Permalink
Browse files

another round of editing

mostly free software -> Free Software
  • Loading branch information...
1 parent 78f1a44 commit 5f56f35108f94d448ad11928beac50c6d1729ed4 @lydiapintscher lydiapintscher committed Dec 3, 2011
Showing with 36 additions and 36 deletions.
  1. +36 −36 business/FrankKarlitschek.tex
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-\chapter{Underestimating the value of an Open Source business model - Frank Karlitschek}
+\chapter{Underestimating the value of a Free Software business model - Frank Karlitschek}
\textit{Frank Karlitschek was born in 1973 in Reutlingen, Germany and started to
write software at the age of 11. He studied Computer Science at the University
@@ -16,18 +16,18 @@ \section*{Introduction}
Ten years ago, I underestimated the value of a business model. Free software and
a business model? They do not belong together. At least, that is what I thought
-when I started contributing to KDE in 2001. Open Source is about fun and not
+when I started contributing to KDE in 2001. Free Software is about fun and not
money. Right? Free software people want a world where everybody can write
software and huge companies, like Microsoft or Google, are superfluous. Software
should be free and anyone who wants to develop software should be able to do so
-- even hobby developers. So earning money is not important. Right? Today, I
hold a different opinion. Sometimes developers should be remunerated for their
efforts.
-\section*{The free software motivation}
+\section*{The Free Software motivation}
-Most free software developers have two basic motivations to work on free
-software. The first motivation is the fun factor. It is a fantastic experience
+Most Free Software developers have two basic motivations to work on Free
+Software. The first motivation is the fun factor. It is a fantastic experience
to work together with very talented people from all over the world and create
great technology. KDE, for example, is one of the most welcoming communities I
know. It is so much fun to work with thousands of contributors from all over the
@@ -40,42 +40,42 @@ \section*{The free software motivation}
But KDE contributors are not motivated only by fun to join KDE. It is also the
idea that all of us can make the world a better place with our contributions. Free
-software is essential if you care about access to technology and IT for
+Software is essential if you care about access to technology and IT for
developing countries. It enables poor people to participate in the information
age without buying expensive licenses for proprietary software. It is
-essential for people who care about privacy and security, because free software
+essential for people who care about privacy and security, because Free Software
is the only way to see exactly what your computer is doing with your private
-data. Free software is important for a healthy IT eco-system, because it enables
-everybody to build on the work of others and really innovate. Without free
-software it would not have been possible for Google or Facebook to start their
+data. Free Software is important for a healthy IT eco-system, because it enables
+everybody to build on the work of others and really innovate. Without Free
+Software it would not have been possible for Google or Facebook to start their
businesses. It is not possible to innovate and create the next disruptive
technology if you depend on proprietary software and do not have full access to
all parts of the software.
-Free software is also essential for education, because everybody can see all the
-internals of software and study how it works. That is how free software helps to
-make the world a better place and why I contribute to free software projects
+Free Software is also essential for education, because everybody can see all the
+internals of the software and study how it works. That is how Free Software helps to
+make the world a better place and why I contribute to Free Software projects
such as KDE.
\section*{The need for an ecosystem}
-These are the main reasons why I want to see free software, and especially the
+These are the main reasons why I want to see Free Software, and especially the
free desktop, become mainstream. To make this happen, we need a lot more
-contributors than we have today. By ``contributors'' I mean people who write the
+contributors than we have today. By contributors I mean people who write the
core frameworks, the desktop, the great applications. We need people who work on
usability, artwork, promotion and many other important areas. KDE is already a
really big community with thousands of members. But we need more people to help
-to compete with proprietary software in a big way. The free software community
+to compete with proprietary software in a big way. The Free Software community
is tiny compared to the proprietary software world. On the one hand this is not
-a problem, because the distributed software development model of the free
-software world is much more efficient than the closed source way of writing
+a problem, because the distributed software development model of the Free
+Software world is much more efficient than the closed source way of writing
software. One big advantage is, for example, the ability to re-use code better.
But even with these advantages we need many more contributors than we have
today, if we really want to conquer the desktop and mobile markets.
We also need companies to help us bring our work to the mass market. In a
nutshell, we need a big and healthy ecosystem that enables people to work on
-free software for a living.
+Free Software for a living.
\section*{The current situation}
@@ -89,37 +89,37 @@ \section*{The current situation}
this point people have to find jobs. There are some companies in the KDE
ecosystem that offer KDE-related jobs. But these are only a fraction of the
available IT jobs. So, a lot of senior KDE contributors have to work for
-companies where they work on proprietary software, unrelated to KDE and free
-software. Sooner or later most of these developers drop out of KDE.
+companies where they work on proprietary software, unrelated to KDE and Free
+Software. Sooner or later most of these developers drop out of KDE.
I underestimated this factor 10 years ago, but I think it is a problem for KDE
in the long term, because we lose our most experienced people to proprietary
software companies.
\section*{My dream world}
-In my dream world people can pay their rent by working on free software and
-they can do it in a way which does not conflict with our free software values.
+In my dream world people can pay their rent by working on Free Software and
+they can do it in a way which does not conflict with our values.
KDE contributors should have all the time they need to contribute to KDE and
-free software in general. They should earn money by helping KDE. Their hobbies
+Free Software in general. They should earn money by helping KDE. Their hobbies
should become their jobs. This would make KDE grow in a big way, because it
would be fun to contribute and also provide good long-term job prospects.
\section*{What are the options?}
So what are the options? What can we do to make this happen? Are there ways for
-developers to pay their rent while working on free software? I want to list a
-few ideas here that I collected during several discussions with free software
+developers to pay their rent while working on Free Software? I want to list a
+few ideas here that I collected during several discussions with Free Software
contributors. Some of them are probably controversial, because they introduce
-completely new ideas into the free software world. But I think it is essential
+completely new ideas into the Free Software world. But I think it is essential
for us to think beyond our current world if we want to be successful with our
mission.
\paragraph*{Sponsored development}
-Today, more and more companies appreciate the importance of free software and
-contribute to free software projects, or even release their own completely free
-software projects. This is an opportunity for free software developers. We
-should talk to more companies and convince them to work with the free software
+Today, more and more companies appreciate the importance of Free Software and
+contribute to Free Software projects, or even release their own completely Free
+Software projects. This is an opportunity for Free Software developers. We
+should talk to more companies and convince them to work with the Free Software
world.
\paragraph*{End-user donations}
@@ -156,7 +156,7 @@ \section*{What are the options?}
This is the idea that end-users can become supporters of an application. The
``Become a Supporter'' button would be directly built into the application. The
-user then becomes a subscriber for a monthly payment of, for example \$5, which
+user then becomes a supporter for a monthly payment of, for example \$5, which
goes directly to the developer. All the supporters are listed in the About
Dialog of the application together with their photos and real names. Once a year
all supporters are also invited to a special supporter party together with the
@@ -165,18 +165,18 @@ \section*{What are the options?}
\paragraph*{Affiliate programs}
-Some applications are integrated in web services and some of these web services
+Some applications have integrated web services and some of these web services
run affiliate programs. For example, a media player can be integrated in the
Amazon mp3 MusicStore or a PDF reader can be integrated in an ebook store.
Every time a user buys content via the application, the developer gets some
money.
\paragraph*{App store for application binaries}
-Many people do not know that it is possible to sell binaries of free software.
+Many people do not know that it is possible to sell binaries of Free Software.
The GPL only requires that you also provide the source code. So, it is perfectly
legal and OK to sell nicely packaged binaries of our software. In fact,
-companies such as Redhat and Novell already sell our software in their commercial distributions but the developers do not benefit from it directly. All the revenue goes to the Linux companies and nothing to the developers. So we could enable the free software developers to sell nicely packaged, optimized and
+companies such as Redhat and Novell already sell our software in their commercial distributions but the developers do not benefit from it directly. All the revenue goes to the companies and nothing to the developers. So we could enable the Free Software developers to sell nicely packaged, optimized and
tested applications to the end-user. This might work especially well on Mac or
Windows. I am sure a lot of users would pay \$3 for an Amarok Windows binary, or
digiKam for Mac, if all the money went directly to the developer.
@@ -193,5 +193,5 @@ \section*{Conclusion}
users will get a better experience with faster software development, the ability
to directly influence development through bounties and better support.
-Free software is no longer just a hobby to be done in your spare time. It is
+Free Software is no longer just a hobby to be done in your spare time. It is
time to make it a business.

0 comments on commit 5f56f35

Please sign in to comment.