely on alignment to the reference.

Output Example

Using files from example generated from ~10X E coli long reads:

python3 -m elector -uncorrected  example/uncorrected_reads_elector.fa -perfect example/perfect_reads_elector.fa -corrected  example/corrected_reads_elector.fa -output out -split -corrector lordec -simulator simlord

Output will be written in out directory. Here's an example of the log written in stdout (same information can be found in out/log):

*********** SUMMARY ***********
Assessed reads:  459
Throughput (uncorrected) 4367089
Throughput (corrected):  4454164
Recall: 0.995006
Precision: 0.9938972
Average correct bases rate (uncorrected):  0.8970857918784844
Error rate (uncorrected): 0.10291420812151564
Average correct bases rate (corrected):  0.9938413
Error rate (corrected): 0.006158699999999961
Number of trimmed/split reads: 37
Mean missing size in trimmed/split reads: 2406.6
Number of over-corrected reads by extention:  4
Mean extension size in over-corrected reads:  40.0
%GC in reference reads:  51.1
%GC in corrected reads:  51.1
Number of corrected reads which length is < 10.0 % of the original read: 25
Number of very low quality corrected reads:  0
Number of insertions in uncorrected:  159839
Number of insertions in corrected:  8119
Number of deletions in uncorrected:  160207
Number of deletions in corrected:  8161
Number of substitutions in uncorrected:  154842
Number of substitutions in corrected:  12148
Ratio of homopolymer sizes in corrected vs reference: 0.9925

Details for each section in the manuscript.

These results are recalled in out/log and out/summary.pdf along with figures:

Recall and precision computed for each read after correction. Recall is the rate of correct bases out of bases that needed correction in the original read, precision is the rate of correct bases out of the number of bases that were modified by the correction method.

Size distributions after correction. ”Sequences” relate to each fasta sequence of the corrected file. ”Reads” relate to corrected reads. In case of split reads, a ”read” can be composed of two ”sequences” for instance. This is why we report two different distributions. In case no read is split, we only report read length distribution.


ELECTOR: Evaluator for long reads correction methods. Camille Marchet, Pierre Morisse, Lolita Lecompte, Arnaud Lefebvre, Thierry Lecroq, Pierre Peterlongo, Antoine limasset

Reproducing manuscript results

All scripts used to produce the results in our manuscript, as well as a detailed README, are provided in the folder reproduce_manuscript_results.