Code coverage for Ruby 1.9
SimpleCov is a code coverage analysis tool for Ruby 1.9. It uses 1.9's built-in Coverage library to gather code coverage data, but makes processing its results much easier by providing a clean API to filter, group, merge, format and display those results, thus giving you a complete code coverage suite that can be set up with just a couple lines of code.
In most cases, you'll want overall coverage results for your projects, including all types of tests, cucumber features etc. SimpleCov automatically takes care of this by caching and then merging results when generating reports, so your report actually includes coverage across your test suites and thereby gives you a better picture of blank spots.
The official formatter of SimpleCov is packaged as a separate gem called simplecov-html but will be installed and configured automatically when you launch SimpleCov. If you're curious, you can find it on Github, too.
- Add SimpleCov to your
gem 'simplecov', :require => false, :group => :test
- Load and launch SimpleCov at the very top of your
env.rb, or whatever your preferred test framework uses):
require 'simplecov' SimpleCov.start # Previous content of test helper now starts here
Note: If SimpleCov starts after your application code is already loaded (via
require), it won't be able to
track your files and their coverage! The
SimpleCov.start must be issued before any of your application code
SimpleCov must be running in the process that you want the code coverage analysis to happen on. When testing a server
process (i.e. a JSON API endpoint) via a separate test process (i.e. when using Selenium) where you want to see all
code executed by the
rails server, and not just code executed in your actual test files, you'll want to add something
like this to the top of
if ENV['RAILS_ENV'] == 'test' require 'simplecov' SimpleCov.start 'rails' puts "required simplecov" end
Run your tests, open up
coverage/index.htmlin your browser and check out what you've missed so far.
Add the following to your
.gitignorefile to ensure that coverage results are not tracked by Git (optional):
If you're making a Rails application, SimpleCov comes with a built-in configurations (see below for information on profiles) which will get you started with groups for your Controllers, Views, Models and Helpers. To use it, the first two lines of your test_helper should be like this:
require 'simplecov' SimpleCov.start 'rails'
Coverage results report, fully browsable locally with sorting and much more:
Source file coverage details view:
Use it with any framework!
Similarily to the usage with Test::Unit described above, the only thing you have to do is to add the simplecov config to the very top of your Cucumber/RSpec/whatever setup file.
Add the setup code to the top of
features/support/env.rb (for Cucumber) or
spec/spec_helper.rb (for RSpec).
Other test frameworks should work accordingly, whatever their setup file may be:
require 'simplecov' SimpleCov.start 'rails'
You could even track what kind of code your UI testers are touching if you want to go overboard with things. SimpleCov does not care what kind of framework it is running in, it just looks at what code is being executed and generates a report about it.
Notes on specific frameworks and test utilities
For some frameworks and testing tools there are quirks and problems you might want to know about if you want to use SimpleCov with them. Here's an overview of the known ones:
Test Unit 2 used to mess with ARGV, leading to failure to detect the test process name in SimpleCov.
||SimpleCov #45 & Test/Unit #12|
|Spork||Because of the how Spork works internally (using preforking) there used to be trouble when using SimpleCov with it, but that apparently has been resolved with a specific configuration strategy. See this comment.||SimpleCov #42|
|parallel_tests||SimpleCov does not detect parallel_test automatically yet but can be taught to do so with a simple workaround explained at Issue #64.||SimpleCov #64|
|Riot||A user has reported problems with the coverage report using the riot framework. If you experience similar trouble please follow up on the related Github issue.||SimpleCov #80|
|RubyMine||The RubyMine IDE has built-in support for SimpleCov's coverage reports, though you might need to explicitly set the output root using `SimpleCov.root('foo/bar/baz')`||SimpleCov #95|
Configuration settings can be applied in three formats, which are completely equivalent:
- The most common way is to configure it directly in your start block:
SimpleCov.start do some_config_option 'foo' end
- You can also set all configuration options directly:
- If you do not want to start coverage immediately after launch or want to add additional configuration later on in a concise way, use:
SimpleCov.configure do some_config_option 'foo' end
Please check out the Configuration API documentation to find out what you can customize.
Using .simplecov for centralized config
If you use SimpleCov to merge multiple test suite results (i.e. Test/Unit and Cucumber) into a single report, you'd normally have to
set up all your config options twice, once in
test_helper.rb and once in
To avoid this, you can place a file called
.simplecov in your project root. You can then just leave the
require 'simplecov' in each
test setup helper and move the
SimpleCov.start code with all your custom config options into
# test/test_helper.rb require 'simplecov' # features/support/env.rb require 'simplecov' # .simplecov SimpleCov.start 'rails' do # any custom configs like groups and filters can be here at a central place end
Filters can be used to remove selected files from your coverage data. By default, a filter is applied that removes all files OUTSIDE of your project's root directory - otherwise you'd end up with a billion of coverage reports for source files in the gems you are using.
Of course you can define your own to remove things like configuration files, tests or whatever you don't need in your coverage report.
Defining custom filters
You can currently define a filter using either a String (that will then be Regexp-matched against each source file's path), a block or by passing in your own Filter class.
SimpleCov.start do add_filter "/test/" end
This simple string filter will remove all files that match "/test/" in their path.
SimpleCov.start do add_filter do |source_file| source_file.lines.count < 5 end end
Block filters receive a SimpleCov::SourceFile instance and expect your block to return either true (if the file is to be removed from the result) or false (if the result should be kept). Please check out the RDoc for SimpleCov::SourceFile to learn about the methods available to you. In the above example, the filter will remove all files that have less then 5 lines of code.
Custom filter class
class LineFilter < SimpleCov::Filter def matches?(source_file) source_file.lines.count < filter_argument end end SimpleCov.add_filter LineFilter.new(5)
Defining your own filters is pretty easy: Just inherit from SimpleCov::Filter and define a method 'matches?(source_file)'. When running the filter, a true return value from this method will result in the removal of the given source_file. The filter_argument method is being set in the SimpleCov::Filter initialize method and thus is set to 5 in this example.
You can separate your source files into groups. For example, in a rails app, you'll want to have separate listings for Models, Controllers, Helpers, Libs and Plugins. Group definition works similar to Filters (and indeed also accepts custom filter classes), but source files end up in a group when the filter passes (returns true), as opposed to filtering results, which exclude files from results when the filter results in a true value.
Add your groups with:
SimpleCov.start do add_group "Models", "app/models" add_group "Controllers", "app/controllers" add_group "Long files" do |src_file| src_file.lines.count > 100 end add_group "Short files", LineFilter.new(5) # Using the LineFilter class defined in Filters section above end
Normally, you want to have your coverage analyzed across ALL of your test suites, right?
Simplecov automatically caches coverage results in your (coverage_path)/.resultset.json. Those results will then be automatically merged when generating the result, so when coverage is set up properly for cucumber and your unit / functional / integration tests, all of those test suites will be taken into account when building the coverage report.
There are two things to note here though:
Test suite names
Simplecov tries to guess the name of the currently running test suite based upon the shell command the tests are running on. This should work fine for Unit Tests, RSpec and Cucumber. If it fails, it will use the shell command that invoked the test suite as a command name.
If you have some non-standard setup and still want nicely labeled test suites, you have to give Simplecov a cue what the name of the currently running test suite is. You can do so by specifying SimpleCov.command_name in one test file that is part of your specific suite.
So, to customize the suite names on a Rails app (yeah, sorry for being Rails biased, but everyone knows what the structure of those projects is. You can apply this accordingly to the RSpecs in your Outlook-WebDAV-Calendar-Sync gem), you could do something like this:
# test/unit/some_test.rb SimpleCov.command_name 'test:units' # test/functionals/some_controller_test.rb SimpleCov.command_name "test:functionals" # test/integration/some_integration_test.rb SimpleCov.command_name "test:integration" # features/support/env.rb SimpleCov.command_name "features"
Note that this has only to be invoked ONCE PER TEST SUITE, so even if you have 200 unit test files, specifying it in some_test.rb is fair enough.
simplecov-html prints the used test suites in the footer of the generated coverage report.
Timeout for merge
Of course, your cached coverage data is likely to become invalid at some point. Thus, result sets that are older than
SimpleCov.merge_timeout will not be used any more. By default, the timeout is 600 seconds (10 minutes), and you can
raise (or lower) it by specifying
SimpleCov.merge_timeout 3600 (1 hour), or, inside a configure/start block, with
just "merge_timeout 3600".
You can deactivate merging altogether with
Running coverage only on demand
The Ruby STDLIB Coverage library that SimpleCov builds upon is very fast (i.e. on a ~10 min Rails test suite, the speed drop was only a couple seconds for me), and therefore it's SimpleCov's policy to just generate coverage every time you run your tests because it doesn't do your test speed any harm and you're always equipped with the latest and greatest coverage results.
Because of this, SimpleCov has no explicit built-in mechanism to run coverage only on demand.
However, you can still accomplish this very easily by introducing a ENV variable conditional into your SimpleCov setup block, like this:
SimpleCov.start if ENV["COVERAGE"]
Then, SimpleCov will only run if you execute your tests like this:
COVERAGE=true rake test
By default, Simplecov's only config assumption is that you only want coverage reports for files inside your project root. To save you from repetitive configuration, you can use predefined blocks of configuration, called 'profiles', or define your own.
You can then pass the name of the profile to be used as the first argument to SimpleCov.start. For example, simplecov comes bundled with a 'rails' profile. It looks somewhat like this:
SimpleCov.profiles.define 'rails' do add_filter '/test/' add_filter '/config/' add_group 'Controllers', 'app/controllers' add_group 'Models', 'app/models' add_group 'Helpers', 'app/helpers' add_group 'Libraries', 'lib' add_group 'Plugins', 'vendor/plugins' end
As you can see, it's just a SimpleCov.configure block. In your test_helper.rb, launch simplecov with:
SimpleCov.start 'rails' do # additional config here end
You can load additional profiles with the SimpleCov.load_profile('xyz') method. This allows you to build upon an existing profile and customize it so you can reuse it in unit tests and cucumber features, for example.
# lib/simplecov_custom_profile.rb require 'simplecov' SimpleCov.profiles.define 'myprofile' do load_profile 'rails' add_filter 'vendor' # Don't include vendored stuff end # features/support/env.rb require 'simplecov_custom_profile' SimpleCov.start 'myprofile' # test/test_helper.rb require 'simplecov_custom_profile' SimpleCov.start 'myprofile'
Customizing exit behaviour
You can define what simplecov should do when your test suite finishes by customizing the at_exit hook:
SimpleCov.at_exit do SimpleCov.result.format! end
Above is the default behaviour. Do whatever you like instead!
You can define the minimum coverage percentage expected. SimpleCov will return non-zero if unmet.
Maximum coverage drop
You can define the maximum coverage drop percentage at once. SimpleCov will return non-zero if exceeded.
Refuse dropping coverage
You can also entirely refuse dropping coverage between test runs:
Using your own formatter
You can use your own formatter with:
SimpleCov.formatter = SimpleCov::Formatter::HTMLFormatter
When calling SimpleCov.result.format!, it will be invoked with SimpleCov::Formatter::YourFormatter.new.format(result), "result" being an instance of SimpleCov::Result. Do whatever your wish with that!
Using multiple formatters
If you want to use multiple result formats, as of SimpleCov 0.7.0 you can use the built-in MultiFormatter:
SimpleCov.formatter = SimpleCov::Formatter::MultiFormatter[ SimpleCov::Formatter::HTMLFormatter, SimpleCov::Formatter::CSVFormatter, ]
Apart from the direct companion simplecov-html, there are other formatters available:
by Fernando Guillen
"The target of this formatter is to cheat on Hudson so I can use the Ruby metrics plugin with SimpleCov."
by Fernando Guillen
CSV formatter for SimpleCov code coverage tool for ruby 1.9+
by Judson Lester
A formatter for Simplecov that emits a Vim script to mark up code files with coverage information.
A formatter that prints the coverage of the file under test when you run a single test file.
Ruby version compatibility
Only Ruby 1.9+ ships with the coverage library that SimpleCov depends upon. SimpleCov is built against various other Rubies, including Rubinius and JRuby, in Continuous Integration, but this happens only to ensure that SimpleCov does not make your test suite crash right now. Whether SimpleCov will support JRuby/Rubinius in the future depends solely on whether those Ruby interpreters add the coverage library.
SimpleCov is built in Continuous Integration on 1.8.7, ree, 1.9.2, 1.9.3.
See the contributing guide.
Thanks to Aaron Patterson for the original idea for this!
Copyright (c) 2010-2012 Christoph Olszowka. See MIT-LICENSE for details.