Alternate titles: Telempathic Gardening Training Aid, Husbandry of the Fig Tree and John 14:12 Training Aid, John 14:12 Agronomy - Promoting A Reviving Civility Training Aid, GWAAM-Sea™ (Greater Works Agronomy And Mountain Casting to provoke Israel Romans 11:11-15) Gardening and Faith Aid, Entanglement Horticulture
Intended to accelerate the fulfillment of Jesus' prophecy in Matt. 21:21 KJV
If you needed better Wi-Fi + Bluetooth + Micro-SD card functionality, the WEMOS LOLIN D32-Pro would be the next MCU I'll adapt GWAAM-Sea™ to, except it doesn't provide enough digital IO pins. Their other non-Pro D32 does not have enough analog inputs for the sketch version as I left it several months ago nor does it have the SD card. When I get back to this sketch, I intend to revise it to work at slightly reduced functionality for MCUs with only a single analog input. NOTE: This product requires an MCU to operate it. An Arduino UNO is a suitable MCU. Pin D4 is free so it may be stacked on an SD card shield. Other pins in the group D3-D8 are used. Also currently uses A0-3, but recent design changes will allow operation with A0 only if that is all it is allowed, but the sketch is not yet caught up to that level. The potentiometers each require one of the analog input pins, so if only the A0 is there, no gain control nor magnified trace level control will be present. The other two potentiometers shown are for future user-coded use of A6-7 (some MCUs break them out, so there ya' go if you want them for something).
By applying 2.3VDC across a plant, this device allows REAL-TIME observation of a plant’s electrical conductance response to stimuli. That stimulus is expected to be telempathic while an observer learns to utilize telempathy and develop energetic faith (Jas. 5:16), but may be any other non-electric stimulus as well. When compared to plant electrophysiology instrumentation, which observes voltages, this electronics circuitry, which monitors conductance, will not readily (important point there) be able to differentiate between a voltage response and a conductance response, while plant electrophysiology instrumentation can not detect a mere conductance response whatsoever unless a voltage is also present. Said a different way, plant electrophysiology instrumentation reads a voltage signal provided to it by the plant, while the circuitry of this GWAAMC project generates and reads a current signal whose amplitude is changed by, and accurately reflects, the plant's conductance. In effect, the field of Plant Electrophysiology has nothing to do with quantum physics nor entanglement, while plant response by a change in conductivity has no other scientific explanation except the one of quantum entanglement that quantum physics offers.
Used to observe plant tissue conductance while applying a stimulus normally consisting of telempathy as found in Mk 11:14,20 but instead of needing to wait to observe the plant’s physical response, this method renders the plant electrical response (therefore in real time!) with an Arduino MCU plot. The advantage of using a plant’s electrical response rather than its physical response is that electrical response is far more easily magnified and displayed to provide instantaneous feedback to the student or researcher REAL TIME during stimuli application. Observing instant feedback in a simple form takes the otherwise virtually impossible learning process taking hours or days to see a result down to a child’s level. Jesus said we would [“not only”] do this very thing [that He did to the fig tree] (Matt. 21:21), but we’ve never had a means to learn how to before this device was developed. All this enables us to makes "safe places" where we and others can practice on plants, developing from being fig tree killers, if that's where a person is beginning, into healing-wielding philanthropists helping others be made whole. If your support group doesn't have a heart to equip you to that end, find a group that does.
So why in the world would you want to observe a plant's electrical conductivity? Here's the fascinating story:
In the 1960's, a polygraph expert named Cleve Backster (perhaps in a moment of feeling impulsively experimental) attached polygraph electrodes to a plant in his office to see what polygraph results would come from watering the plant. Note that polygraph electrodes are used to monitor electrical conductance changes of what they are attached to. Note also that electrical conductance is mathematically inversely related to electrical resistance, so resistance and conductance are two ways of referring to the exact same electrical property, as caveated following, which is examined by quantifying a resultant electrical current that an applied voltage produces. This is in stark contrast to using electrodes to measure or determine if a voltage (signal) [is] produced by a subject-under-test or device-under-test ("DUT"; the plant, in this case), which would require voltmeter or EEG instrumentation. This project works according to polygraph and GSR (Galvanic Skin Response) principles. I am well aware of the possibility that the electrical property being monitored may not precisely be conductance but rather the appearance of conductance due to something akin to dynamic polarization, electrically speaking, of plant tissues. This could be a vitally important factor to consider in electrode "placement-ology", if you will.
Mr. Backster hooks up his electrodes to his plant and then experiments farther, going so far as eventually to wonder how the plant might respond to getting burnt with a match. Just as he has that thought, he notices the polygraph machine indicated that the electrical conductance of his office plant deviated. He investigated farther and became convinced that the plant was responding to his intentions. You read that correctly. The plant seemed to be aware of Mr. Backster's very intentions to do something to the plant that would substantively affect its well-being, because it responded BEFORE Backster's intended action was ever performed. Mr. Backster pursued the experiment to see if the results consistently indicated the plant was aware of those intentions, and they very much were! At the time, there was no known scientific basis for such a phenomenon as plant awareness to ANY extent, much less to the extent of being super-humanly aware of a person's very thoughts as Mr. Backster observed. Today, quantum physics may offer a scientific explanation for what is happening (...and then again, maybe it can't since it only seems to be offering observations rather than explanations).
Fast-forward to 2006 when Mythbusters television program decided they would investigate the validity of Mr. Backster's observations (Title: Deadly Straw; Season number: 4; Episode number: 22; Air date: September 6, 2006). When Mythbusters used a polygraph machine as Mr. Backster had, their results confirmed the phenomenon, albeit against their will and against their willingness to document its existence. So in order to find a halfway-plausible excuse to keep Episode 22 from disrupting their entertainment-business-as-usual, they switched from using a polygraph machine to using an EEG machine, which measures voltage signals produced by neuron bundles instead of measuring the property of resistance.
To understand how Mythbusters erred in their experiment, you need to realize that measuring a property of something requires the person performing the measurement to produce their own signal and measure the results from applying that signal to the device-under-test. That is what a polygraph machine does. An EEG machine, on the other hand, produces no signal of its own - it measures a subject-produced signal and is specifically designed to measure the specific type of signal that is produced by a central nervous system neuron bundle that is not found in plants but found in higher organisms. Plants have no neurons, silly Mythbusters - they don't produce voltage signals that an EEG machine can detect. Mythbusters ignored their observations obtained from the polygraph machine but thankfully did broadcast the recorded video of their efforts while presenting a deceptive narrative about the positive results so as to try to distract viewers from noticing that they had just proven the existence of "primary perception", as Mr. Backster thought to call his newly-discovered phenomenon.
I am forced by the reality of all the development complexities to strongly suggest that until this sketch has been bug-free at the latest revision level for at least three to four weeks after I claim it to be bug-free, all potential users just hold off unless you are prepared to fix my sketch bugs. Sorry for not being perfect.
In the sketch source code of this project, you'll find some self-explanatory-named constants near the top that you'll need to set for your preferences and configuration. Find and adjust these:
- HIGHEST_SENSI_ADDON_ADC_TYPE (at this time only HX711 is supported)
- look for others in the same source code vicinity (i.e., near the very top of the sketch) that get added as I enhance the code over time
The specific purpose of this project is to monitor electrical conductance changes of plant tissue, such as a leaf, in vivo. Tested with UNO and Leonardo. Mac and Windows are assumed to work as well as Linux. Avoiding STM32F103C8T6 due to bootloader issues in Linux with common USB-serial adapters, avoiding ATTINY85 due to no hardware serial. Other boards having at least one analog input can be used, or add the very inexpensive ADS1115 or HX711 for best resolution. IMPORTANT: When selecting a board you'll use for this project, make sure it has a USB port or that you are otherwise able to fashion serial communications. The output from the Arduino is formatted for input into the Arduino IDE serial plotter rather than the serial monitor.
With the rudimentary (periodic improvements are to be expected to this project) sketch I publish here for you, you can observe for yourself that plants actually can know your sentiments as they relate to the plant's well-being. You'll also need to fashion the electrode system and attach it. I suggest you not get so wrapped up in being scientifically credible that you miss the point of all this. The point is that the electrical conductance of a plant does respond to someone's intent to substantively affect its well-being. The point is NOT that any particular readings can be precisely replicated.
Note: According to Mr. Backster, the plant under test must have already become "acclimated" to the person performing the primary perception procedures for the phenomenon to be observable. Take that to mean what you will. I believe it means you'll need to spend some time initially watering the plant or otherwise caring for it before you can expect significant results from this project. Until I'm shown wrong, I'm fairly certain that hostile or hurtful sentiments toward the plant are counter-productive to sustained acclimation, Mythbusters! If you can video record your success with this phenomenon, I will be very interested in including your resultant YouTube video in my playlist here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5o95K6gCP735crox7Aoe7EkTgvywbxmJ. Note that I am quite UNinterested in videos that express negative sentiments, so I may not link to them. Instead of exercising your negative power over plants, please try to show us results from POSITIVE sentiments...and thank you for that! Note to anyone wanting this device for tobacco, marijuana, coca, weaponizing or similar uses: You'll not have ANY support from me for purposes not intended to make the world a better place. Don't even try to get my support for those type purposes that make the world a worse place rather than better. Notice the period at the end of that statement.
Purchase the components from the vendors suggested (I’ve done the price shopping for you), and build the board in the suggested component order. SMD soldering ability required with SMD packages including MSOP10 and SOT-0201. Those packages require advanced soldering ability. If you need to acquire that level of soldering skill, you may readily do so using SMD solder practice kits and soldering equipment commonly available. I suggest low-temperature paste solder, PCB oven (makeshift can work), and hot air + tip soldering iron.
For those who won’t be able to build their own, their projected cost for us to build each training aid device, test it, and sell it will be in the range of $2000 USD…far more expensive than you might first think. But to see that the most people possible can get the training this device facilitates, we encourage you who can't afford to support GWAAMC to just build your own. DIY'ers building their own GWAAM-Sea training aid will pay for the components the same price that we would pay and from the same vendors we buy from. In making such an arrangement, we are trying to be as consistent as possible to the hallmark of the Kingdom of God: “the Gospel is preached to the poor. ” (Matt. 11:5) "...Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith..." (Jas. 2:5) We can't say this will be an easy project for you (it's hard), but we've done what we can to give you all the building info a DIY'er needs.
You may be interested to read some of the Biblical justification for this project. See the document entitled on that subject listed among the documents of this project.
For those who have any regard to NDEs, you would be interested to research Howard Storm's NDE relative to world lifestyle of the future.
Submit an "Issue" or post in the "Wiki" (tabs above) to have me add your YouTube video to the official playlist for this project.
As of 30 April 2018, this sketch is functional, only requiring low-noise construction techniques of the connections and circuitry. However, until further notice, THIS .INO FILE IS UPDATED OFTEN FOR IMPROVEMENTS AND BUGFIXES.
If you are using the ADS1015 or ADS1115, using a AD8244 is recommended and be sure to install the supporting library Adafruit_ADS1015 since this sketch depends on it. Thank you, Adafruit! If you're using the HX711, using a AD8244 is required and install the .cpp and .h files located here: https://github.com/bogde/HX711 (thank you to bogde) Consideration is being given to adapting a fork of this project to the Raspberry Pi-ish ARM single board computers. This sketch version is FREE so that anyone can enjoy it. For those of you who can afford to support my work on this project, I will offer a "not-free" sketch version when the parts arrive that has the following enhancements:
- Arrange for adjustments of various kinds during run time based on keyboard inputs. The current plotter included with the Arduino IDE does not accommodate this, so this feature will have to be coded with a different language and run by software other than the IDE.
- Use an LM334 or two to prevent power supply noise from plotting (i.e., convert from monitoring resistance to monitoring conductance, which means that power supply noise is eliminated!). A toroid-based noise suppression coil in series with the LM334 might be needed as one of the supporting components. Since the part includes a temperature coefficient, a second one is also needed for offset for stable balance with temperature drift.
- Use digital potentiometer (MCP41XX2 or MCP42XX2) for more automated balancing of the two serial resistances.
Add-on ADCs, especially the more affordable ones, tend to have inputs that are of such low-impedance that they don't work unbuffered in this project where the plant is high impedance (high resistance). That problem might be able to be partially overcome by increasing the leaf surface contact area of the electrodes, but the more reliable and proper way is to buffer the electrodes with an AD8244 when using an outboard ADC (or when using the inboard Analog Inputs if using the TTGO XI/Wemos XI board). Two challenges with that are the added cost would justify using a more expensive, high input impedance ADC. I don't know which one[s] would so work because input impedance is not usually specified in ADC datasheets. The other challenge is the extremely tiny package (MSOP) of the AD8244, not to mention the additional failure risks whenever the complexity and parts count of any electronics device is increased. With the tiny package, the part is very difficult solder and even just keep track of in a hand-constructed project...it is too easily dropped and not easily found afterward. The 'M' in MSOP could just as well mean "microscopic". That said, in the interest of simply moving forward with the project, I'm using the AD8244 in my own development environment, benefiting from the flexibility I gain from using that part to drive whatever ADC I want to develop for. My most recent source buying the AD8244. A recent enhancement of the circuit now allows electric current through the plant tissue of less than a nano ampere to be detected and observed.
"...it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven..." Matt. 14:11
To repeat from few paragraphs above for the sake of emphasis: Note to anyone wanting this device for tobacco, marijuana, coca, or similar uses: You'll not have ANY support from me for purposes which are not intended to make the world a better place. Don't even try to get my support for those type purposes that make the world a worse place rather than better. Notice the period at the end of that statement.
Plans and Arduino sketch for the training aid under GNU General Public License. This project is made possible in large part by DoSpace, a privately owned, non-profit technology library/makerspace in Omaha, NE.