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A Jekyll theme with baked in Bootstrap 4, Font Awesome 5, Algolia instant search, and more!
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README.md

layout title
post
Read Me

Sakura Jekyll Theme

Build Status

For a live demo of this template, go here.

The git repository for this theme can be found here.

I cobbled together this Jekyll template because I could never find a template that did/had exactly what I wanted and didn't have a bunch of stuff that I didn't want. I also have strived to keep things as simple as possible, while documenting as best I can, with the right amount of detail, so that anyone can use this template without too much tinkering yet allowing tinkering so that others can make it their own template if so desired.

Features

  • As responsive as can be (always room for improvement)
  • Auto-generates responsive feature images in the build process
  • Bootstrap 4 and Font Awesome 5 are "baked in."
  • Brand icons for social links in the footer via Font Awesome
  • Clean, collapsible navbar that is ready to roll, yet customizeable
  • Code syntax highlighting with Dracula theme
  • Customizeable Jumbotron headers with responsive background images
  • Documentation that tries not to make your head explode
  • Generic Jekyll "docs" collection ready for your stuff
  • Home page that lists all posts as Bootstrap cards with pictures & pagination
  • Instant search by Algolia renders in a tidy modal
  • HTML5 <picture> & <figure> elements, using Liquid tags in posts
  • A smattering of Bootstrap's ".list-group" class to make things fancy
  • Nicely automated, fairly extensive build process, using Gulp
  • Override Bootstrap variables, easy peasy (make it yours!)
  • Pre-built about, archive, and collection static pages to to what you will with
  • Photo captions, using HTML 5 <figcaption> & Bootstrap .figure-caption class

Installation

Prerequisites

In case you don't already know this, you're going to need Ruby installed on your system before using Jekyll (and this theme). I am a big fan of not re-writing documentation, so I'll offer you instructions here.

You're also going to want to install npm (comes with Node.js) or yarn. More on this later.

Using this theme

Once you've got the above done, you can follow the instructions below to use this theme for your own Jekyll site.

Here's description of what you're about to do:

  1. Clone this theme from Github (via HTTPS or SSH)
  2. Install the Bundler gem gem install bundler (if you don't already have it)
  3. Run bundle install
  4. Run npm/yarn install (you need to have installed Node.js at least, plus maybe yarn to go further from above)
  5. Run yarn install-theme (my preference), or gulp install-theme, or npm run install-theme

That's it; five steps to glory!

This reminds me of a song from long ago: Ten Easy Lessons.

"Be a star, play the guitar, entertain your friends. Be the life of the party!" ~ J.J. Cale

The below will walk you through each one of the above steps with a bit more detail.

Clone this repo

Using SSH
git clone git@github.com:kimfucious/sakura.git

or

Using HTTPS
git clone https://github.com/kimfucious/sakura.git <= HTTP

Either of these should bring everything down to your machine into a folder named, sakura.

Change into the sakura directory and give it a look see...

Your file tree will look something like this:

.
├── 404.html
├── Gemfile
├── LICENSE.txt
├── README.md
├── _assets
├── _config.yml
├── _docs
├── _includes
├── _layouts
├── _plugins
├── _posts
├── favicon.ico
├── gulpfile.js
├── index.html
├── package.json
├── pages
├── publish.sh
├── search.json
├── yarn-error.log
└── yarn.lock

Get your ruby gems

Jekyll runs on Ruby. And it's assumed that you installed it per the prerequisites mentioned above.

Run the following commands in the sakura folder.

gem install bundler
bundle install

These commands will install the Bundler gem and then install all the gems in the Gemfile, using Bundler.

Run npm/yarn install

To get more, essential stuff, you'll need to run either npm install or yarn install to bring down the source files, including Bootstrap, jQuery, etc.

😕 While this may seem like a lot of stuff to bring down for a stupid template, most of it is development dependencies to help you make this theme your own.

Once that's done (and it may take a while), you need to run two manual Gulp tasks. I've intentionally made these manual, leaving them out of the build process for a bit more control over the source. You only have to do this once, or at least until you decide you want to use more packages or update them.

❗️ The following task is destructive to any SCSS changes you may make after running this task the first time. I suggest that you run it only once for the initial install.

Run npm/yarn install-theme

Run the following from the root of the sakura folder:

yarn install-theme

This will copy all of Bootstrap's SCSS files into the _assets/scss folder and all needed JS source to the _assets/js/vendor/node folder.

The SCSS will get compiled along with other SCSS into CSS during the build process, and the JS will get compiled along with other JS files into the main.min.js file during the build process.

☝️ If the Gulp command isn't working, it's because Gulp is not installed globally via npm/yarn. You can execute non global commands by prefixing them with node_modules/.bin, like this:

Server Up

If you see this, after running yarn install-theme, you're all good!

[Browsersync] Access URLs:
 -------------------------------------
       Local: http://localhost:3000
    External: http://192.168.1.10:3000
 -------------------------------------
          UI: http://localhost:3001
 UI External: http://192.168.1.10:3001
 -------------------------------------
[Browsersync] Serving files from: _site/

Open http://localhost:3000 in your browser to view the site, if it hasn't already opened in your default browser.

☝️ To stop running the server, press ctrl-c where the server is running. To start the server again (which includes the Jekyll build process), run yarn serve from the sakura directory.

❗️ While you might be tempted to run bundle exec jekyll serve, don't do it! This site has been painstakingly crafted to leverage the best experience by using BrowserSync and Gulp tasks. gulp serve (or yarn serve) is your friend. Enjoy it...

The _site Directory

The gulp serve command performs the Jekyll build process, which creates the _site directory, like the below:

_site
├── 404.html
├── LICENSE.txt
├── README.md <= the file you are reading now
├── about <= sample page
├── archive <= sample page
├── assets <= sample page
├── cardigan-butcher <= sample post
├── code-snippets <= sample post
├── dexteriore <= sample post
├── docs <= sample collection directory
├── favicon.ico
├── figure-element <= sample post
├── index.html <= compiled "home" page with pagination
├── jean-shorts <= sample post
├── page2 <= page two off the index.html page created by pagination
├── picture-element <= sample post
├── ready-sample-one <= sample post
├── search.json <= instant search results file
└── sitemap.xml <= sitemap generated from jekyll-sitemap plugin

The _site directory is where Jekyll puts your compiled site on build. You can read more about the Jekyll directory structure here.

Publish your site

When you're ready, and not that you are at the moment, publish the _site directory.

For publishing options, checkout surge and/or netlify. There are other options, but these two are pretty slick.

I haven't worked out if/how to make this work on Github Pages. My initial thoughts are that if Jekyll does it with their docs, maybe I should too. That said, Netlify (and Surge) makes things so easy, I haven't gotten around to it yet.

Usage

You don't really need to know how this theme works in order to use it. You can simply create your posts, using Markdown, and save them in the _posts folder, if you simply want to blog.

☝️ Take a moment to check out the sample posts for some further tips on using this template.

Now, it's up to you

Time to generate some cool content!

If you're ready to create your first post, go for it! Just create a new markdown file in the _posts folder. If you have the server running, your post should appear in your browser a short while after you save it.

If you want some more info on creating posts, read here.

☝️ Be sure to name your post file correctly (e.g. year-month-day-title.md)!

Further, to delete, modify, or add new content, do this in the _posts, pages, and/or the _docs folders. Jekyll will tear down and rebuild the _site folder contents accordingly with each new build.

Most likely, you'll want to customize a few things, and the stuff below should guide you on how to do just that.

Components

Posts

Usually, people use Jekyll as a blog. Blogs are composed of posts. The main index.html file, the home page, of this site lists a paginated set of all posts (written in Markdown) that have been created within the _posts folder.

The main index.html file looks like this:

---
layout: default
pagination:
  enabled: true
---

{% raw %}{% include postcards.html %}
{% include pagination.html %}{% endraw %}

☝️ The raw/endraw tags above and found elsewhere on this page (visible only on Github) are only there to display code snippets in this README.md file correctly on a Jekyll site without actually processing the code. Be sure to not use them for real code.

You'll soon realize, if you haven't already, that this theme relies heavily on the use of includes.

I've opted to list posts on the index.html page as Bootstrap "cards". The cards work pretty well and are responsive width-wise; however, they can vary by height, which might bother those with OCD tendencies. I've decided to use Bootstrap's ".card-deck" class to make the heights uniform.

If you don't like cards, you can display paginated posts in a list format by swapping out "postcards" above to "posts" like below:

---
layout: default
pagination:
  enabled: true
---

{% raw %}{% include posts.html %}
{% include pagination.html %}{% endraw %}
Pagination on the Home Page

Once you have more than a few posts, your home page, archives, and docs will begin to fill up. Pagination allows your posts to be split across several pages that are navigatable using Bootstrap pagination controls.

Pagination is enabled on the index.html, archive.html, and docs.html pages with the enabled: true front-matter entries as defined in _layouts. Here's and example from archives.html:

---
title: Archive
permalink: /archive/
pagination:
  enabled: true
  per_page: 10
---

The maximum number of posts per page can be controlled by the per_page entry under the # Pagination section in the _config.yml file globally or on each page by adjusting the front matter variables. Change this to whatever you want.

Collections are handled slightly different, based on how the jekyll-pagination-v2 plugin works.

---
title: Documentation
permalink: /docs/
pagination:
  enabled: true
  collection: docs
  per_page: 5
  sort_field: title
  sort_reverse: false
---

☝️ Until further notice, you need to manually add a date variable to each and every collection post; otherwise, you won't be able to index the site using for Algolia search via the yarn index command.

⚡️ Normally, you'd need to reset the server to see any changes made in config.yml; however, because we're using some handy Gulp watch tasks, the site will rebuild and BrowserSync will reload automagically.

Pages

This site has a few static pages (other than index.html): about.html, archive.html, and docs.html. Each of these is "hard-coded" as a link in the _includes/navbar.html file, which serves as the site's navbar. Edit as needed/wanted there.

💡 You can modify the text between the HTML anchor tags in the _includes/navbar.html file to change what things took like on the navbar without having to change the underlying folder names:

<li class="nav-item">
  <a href="{{ site.baseurl }}/docs/" class="nav-link">Change me!</a>
</li>
about.html

The about page is a simple, static page that uses a "card" with a little CSS shadowing for depth. Edit it to your heart's desire at pages/about.html.

archive.html

The archive page is a simple, static page with a sprinkling of Liquid logic to list out all of the posts found in the _posts folder. It uses Bootstrap's ".list-group" classes to format the list a little nicer than a plain-jane <ul>.

Follow the white rabbit to _includes/archive.html if you want to fiddle with this.

docs.html

Collections in Jekyll are curious things. I invite you to read about them here.

I like collections because they fit a niche use case where pages and posts don't quite cut the mustard.

This template gives you a very generic "docs" setup that you can customize however you see fit. Don't ask me about sorting collections, as I have not figured that out yet. It seems lacking.

This also uses Bootstrap's "list-group" classes, as I've grown fond of how they look with their top-bottom borders.

Core HTML Structure

tl;dr

You need to surround all content within the layouts with the head.html and footer.html, or Jekyll will not be able to produce valid html.

Details

This theme leverages a lot of include files. Two key files found in the _includes folder are: head.html (not header) and footer.html. It's important to understand that the <body> and <html> tags are split across these two files.

All pages generated by Jekyll via this theme will use the head.html file to "open" the beginning of each html file, and the footer.html file to "close" the html file.

The layouts (found in _layouts) surround the content with head.html and footer.html, using the Liquid templating syntax like below:

{% raw %}{% include head.html %}
{{ content }}
{% include footer.html %}{%endraw%}

navbar.html = bootstrap navbar

The _includes/navbar.html file is a bootstrap style navbar with a left-side brand and right-aligned menu entries for static pages.

You'll need to edit it manually for your own links at _includes/navbar.html.

The navbar is included in the layout files by adding it like this:

{% raw %}{% include head.html %}
{% include navbar.html %} <= here
{{ content }}
{% include footer.html %{% endraw %}}

☝️ Don't forget to sandwich your files between head.html and footer.html includes.

Bootstrap baked-in

Bootstrap (4.1.1 at present) has been implemented to work with this template.

In brief, all Bootstrap SCSS source files have been downloaded to _assets/scss/bootstrap. Bootstrap is imported (among other scss files) via _assests/scss/main.scss, which ultimately gets compiled by the build process to _/site/css/main.css.

☝️ The compiled file is a css file, not scss.

I've whittled down a sizeable chunk of Bootstrap CSS (not used by this theme) by commenting out imports in the _assets/scss/bootstrap/bootstrap.scss file. When you first start out and run the manual gulp task to copy Bootstrap's SCSS files to the _assets/scss folder, all of these comments wiped out. Use the below as a guide to recomment them out, and further adjust as needed.

@import "functions";
@import "variables";
@import "mixins";
@import "root";
@import "reboot";
@import "type";
@import "images";
@import "code";
@import "grid";
@import "tables";
@import "forms";
@import "buttons";
@import "transitions";
@import "dropdown";
@import "button-group";
// @import "input-group";
// @import "custom-forms";
@import "nav";
@import "navbar";
@import "card";
// @import "breadcrumb";
@import "pagination";
// @import "badge";
@import "jumbotron";
// @import "alert";
// @import "progress";
@import "media";
@import "list-group";
@import "close";
@import "modal";
@import "tooltip";
// @import "popover";
// @import "carousel";
@import "utilities";
// @import "print";

⚠️ If you run the gulp copy:bootstrap-scss task, the commenting will again be wiped out and all imports will be included in the next build.

The ability to override Bootstrap variables is enabled the first line in the _assets/scss/main.scss file:

@import "../_assets/scss/custom/_variables";

With the above line in place, you can modify the _assets/scss/custom/_variables.scss file to override Bootstrap's default variables. For example, you can change the primary color like the below:

$primary: #be132d; // china red

The JavaScript bits of Bootstrap, including jQuery and Popper.js, have been copied to the _assets/js/vendor/node folder.

The build proces concantanates all js files (putting jQuery first, and Popper.js before Bootstrap) into a single file, main.min.js that ultimately finds it's way to the _site/assets/js/ and assets/js folders.

💡 Note that there are _assets and assets. While this may be confusing, there is a method, to this madness. Think of _assets (with the underscore) as where you put source, and assets (without the underscore) where processed source is put after a Gulp task has run. _site/assets is where Jekyll compiles/copies stuff to from assets on build.

Font Awesome 5

This theme imports a small number of Font Awesome Fonts (SVG with JS) as described here. As with all the other js files, the _assets/js/vendor/fontawesome-all.min.js, _assets/js/pretty/vendor/fa-brands.js, _assets/js/pretty/vendor/fa-solid.js files get concantenated into the main.min.js file during build.

The files are limited so as to keep the size of the JS files down.

☝️ The reason that fa-brands and fa-solid are in the "pretty" folder is so that you can add or remove whatever icons your want. The build process will uglify them and get them into main.min.js.

You can read about how to use Font Awesome here.

At present, they are only usable via HTML, as I didn't see a big need to use them in markup, .esp with emojis enabled. There is a Jekyll Plugin that will let you do this, but it's not on the Github Pages safe list, so I've elected not to use it.

Contributing

Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at https://github.com/kimfucious/sakura. This project is intended to be a safe, welcoming space for collaboration, and contributors are expected to adhere to the Contributor Covenant code of conduct.

Credits and Resources

License

The theme is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.

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