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README.md

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Terraform Provider Kong

The Kong Terraform Provider tested against real Kong!

v5.0.0 of the provider supports Terraform 0.12

IMPORTANT

This provider now supports kong v1.0.0 and onwards ONLY (from v2.0.0 onwards of provider). Since the release of Kong v1.0.0 has many breaking changes (e.g. removing APIs) this provider is no longer compatible with version of kong pre v1.0.0. If you want to use the provider with versions of kong pre v1.0.0 then please checkout branch kong-pre-1.0.0 or use a version of the provider v1.9.2 or less.

Due to compatibility issues I have had to remove some of the properties on the resources. Most notability for a plugin you can only configure it using the config_json property the config property has been removed. This is due to some internal changes that have been made to kong in v1.0.0.

Requirements

  • Terraform 0.10.x
  • Go 1.8 (to build the provider plugin)

Usage

First, install the desired plugin release following Terraform's Third-party plugin docs.

To configure the provider:

provider "kong" {
    kong_admin_uri = "http://myKong:8001"
}

Optionally you can configure Username and Password for BasicAuth:

provider "kong" {
    kong_admin_uri  = "http://myKong:8001"
    kong_admin_username = "youruser"
    kong_admin_password = "yourpass"
}

You can use environment variables to set the provider properties instead. The following table shows all of the config options, the corresponding environment variables and their property defaults if you do not set them. When using the kong_api_key parameter ensure that the key name parameter in the key-auth plugin is set to apikey.

Provider property Env variable Default if not set Use
kong_admin_uri KONG_ADMIN_ADDR http://localhost:8001 The url of the kong admin api
kong_admin_username KONG_ADMIN_USERNAME not set Username for the kong admin api
kong_admin_password KONG_ADMIN_PASSWORD not set Password for the kong admin api
tls_skip_verify TLS_SKIP_VERIFY false Whether to skip tls certificate verification for the kong api when using https
kong_api_key KONG_API_KEY not set API key used to secure the kong admin API
kong_admin_token KONG_ADMIN_TOKEN not set API key used to secure the kong admin API in the Enterprise Edition
strict_plugins_match STRICT_PLUGINS_MATCH false Should plugins config_json field strictly match plugin configuration

Resources

Services

resource "kong_service" "service" {
	name     	= "test"
	protocol 	= "http"
	host     	= "test.org"
	port     	= 8080
	path     	= "/mypath"
	retries  	= 5
	connect_timeout = 1000
	write_timeout 	= 2000
	read_timeout  	= 3000
}

The service resource maps directly onto the json for the service endpoint in Kong. For more information on the parameters see the Kong Service create documentation.

To import a service:

terraform import kong_service.<service_identifier> <service_id>

Routes

resource "kong_route" "route" {
    name            = "MyRoute"
	protocols 	    = [ "http", "https" ]
	methods 	    = [ "GET", "POST" ]
	hosts 		    = [ "example2.com" ]
	paths 		    = [ "/test" ]
	strip_path 	    = false
	preserve_host 	= true
	regex_priority 	= 1
	service_id 	    = "${kong_service.service.id}"
}

The route resource maps directly onto the json for the route endpoint in Kong. For more information on the parameters see the Kong Route create documentation.

To create a tcp/tls route you set sources and destinations by repeating the corresponding element (source or destination) for each source or destination you want, for example:

resource "kong_route" "route" {
	protocols 		= [ "tcp" ]
	strip_path 		= true
	preserve_host 	= false
	source {
		ip   = "192.168.1.1"
		port = 80
	}
	source {
		ip   = "192.168.1.2"
	}
	destination {
		ip 	 = "172.10.1.1"
		port = 81
	}
	snis			= ["foo.com"]
	service_id  	= "${kong_service.service.id}"
}

To import a route:

terraform import kong_route.<route_identifier> <route_id>

Plugins

resource "kong_plugin" "rate_limit" {
	name        = "rate-limiting"	
	config_json = <<EOT
	{
		"second": 5,
		"hour" : 1000
	}
EOT

The config_json is passed through to the plugin to configure it as is. Note that the old config property has been removed due to incompatibility issues with kong v1.0.0. Having the config_json property gives you ultimate flexibility to configure the plugin.

To apply a plugin to a consumer use the consumer_id property, for example:

resource "kong_consumer" "plugin_consumer" {
	username  = "PluginUser"
	custom_id = "567"
}

resource "kong_plugin" "rate_limit" {
	name        = "rate-limiting"
	consumer_id = "${kong_consumer.plugin_consumer.id}"
	config_json = <<EOT
	{
		"second": 5,
		"hour" : 1000
	}
EOT
}

To apply a plugin to a service use the service_id property, for example:

resource "kong_service" "service" {
	name     = "test"
	protocol = "http"
	host     = "test.org"
}

resource "kong_plugin" "rate_limit" {
	name        = "rate-limiting"
	service_id = "${kong_service.service.id}"
	config_json = <<EOT
	{
		"second": 10,
		"hour" : 2000
	}
EOT
}

To apply a plugin to a route use the route_id property, for example:

resource "kong_service" "service" {
	name     = "test"
	protocol = "http"
	host     = "test.org"
}

resource "kong_plugin" "rate_limit" {
	name        = "rate-limiting"
	enabled     = true
	service_id = "${kong_service.service.id}"
	config_json = <<EOT
	{
		"second": 11,
		"hour" : 4000
	}
EOT
}

The plugin resource maps directly onto the json for the API endpoint in Kong. For more information on the parameters see the Kong Api create documentation.

To import a plugin:

terraform import kong_plugin.<plugin_identifier> <plugin_id>

Configure plugins for a consumer

Some plugins allow you to configure them for a specific consumer for example the jwt and key-auth plugins. To configure a plugin for a consumer this terraform provider provides a generic way to do this for all plugins the kong_consumer_plugin_config resource.

resource "kong_consumer_plugin_config" "consumer_jwt_config" {
	consumer_id = "876bf719-8f18-4ce5-cc9f-5b5af6c36007"
	plugin_name = "jwt"
	config_json = <<EOT
	{
		"key": "my_key",
		"secret": "my_secret"
	}
EOT
}

The example above shows configuring the jwt plugin for a consumer.

consumer_id is the consumer id you want to configure the plugin for plugin_name the name of the plugin you want to configure config_json this is the configuration json for how you want to configure the plugin. The json is passed straight through to kong as is. You can get the json config from the Kong documentation page of the plugin you are configuring

Here is another example using the acl plugin:

resource "kong_consumer_plugin_config" "consumer_acl_config" {
consumer_id = "876bf719-8f18-4ce5-cc9f-5b5af6c36007"
	plugin_name = "acls"
	config_json = <<EOT
	{
		"group": "your_acl_group"
	}
EOT
}

Consumers

resource "kong_consumer" "consumer" {
    username  = "User1"
    custom_id = "123"
}

The consumer resource maps directly onto the json for creating an Consumer in Kong. For more information on the parameters see the Kong Consumer create documentation.

To import a consumer:

terraform import kong_consumer.<consumer_identifier> <consumer_id>

Certificates

resource "kong_certificate" "certificate" {
    certificate  = "public key --- 123 ----"
    private_key = "private key --- 456 ----"
}

certificate should be the public key of your certificate it is mapped to the Cert parameter on the Kong API. private_key should be the private key of your certificate it is mapped to the Key parameter on the Kong API.

For more information on creating certificates in Kong see their documentation

To import a certificate:

terraform import kong_certificate.<certifcate_identifier> <certificate_id>

SNIs

resource "kong_certificate" "certificate" {
    certificate  = "public key --- 123 ----"
    private_key  = "private key --- 456 ----"
}

resource "kong_sni" "sni" {
    name  	   = "www.example.com"
    certificate_id = "${kong_certificate.certificate.id}"
}

name is your domain you want to assign to the certificate certificate_id is the id of a certificate

For more information on creating SNIs in Kong see their documentaton

To import a SNI:

terraform import kong_sni.<sni_identifier> <sni_id>

Upstreams

resource "kong_upstream" "upstream" {
    name                 = "sample_upstream"
    slots                = 10
    hash_on              = "header"
    hash_fallback        = "cookie"
    hash_on_header       = "HeaderName"
    hash_fallback_header = "FallbackHeaderName"
    hash_on_cookie       = "CookieName"
    hash_on_cookie_path  = "/path"
    healthchecks {
        active {
            type                     = "https"
            http_path                = "/status"
            timeout                  = 10
            concurrency              = 20
            https_verify_certificate = false
            https_sni                = "some.domain.com"
            healthy {
                successes = 1
                interval  = 5
                http_statuses = [200, 201]
            }
            unhealthy {
                timeouts      = 7
                interval      = 3
                tcp_failures  = 1
                http_failures = 2
                http_statuses = [500, 501]
            }
        }
        passive {
            type    = "https"
            healthy {
                successes = 1
                http_statuses = [200, 201, 202]
            }
            unhealthy {
                timeouts      = 3
                tcp_failures  = 5
                http_failures = 6
                http_statuses = [500, 501, 502]
            }
        }
    }
}
  • name is a hostname, which must be equal to the host of a Service.
  • slots is the number of slots in the load balancer algorithm (10-65536, defaults to 10000).
  • hash_on is a hashing input type: none (resulting in a weighted-round-robin scheme with no hashing), consumer, ip, header, or cookie. Defaults to none.
  • hash_fallback is a hashing input type if the primary hash_on does not return a hash (eg. header is missing, or no consumer identified). One of: none, consumer, ip, header, or cookie. Not available if hash_on is set to cookie. Defaults to none.
  • hash_on_header is a header name to take the value from as hash input. Only required when hash_on is set to header. Default nil.
  • hash_fallback_header is a header name to take the value from as hash input. Only required when hash_fallback is set to header. Default nil.
  • hash_on_cookie is a cookie name to take the value from as hash input. Only required when hash_on or hash_fallback is set to cookie. If the specified cookie is not in the request, Kong will generate a value and set the cookie in the response. Default nil.
  • hash_on_cookie_path is a cookie path to set in the response headers. Only required when hash_on or hash_fallback is set to cookie. Defaults to /.
  • healthchecks.active.type is a active health check type. HTTP or HTTPS, or just attempt a TCP connection. Possible values are tcp, http or https. Defaults to http.
  • healthchecks.active.timeout is a socket timeout for active health checks (in seconds). Defaults to 1.
  • healthchecks.active.concurrency is a number of targets to check concurrently in active health checks. Defaults to 10.
  • healthchecks.active.http_path is a path to use in GET HTTP request to run as a probe on active health checks. Defaults to /.
  • healthchecks.active.https_verify_certificate check the validity of the SSL certificate of the remote host when performing active health checks using HTTPS. Defaults to true.
  • healthchecks.active.https_sni is the hostname to use as an SNI (Server Name Identification) when performing active health checks using HTTPS. This is particularly useful when Targets are configured using IPs, so that the target host’s certificate can be verified with the proper SNI. Default nil.
  • healthchecks.active.healthy.interval is an interval between active health checks for healthy targets (in seconds). A value of zero indicates that active probes for healthy targets should not be performed. Defaults to 0.
  • healthchecks.active.healthy.successes is a number of successes in active probes (as defined by healthchecks.active.healthy.http_statuses) to consider a target healthy. Defaults to 0.
  • healthchecks.active.healthy.http_statuses is an array of HTTP statuses to consider a success, indicating healthiness, when returned by a probe in active health checks. Defaults to [200, 302].
  • healthchecks.active.unhealthy.interval is an interval between active health checks for unhealthy targets (in seconds). A value of zero indicates that active probes for unhealthy targets should not be performed. Defaults to 0.
  • healthchecks.active.unhealthy.tcp_failures is a number of TCP failures in active probes to consider a target unhealthy. Defaults to 0.
  • healthchecks.active.unhealthy.http_failures is a number of HTTP failures in active probes (as defined by healthchecks.active.unhealthy.http_statuses) to consider a target unhealthy. Defaults to 0.
  • healthchecks.active.unhealthy.timeouts is a number of timeouts in active probes to consider a target unhealthy. Defaults to 0.
  • healthchecks.active.unhealthy.http_statuses is an array of HTTP statuses to consider a failure, indicating unhealthiness, when returned by a probe in active health checks. Defaults to [429, 404, 500, 501, 502, 503, 504, 505].
  • healthchecks.passive.type is a passive health check type. Interpreting HTTP/HTTPS statuses, or just check for TCP connection success. Possible values are tcp, http or https (in passive checks, http and https options are equivalent.). Defaults to http.
  • healthchecks.passive.healthy.successes is a Number of successes in proxied traffic (as defined by healthchecks.passive.healthy.http_statuses) to consider a target healthy, as observed by passive health checks. Defaults to 0.
  • healthchecks.passive.healthy.http_statuses is an array of HTTP statuses which represent healthiness when produced by proxied traffic, as observed by passive health checks. Defaults to [200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208, 226, 300, 301, 302, 303, 304, 305, 306, 307, 308].
  • healthchecks.passive.unhealthy.tcp_failures is a number of TCP failures in proxied traffic to consider a target unhealthy, as observed by passive health checks. Defaults to 0.
  • healthchecks.passive.unhealthy.http_failures is a number of HTTP failures in proxied traffic (as defined by healthchecks.passive.unhealthy.http_statuses) to consider a target unhealthy, as observed by passive health checks. Defaults to 0.
  • healthchecks.passive.unhealthy.timeouts is a number of timeouts in proxied traffic to consider a target unhealthy, as observed by passive health checks. Defaults to 0.
  • healthchecks.passive.unhealthy.http_statuses is an array of HTTP statuses which represent unhealthiness when produced by proxied traffic, as observed by passive health checks. Defaults to [429, 500, 503].

To import an upstream:

terraform import kong_upstream.<upstream_identifier> <upstream_id>

Targets

resource "kong_target" "target" {
    target  		= "sample_target:80"
    weight 	  	= 10
    upstream_id = "${kong_upstream.upstream.id}"
}

target is the target address (IP or hostname) and port. If omitted the port defaults to 8000. weight is the weight this target gets within the upstream load balancer (0-1000, defaults to 100). upstream_id is the id of the upstream to apply this target to.

To import a target use a combination of the upstream id and the target id as follows:

terraform import kong_target.<target_identifier> <upstream_id>/<target_id>

Contributing

I would love to get contributions to the project so please feel free to submit a PR. To setup your dev station you need go and docker installed.

Once you have cloned the repository the env TF_ACC=1 make command will build the code and run all of the tests. If they all pass then you are good to go!

If when you run the make command you get the following error:

goimports needs running on the following files:

Then all you need to do is run make goimports this will reformat all of the code (I know awesome)!!

Please write tests for your new feature/bug fix, PRs will only be accepted with covering tests and where all tests pass. If you want to start work on a feature feel free to open a PR early so we can discuss it or if you need help.

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