An easy to use configuration loader that understands sections of settings in an ini style format.
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README.md

Simples-Config v1.0.0

An easy to use configuration loader that understands sections of settings in an ini style format:

[SITE]
title = Sample Site

[NETWORK]
hostname = localhost
port     = 8080

Previously this allowed overrides by environment variables. The environment is no longer checked.

How to use it

An example follows below, but in brief:

  1. Create a file of settings. Whilst the name is unimportant, it is similar enough to an ini file to be worth using that extention.

  2. Use sections to group together related settings.

  3. Use simples-config to acces by individual setting or a section at a time.

Code example

Install the package first:

go get github.com/kcartlidge/simples-config

Then use like this:

package main

import (
    "log"
    simples "github.com/kcartlidge/simples-config"
)

func main() {
    // Create a config object from an ini file.
    c, err := simples.CreateConfig("settings.ini")
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatalln(err.Error())
    }

    // Extract the values (with defaults).
    vs := c.GetString("NETWORK", "DomainName" "localhost")
    vn := c.GetNumber("NETWORK", "Port", 10)

    // Show the results.
    fmt.Println("Domain:", vs)
    fmt.Println("Port:", vn)
}

Getting a value will always fall back to the default if a real value cannot be found (or getNumber cannot convert that value to a number). Therefore there is no need to check for errors.

Configuration file format

The file is expected to follow an extremely simple format and layout. Section and setting keys are always compared without regard to casing; values are trimmed but otherwise untouched.

# Without a section, these go under DEFAULT.
MODE          = Production
PAGE_SIZE     = 10
PROJECT_TITLE = My Example Project

[DATABASE]
MONGODB       = my-long-winded-connection-string:27017
USERNAME      = site_user

# You can fetch sections with a sequence, allowing
# the ordering here to be replicated in your code.
[MENU]
Home         = /home.html
About Me     = /about.html
  • Entries are added to a DEFAULT section until an actual named section is reached.
  • Lines enclosed in [] provide section names for all following lines until another section is declared.
  • Section and key names are not treated as case-sensitive for comparison/lookup purposes.
  • Everything to the left of the first = symbol is the key (though it is trimmed).
  • Everything to the right of the first = symbol is the value (though it is trimmed). This may also include further = symbols, which are then treated exactly as per any other character.
  • Indentation is irrelevant, as is line-spacing.
  • Lines starting with a hash (#) symbol are comments; these are ignored.
  • A duplicate section's entries will be appended to the existing section.

Methods available

CreateConfig

CreateConfig(filename string) (Config, error)

This reads in the given filename. It returns an error if the file could not be loaded. Any lines that are not key/value pairs are ignored.

The main return object is a Config which has the following methods available on it.

GetString

GetString(section, key string, defaultValue string) string

This returns the given section's key's value from the from the loaded configuration file, or the default value.

GetNumber

GetNumber(section, key string, defaultValue int) int

This works the same as GetString but expects to find a number value. If the value is not convertible to a number, the default is returned. Note that by number I mean integer, so whole numbers only.

GetSections

GetSections() []string

Returns a slice with the names of all known sections. Useful for keying into sections dynamically.

GetSection

GetSection(section string)  map[int]Entry

Returns a single section's entries, keyed by sequence (1-based).

Each entry has it's own sequence within it, and these sequences match the ordering in the original ini file. As items are keyed by their sequence, they should be accessed like this:

cnt := len(m)
for i := 1; i <= cnt; i++ {
  e := m[i]
  fmt.Println(i, e.Key, e.Value)
}

In Go simply iterating over the map does not guarantee the order, whereas keying does.

Fetching and running tests

Simply fetch the package and run as usual:

go get github.com/kcartlidge/simples-config
cd $GOPATH/src/github.com/kcartlidge/simples-config
go test

Performance and cacheing

Configuration file settings are cached, and will always reflect the value at launch.

Copyright: K Cartlidge | License: MIT