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simple argument option parser
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README.md

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NAME

Smart::Options - smart command line options processor

SYNOPSIS

use Smart::Options;

my $argv = Smart::Options->new->argv;

if ($argv->{rif} - 5 * $argv->{xup} > 7.138) {
    say 'Buy more fiffiwobbles';
}
else {
   say 'Sell the xupptumblers';
}

# $ ./example.pl --rif=55 --xup=9.52
# Buy more fiffiwobbles
#
# $ ./example.pl --rif 12 --xup 8.1
# Sell the xupptumblers

DESCRIPTION

Smart::Options is a library for option parsing for people tired option parsing. This module is analyzed as people interpret an option intuitively.

METHOD

new()

Create a parser object.

use Smart::Options;

my $argv = Smart::Options->new->parse(qw(-x 10 -y 2));

parse(@args)

parse @args. return hashref of option values. if @args is empty Smart::Options use @ARGV

argv(@args)

shortcut method. this method auto export.

use Smart::Options;
say argv(qw(-x 10))->{x};

is the same as

use Smart::Options ();
Smart::Options->new->parse(qw(-x 10))->{x};

alias($alias, $option)

set alias for option. you can use "$option" field of argv.

use Smart::Options;

my $argv = Smart::Options->new->alias(f => 'file')->parse(qw(-f /etc/hosts));
$argv->{file} # => '/etc/hosts'

default($option, $default_value)

set default value for option.

use Smart::Options;

my $argv = Smart::Options->new->default(y => 5)->parse(qw(-x 10));
$argv->{x} + $argv->{y} # => 15

describe($option, $msg)

set option help message.

use Smart::Options;
my $opt = Smart::Options->new()->alias(f => 'file')->describe('Load a file');
say $opt->help;

# Usage: ./example.pl
#
# Options:
#    -f, --file  Load a file
#

boolean($option, $option2, ...)

interpret 'option' as a boolean.

use Smart::Options;

my $argv = Smart::Options->new->parse(qw(-x 11 -y 10));
$argv->{x} # => 11

my $argv2 = Smart::Options->new->boolean('x')->parse(qw(-x 11 -y 10));
$argv2->{x} # => true (1)

demand($option, $option2, ...)

show usage (showHelp()) and exit if $option wasn't specified in args.

use Smart::Options;
my $opt = Smart::Options->new()->alias(f => 'file')
                               ->demand('file')
                               ->describe('Load a file');
$opt->argv(); # => exit

# Usage: ./example.pl
#
# Options:
#    -f, --file  Load a file [required]
#

options($key => $settings, ...)

use Smart::Options;
my $opt = Smart::Options->new()
  ->options( f => { alias => 'file', default => '/etc/passwd' } );

is the same as

use Smart::Options;
my $opt = Smart::Options->new()
            ->alias(f => 'file')
            ->default(f => '/etc/passwd');

type($option => $type)

set type check for option value

use Smart::Options;
my $opt = Smart::Options->new()->type(foo => 'Int');

$opt->parse('--foo=bar') # => fail
$opt->parse('--foo=3.14') # => fail
$opt->parse('--foo=1') # => ok

support type is here.

Bool
Str
Int
Num
ArrayRef
HashRef
Config

Config

'Config' is special type. The contents will be read into each option if a file name is specified as a Config type option.

use Smart::Options;
my $opt = Smart::Options->new()->type(conf => 'Config');
$opt->parse(qw(--conf=.optrc));

config file format is simple. see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/INI\_file

; this is comment
[section]
key=value
key2=value2

coerce( $newtype => $sourcetype, $generator )

define new type and convert logic.

use Smart::Options;
use Path::Class; # export 'file'
my $opt = Smart::Options->new()->coerce(File => 'Str', sub { file($_[0]) })
                               ->type(file => 'File');

$opt->parse('--foo=/etc/passwd');
$argv->{file} # => Path::Class::File instance

usage

set a usage message to show which command to use. default is "Usage: $0".

help

return help message string

showHelp($fh)

print usage message. default output STDERR.

subcmd($cmd => $parser)

set a sub command. $parser is another Smart::Option object.

use Smart::Options;
my $opt = Smart::Options->new()
            ->subcmd(add => Smart::Options->new())
            ->subcmd(minus => Smart::Options->new());

DSL

see also Smart::Options::Declare

PARSING TRICKS

stop parsing

use '--' to stop parsing.

use Smart::Options;
use Data::Dumper;

my $argv = argv(qw(-a 1 -b 2 -- -c 3 -d 4));
warn Dumper($argv);

# $VAR1 = {
#        'a' => '1',
#        'b' => '2',
#        '_' => [
#                 '-c',
#                 '3',
#                 '-d',
#                 '4'
#               ]
#      };

negate fields

'--no-key' set false to $key.

use Smart::Options;
argv(qw(-a --no-b))->{b}; # => 0

duplicates

If set flag multiple times it will get arrayref.

use Smart::Options;
argv(qw(-x 1 -x 2 -x 3))->{x}; # => [1, 2, 3]

dot notation

use Smart::Optuions;
argv(qw(--foo.x 1 --foo.y 2)); # => { foo => { x => 1, y => 2 } }

AUTHOR

Kan Fushihara kan.fushihara@gmail.com

SEE ALSO

https://github.com/substack/node-optimist

GetOpt::Casual, opts, GetOpt::Compat::WithCmd

LICENSE

Copyright (C) Kan Fushihara

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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