Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with
or
.
Download ZIP
Fetching contributors…

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

293 lines (246 sloc) 6.958 kB
/* tailf.c -- tail a log file and then follow it
* Created: Tue Jan 9 15:49:21 1996 by faith@acm.org
* Copyright 1996, 2003 Rickard E. Faith (faith@acm.org)
*
* Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
* copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"),
* to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation
* the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
* and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
* Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included
* in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
* THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR
* OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE,
* ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR
* OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
*
* less -F and tail -f cause a disk access every five seconds. This
* program avoids this problem by waiting for the file size to change.
* Hence, the file is not accessed, and the access time does not need to be
* flushed back to disk. This is sort of a "stealth" tail.
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#ifdef HAVE_INOTIFY_INIT
#include <sys/inotify.h>
#endif
#include "nls.h"
#include "xalloc.h"
#include "usleep.h"
#include "strutils.h"
#include "c.h"
#include "closestream.h"
#define DEFAULT_LINES 10
static void
tailf(const char *filename, int lines)
{
char *buf, *p;
int head = 0;
int tail = 0;
FILE *str;
int i;
if (!(str = fopen(filename, "r")))
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("cannot open %s"), filename);
buf = xmalloc((lines ? lines : 1) * BUFSIZ);
p = buf;
while (fgets(p, BUFSIZ, str)) {
if (++tail >= lines) {
tail = 0;
head = 1;
}
p = buf + (tail * BUFSIZ);
}
if (head) {
for (i = tail; i < lines; i++)
fputs(buf + (i * BUFSIZ), stdout);
for (i = 0; i < tail; i++)
fputs(buf + (i * BUFSIZ), stdout);
} else {
for (i = head; i < tail; i++)
fputs(buf + (i * BUFSIZ), stdout);
}
fflush(stdout);
free(buf);
fclose(str);
}
static void
roll_file(const char *filename, off_t *size)
{
char buf[BUFSIZ];
int fd;
struct stat st;
off_t pos;
fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY);
if (fd < 0)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("cannot open %s"), filename);
if (fstat(fd, &st) == -1)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("stat failed %s"), filename);
if (st.st_size == *size) {
close(fd);
return;
}
if (lseek(fd, *size, SEEK_SET) != (off_t)-1) {
ssize_t rc, wc;
while ((rc = read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf))) > 0) {
wc = write(STDOUT_FILENO, buf, rc);
if (rc != wc)
warnx(_("incomplete write to \"%s\" (written %zd, expected %zd)\n"),
filename, wc, rc);
}
fflush(stdout);
}
pos = lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_CUR);
/* If we've successfully read something, use the file position, this
* avoids data duplication. If we read nothing or hit an error, reset
* to the reported size, this handles truncated files.
*/
*size = (pos != -1 && pos != *size) ? pos : st.st_size;
close(fd);
}
static void
watch_file(const char *filename, off_t *size)
{
do {
roll_file(filename, size);
usleep(250000);
} while(1);
}
#ifdef HAVE_INOTIFY_INIT
#define EVENTS (IN_MODIFY|IN_DELETE_SELF|IN_MOVE_SELF|IN_UNMOUNT)
#define NEVENTS 4
static int
watch_file_inotify(const char *filename, off_t *size)
{
char buf[ NEVENTS * sizeof(struct inotify_event) ];
int fd, ffd, e;
ssize_t len;
fd = inotify_init();
if (fd == -1)
return 0;
ffd = inotify_add_watch(fd, filename, EVENTS);
if (ffd == -1) {
if (errno == ENOSPC)
errx(EXIT_FAILURE, _("%s: cannot add inotify watch "
"(limit of inotify watches was reached)."),
filename);
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("%s: cannot add inotify watch."), filename);
}
while (ffd >= 0) {
len = read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf));
if (len < 0 && (errno == EINTR || errno == EAGAIN))
continue;
if (len < 0)
err(EXIT_FAILURE,
_("%s: cannot read inotify events"), filename);
for (e = 0; e < len; ) {
struct inotify_event *ev = (struct inotify_event *) &buf[e];
if (ev->mask & IN_MODIFY)
roll_file(filename, size);
else {
close(ffd);
ffd = -1;
break;
}
e += sizeof(struct inotify_event) + ev->len;
}
}
close(fd);
return 1;
}
#endif /* HAVE_INOTIFY_INIT */
static void __attribute__ ((__noreturn__)) usage(FILE *out)
{
fprintf(out,
_("\nUsage:\n"
" %s [option] file\n"),
program_invocation_short_name);
fprintf(out, _(
"\nOptions:\n"
" -n, --lines NUMBER output the last NUMBER lines\n"
" -NUMBER same as `-n NUMBER'\n"
" -V, --version output version information and exit\n"
" -h, --help display this help and exit\n\n"));
exit(out == stderr ? EXIT_FAILURE : EXIT_SUCCESS);
}
/* parses -N option */
static long old_style_option(int *argc, char **argv)
{
int i = 1, nargs = *argc;
long lines = -1;
while(i < nargs) {
if (argv[i][0] == '-' && isdigit(argv[i][1])) {
lines = strtol_or_err(argv[i] + 1,
_("failed to parse number of lines"));
nargs--;
if (nargs - i)
memmove(argv + i, argv + i + 1,
sizeof(char *) * (nargs - i));
} else
i++;
}
*argc = nargs;
return lines;
}
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
const char *filename;
long lines;
int ch;
struct stat st;
off_t size = 0;
setlocale(LC_ALL, "");
bindtextdomain(PACKAGE, LOCALEDIR);
textdomain(PACKAGE);
atexit(close_stdout);
static const struct option longopts[] = {
{ "lines", required_argument, 0, 'n' },
{ "version", no_argument, 0, 'V' },
{ "help", no_argument, 0, 'h' },
{ NULL, 0, 0, 0 }
};
lines = old_style_option(&argc, argv);
if (lines < 0)
lines = DEFAULT_LINES;
while ((ch = getopt_long(argc, argv, "n:N:Vh", longopts, NULL)) != -1)
switch((char)ch) {
case 'n':
case 'N':
lines = strtol_or_err(optarg,
_("failed to parse number of lines"));
break;
case 'V':
printf(_("%s from %s\n"), program_invocation_short_name,
PACKAGE_STRING);
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
case 'h':
usage(stdout);
default:
usage(stderr);
}
if (argc == optind)
errx(EXIT_FAILURE, _("no input file specified"));
filename = argv[optind];
if (stat(filename, &st) != 0)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("stat failed %s"), filename);
size = st.st_size;;
tailf(filename, lines);
#ifdef HAVE_INOTIFY_INIT
if (!watch_file_inotify(filename, &size))
#endif
watch_file(filename, &size);
return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}
Jump to Line
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.