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To install afio, follow these steps:
STEP 1. Compile.
Unpack the afio sources, go to the top level source directory, compile
the binary by typing:
Side note on compiler warnings:
You may get some compiler warnings -- these do not always indicate a
real problem. (The GCC maintainers add new types of warning messages
regularly, and afio is usually behind in updating the sources to
eliminate new warnings.)
If you see warning like:
ignoring return value of X, declared with attribute warn_unused_result
these are spurious are generated by a bug in glibc: they can be ignored.
See the file PORTING for more information on compiling afio on
non-Linux machines.
STEP 2 (OPTIONAL). Regression tests.
Optionally, you can run some automatic regression tests to check if
the new afio binary works OK. If you have an older version of afio
installed, the tests will also check (just to be extra paranoid) if
the archive format used by the old binary is still interoperable with
the new binary. The formats should be compatible unless there is a
serious bug.
Sometimes the regression tests fail because they invoke certain unix
shell tools, and the tools have changed their command line option
See below for details on running the two automatic regression tests.
STEP 3. Install the binary and manual page.
Do this manually, or type
make install
which installs the afio binary in /usr/local/bin, and the manual page
in /usr/share/man/man1 -- these are the correct locations for most
Linux systems.
Notes on using afio
Afio has far too many options to be used directly from the command
line, it is best used as an `archive engine' in a backup script.
See the file SCRIPTS for more information on backup scripts that use
See the file PORTING for information on compiling afio on non-Linux
Details on the two automatic regression tests (step 2).
Test 1: regtest: file handling and archive portability regression test
**Note: the test scripts may fail to work on non-GNU platforms that
have very old versions of tools like awk, find, and diff. See the
PORTING file for more information.
If you are going to use afio for system backups, this test is best run
from the root account. In that case the test will also try whether
afio correctly invokes filesystem operations (like making devices and
changing file ownership settings) that normal user accounts are not
allowed to do.
You can compile and run this test with
make regtest
This test prints a line with 'OK!' at the end it succeeds.
--> this regression test is known to report small permission
related problems on several Non-Linux platforms. These mostly
have to do (I think) with different approaches the kernels take
to handling permissions, so these small problems do not
necessarily indicate that the compiled afio is buggy.
If you are unsure about interpreting the result of a regression test,
please check if any recent information (e.g. in the comments) on the
site answers your question. If
not, or if you think you have found a new bug on your platform,
whether Linux or not, feel free to mail the afio maintainer (see the
README file).
Test 2: regtest2gb: large file handling test
This test tries out the large file handling capabilities of afio, and
is only applicable to systems with large (>2GB) file support. If you
don't know if your system supports large files, you can find that out
by running the test.
This test requires a) sparse file support in the filesystem (which is
present in most Unixes, including Linux, or b) 2.2 GB free space on
the filesystem. You can compile and run this test with
make regtest2gb
This test prints a line with 'OK!' at the end it succeeds.
--> this regression test will of course fail on platforms
that do not support >2GB files.
Note that, if the test fails, this is often not due to a bug
in afio, but more likely to a missing feature or configuration
problem in the kernel, the filesystem, the compiler, or the
As of Dec 2003, the test is known to report success on
- Red Hat Linux 7.3
- Debian Linux 3.0/testing (not 3.0/stable) on most platforms,
including i386
- At least some versions of Solaris
- FreeBSD 3.5-STABLE
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