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JavaScript Integration

The {project_name} Server comes with a JavaScript library you can use to interact with a resource server protected by a policy enforcer. This library is based on the {project_name} JavaScript adapter, which can be integrated to allow your client to obtain permissions from a {project_name} Server.

You can obtain this library from a running a {project_name} Server instance by including the following script tag in your web page:

<script src="http://.../auth/js/keycloak-authz.js"></script>

Once you do that, you can create a KeycloakAuthorization instance as follows:

var keycloak = ... // obtain a Keycloak instance from keycloak.js library
var authorization = new KeycloakAuthorization(keycloak);

The keycloak-authz.js library provides two main features:

  • Obtain permissions from the server using a permission ticket, if you are accessing a UMA protected resource server.

  • Obtain permissions from the server by sending the resources and scopes the application wants to access.

In both cases, the library allows you to easily interact with both resource server and {project_name} Authorization Services to obtain tokens with permissions your client can use as bearer tokens to access the protected resources on a resource server.

Handling Authorization Responses from a UMA-Protected Resource Server

If a resource server is protected by a policy enforcer, it responds to client requests based on the permissions carried along with a bearer token. Typically, when you try to access a resource server with a bearer token that is lacking permissions to access a protected resource, the resource server responds with a 401 status code and a WWW-Authenticate header.

HTTP/1.1 401 Unauthorized
WWW-Authenticate: UMA realm="${realm}",
    as_uri="https://${host}:${post}/auth/realms/${realm}",
    ticket="016f84e8-f9b9-11e0-bd6f-0021cc6004de"

See UMA Authorization Process for more information.

What your client needs to do is extract the permission ticket from the WWW-Authenticate header returned by the resource server and use the library to send an authorization request as follows:

// prepare a authorization request with the permission ticket
var authorizationRequest = {};
authorizationRequest.ticket = ticket;

// send the authorization request, if successful retry the request
Identity.authorization.authorize(authorizationRequest).then(function (rpt) {
    // onGrant
}, function () {
    // onDeny
}, function () {
    // onError
});

The authorize function is completely asynchronous and supports a few callback functions to receive notifications from the server:

  • onGrant: The first argument of the function. If authorization was successful and the server returned an RPT with the requested permissions, the callback receives the RPT.

  • onDeny: The second argument of the function. Only called if the server has denied the authorization request.

  • onError: The third argument of the function. Only called if the server responds unexpectedly.

Most applications should use the onGrant callback to retry a request after a 401 response. Subsequent requests should include the RPT as a bearer token for retries.

Obtaining Entitlements

The keycloak-authz.js library provides an entitlement function that you can use to obtain an RPT from the server by providing the resources and scopes your client wants to access.

Example about how to obtain an RPT with permissions for all resources and scopes the user can access
authorization.entitlement('my-resource-server-id').then(function (rpt) {
    // onGrant callback function.
    // If authorization was successful you'll receive an RPT
    // with the necessary permissions to access the resource server
});
Example about how to obtain an RPT with permissions for specific resources and scopes
authorization.entitlement('my-resource-server', {
    "permissions": [
        {
            "id" : "Some Resource"
        }
    ]
}).then(function (rpt) {
    // onGrant
});

When using the entitlement function, you must provide the client_id of the resource server you want to access.

The entitlement function is completely asynchronous and supports a few callback functions to receive notifications from the server:

  • onGrant: The first argument of the function. If authorization was successful and the server returned an RPT with the requested permissions, the callback receives the RPT.

  • onDeny: The second argument of the function. Only called if the server has denied the authorization request.

  • onError: The third argument of the function. Only called if the server responds unexpectedly.

Authorization Request

Both authorize and entitlement functions accept an authorization request object. This object can be set with the following properties:

  • permissions

    An array of objects representing the resource and scopes. For instance:

    var authorizationRequest = {
       "permissions": [
           {
               "id" : "Some Resource",
               "scopes" : ["view", "edit"]
           }
       ]
    }
  • metadata

    An object where its properties define how the authorization request should be processed by the server.

    • response_include_resource_name

      A boolean value indicating to the server if resource names should be included in the RPT’s permissions. If false, only the resource identifier is included.

    • response_permissions_limit

      An integer N that defines a limit for the amount of permissions an RPT can have. When used together with rpt parameter, only the last N requested permissions will be kept in the RPT

  • submit_request

    A boolean value indicating whether the server should create permission requests to the resources and scopes referenced by a permission ticket. This parameter will only take effect when used together with the ticket parameter as part of a UMA authorization process.

Obtaining the RPT

If you have already obtained an RPT using any of the authorization functions provided by the library, you can always obtain the RPT as follows from the authorization object (assuming that it has been initialized by one of the techniques shown earlier):

var rpt = authorization.rpt;