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'''Train a simple deep CNN on the CIFAR10 small images dataset.
It gets to 75% validation accuracy in 25 epochs, and 79% after 50 epochs.
(it's still underfitting at that point, though).
'''
from __future__ import print_function
import keras
from keras.datasets import cifar10
from keras.preprocessing.image import ImageDataGenerator
from keras.models import Sequential
from keras.layers import Dense, Dropout, Activation, Flatten
from keras.layers import Conv2D, MaxPooling2D
import os
batch_size = 32
num_classes = 10
epochs = 100
data_augmentation = True
num_predictions = 20
save_dir = os.path.join(os.getcwd(), 'saved_models')
model_name = 'keras_cifar10_trained_model.h5'
# The data, split between train and test sets:
(x_train, y_train), (x_test, y_test) = cifar10.load_data()
print('x_train shape:', x_train.shape)
print(x_train.shape[0], 'train samples')
print(x_test.shape[0], 'test samples')
# Convert class vectors to binary class matrices.
y_train = keras.utils.to_categorical(y_train, num_classes)
y_test = keras.utils.to_categorical(y_test, num_classes)
model = Sequential()
model.add(Conv2D(32, (3, 3), padding='same',
input_shape=x_train.shape[1:]))
model.add(Activation('relu'))
model.add(Conv2D(32, (3, 3)))
model.add(Activation('relu'))
model.add(MaxPooling2D(pool_size=(2, 2)))
model.add(Dropout(0.25))
model.add(Conv2D(64, (3, 3), padding='same'))
model.add(Activation('relu'))
model.add(Conv2D(64, (3, 3)))
model.add(Activation('relu'))
model.add(MaxPooling2D(pool_size=(2, 2)))
model.add(Dropout(0.25))
model.add(Flatten())
model.add(Dense(512))
model.add(Activation('relu'))
model.add(Dropout(0.5))
model.add(Dense(num_classes))
model.add(Activation('softmax'))
# initiate RMSprop optimizer
opt = keras.optimizers.rmsprop(lr=0.0001, decay=1e-6)
# Let's train the model using RMSprop
model.compile(loss='categorical_crossentropy',
optimizer=opt,
metrics=['accuracy'])
x_train = x_train.astype('float32')
x_test = x_test.astype('float32')
x_train /= 255
x_test /= 255
if not data_augmentation:
print('Not using data augmentation.')
model.fit(x_train, y_train,
batch_size=batch_size,
epochs=epochs,
validation_data=(x_test, y_test),
shuffle=True)
else:
print('Using real-time data augmentation.')
# This will do preprocessing and realtime data augmentation:
datagen = ImageDataGenerator(
featurewise_center=False, # set input mean to 0 over the dataset
samplewise_center=False, # set each sample mean to 0
featurewise_std_normalization=False, # divide inputs by std of the dataset
samplewise_std_normalization=False, # divide each input by its std
zca_whitening=False, # apply ZCA whitening
zca_epsilon=1e-06, # epsilon for ZCA whitening
rotation_range=0, # randomly rotate images in the range (degrees, 0 to 180)
# randomly shift images horizontally (fraction of total width)
width_shift_range=0.1,
# randomly shift images vertically (fraction of total height)
height_shift_range=0.1,
shear_range=0., # set range for random shear
zoom_range=0., # set range for random zoom
channel_shift_range=0., # set range for random channel shifts
# set mode for filling points outside the input boundaries
fill_mode='nearest',
cval=0., # value used for fill_mode = "constant"
horizontal_flip=True, # randomly flip images
vertical_flip=False, # randomly flip images
# set rescaling factor (applied before any other transformation)
rescale=None,
# set function that will be applied on each input
preprocessing_function=None,
# image data format, either "channels_first" or "channels_last"
data_format=None,
# fraction of images reserved for validation (strictly between 0 and 1)
validation_split=0.0)
# Compute quantities required for feature-wise normalization
# (std, mean, and principal components if ZCA whitening is applied).
datagen.fit(x_train)
# Fit the model on the batches generated by datagen.flow().
model.fit_generator(datagen.flow(x_train, y_train,
batch_size=batch_size),
epochs=epochs,
validation_data=(x_test, y_test),
workers=4)
# Save model and weights
if not os.path.isdir(save_dir):
os.makedirs(save_dir)
model_path = os.path.join(save_dir, model_name)
model.save(model_path)
print('Saved trained model at %s ' % model_path)
# Score trained model.
scores = model.evaluate(x_test, y_test, verbose=1)
print('Test loss:', scores[0])
print('Test accuracy:', scores[1])