A process-based raytracer written to show off early versions of Rust
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NOTE: This repository was created over two years ago and was built on Rust 0.7. Since this project's inception, Rust has gone through significant changes that have made it a more elegant, mature language—however, in this process, Rust-Raytracer has become obsolete and uncompilable. I'm leaving this repository here for legacy purposes and to support the wonderful contributions of Professor David Evans at the University of Virginia for the betterment of the Rust community.

Rust-Raytracer is a complete 3D renderer written in Rust! This program simulates the movement of light in a user-provided scene in order to produce "realistic" images with great mathematic accuracy. Some key features include:

  • Concurrency: Lightweight "rust tasks" are spawned for each ray, taking advantage of the safety and power of Rust
  • Accuracy: Phong and Lambertian shading schemes are used to make scene objects react realistically to light
  • Customization: Users can create their own scenes by modifying load.ray
  • Universal Output: PPM file output is lightweight and multi-platform, Rust-Raytracer renders directly to render.ppm

Using rust-raytracer is a snap: simply download geometry.rs and load.ray, compile geometry.rs, and run!

Rust-Raytracer was created with love by Kevin McVey, Kelvin Green, Nathaniel Hart, and Jon Goss from the University of Virginia as a part of CS4414 - Operating Systems, the world's first collegiate course to use Rust.

Scene Setup Commands

Rust-Raytracer automatically loads scene-graph definitions from the included load.ray file. Its markup is documented below. Note that the coordinate system has an origin at (0, 0, 0) and negative values are acceptable. Colors are defined using floating point numbers ranging from 0 to 1; (0.0, 0.5, 1.0) for instance, would render the hex color #007FFF.

px py pz
dx dy dz
ux uy uz
rx ry rz

This defines a camera placed as position (px, py, pz), facing in direction (dx, dy, dz), with up-vector (ux, uy, uz), and right-vector (rx, ry, rz). The "height angle" is given by ra such that the "width angle" can be found by multiplying this value by the aspect ratio of the image. 0.5 is used for a square.

r g b

This defines a background of color (r, g, b).

r g b

This defines the scene's ambient light at color (r, g, b).

er eg eb
ar ag ab
dr dg db
sr sg sb sfo

This defines a material that can be applied to a shape. The shape's emissive, ambient, diffuse, and specular light properties are defined as rgb color triplets as shown above. "sfo" denotes the specular falloff of the specular highlight of the material. This ranges from 0.0 to 128.0.

#shape_sphere mat
px py pz

This defines a sphere centered at position (px, py, pz) with radius r. The material given to it is an integer in place of "mat." Note that materials are zero-indexed, 0 refers to the first material.

px py pz
nx ny nz

This defines a vertex in space placed at position (px, py, pz) with normal vector direction of (nx, ny, nz).

#shape_triangle mat
i1 i2 i3

This defines a triangle comprised of three previously defined vertices. i1, i2, and i3 denote zero-indexed vertices already found in the ray file. The material given to this shape is an integer in place of "mat." Note that materials are zero-indexed, 0 refers to the first material.

r g b
dx dy dz

This defines a directional light source of color rgb with light shining in the direction of vector (dx, dy, dz).