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## Summary of Changes in version 4.5 ##
### Installation ###
- We are releasing `junit-4.5.jar`, which contains all the classes
necessary to run JUnit, and `junit-dep-4.5.jar`, which leaves out
hamcrest classes, for developers who already use hamcrest outside of
JUnit.
### Basic JUnit operation ###
- JUnitCore now more often exits with the correct exit code (0 for
success, 1 for failure)
- Badly formed test classes (exceptions in constructors, classes
without tests, multiple constructors, Suite without @SuiteClasses)
produce more helpful error messages
- Test classes whose only test methods are inherited from superclasses
now run.
- Optimization to annotation processing can cut JUnit overhead by more than half
on large test classes, especially when using Theories. [Bug 1796847]
- A failing assumption in a constructor ignores the class
- Correct results when comparing the string "null" with potentially
null values. [Bug 1857283]
- Annotating a class with `@RunWith(JUnit4.class)` will always invoke the
default JUnit 4 runner in the current version of JUnit. This default changed
from `JUnit4ClassRunner` in 4.4 to `BlockJUnit4ClassRunner` in 4.5 (see below),
and may change again.
### Extension ###
- `BlockJUnit4Runner` is a new implementation of the standard JUnit 4
test class functionality. In contrast to `JUnit4ClassRunner` (the old
implementation):
- `BlockJUnit4Runner` has a much simpler implementation based on
Statements, allowing new operations to be inserted into the
appropriate point in the execution flow.
- `BlockJUnit4Runner` is published, and extension and reuse are
encouraged, whereas `JUnit4ClassRunner` was in an internal package,
and is now deprecated.
- `ParentRunner` is a base class for runners that iterate over
a list of "children", each an object representing a test or suite to run.
`ParentRunner` provides filtering, sorting, `@BeforeClass`, `@AfterClass`,
and method validation to subclasses.
- `TestClass` wraps a class to be run, providing efficient, repeated access
to all methods with a given annotation.
- The new `RunnerBuilder` API allows extending the behavior of
Suite-like custom runners.
- `AssumptionViolatedException.toString()` is more informative
### Extra Runners ###
- `Parameterized.eachOne()` has been removed
- New runner `Enclosed` runs all static inner classes of an outer class.
### Theories ###
- `@Before` and `@After` methods are run before and after each set of attempted parameters
on a Theory, and each set of parameters is run on a new instance of the test class.
- Exposed API's `ParameterSignature.getType()` and `ParameterSignature.getAnnotations()`
- An array of data points can be introduced by a field or method
marked with the new annotation `@DataPoints`
- The Theories custom runner has been refactored to make it faster and
easier to extend
### Development ###
- Source has been split into directories `src/main/java` and
`src/test/java`, making it easier to exclude tests from builds, and
making JUnit more maven-friendly
- Test classes in `org.junit.tests` have been organized into
subpackages, hopefully making finding tests easier.
- `ResultMatchers` has more informative descriptions.
- `TestSystem` allows testing return codes and other system-level interactions.
### Incompatible changes ###
- Removed Request.classes(String, Class<?>...) factory method
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