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Authorization Client Java API

Depending on your requirements, a resource server should be able to manage resources remotely or even check for permissions programmatically. If you are using Java, you can access the {project_name} Authorization Services using the Authorization Client API.

It is targeted for resource servers that want to access the different endpoints provided by the server such as the Token Endpoint, Resource, and Permission management endpoints.

Maven Dependency

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.keycloak</groupId>
        <artifactId>keycloak-authz-client</artifactId>
        <version>${KEYCLOAK_VERSION}</version>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

Configuration

The client configuration is defined in a keycloak.json file as follows:

{
  "realm": "hello-world-authz",
  "auth-server-url" : "http://localhost:8080/auth",
  "resource" : "hello-world-authz-service",
  "credentials": {
    "secret": "secret"
  }
}
  • realm (required)

    The name of the realm.

  • auth-server-url (required)

    The base URL of the {project_name} server. All other {project_name} pages and REST service endpoints are derived from this. It is usually in the form https://host:port/auth.

  • resource (required)

    The client-id of the application. Each application has a client-id that is used to identify the application.

  • credentials (required)

    Specifies the credentials of the application. This is an object notation where the key is the credential type and the value is the value of the credential type.

The configuration file is usually located in your application’s classpath, the default location from where the client is going to try to find a keycloak.json file.

Creating the Authorization Client

Considering you have a keycloak.json file in your classpath, you can create a new AuthzClient instance as follows:

    // create a new instance based on the configuration defined in a keycloak.json located in your classpath
    AuthzClient authzClient = AuthzClient.create();

Obtaining User Entitlements

Here is an example illustrating how to obtain user entitlements:

// create a new instance based on the configuration defined in keycloak-authz.json
AuthzClient authzClient = AuthzClient.create();

// create an authorization request
AuthorizationRequest request = new AuthorizationRequest();

// send the entitlement request to the server in order to
// obtain an RPT with all permissions granted to the user
AuthorizationResponse response = authzClient.authorization("alice", "alice").authorize(request);
String rpt = response.getToken();

System.out.println("You got an RPT: " + rpt);

// now you can use the RPT to access protected resources on the resource server

Here is an example illustrating how to obtain user entitlements for a set of one or more resources:

// create a new instance based on the configuration defined in keycloak-authz.json
AuthzClient authzClient = AuthzClient.create();

// create an authorization request
AuthorizationRequest request = new AuthorizationRequest();

// add permissions to the request based on the resources and scopes you want to check access
request.addPermission("Default Resource");

// send the entitlement request to the server in order to
// obtain an RPT with permissions for a single resource
AuthorizationResponse response = authzClient.authorization("alice", "alice").authorize(request);
String rpt = response.getToken();

System.out.println("You got an RPT: " + rpt);

// now you can use the RPT to access protected resources on the resource server

Creating a Resource Using the Protection API

// create a new instance based on the configuration defined in keycloak-authz.json
AuthzClient authzClient = AuthzClient.create();

// create a new resource representation with the information we want
ResourceRepresentation newResource = new ResourceRepresentation();

newResource.setName("New Resource");
newResource.setType("urn:hello-world-authz:resources:example");

newResource.addScope(new ScopeRepresentation("urn:hello-world-authz:scopes:view"));

ProtectedResource resourceClient = authzClient.protection().resource();
ResourceRepresentation existingResource = resourceClient.findByName(newResource.getName());

if (existingResource != null) {
    resourceClient.delete(existingResource.getId());
}

// create the resource on the server
ResourceRepresentation response = resourceClient.create(newResource);
String resourceId = response.getId();

// query the resource using its newly generated id
ResourceRepresentation resource = resourceClient.findById(resourceId);

System.out.println(resource);

Introspecting an RPT

// create a new instance based on the configuration defined in keycloak-authz.json
AuthzClient authzClient = AuthzClient.create();

// send the authorization request to the server in order to
// obtain an RPT with all permissions granted to the user
AuthorizationResponse response = authzClient.authorization("alice", "alice").authorize();
String rpt = response.getToken();

// introspect the token
TokenIntrospectionResponse requestingPartyToken = authzClient.protection().introspectRequestingPartyToken(rpt);

System.out.println("Token status is: " + requestingPartyToken.getActive());
System.out.println("Permissions granted by the server: ");

for (Permission granted : requestingPartyToken.getPermissions()) {
    System.out.println(granted);
}