Implements support for the Texas Instruments tmp102 temperature sensor.
Copyright (c) 2014 by Kevin Houlihan
License: MIT, see LICENSE for more details.
The main functionality of this package is contained in the Tmp102 class, which wraps an I2C object from the pyb or machine modules to configure and read from a tmp102 device at a specific address.
At it's most basic, the class can be can be initialized with an I2C bus object and an address, and then the temperature can be read periodically from the temperature property:
from pyb import I2C from tmp102 import Tmp102 bus = I2C(1, I2C.MASTER) sensor = Tmp102(bus, 0x48) print(sensor.temperature)
Or for the I2C class in the machine module:
from machine import I2C from tmp102 import Tmp102 bus = I2C(1) sensor = Tmp102(bus, 0x48) print(sensor.temperature)
The temperature will be in celsius by default.
By default, the temperature will be updated at 4Hz. The rate of updates can be set to one of four frequencies by setting the conversion_rate property, or by passing a conversion_rate named argument to the constructor. The conversionrate module must be imported to enable this functionality:
from tmp102 import Tmp102 import tmp102.conversionrate sensor = Tmp102( bus, 0x48, conversion_rate=Tmp102.CONVERSION_RATE_1HZ ) sensor.conversion_rate = Tmp102.CONVERSION_RATE_QUARTER_HZ # 0.25Hz
The available rates are:
Tmp102.CONVERSION_RATE_QUARTER_HZ Tmp102.CONVERSION_RATE_1HZ Tmp102.CONVERSION_RATE_4HZ Tmp102.CONVERSION_RATE_8HZ
By default, the temperature value is stored as 12 bits, for a maximum reading of 128C. Extended mode uses 13 bits instead, allowing a reading up to 150C. Extended mode can be enabled by setting the extended_mode property or passing an extended_mode named argument to the constructor. The extendedmode module must be imported to enable this functionality.
from tmp102 import Tmp102 import tmp102.extendedmode sensor = Tmp102( bus, 0x48, extended_mode=True ) sensor.extended_mode = True
Shutdown and One-Shot Conversions
When temperature readings are not required for an extended period, the device can be shut down to save power. Only the serial interface is kept awake to allow the device to be woken up again. The device can be shut down and awoken by setting the shutdown property appropriately. The shutdown module must be imported to enable this functionality.
sensor.shutdown = True # sensor.temperature will not be updated again until the device is awoken. pyb.delay(60000) sensor.shutdown = False # sensor.temperature will again be updated at the previously configured frequency.
Note that there is a delay between when the device receives the instruction to wake up and when the first reading becomes available.
If the device is shut down and only a single reading is required, it is not necessary to toggle the shutdown and make the device fully active again in order to get a reading. A "one-shot" conversion can be initiated by calling the initiate_conversion method. The progress of the conversion can be monitored through the conversion_ready property. The oneshot module must be imported to enable this functionality.
sensor.initiate_conversion() while not sensor.conversion_ready: pyb.delay(10) temp = sensor.temperature
The device remains shutdown after this process.
One-shot conversions allow the temperature to be polled at frequencies much longer than the four pre-set conversion rates without wasting power. To facilitate this mode of operation, the device can be intitialized in shutdown mode by passing a shutdown named argument to the constructor:
sensor = Tmp102(bus, 0x48, shutdown=True)
Thermostat Mode and Alerts
The sensor has a feature to set and unset a flag based on high and low temperatures being reached. It can also generate an SMBus interrupt when operating in a certain mode. I'm not sure if this interrupt could be handled by the hardware, but it is definitely not supported by this module.
The alert flag can be read on the alert property, and can take the values Tmp102.ALERT_HIGH or Tmp102.ALERT_LOW. The various configuration flags and values supported by the device can all be set through properties of the object or arguments to the constructor, but their semantics are best described by the datasheet of the sensor: http://www.ti.com/lit/ds/symlink/tmp102.pdf
The alert module must be imported to use any of these features.
from tmp102 import Tmp102 import tmp102.alert sensor = Tmp102( bus, 0x48, alert_polarity=Tmp102.ALERT_HIGH, thermostat_mode=Tmp102.COMPARATOR_MODE, fault_queue_length=Tmp102.FAULT_QUEUE_4, thermostat_high_temperature=35.0, thermostat_low_temperature=34.0 ) sensor.alert_polarity = Tmp102.ALERT_LOW #Default sensor.alert_polarity = Tmp102.ALERT_HIGH sensor.thermostat_mode = Tmp102.COMPARATOR_MODE # Default sensor.thermostat_mode = Tmp102.INTERRUPT_MODE sensor.fault_queue_length = Tmp102.FAULT_QUEUE_1 # Default sensor.fault_queue_length = Tmp102.FAULT_QUEUE_2 sensor.fault_queue_length = Tmp102.FAULT_QUEUE_4 sensor.fault_queue_length = Tmp102.FAULT_QUEUE_6
By default, all temperatures are in celsius. If another scale/unit is preferred, a convertor can be provided to the constructor. Fahrenheit and Kelvin convertor classes are included in the convertors module.
sensor = Tmp102( bus, 0x48, temperature_convertor=Fahrenheit() )
A custom convertor can be provided as an object with this signature:
class ScaleUnit(object): def convert_from(self, temperature): ''' Convert FROM the custom unit TO celsius. ''' ... return new_temp def convert_to(self, temperature): ''' Convert TO the custom unit FROM celsius. ''' ... return new_temp