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# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

"""
requests.session
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

This module provides a Session object to manage and persist settings across
requests (cookies, auth, proxies).

"""
import os
from datetime import datetime

from .compat import cookielib
from .cookies import cookiejar_from_dict
from .models import Request, PreparedRequest
from .hooks import default_hooks, dispatch_hook
from .utils import from_key_val_list, default_headers
from .exceptions import TooManyRedirects, InvalidSchema

from .compat import urlparse, urljoin
from .adapters import HTTPAdapter

from .utils import requote_uri, get_environ_proxies, get_netrc_auth

from .status_codes import codes
REDIRECT_STATI = (
    codes.moved, # 301
    codes.found, # 302
    codes.other, # 303
    codes.temporary_moved, # 307
)
DEFAULT_REDIRECT_LIMIT = 30


def merge_kwargs(local_kwarg, default_kwarg):
    """Merges kwarg dictionaries.

If a local key in the dictionary is set to None, it will be removed.
"""

    if default_kwarg is None:
        return local_kwarg

    if isinstance(local_kwarg, str):
        return local_kwarg

    if local_kwarg is None:
        return default_kwarg

    # Bypass if not a dictionary (e.g. timeout)
    if not hasattr(default_kwarg, 'items'):
        return local_kwarg

    default_kwarg = from_key_val_list(default_kwarg)
    local_kwarg = from_key_val_list(local_kwarg)

    # Update new values in a case-insensitive way
    def get_original_key(original_keys, new_key):
        """
Finds the key from original_keys that case-insensitive matches new_key.
"""
        for original_key in original_keys:
            if key.lower() == original_key.lower():
                return original_key
        return new_key

    kwargs = default_kwarg.copy()
    original_keys = kwargs.keys()
    for key, value in local_kwarg.items():
        kwargs[get_original_key(original_keys, key)] = value

    # Remove keys that are set to None.
    for (k, v) in local_kwarg.items():
        if v is None:
            del kwargs[k]

    return kwargs


class SessionRedirectMixin(object):
    def resolve_redirects(self, resp, req, stream=False, timeout=None,
                          verify=True, cert=None, proxies=None):
        """Receives a Response. Returns a generator of Responses."""

        i = 0
        prepared_request = PreparedRequest()
        prepared_request.body = req.body
        prepared_request.headers = req.headers.copy()
        prepared_request.hooks = req.hooks
        prepared_request.method = req.method
        prepared_request.url = req.url

        cookiejar = cookiejar_from_dict({})
        cookiejar.update(self.cookies)
        cookiejar.update(resp.cookies)

        # ((resp.status_code is codes.see_other))
        while (('location' in resp.headers and resp.status_code in REDIRECT_STATI)):

            resp.content # Consume socket so it can be released

            if i >= self.max_redirects:
                raise TooManyRedirects('Exceeded %s redirects.' % self.max_redirects)

            # Release the connection back into the pool.
            resp.close()

            url = resp.headers['location']
            method = prepared_request.method

            # Handle redirection without scheme (see: RFC 1808 Section 4)
            if url.startswith('//'):
                parsed_rurl = urlparse(resp.url)
                url = '%s:%s' % (parsed_rurl.scheme, url)

            # Facilitate non-RFC2616-compliant 'location' headers
            # (e.g. '/path/to/resource' instead of 'http://domain.tld/path/to/resource')
            if not urlparse(url).netloc:
                # Compliant with RFC3986, we percent encode the url.
                url = urljoin(resp.url, requote_uri(url))

            prepared_request.url = url

            # http://www.w3.org/Protocols/rfc2616/rfc2616-sec10.html#sec10.3.4
            if (resp.status_code == codes.see_other and
                    prepared_request.method != 'HEAD'):
                method = 'GET'

            # Do what the browsers do, despite standards...
            if (resp.status_code in (codes.moved, codes.found) and
                    prepared_request.method == 'POST'):
                method = 'GET'

            prepared_request.method = method

            # https://github.com/kennethreitz/requests/issues/1084
            if resp.status_code not in (codes.temporary, codes.resume):
                if 'Content-Length' in prepared_request.headers:
                    del prepared_request.headers['Content-Length']

                prepared_request.body = None

            headers = prepared_request.headers
            try:
                del headers['Cookie']
            except KeyError:
                pass

            prepared_request.prepare_cookies(cookiejar)

            resp = self.send(
                prepared_request,
                stream=stream,
                timeout=timeout,
                verify=verify,
                cert=cert,
                proxies=proxies,
                allow_redirects=False,
            )

            cookiejar.update(resp.cookies)

            i += 1
            yield resp

        resp.cookies.update(cookiejar)


class Session(SessionRedirectMixin):
    """A Requests session.

Provides cookie persistience, connection-pooling, and configuration.

Basic Usage::

>>> import requests
>>> s = requests.Session()
>>> s.get('http://httpbin.org/get')
200
"""

    __attrs__ = [
        'headers', 'cookies', 'auth', 'timeout', 'proxies', 'hooks',
        'params', 'verify', 'cert', 'prefetch', 'adapters', 'stream',
        'trust_env', 'max_redirects']

    def __init__(self):

        #: A case-insensitive dictionary of headers to be sent on each
        #: :class:`Request <Request>` sent from this
        #: :class:`Session <Session>`.
        self.headers = default_headers()

        #: Default Authentication tuple or object to attach to
        #: :class:`Request <Request>`.
        self.auth = None

        #: Dictionary mapping protocol to the URL of the proxy (e.g.
        #: {'http': 'foo.bar:3128'}) to be used on each
        #: :class:`Request <Request>`.
        self.proxies = {}

        #: Event-handling hooks.
        self.hooks = default_hooks()

        #: Dictionary of querystring data to attach to each
        #: :class:`Request <Request>`. The dictionary values may be lists for
        #: representing multivalued query parameters.
        self.params = {}

        #: Stream response content default.
        self.stream = False

        #: SSL Verification default.
        self.verify = True

        #: SSL certificate default.
        self.cert = None

        #: Maximum number of redirects to follow.
        self.max_redirects = DEFAULT_REDIRECT_LIMIT

        #: Should we trust the environment?
        self.trust_env = True

        # Set up a CookieJar to be used by default
        self.cookies = cookiejar_from_dict({})

        # Default connection adapters.
        self.adapters = {}
        self.mount('http://', HTTPAdapter())
        self.mount('https://', HTTPAdapter())

    def __enter__(self):
        return self

    def __exit__(self, *args):
        self.close()

    def request(self, method, url,
        params=None,
        data=None,
        headers=None,
        cookies=None,
        files=None,
        auth=None,
        timeout=None,
        allow_redirects=True,
        proxies=None,
        hooks=None,
        stream=None,
        verify=None,
        cert=None):
        """Constructs a :class:`Request <Request>`, prepares it and sends it.
Returns :class:`Response <Response>` object.

:param method: method for the new :class:`Request` object.
:param url: URL for the new :class:`Request` object.
:param params: (optional) Dictionary or bytes to be sent in the query
string for the :class:`Request`.
:param data: (optional) Dictionary or bytes to send in the body of the
:class:`Request`.
:param headers: (optional) Dictionary of HTTP Headers to send with the
:class:`Request`.
:param cookies: (optional) Dict or CookieJar object to send with the
:class:`Request`.
:param files: (optional) Dictionary of 'filename': file-like-objects
for multipart encoding upload.
:param auth: (optional) Auth tuple or callable to enable
Basic/Digest/Custom HTTP Auth.
:param timeout: (optional) Float describing the timeout of the
request.
:param allow_redirects: (optional) Boolean. Set to True by default.
:param proxies: (optional) Dictionary mapping protocol to the URL of
the proxy.
:param stream: (optional) whether to immediately download the response
content. Defaults to ``False``.
:param verify: (optional) if ``True``, the SSL cert will be verified.
A CA_BUNDLE path can also be provided.
:param cert: (optional) if String, path to ssl client cert file (.pem).
If Tuple, ('cert', 'key') pair.
"""

        cookies = cookies or {}
        proxies = proxies or {}

        # Bootstrap CookieJar.
        if not isinstance(cookies, cookielib.CookieJar):
            cookies = cookiejar_from_dict(cookies)

        # Merge with session cookies
        merged_cookies = self.cookies.copy()
        merged_cookies.update(cookies)
        cookies = merged_cookies

        # Gather clues from the surrounding environment.
        if self.trust_env:
            # Set environment's proxies.
            env_proxies = get_environ_proxies(url) or {}
            for (k, v) in env_proxies.items():
                proxies.setdefault(k, v)

            # Set environment's basic authentication.
            if not auth:
                auth = get_netrc_auth(url)

            # Look for configuration.
            if not verify and verify is not False:
                verify = os.environ.get('REQUESTS_CA_BUNDLE')

            # Curl compatibility.
            if not verify and verify is not False:
                verify = os.environ.get('CURL_CA_BUNDLE')

        # Merge all the kwargs.
        params = merge_kwargs(params, self.params)
        headers = merge_kwargs(headers, self.headers)
        auth = merge_kwargs(auth, self.auth)
        proxies = merge_kwargs(proxies, self.proxies)
        hooks = merge_kwargs(hooks, self.hooks)
        stream = merge_kwargs(stream, self.stream)
        verify = merge_kwargs(verify, self.verify)
        cert = merge_kwargs(cert, self.cert)

        # Create the Request.
        req = Request()
        req.method = method.upper()
        req.url = url
        req.headers = headers
        req.files = files
        req.data = data
        req.params = params
        req.auth = auth
        req.cookies = cookies
        req.hooks = hooks

        # Prepare the Request.
        prep = req.prepare()

        # Send the request.
        send_kwargs = {
            'stream': stream,
            'timeout': timeout,
            'verify': verify,
            'cert': cert,
            'proxies': proxies,
            'allow_redirects': allow_redirects,
        }
        resp = self.send(prep, **send_kwargs)

        # Persist cookies.
        self.cookies.update(resp.cookies)

        return resp

    def get(self, url, **kwargs):
        """Sends a GET request. Returns :class:`Response` object.

:param url: URL for the new :class:`Request` object.
:param \*\*kwargs: Optional arguments that ``request`` takes.
"""

        kwargs.setdefault('allow_redirects', True)
        return self.request('GET', url, **kwargs)

    def options(self, url, **kwargs):
        """Sends a OPTIONS request. Returns :class:`Response` object.

:param url: URL for the new :class:`Request` object.
:param \*\*kwargs: Optional arguments that ``request`` takes.
"""

        kwargs.setdefault('allow_redirects', True)
        return self.request('OPTIONS', url, **kwargs)

    def head(self, url, **kwargs):
        """Sends a HEAD request. Returns :class:`Response` object.

:param url: URL for the new :class:`Request` object.
:param \*\*kwargs: Optional arguments that ``request`` takes.
"""

        kwargs.setdefault('allow_redirects', False)
        return self.request('HEAD', url, **kwargs)

    def post(self, url, data=None, **kwargs):
        """Sends a POST request. Returns :class:`Response` object.

:param url: URL for the new :class:`Request` object.
:param data: (optional) Dictionary, bytes, or file-like object to send in the body of the :class:`Request`.
:param \*\*kwargs: Optional arguments that ``request`` takes.
"""

        return self.request('POST', url, data=data, **kwargs)

    def put(self, url, data=None, **kwargs):
        """Sends a PUT request. Returns :class:`Response` object.

:param url: URL for the new :class:`Request` object.
:param data: (optional) Dictionary, bytes, or file-like object to send in the body of the :class:`Request`.
:param \*\*kwargs: Optional arguments that ``request`` takes.
"""

        return self.request('PUT', url, data=data, **kwargs)

    def patch(self, url, data=None, **kwargs):
        """Sends a PATCH request. Returns :class:`Response` object.

:param url: URL for the new :class:`Request` object.
:param data: (optional) Dictionary, bytes, or file-like object to send in the body of the :class:`Request`.
:param \*\*kwargs: Optional arguments that ``request`` takes.
"""

        return self.request('PATCH', url, data=data, **kwargs)

    def delete(self, url, **kwargs):
        """Sends a DELETE request. Returns :class:`Response` object.

:param url: URL for the new :class:`Request` object.
:param \*\*kwargs: Optional arguments that ``request`` takes.
"""

        return self.request('DELETE', url, **kwargs)

    def send(self, request, **kwargs):
        """Send a given PreparedRequest."""
        # Set defaults that the hooks can utilize to ensure they always have
        # the correct parameters to reproduce the previous request.
        kwargs.setdefault('stream', self.stream)
        kwargs.setdefault('verify', self.verify)
        kwargs.setdefault('cert', self.cert)
        kwargs.setdefault('proxies', self.proxies)

        # It's possible that users might accidentally send a Request object.
        # Guard against that specific failure case.
        if getattr(request, 'prepare', None):
            raise ValueError('You can only send PreparedRequests.')

        # Set up variables needed for resolve_redirects and dispatching of
        # hooks
        allow_redirects = kwargs.pop('allow_redirects', True)
        stream = kwargs.get('stream')
        timeout = kwargs.get('timeout')
        verify = kwargs.get('verify')
        cert = kwargs.get('cert')
        proxies = kwargs.get('proxies')
        hooks = request.hooks

        # Get the appropriate adapter to use
        adapter = self.get_adapter(url=request.url)

        # Start time (approximately) of the request
        start = datetime.utcnow()
        # Send the request
        r = adapter.send(request, **kwargs)
        # Total elapsed time of the request (approximately)
        r.elapsed = datetime.utcnow() - start

        # Response manipulation hooks
        r = dispatch_hook('response', hooks, r, **kwargs)

        # Redirect resolving generator.
        gen = self.resolve_redirects(r, request, stream=stream,
                                     timeout=timeout, verify=verify, cert=cert,
                                     proxies=proxies)

        # Resolve redirects if allowed.
        history = [resp for resp in gen] if allow_redirects else []

        # Shuffle things around if there's history.
        if history:
            # Insert the first (original) request at the start
            history.insert(0, r)
            # Get the last request made
            r = history.pop()
            r.history = tuple(history)

        return r

    def get_adapter(self, url):
        """Returns the appropriate connnection adapter for the given URL."""
        for (prefix, adapter) in self.adapters.items():

            if url.startswith(prefix):
                return adapter

        # Nothing matches :-/
        raise InvalidSchema("No connection adapters were found for '%s'" % url)

    def close(self):
        """Closes all adapters and as such the session"""
        for _, v in self.adapters.items():
            v.close()

    def mount(self, prefix, adapter):
        """Registers a connection adapter to a prefix."""
        self.adapters[prefix] = adapter

    def __getstate__(self):
        return dict((attr, getattr(self, attr, None)) for attr in self.__attrs__)

    def __setstate__(self, state):
        for attr, value in state.items():
            setattr(self, attr, value)


def session():
    """Returns a :class:`Session` for context-management."""

    return Session()
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