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package main
import (
// This example is equivalent to the
// It seems that additional code you
// have to write doesn't worth it
// but remember that, this example
// does not make use of iris mvc features like
// the Model, Persistence or the View engine neither the Session,
// it's very simple for learning purposes,
// probably you'll never use such
// as simple controller anywhere in your app.
// The cost we have on this example for using MVC
// on the "/hello" path which serves JSON
// is ~2MB per 20MB throughput on my personal laptop,
// it's tolerated for the majority of the applications
// but you can choose
// what suits you best with Iris, low-level handlers: performance
// or high-level controllers: easier to maintain and smaller codebase on large applications.
// Of course you can put all these to main func, it's just a separate function
// for the main_test.go.
func newApp() *iris.Application {
app := iris.New()
// Optionally, add two built'n handlers
// that can recover from any http-relative panics
// and log the requests to the terminal.
// Serve a controller based on the root Router, "/".
return app
func main() {
app := newApp()
// http://localhost:8080
// http://localhost:8080/ping
// http://localhost:8080/hello
// http://localhost:8080/custom_path
// ExampleController serves the "/", "/ping" and "/hello".
type ExampleController struct{}
// Get serves
// Method: GET
// Resource: http://localhost:8080
func (c *ExampleController) Get() mvc.Result {
return mvc.Response{
ContentType: "text/html",
Text: "<h1>Welcome</h1>",
// GetPing serves
// Method: GET
// Resource: http://localhost:8080/ping
func (c *ExampleController) GetPing() string {
return "pong"
// GetHello serves
// Method: GET
// Resource: http://localhost:8080/hello
func (c *ExampleController) GetHello() interface{} {
return map[string]string{"message": "Hello Iris!"}
// BeforeActivation called once, before the controller adapted to the main application
// and of course before the server ran.
// After version 9 you can also add custom routes for a specific controller's methods.
// Here you can register custom method's handlers
// use the standard router with `ca.Router` to do something that you can do without mvc as well,
// and add dependencies that will be binded to a controller's fields or method function's input arguments.
func (c *ExampleController) BeforeActivation(b mvc.BeforeActivation) {
anyMiddlewareHere := func(ctx iris.Context) {
ctx.Application().Logger().Warnf("Inside /custom_path")
b.Handle("GET", "/custom_path", "CustomHandlerWithoutFollowingTheNamingGuide", anyMiddlewareHere)
// or even add a global middleware based on this controller's router,
// which in this example is the root "/":
// b.Router().Use(myMiddleware)
// CustomHandlerWithoutFollowingTheNamingGuide serves
// Method: GET
// Resource: http://localhost:8080/custom_path
func (c *ExampleController) CustomHandlerWithoutFollowingTheNamingGuide() string {
return "hello from the custom handler without following the naming guide"
// GetUserBy serves
// Method: GET
// Resource: http://localhost:8080/user/{username:string}
// By is a reserved "keyword" to tell the framework that you're going to
// bind path parameters in the function's input arguments, and it also
// helps to have "Get" and "GetBy" in the same controller.
// func (c *ExampleController) GetUserBy(username string) mvc.Result {
// return mvc.View{
// Name: "user/username.html",
// Data: username,
// }
// }
/* Can use more than one, the factory will make sure
that the correct http methods are being registered for each route
for this controller, uncomment these if you want:
func (c *ExampleController) Post() {}
func (c *ExampleController) Put() {}
func (c *ExampleController) Delete() {}
func (c *ExampleController) Connect() {}
func (c *ExampleController) Head() {}
func (c *ExampleController) Patch() {}
func (c *ExampleController) Options() {}
func (c *ExampleController) Trace() {}
func (c *ExampleController) All() {}
// OR
func (c *ExampleController) Any() {}
func (c *ExampleController) BeforeActivation(b mvc.BeforeActivation) {
// 1 -> the HTTP Method
// 2 -> the route's path
// 3 -> this controller's method name that should be handler for that route.
b.Handle("GET", "/mypath/{param}", "DoIt", optionalMiddlewareHere...)
// After activation, all dependencies are set-ed - so read only access on them
// but still possible to add custom controller or simple standard handlers.
func (c *ExampleController) AfterActivation(a mvc.AfterActivation) {}
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