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README.md

About

Parson is a lighweight json library written in C. This is a development repository (hence -devel suffix), used to test new features. It's API may and probably will change, so I recommend getting parson from it's original repository.

Features

  • Full JSON support
  • Lightweight (only 2 files)
  • Simple API
  • Addressing json values with dot notation (similiar to C structs or objects in most OO languages, e.g. "objectA.objectB.value")
  • C89 compatible
  • Test suites

Installation

Run:

git clone https://github.com/kgabis/parson-devel.git

and copy parson.h and parson.c to you source code tree.

Run make test to compile and run tests.

Examples

Parsing JSON

Here is a function, which prints basic commit info (date, sha and author) from a github repository.

void print_commits_info(const char *username, const char *repo) {
    JSON_Value *root_value;
    JSON_Array *commits;
    JSON_Object *commit;
    size_t i;
    
    char curl_command[512];
    char cleanup_command[256];
    char output_filename[] = "commits.json";
    
    /* it ain't pretty, but it's not a libcurl tutorial */
    sprintf(curl_command, 
        "curl -s \"https://api.github.com/repos/%s/%s/commits\" > %s",
        username, repo, output_filename);
    sprintf(cleanup_command, "rm -f %s", output_filename);
    system(curl_command);
    
    /* parsing json and validating output */
    root_value = json_parse_file(output_filename);
    if (json_value_get_type(root_value) != JSONArray) {
        system(cleanup_command);
        return;
    }
    
    /* getting array from root value and printing commit info */
    commits = json_value_get_array(root_value);
    printf("%-10.10s %-10.10s %s\n", "Date", "SHA", "Author");
    for (i = 0; i < json_array_get_count(commits); i++) {
        commit = json_array_get_object(commits, i);
        printf("%.10s %.10s %s\n",
               json_object_dotget_string(commit, "commit.author.date"),
               json_object_get_string(commit, "sha"),
               json_object_dotget_string(commit, "commit.author.name"));
    }
    
    /* cleanup code */
    json_value_free(root_value);
    system(cleanup_command);
}

Calling print_commits_info("torvalds", "linux"); prints:

Date       SHA        Author
2012-10-15 dd8e8c4a2c David Rientjes
2012-10-15 3ce9e53e78 Michal Marek
2012-10-14 29bb4cc5e0 Randy Dunlap
2012-10-15 325adeb55e Ralf Baechle
2012-10-14 68687c842c Russell King
2012-10-14 ddffeb8c4d Linus Torvalds
...

Persistence

In this example I'm using parson to save user information to a file and then load it and validate later.

void persistence_example(void) {
    JSON_Value *schema = json_parse_string("{\"name\":\"\"}");
    JSON_Value *user_data = json_parse_file("user_data.json");
    char buf[256];
    const char *name = NULL;
    if (!user_data || !json_validate(schema, user_data) == JSONSuccess) {
        puts("Enter your name:");
        scanf("%s", buf);
        user_data = json_value_init_object();
        json_object_set_string(json_object(user_data), "name", buf);
        json_serialize_to_file(user_data, "user_data.json");
    }
    name = json_object_get_string(json_object(user_data), "name");
    printf("Hello, %s.", name);
    json_value_free(schema);
    json_value_free(user_data);
    return;
}

Serialization

Creating JSON values is very simple thanks to the dot notation. Object hierarchy is automatically created when addressing specific fields. In the following example I create a simple JSON value containing basic information about a person.

void serialization_example(void) {
    JSON_Value *root_value = json_value_init_object();
    JSON_Object *root_object = json_value_get_object(root_value);
    char *serialized_string = NULL;
    json_object_set_string(root_object, "name", "John Smith");
    json_object_set_number(root_object, "age", 25);
    json_object_dotset_string(root_object, "address.city", "Cupertino");
    json_object_dotset_value(root_object, "contact.emails", json_parse_string("[\"email@example.com\",\"email2@example.com\"]"));
    serialized_string = json_serialize_to_string(root_value);
    puts(serialized_string);
    json_free_serialized_string(serialized_string);
}

Created value (after formatting outside parson):

{  
   "name":"John Smith",
   "age":25,
   "address":{  
      "city":"Cupertino"
   },
   "contact":{  
      "emails":[  
         "email@example.com",
         "email2@example.com"
      ]
   }
}

Contributing

I will always merge working bug fixes. However, if you want to add something to the API, I won't merge it without prior discussion. Remember to follow parson's code style and write appropriate tests.

License

The MIT License (MIT)