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README.md

invalidate-module

Build Status npm

Removes a module and all of its dependents from the require cache, so that subsequent requires of that module or any of its dependents will return new copies.

Useful for implementing a hot-reloading environment for Node.js programs in watch mode.

e.g. iterating on a static site generator that uses server side rendered React components for templating.

Install

npm install invalidate-module

Usage

Start the module dependencies tracking by requiring invalidate-module.

const invalidate = require('invalidate-module');

Call invalidate() with the absolute path of a module to remove it and its dependents from require.cache.

invalidate(require.resolve('./my-module'));

Note that you must provide the absolute path of the module, so use something like require.resolve() or path.resolve().

Now the next time you call require('./my-module'), it will return a new copy of ./my-module instead of a cached copy.

Example

Example when used with a watcher like chokidar:

// watch.js
const chokidar = require('chokidar');
const invalidate = require('invalidate-module');
const path = require('path');

const watcher = chokidar.watch('*.js', { ignoreInitial: true });

require('./a');

watcher.on('all', (event, filename) => {
  invalidate(path.resolve(filename));
  require('./a');
});
// a.js
require('./b');
console.log('this is module a');
// b.js
console.log('this is module b');

Running watch.js will call require('./a') which prints:

this is module b
this is module a

If you make this change to a.js and save:

// a.js
require('./b');
console.log('this is module a, version 2');

The watcher callback will fire and invalidate a.js so that require('./a') loads the new version and this gets logged:

this is module a version 2

Because b.js is still in require.cache, the require('./b') does nothing.

If you make this change to b.js and save:

// b.js
console.log('this is module b version 2');

b.js and its dependent a.js will be invalidated and re-running require('./a') in the watch callback will log:

this is module b v2
this is module a v2

Details

At the time of requiring this module, node's require() is monkey-patched so that subsequent calls will add the caller module and the required module to a graph. When you call invalidate() on a module, it deletes the module from require.cache and then it uses the graph to get the module's dependents and deletes them from require.cache as well.

Debug

Running with env vars DEBUG=invalidate-module will log the modules that are deleted from require.cache.

Further Reading

About

Removes a module and all of its dependents from the require cache

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