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package main
import (
"encoding/json"
"fmt"
"io/ioutil"
"time"
"github.com/Shopify/sarama"
"github.com/kataras/iris"
)
/*
First of all, read about Apache Kafka, install and run it, if you didn't already: https://kafka.apache.org/quickstart
Secondly, install your favourite Go library for Apache Kafka communication.
I have chosen the shopify's one although I really loved the `segmentio/kafka-go` as well but it needs more to be done there
and you will be bored to read all the necessary code required to get started with it, so:
$ go get -u github.com/Shopify/sarama
The minimum Apache Kafka broker(s) version required is 0.10.0.0 but 0.11.x+ is recommended (tested with 2.0).
Resources:
- https://github.com/apache/kafka
- https://github.com/Shopify/sarama/blob/master/examples/http_server/http_server.go
- DIY
*/
// package-level variables for the shake of the example
// but you can define them inside your main func
// and pass around this config whenever you need to create a client or a producer or a consumer or use a cluster.
var (
// The Kafka brokers to connect to, as a comma separated list.
brokers = []string{"localhost:9092"}
// The config which makes our live easier when passing around, it pre-mades a lot of things for us.
config *sarama.Config
)
func init() {
config = sarama.NewConfig()
config.ClientID = "iris-example-client"
config.Version = sarama.V0_11_0_2
// config.Producer.RequiredAcks = sarama.WaitForAll // Wait for all in-sync replicas to ack the message.
config.Producer.Compression = sarama.CompressionSnappy
config.Producer.Flush.Frequency = 500 * time.Millisecond
config.Producer.Retry.Max = 10 // Retry up to 10 times to produce the message.
config.Producer.Return.Successes = true
// for SASL/basic plain text authentication: config.Net.SASL.
// config.Net.SASL.Enable = true
// config.Net.SASL.Handshake = false
// config.Net.SASL.User = "myuser"
// config.Net.SASL.Password = "mypass"
config.Consumer.Return.Errors = true
}
func main() {
app := iris.New()
app.OnAnyErrorCode(handleErrors)
v1 := app.Party("/api/v1")
{
topicsAPI := v1.Party("/topics")
{
topicsAPI.Post("/", postTopicsHandler) // create a topic.
topicsAPI.Get("/", getTopicsHandler) // list all topics.
topicsAPI.Post("/{topic:string}/produce", postTopicProduceHandler) // store to a topic.
topicsAPI.Get("/{topic:string}/consume", getTopicConsumeSSEHandler) // retrieve all messages from a topic.
}
}
app.Get("/", docsHandler)
// GET : http://localhost:8080
// POST, GET: http://localhost:8080/api/v1/topics
// POST : http://localhost:8080/apiv1/topics/{topic}/produce?key=my-key
// GET : http://localhost:8080/apiv1/topics/{topic}/consume?partition=0&offset=0 (these url query parameters are optional)
app.Run(iris.Addr(":8080"), iris.WithoutServerError(iris.ErrServerClosed))
}
// simple use-case, you can use templates and views obviously, see the "_examples/views" examples.
func docsHandler(ctx iris.Context) {
ctx.ContentType("text/html") // or ctx.HTML(fmt.Sprintf(...))
ctx.Writef(`<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
th, td {
border: 1px solid black;
padding: 15px;
text-align: left;
}
</style>
</head>`)
defer ctx.Writef("</html>")
ctx.Writef("<body>")
defer ctx.Writef("</body>")
ctx.Writef(`
<table>
<tr>
<th>Method</th>
<th>Path</th>
<th>Handler</th>
</tr>
`)
defer ctx.Writef(`</table>`)
registeredRoutes := ctx.Application().GetRoutesReadOnly()
for _, r := range registeredRoutes {
if r.Path() == "/" { // don't list the root, current one.
continue
}
ctx.Writef(`
<tr>
<td>%s</td>
<td>%s%s</td>
<td>%s</td>
</tr>
`, r.Method(), ctx.Host(), r.Path(), r.MainHandlerName())
}
}
type httpError struct {
Code int `json:"code"`
Reason string `json:"reason"`
}
func (h httpError) Error() string {
return fmt.Sprintf("Status Code: %d\nReason: %s", h.Code, h.Reason)
}
const reasonKey = "reason"
func fail(ctx iris.Context, statusCode int, format string, a ...interface{}) {
ctx.StatusCode(statusCode)
if format != "" {
ctx.Values().Set(reasonKey, fmt.Sprintf(format, a...))
}
// no next handlers will run, you can comment the below if you want,
// error code will still be written.
ctx.StopExecution()
}
func handleErrors(ctx iris.Context) {
err := httpError{
Code: ctx.GetStatusCode(),
Reason: ctx.Values().GetStringDefault(reasonKey, "unknown"),
}
ctx.JSON(err)
}
// Topic the payload for a kafka topic creation.
type Topic struct {
Topic string `json:"topic"`
Partitions int32 `json:"partitions"`
ReplicationFactor int16 `json:"replication"`
Configs []kv `json:"configs,omitempty"`
}
type kv struct {
Key string `json:"key"`
Value string `json:"value"`
}
func createKafkaTopic(t Topic) error {
cluster, err := sarama.NewClusterAdmin(brokers, config)
if err != nil {
return err
}
defer cluster.Close()
topicName := t.Topic
topicDetail := sarama.TopicDetail{
NumPartitions: t.Partitions,
ReplicationFactor: t.ReplicationFactor,
}
if len(t.Configs) > 0 {
topicDetail.ConfigEntries = make(map[string]*string, len(t.Configs))
for _, c := range t.Configs {
topicDetail.ConfigEntries[c.Key] = &c.Value // generate a ptr, or fill a new(string) with it and use that.
}
}
return cluster.CreateTopic(topicName, &topicDetail, false)
}
func postTopicsHandler(ctx iris.Context) {
var t Topic
err := ctx.ReadJSON(&t)
if err != nil {
fail(ctx, iris.StatusBadRequest,
"received invalid topic payload: %v", err)
return
}
// try to create the topic inside kafka.
err = createKafkaTopic(t)
if err != nil {
fail(ctx, iris.StatusInternalServerError,
"unable to create topic: %v", err)
return
}
// unnecessary statement but it's here to show you that topic is created,
// depending on your API expectations and how you used to work
// you may want to change the status code to something like `iris.StatusCreated`.
ctx.StatusCode(iris.StatusOK)
}
func getKafkaTopics() ([]string, error) {
client, err := sarama.NewClient(brokers, config)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
defer client.Close()
return client.Topics()
}
func getTopicsHandler(ctx iris.Context) {
topics, err := getKafkaTopics()
if err != nil {
fail(ctx, iris.StatusInternalServerError,
"unable to retrieve topics: %v", err)
return
}
ctx.JSON(topics)
}
func produceKafkaMessage(toTopic string, key string, value []byte) (partition int32, offset int64, err error) {
// On the broker side, you may want to change the following settings to get
// stronger consistency guarantees:
// - For your broker, set `unclean.leader.election.enable` to false
// - For the topic, you could increase `min.insync.replicas`.
producer, err := sarama.NewSyncProducer(brokers, config)
if err != nil {
return -1, -1, err
}
defer producer.Close()
// We are not setting a message key, which means that all messages will
// be distributed randomly over the different partitions.
return producer.SendMessage(&sarama.ProducerMessage{
Topic: toTopic,
Key: sarama.StringEncoder(key),
Value: sarama.ByteEncoder(value),
})
}
func postTopicProduceHandler(ctx iris.Context) {
topicName := ctx.Params().Get("topic")
key := ctx.URLParamDefault("key", "default")
// read the request data and store them as they are (not recommended in production ofcourse, do your own checks here).
body, err := ioutil.ReadAll(ctx.Request().Body)
if err != nil {
fail(ctx, iris.StatusUnprocessableEntity, "unable to read your data: %v", err)
return
}
partition, offset, err := produceKafkaMessage(topicName, key, body)
if err != nil {
fail(ctx, iris.StatusInternalServerError, "failed to store your data: %v", err)
return
}
// The tuple (topic, partition, offset) can be used as a unique identifier
// for a message in a Kafka cluster.
ctx.Writef("Your data is stored with unique identifier: %s/%d/%d", topicName, partition, offset)
}
type message struct {
Time time.Time `json:"time"`
Key string `json:"key"`
// Value []byte/json.RawMessage(if you are sure that you are sending only JSON) `json:"value"`
// or:
Value string `json:"value"` // for simple key-value storage.
}
func getTopicConsumeSSEHandler(ctx iris.Context) {
flusher, ok := ctx.ResponseWriter().Flusher()
if !ok {
ctx.StatusCode(iris.StatusHTTPVersionNotSupported)
ctx.WriteString("streaming unsupported")
return
}
ctx.ContentType("application/json, text/event-stream")
ctx.Header("Cache-Control", "no-cache")
ctx.Header("Connection", "keep-alive")
master, err := sarama.NewConsumer(brokers, config)
if err != nil {
fail(ctx, iris.StatusInternalServerError, "unable to start master consumer: %v", err)
return
}
fromTopic := ctx.Params().Get("topic")
// take the partition, defaults to the first found if not url query parameter "partition" passed.
var partition int32
partitions, err := master.Partitions(fromTopic)
if err != nil {
master.Close()
fail(ctx, iris.StatusInternalServerError, "unable to get partitions for topic: '%s': %v", fromTopic, err)
return
}
if len(partitions) > 0 {
partition = partitions[0]
}
partition = ctx.URLParamInt32Default("partition", partition)
offset := ctx.URLParamInt64Default("offset", sarama.OffsetOldest)
consumer, err := master.ConsumePartition(fromTopic, partition, offset)
if err != nil {
ctx.Application().Logger().Error(err)
master.Close() // close the master here to avoid any leaks, we will exit.
fail(ctx, iris.StatusInternalServerError, "unable to start partition consumer: %v", err)
return
}
// `OnClose` fires when the request is finally done (all data read and handler exits) or interrupted by the user.
ctx.OnClose(func() {
ctx.Application().Logger().Warnf("a client left")
// Close shuts down the consumer. It must be called after all child
// PartitionConsumers have already been closed. <-- That is what
// godocs says but it doesn't work like this.
// if err = consumer.Close(); err != nil {
// ctx.Application().Logger().Errorf("[%s] unable to close partition consumer: %v", ctx.RemoteAddr(), err)
// }
// so close the master only and omit the first ^ consumer.Close:
if err = master.Close(); err != nil {
ctx.Application().Logger().Errorf("[%s] unable to close master consumer: %v", ctx.RemoteAddr(), err)
}
})
for {
select {
case consumerErr, ok := <-consumer.Errors():
if !ok {
return
}
ctx.Writef("data: error: {\"reason\": \"%s\"}\n\n", consumerErr.Error())
flusher.Flush()
case incoming, ok := <-consumer.Messages():
if !ok {
return
}
msg := message{
Time: incoming.Timestamp,
Key: string(incoming.Key),
Value: string(incoming.Value),
}
b, err := json.Marshal(msg)
if err != nil {
ctx.Application().Logger().Error(err)
continue
}
ctx.Writef("data: %s\n\n", b)
flusher.Flush()
}
}
}
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