Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP
page-specific javascript for Rails done right
Ruby JavaScript HTML CSS
branch: master

README.md

Important

  • master branch contains the bleeding edge development code.
  • check branches or tags for the latest stable release or specific versions.

Paloma

Page-specific javascript for Rails done right.

Advantages

  • Choose what specific javascript code to run per page.
  • Easily make ruby variables available on your javascript files.
  • Can be written using vanilla javascript, coffeescript, and anything that compiles to js.
  • Easy to understand (because it is patterned after Rails' controller module).

Quick Example

Paloma controller.

var UsersController = Paloma.controller('Users');

// Executes when Rails User#new is executed.
UsersController.prototype.new = function(){
   alert('Hello Sexy User!' );
};

The Rails controller app/controllers/users_controller.rb:

def UsersController < ApplicationController
    def new
      # a Paloma request will automatically be created.
      @user = User.new
    end
end

That's it! Simply Sexy!

Minimum Requirements

  • jQuery 1.7 or higher
  • Rails 3.1 or higher

Install

  1. Without bundler: sudo gem install paloma.
  2. With bundler, add this to your Gemfile: gem 'paloma'
  3. Require paloma in your application.js: //= require paloma
  4. In your layouts insert Paloma hook.

    application.html.erb

    <html>
      <head>
      </head>
    
      <body>
         <%= yield %>
         <%= insert_paloma_hook %>
      </body>
    </html>

Controllers

Controllers are just classes that handle requests made by Rails Controllers. Each Rails Controller's action will be mapped to a specific Paloma Controller's action.

Creating a Controller

A Controller constructor is created or accessed (if it already exists), using Paloma.controller() method.

var ArticlesController = Paloma.controller('Articles');

It will return the constructor function of your controller.

Note: Using Paloma.controller method, you can access the same controller constructor across different files.

Handling Actions

Every time a request to Paloma is made (A Rails Controller action is executed), an instance of a Paloma controller is created and the method responsible for the request will be invoked.

var ArticlesController = Paloma.controller('Articles');

ArticlesController.prototype.new = function(){
  // Handle new articles
};

ArticlesController.prototype.edit = function(){
  // Handle edit articles
};

Advanced Usage

You can manipulate what controller/action should Paloma execute by calling js method before rendering.

  1. Changing controller

    class UsersController < ApplicationController
      def new
         @user = User.new
         js 'Accounts' # will use Accounts controller instead of Users controller
      end
    end
  2. Changing action

    You can use the symbol syntax:

    def new
      @user = User.new
      js :register # will execute register method instead of new
    end

    Or the string syntax:

    def new
      @user = User.new
      js '#register'
    end
  3. Changing controller and action.

    def new
     @user = User.new
     js 'Accounts#register' # will execute Accounts#register instead of Users#new
    end
  4. Changing controller with namespace.

    Paloma supports namespaces using '/' as delimiter.

    def new
      @user = User.new
      js `Admin/Accounts` # will use Admin/Accounts controller instead of Users controller
    end
    def new
      @user = User.new
      js 'Admin/Accounts#register' # will execute Admin/Accounts#register instead of Users#new
    end

Passing Parameters

You can access the parameters on your Paloma Controller using this.params object.

  1. Parameters only.

    users_controller.rb

    def destroy
       user = User.find params[:id]
       user.destroy
    
       js :id => user.id
    end

    Paloma controller.

    var UsersController = Paloma.controller('Users');
    
    UsersController.prototype.destroy = function(){
     alert('User ' + this.params['id'] + ' is deleted.');
    };
  2. Path with parameters.

    def destroy
      user = User.find params[:id]
      user.destroy
    
      js 'Accounts#delete', :id => user.id
    end

Preventing Paloma Execution

If you want to Paloma not to execute in a specific Rails Controller action you need to pass false as the Paloma parameter.

def edit
  @user = User.find params[:id]
  js false
end

Controller-wide setup

You can call js outside Rails controller actions for global or controller-wide settings.

Example:

class UsersController < ApplicationController
   js 'Accounts' # use Accounts controller instead of Users for all actions.


   def new
      @user = User.new
   end

   def show
      @user = User.find params[:id]
   end
end

Like before_filter you can also pass only and except options.

class UsersController < ApplicationController

   js 'Admin/Accounts', :except => :destroy # Use Admin/Accounts except for destroy method

end

IMPORTANT NOTE: If you are going to pass parameters for Controller-wide settings, put them inside a :params hash.

class UsersController < ApplicationController
  js 'Accounts', :params => {:x => 1, :y => 2, :z => 3}, :only => :show
end

Overriding Controller-wide setup

If you want to override the controller-wide setup, just call js again inside a controller action. From there you can override the controller/action or pass additional parameters.

class UsersController < ApplicationController

   js 'Accounts', :params => {:x => 1}


   def new
      @user = User.new
      js :register, :y => 2 # will execute Accounts#register with params {:x => 1, :y => 2}
   end
end

Hook

insert_paloma_hook is a helper method that you can use in your views to insert Paloma's HTML hook. Inside this HTML hook is where the magic happens. This is the reason why Paloma can magically know what Javascript controller/action to execute. To further understand how Paloma works, you can inspect the HTML hook, by checking the generated HTML (inspect element) and locate the div element that has the class js-paloma-hook.

Ideally, you just need to call insert_paloma_hook in your layouts, since the layout will always be included in every rendered view. But if you are rendering a view without a layout, make sure to call insert_paloma_hook in that view.

AJAX

  1. Make sure that the AJAX response contains the html hook. (use insert_paloma_hook)
  2. Execute the hook and start Paloma's engine on complete/success.

    $.get('http://example.com', function(response){
      $('#result').html(response);
    
      // Execute Paloma hook and start the engine.
      Paloma.executeHook();
      Palama.engine.start();
    });

Turbolinks Support

As of version 4.1.0, Paloma is compatible with Turbolinks without additional setup.

Execute Paloma when user hits Back or Forward button.

Paloma executes page-specific javascript by adding a <script> tag to the response body. Turbolinks, by default, executes any inline javascript in the response body when you visit a page, so the <script> tag appended by Paloma will automatically be executed. However, when Turbolinks restores a page from cache (this happens when a user hits Back or Forward button in his browser) any inline javascript will not be executed anymore. This is the intentional behavior of Turbolinks, and it is not a bug. If you want to execute Paloma again when Turbolinks restores a page, do something like this:

$(document).on('page:restore', function(){
  // Manually evaluates the appended script tag.
  Paloma.executeHook();
});

Turbolinks without jquery.turbolinks gem

You need to manually run Paloma every page load if you are not using jquery.turbolinks gem.

In your application.js

$(document).on('page:load', function(){
   Paloma.executeHook();
   Paloma.engine.start();
});

Gotchas

  • Make sure that the rendered view has the paloma hook (use insert_paloma_hook) for Paloma to execute.

  • It will cause conflicts if you have a controller and a module that has the same name.

    Example:

    var AdminController = Paloma.controller('Admin');
    
    // This will override the AdminController and replace it
    // with a module named 'Admin'.
    var UsersController = Paloma.controller('Admin/Users');

Where to put code?

Again, Paloma is now flexible and doesn't force developers to follow specific directory structure. You have the freedom to create controllers anywhere in your application.

Personally, I prefer having a javascript file for each controller.

Contribute

  1. Fork.
  2. Do awesome things.
  3. Submit Pull-Request to master branch.
  4. Add short summary of changes on your PR.
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.