Java implementation of a Disk-based LRU cache which specifically targets Android compatibility.
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Disk LRU Cache

A cache that uses a bounded amount of space on a filesystem. Each cache entry has a string key and a fixed number of values. Values are byte sequences, accessible as streams or files. Each value must be between 0 and Integer.MAX_VALUE bytes in length.

The cache stores its data in a directory on the filesystem. This directory must be exclusive to the cache; the cache may delete or overwrite files from its directory. It is an error for multiple processes to use the same cache directory at the same time.

This cache limits the number of bytes that it will store on the filesystem. When the number of stored bytes exceeds the limit, the cache will remove entries in the background until the limit is satisfied. The limit is not strict: the cache may temporarily exceed it while waiting for files to be deleted. The limit does not include filesystem overhead or the cache journal so space-sensitive applications should set a conservative limit.

Clients call edit to create or update the values of an entry. An entry may have only one editor at one time; if a value is not available to be edited then edit will return null.

  • When an entry is being created it is necessary to supply a full set of values; the empty value should be used as a placeholder if necessary.
  • When an entry is being edited, it is not necessary to supply data for every value; values default to their previous value.

Every edit call must be matched by a call to Editor.commit or Editor.abort. Committing is atomic: a read observes the full set of values as they were before or after the commit, but never a mix of values.

Clients call get to read a snapshot of an entry. The read will observe the value at the time that get was called. Updates and removals after the call do not impact ongoing reads.

This class is tolerant of some I/O errors. If files are missing from the filesystem, the corresponding entries will be dropped from the cache. If an error occurs while writing a cache value, the edit will fail silently. Callers should handle other problems by catching IOException and responding appropriately.

Note: This implementation specifically targets Android compatibility.


You can download a JAR of this library on the GitHub download page.

If you are a Maven user you can also add this library as a dependency since it it distributed to the central repositories. Simply add the following to your pom.xml:


If you would like to compile your own version, the library can be built by running mvn clean package. The output JAR will be in the target/ directory. (Note: this requires Maven be installed)


public static DiskLruCache open(File directory, int appVersion, int valueCount, long maxSize)

Opens the cache in directory, creating a cache if none exists there.


  • directory - a writable directory
  • appVersion
  • valueCount - the number of values per cache entry. Must be positive.
  • maxSize - the maximum number of bytes this cache should use to store


  • IOException - if reading or writing the cache directory fails

public Snapshot get(String key)

Returns a snapshot of the entry named key, or null if it doesn't exist is not currently readable. If a value is returned, it is moved to the head of the LRU queue.


  • IOException

public Editor edit(String key)

Returns an editor for the entry named key, or null if another edit is in progress.


  • IOException

public File getDirectory()

Returns the directory where this cache stores its data.

public long maxSize()

Returns the maximum number of bytes that this cache should use to store its data.

public long size()

Returns the number of bytes currently being used to store the values in this cache. This may be greater than the max size if a background deletion is pending.

public boolean remove(String key)

Drops the entry for key if it exists and can be removed. Entries actively being edited cannot be removed.

Returns: true if an entry was removed


  • IOException

public boolean isClosed()

Returns true if this cache has been closed.

public void flush()

Force buffered operations to the filesystem.


  • IOException

public void close()

Closes this cache. Stored values will remain on the filesystem.


  • IOException

public void delete()

Closes the cache and deletes all of its stored values. This will delete all files in the cache directory including files that weren't created by the cache.


  • IOException

Developed By


Copyright 2012 Jake Wharton
Copyright 2011 The Android Open Source Project

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.