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VERSION = 2
PATCHLEVEL = 6
SUBLEVEL = 31
EXTRAVERSION = -rc1
NAME = Man-Eating Seals of Antiquity
# *DOCUMENTATION*
# To see a list of typical targets execute "make help"
# More info can be located in ./README
# Comments in this file are targeted only to the developer, do not
# expect to learn how to build the kernel reading this file.
# Do not:
# o use make's built-in rules and variables
# (this increases performance and avoids hard-to-debug behaviour);
# o print "Entering directory ...";
MAKEFLAGS += -rR --no-print-directory
# We are using a recursive build, so we need to do a little thinking
# to get the ordering right.
#
# Most importantly: sub-Makefiles should only ever modify files in
# their own directory. If in some directory we have a dependency on
# a file in another dir (which doesn't happen often, but it's often
# unavoidable when linking the built-in.o targets which finally
# turn into vmlinux), we will call a sub make in that other dir, and
# after that we are sure that everything which is in that other dir
# is now up to date.
#
# The only cases where we need to modify files which have global
# effects are thus separated out and done before the recursive
# descending is started. They are now explicitly listed as the
# prepare rule.
# To put more focus on warnings, be less verbose as default
# Use 'make V=1' to see the full commands
ifeq ("$(origin V)", "command line")
KBUILD_VERBOSE = $(V)
endif
ifndef KBUILD_VERBOSE
KBUILD_VERBOSE = 0
endif
# Call a source code checker (by default, "sparse") as part of the
# C compilation.
#
# Use 'make C=1' to enable checking of only re-compiled files.
# Use 'make C=2' to enable checking of *all* source files, regardless
# of whether they are re-compiled or not.
#
# See the file "Documentation/sparse.txt" for more details, including
# where to get the "sparse" utility.
ifeq ("$(origin C)", "command line")
KBUILD_CHECKSRC = $(C)
endif
ifndef KBUILD_CHECKSRC
KBUILD_CHECKSRC = 0
endif
# Use make M=dir to specify directory of external module to build
# Old syntax make ... SUBDIRS=$PWD is still supported
# Setting the environment variable KBUILD_EXTMOD take precedence
ifdef SUBDIRS
KBUILD_EXTMOD ?= $(SUBDIRS)
endif
ifeq ("$(origin M)", "command line")
KBUILD_EXTMOD := $(M)
endif
# kbuild supports saving output files in a separate directory.
# To locate output files in a separate directory two syntaxes are supported.
# In both cases the working directory must be the root of the kernel src.
# 1) O=
# Use "make O=dir/to/store/output/files/"
#
# 2) Set KBUILD_OUTPUT
# Set the environment variable KBUILD_OUTPUT to point to the directory
# where the output files shall be placed.
# export KBUILD_OUTPUT=dir/to/store/output/files/
# make
#
# The O= assignment takes precedence over the KBUILD_OUTPUT environment
# variable.
# KBUILD_SRC is set on invocation of make in OBJ directory
# KBUILD_SRC is not intended to be used by the regular user (for now)
ifeq ($(KBUILD_SRC),)
# OK, Make called in directory where kernel src resides
# Do we want to locate output files in a separate directory?
ifeq ("$(origin O)", "command line")
KBUILD_OUTPUT := $(O)
endif
# That's our default target when none is given on the command line
PHONY := _all
_all:
# Cancel implicit rules on top Makefile
$(CURDIR)/Makefile Makefile: ;
ifneq ($(KBUILD_OUTPUT),)
# Invoke a second make in the output directory, passing relevant variables
# check that the output directory actually exists
saved-output := $(KBUILD_OUTPUT)
KBUILD_OUTPUT := $(shell cd $(KBUILD_OUTPUT) && /bin/pwd)
$(if $(KBUILD_OUTPUT),, \
$(error output directory "$(saved-output)" does not exist))
PHONY += $(MAKECMDGOALS) sub-make
$(filter-out _all sub-make $(CURDIR)/Makefile, $(MAKECMDGOALS)) _all: sub-make
$(Q)@:
sub-make: FORCE
$(if $(KBUILD_VERBOSE:1=),@)$(MAKE) -C $(KBUILD_OUTPUT) \
KBUILD_SRC=$(CURDIR) \
KBUILD_EXTMOD="$(KBUILD_EXTMOD)" -f $(CURDIR)/Makefile \
$(filter-out _all sub-make,$(MAKECMDGOALS))
# Leave processing to above invocation of make
skip-makefile := 1
endif # ifneq ($(KBUILD_OUTPUT),)
endif # ifeq ($(KBUILD_SRC),)
# We process the rest of the Makefile if this is the final invocation of make
ifeq ($(skip-makefile),)
# If building an external module we do not care about the all: rule
# but instead _all depend on modules
PHONY += all
ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
_all: all
else
_all: modules
endif
srctree := $(if $(KBUILD_SRC),$(KBUILD_SRC),$(CURDIR))
TOPDIR := $(srctree)
# FIXME - TOPDIR is obsolete, use srctree/objtree
objtree := $(CURDIR)
src := $(srctree)
obj := $(objtree)
VPATH := $(srctree)$(if $(KBUILD_EXTMOD),:$(KBUILD_EXTMOD))
export srctree objtree VPATH TOPDIR
# SUBARCH tells the usermode build what the underlying arch is. That is set
# first, and if a usermode build is happening, the "ARCH=um" on the command
# line overrides the setting of ARCH below. If a native build is happening,
# then ARCH is assigned, getting whatever value it gets normally, and
# SUBARCH is subsequently ignored.
SUBARCH := $(shell uname -m | sed -e s/i.86/i386/ -e s/sun4u/sparc64/ \
-e s/arm.*/arm/ -e s/sa110/arm/ \
-e s/s390x/s390/ -e s/parisc64/parisc/ \
-e s/ppc.*/powerpc/ -e s/mips.*/mips/ \
-e s/sh[234].*/sh/ )
# Cross compiling and selecting different set of gcc/bin-utils
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# When performing cross compilation for other architectures ARCH shall be set
# to the target architecture. (See arch/* for the possibilities).
# ARCH can be set during invocation of make:
# make ARCH=ia64
# Another way is to have ARCH set in the environment.
# The default ARCH is the host where make is executed.
# CROSS_COMPILE specify the prefix used for all executables used
# during compilation. Only gcc and related bin-utils executables
# are prefixed with $(CROSS_COMPILE).
# CROSS_COMPILE can be set on the command line
# make CROSS_COMPILE=ia64-linux-
# Alternatively CROSS_COMPILE can be set in the environment.
# Default value for CROSS_COMPILE is not to prefix executables
# Note: Some architectures assign CROSS_COMPILE in their arch/*/Makefile
export KBUILD_BUILDHOST := $(SUBARCH)
ARCH ?= $(SUBARCH)
CROSS_COMPILE ?=
# Architecture as present in compile.h
UTS_MACHINE := $(ARCH)
SRCARCH := $(ARCH)
# Additional ARCH settings for x86
ifeq ($(ARCH),i386)
SRCARCH := x86
endif
ifeq ($(ARCH),x86_64)
SRCARCH := x86
endif
# Additional ARCH settings for sparc
ifeq ($(ARCH),sparc64)
SRCARCH := sparc
endif
# Additional ARCH settings for sh
ifeq ($(ARCH),sh64)
SRCARCH := sh
endif
# Where to locate arch specific headers
hdr-arch := $(SRCARCH)
ifeq ($(ARCH),m68knommu)
hdr-arch := m68k
endif
KCONFIG_CONFIG ?= .config
# SHELL used by kbuild
CONFIG_SHELL := $(shell if [ -x "$$BASH" ]; then echo $$BASH; \
else if [ -x /bin/bash ]; then echo /bin/bash; \
else echo sh; fi ; fi)
HOSTCC = gcc
HOSTCXX = g++
HOSTCFLAGS = -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -O2 -fomit-frame-pointer
HOSTCXXFLAGS = -O2
# Decide whether to build built-in, modular, or both.
# Normally, just do built-in.
KBUILD_MODULES :=
KBUILD_BUILTIN := 1
# If we have only "make modules", don't compile built-in objects.
# When we're building modules with modversions, we need to consider
# the built-in objects during the descend as well, in order to
# make sure the checksums are up to date before we record them.
ifeq ($(MAKECMDGOALS),modules)
KBUILD_BUILTIN := $(if $(CONFIG_MODVERSIONS),1)
endif
# If we have "make <whatever> modules", compile modules
# in addition to whatever we do anyway.
# Just "make" or "make all" shall build modules as well
ifneq ($(filter all _all modules,$(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
KBUILD_MODULES := 1
endif
ifeq ($(MAKECMDGOALS),)
KBUILD_MODULES := 1
endif
export KBUILD_MODULES KBUILD_BUILTIN
export KBUILD_CHECKSRC KBUILD_SRC KBUILD_EXTMOD
# Beautify output
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# Normally, we echo the whole command before executing it. By making
# that echo $($(quiet)$(cmd)), we now have the possibility to set
# $(quiet) to choose other forms of output instead, e.g.
#
# quiet_cmd_cc_o_c = Compiling $(RELDIR)/$@
# cmd_cc_o_c = $(CC) $(c_flags) -c -o $@ $<
#
# If $(quiet) is empty, the whole command will be printed.
# If it is set to "quiet_", only the short version will be printed.
# If it is set to "silent_", nothing will be printed at all, since
# the variable $(silent_cmd_cc_o_c) doesn't exist.
#
# A simple variant is to prefix commands with $(Q) - that's useful
# for commands that shall be hidden in non-verbose mode.
#
# $(Q)ln $@ :<
#
# If KBUILD_VERBOSE equals 0 then the above command will be hidden.
# If KBUILD_VERBOSE equals 1 then the above command is displayed.
ifeq ($(KBUILD_VERBOSE),1)
quiet =
Q =
else
quiet=quiet_
Q = @
endif
# If the user is running make -s (silent mode), suppress echoing of
# commands
ifneq ($(findstring s,$(MAKEFLAGS)),)
quiet=silent_
endif
export quiet Q KBUILD_VERBOSE
# Look for make include files relative to root of kernel src
MAKEFLAGS += --include-dir=$(srctree)
# We need some generic definitions (do not try to remake the file).
$(srctree)/scripts/Kbuild.include: ;
include $(srctree)/scripts/Kbuild.include
# Make variables (CC, etc...)
AS = $(CROSS_COMPILE)as
LD = $(CROSS_COMPILE)ld
CC = $(CROSS_COMPILE)gcc
CPP = $(CC) -E
AR = $(CROSS_COMPILE)ar
NM = $(CROSS_COMPILE)nm
STRIP = $(CROSS_COMPILE)strip
OBJCOPY = $(CROSS_COMPILE)objcopy
OBJDUMP = $(CROSS_COMPILE)objdump
AWK = awk
GENKSYMS = scripts/genksyms/genksyms
DEPMOD = /sbin/depmod
KALLSYMS = scripts/kallsyms
PERL = perl
CHECK = sparse
CHECKFLAGS := -D__linux__ -Dlinux -D__STDC__ -Dunix -D__unix__ \
-Wbitwise -Wno-return-void $(CF)
MODFLAGS = -DMODULE
CFLAGS_MODULE = $(MODFLAGS)
AFLAGS_MODULE = $(MODFLAGS)
LDFLAGS_MODULE =
CFLAGS_KERNEL =
AFLAGS_KERNEL =
CFLAGS_GCOV = -fprofile-arcs -ftest-coverage
# Use LINUXINCLUDE when you must reference the include/ directory.
# Needed to be compatible with the O= option
LINUXINCLUDE := -Iinclude \
$(if $(KBUILD_SRC),-Iinclude2 -I$(srctree)/include) \
-I$(srctree)/arch/$(hdr-arch)/include \
-include include/linux/autoconf.h
KBUILD_CPPFLAGS := -D__KERNEL__
KBUILD_CFLAGS := -Wall -Wundef -Wstrict-prototypes -Wno-trigraphs \
-fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common \
-Werror-implicit-function-declaration
KBUILD_AFLAGS := -D__ASSEMBLY__
# Read KERNELRELEASE from include/config/kernel.release (if it exists)
KERNELRELEASE = $(shell cat include/config/kernel.release 2> /dev/null)
KERNELVERSION = $(VERSION).$(PATCHLEVEL).$(SUBLEVEL)$(EXTRAVERSION)
export VERSION PATCHLEVEL SUBLEVEL KERNELRELEASE KERNELVERSION
export ARCH SRCARCH CONFIG_SHELL HOSTCC HOSTCFLAGS CROSS_COMPILE AS LD CC
export CPP AR NM STRIP OBJCOPY OBJDUMP MAKE AWK GENKSYMS PERL UTS_MACHINE
export HOSTCXX HOSTCXXFLAGS LDFLAGS_MODULE CHECK CHECKFLAGS
export KBUILD_CPPFLAGS NOSTDINC_FLAGS LINUXINCLUDE OBJCOPYFLAGS LDFLAGS
export KBUILD_CFLAGS CFLAGS_KERNEL CFLAGS_MODULE CFLAGS_GCOV
export KBUILD_AFLAGS AFLAGS_KERNEL AFLAGS_MODULE
# When compiling out-of-tree modules, put MODVERDIR in the module
# tree rather than in the kernel tree. The kernel tree might
# even be read-only.
export MODVERDIR := $(if $(KBUILD_EXTMOD),$(firstword $(KBUILD_EXTMOD))/).tmp_versions
# Files to ignore in find ... statements
RCS_FIND_IGNORE := \( -name SCCS -o -name BitKeeper -o -name .svn -o -name CVS -o -name .pc -o -name .hg -o -name .git \) -prune -o
export RCS_TAR_IGNORE := --exclude SCCS --exclude BitKeeper --exclude .svn --exclude CVS --exclude .pc --exclude .hg --exclude .git
# ===========================================================================
# Rules shared between *config targets and build targets
# Basic helpers built in scripts/
PHONY += scripts_basic
scripts_basic:
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=scripts/basic
# To avoid any implicit rule to kick in, define an empty command.
scripts/basic/%: scripts_basic ;
PHONY += outputmakefile
# outputmakefile generates a Makefile in the output directory, if using a
# separate output directory. This allows convenient use of make in the
# output directory.
outputmakefile:
ifneq ($(KBUILD_SRC),)
$(Q)ln -fsn $(srctree) source
$(Q)$(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/mkmakefile \
$(srctree) $(objtree) $(VERSION) $(PATCHLEVEL)
endif
# To make sure we do not include .config for any of the *config targets
# catch them early, and hand them over to scripts/kconfig/Makefile
# It is allowed to specify more targets when calling make, including
# mixing *config targets and build targets.
# For example 'make oldconfig all'.
# Detect when mixed targets is specified, and make a second invocation
# of make so .config is not included in this case either (for *config).
no-dot-config-targets := clean mrproper distclean \
cscope TAGS tags help %docs check% \
include/linux/version.h headers_% \
kernelrelease kernelversion
config-targets := 0
mixed-targets := 0
dot-config := 1
ifneq ($(filter $(no-dot-config-targets), $(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
ifeq ($(filter-out $(no-dot-config-targets), $(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
dot-config := 0
endif
endif
ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
ifneq ($(filter config %config,$(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
config-targets := 1
ifneq ($(filter-out config %config,$(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
mixed-targets := 1
endif
endif
endif
ifeq ($(mixed-targets),1)
# ===========================================================================
# We're called with mixed targets (*config and build targets).
# Handle them one by one.
%:: FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) -C $(srctree) KBUILD_SRC= $@
else
ifeq ($(config-targets),1)
# ===========================================================================
# *config targets only - make sure prerequisites are updated, and descend
# in scripts/kconfig to make the *config target
# Read arch specific Makefile to set KBUILD_DEFCONFIG as needed.
# KBUILD_DEFCONFIG may point out an alternative default configuration
# used for 'make defconfig'
include $(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/Makefile
export KBUILD_DEFCONFIG KBUILD_KCONFIG
config: scripts_basic outputmakefile FORCE
$(Q)mkdir -p include/linux include/config
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=scripts/kconfig $@
%config: scripts_basic outputmakefile FORCE
$(Q)mkdir -p include/linux include/config
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=scripts/kconfig $@
else
# ===========================================================================
# Build targets only - this includes vmlinux, arch specific targets, clean
# targets and others. In general all targets except *config targets.
ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
# Additional helpers built in scripts/
# Carefully list dependencies so we do not try to build scripts twice
# in parallel
PHONY += scripts
scripts: scripts_basic include/config/auto.conf
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(@)
# Objects we will link into vmlinux / subdirs we need to visit
init-y := init/
drivers-y := drivers/ sound/ firmware/
net-y := net/
libs-y := lib/
core-y := usr/
endif # KBUILD_EXTMOD
ifeq ($(dot-config),1)
# Read in config
-include include/config/auto.conf
ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
# Read in dependencies to all Kconfig* files, make sure to run
# oldconfig if changes are detected.
-include include/config/auto.conf.cmd
# To avoid any implicit rule to kick in, define an empty command
$(KCONFIG_CONFIG) include/config/auto.conf.cmd: ;
# If .config is newer than include/config/auto.conf, someone tinkered
# with it and forgot to run make oldconfig.
# if auto.conf.cmd is missing then we are probably in a cleaned tree so
# we execute the config step to be sure to catch updated Kconfig files
include/config/auto.conf: $(KCONFIG_CONFIG) include/config/auto.conf.cmd
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/Makefile silentoldconfig
else
# external modules needs include/linux/autoconf.h and include/config/auto.conf
# but do not care if they are up-to-date. Use auto.conf to trigger the test
PHONY += include/config/auto.conf
include/config/auto.conf:
$(Q)test -e include/linux/autoconf.h -a -e $@ || ( \
echo; \
echo " ERROR: Kernel configuration is invalid."; \
echo " include/linux/autoconf.h or $@ are missing."; \
echo " Run 'make oldconfig && make prepare' on kernel src to fix it."; \
echo; \
/bin/false)
endif # KBUILD_EXTMOD
else
# Dummy target needed, because used as prerequisite
include/config/auto.conf: ;
endif # $(dot-config)
# The all: target is the default when no target is given on the
# command line.
# This allow a user to issue only 'make' to build a kernel including modules
# Defaults vmlinux but it is usually overridden in the arch makefile
all: vmlinux
ifdef CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Os
else
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -O2
endif
include $(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/Makefile
ifneq ($(CONFIG_FRAME_WARN),0)
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-Wframe-larger-than=${CONFIG_FRAME_WARN})
endif
# Force gcc to behave correct even for buggy distributions
ifndef CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -fno-stack-protector)
endif
ifdef CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fno-omit-frame-pointer -fno-optimize-sibling-calls
else
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fomit-frame-pointer
endif
ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -g
KBUILD_AFLAGS += -gdwarf-2
endif
ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -pg
endif
# We trigger additional mismatches with less inlining
ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SECTION_MISMATCH
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -fno-inline-functions-called-once)
endif
# arch Makefile may override CC so keep this after arch Makefile is included
NOSTDINC_FLAGS += -nostdinc -isystem $(shell $(CC) -print-file-name=include)
CHECKFLAGS += $(NOSTDINC_FLAGS)
# warn about C99 declaration after statement
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-Wdeclaration-after-statement,)
# disable pointer signed / unsigned warnings in gcc 4.0
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-Wno-pointer-sign,)
# disable invalid "can't wrap" optimizations for signed / pointers
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-fwrapv)
# revert to pre-gcc-4.4 behaviour of .eh_frame
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-fno-dwarf2-cfi-asm)
# Add user supplied CPPFLAGS, AFLAGS and CFLAGS as the last assignments
# But warn user when we do so
warn-assign = \
$(warning "WARNING: Appending $$K$(1) ($(K$(1))) from $(origin K$(1)) to kernel $$$(1)")
ifneq ($(KCPPFLAGS),)
$(call warn-assign,CPPFLAGS)
KBUILD_CPPFLAGS += $(KCPPFLAGS)
endif
ifneq ($(KAFLAGS),)
$(call warn-assign,AFLAGS)
KBUILD_AFLAGS += $(KAFLAGS)
endif
ifneq ($(KCFLAGS),)
$(call warn-assign,CFLAGS)
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(KCFLAGS)
endif
# Use --build-id when available.
LDFLAGS_BUILD_ID = $(patsubst -Wl$(comma)%,%,\
$(call ld-option, -Wl$(comma)--build-id,))
LDFLAGS_MODULE += $(LDFLAGS_BUILD_ID)
LDFLAGS_vmlinux += $(LDFLAGS_BUILD_ID)
ifeq ($(CONFIG_STRIP_ASM_SYMS),y)
LDFLAGS_vmlinux += -X
endif
# Default kernel image to build when no specific target is given.
# KBUILD_IMAGE may be overruled on the command line or
# set in the environment
# Also any assignments in arch/$(ARCH)/Makefile take precedence over
# this default value
export KBUILD_IMAGE ?= vmlinux
#
# INSTALL_PATH specifies where to place the updated kernel and system map
# images. Default is /boot, but you can set it to other values
export INSTALL_PATH ?= /boot
#
# INSTALL_MOD_PATH specifies a prefix to MODLIB for module directory
# relocations required by build roots. This is not defined in the
# makefile but the argument can be passed to make if needed.
#
MODLIB = $(INSTALL_MOD_PATH)/lib/modules/$(KERNELRELEASE)
export MODLIB
#
# INSTALL_MOD_STRIP, if defined, will cause modules to be
# stripped after they are installed. If INSTALL_MOD_STRIP is '1', then
# the default option --strip-debug will be used. Otherwise,
# INSTALL_MOD_STRIP will used as the options to the strip command.
ifdef INSTALL_MOD_STRIP
ifeq ($(INSTALL_MOD_STRIP),1)
mod_strip_cmd = $(STRIP) --strip-debug
else
mod_strip_cmd = $(STRIP) $(INSTALL_MOD_STRIP)
endif # INSTALL_MOD_STRIP=1
else
mod_strip_cmd = true
endif # INSTALL_MOD_STRIP
export mod_strip_cmd
ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
core-y += kernel/ mm/ fs/ ipc/ security/ crypto/ block/
vmlinux-dirs := $(patsubst %/,%,$(filter %/, $(init-y) $(init-m) \
$(core-y) $(core-m) $(drivers-y) $(drivers-m) \
$(net-y) $(net-m) $(libs-y) $(libs-m)))
vmlinux-alldirs := $(sort $(vmlinux-dirs) $(patsubst %/,%,$(filter %/, \
$(init-n) $(init-) \
$(core-n) $(core-) $(drivers-n) $(drivers-) \
$(net-n) $(net-) $(libs-n) $(libs-))))
init-y := $(patsubst %/, %/built-in.o, $(init-y))
core-y := $(patsubst %/, %/built-in.o, $(core-y))
drivers-y := $(patsubst %/, %/built-in.o, $(drivers-y))
net-y := $(patsubst %/, %/built-in.o, $(net-y))
libs-y1 := $(patsubst %/, %/lib.a, $(libs-y))
libs-y2 := $(patsubst %/, %/built-in.o, $(libs-y))
libs-y := $(libs-y1) $(libs-y2)
# Build vmlinux
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# vmlinux is built from the objects selected by $(vmlinux-init) and
# $(vmlinux-main). Most are built-in.o files from top-level directories
# in the kernel tree, others are specified in arch/$(ARCH)/Makefile.
# Ordering when linking is important, and $(vmlinux-init) must be first.
#
# vmlinux
# ^
# |
# +-< $(vmlinux-init)
# | +--< init/version.o + more
# |
# +--< $(vmlinux-main)
# | +--< driver/built-in.o mm/built-in.o + more
# |
# +-< kallsyms.o (see description in CONFIG_KALLSYMS section)
#
# vmlinux version (uname -v) cannot be updated during normal
# descending-into-subdirs phase since we do not yet know if we need to
# update vmlinux.
# Therefore this step is delayed until just before final link of vmlinux -
# except in the kallsyms case where it is done just before adding the
# symbols to the kernel.
#
# System.map is generated to document addresses of all kernel symbols
vmlinux-init := $(head-y) $(init-y)
vmlinux-main := $(core-y) $(libs-y) $(drivers-y) $(net-y)
vmlinux-all := $(vmlinux-init) $(vmlinux-main)
vmlinux-lds := arch/$(SRCARCH)/kernel/vmlinux.lds
export KBUILD_VMLINUX_OBJS := $(vmlinux-all)
# Rule to link vmlinux - also used during CONFIG_KALLSYMS
# May be overridden by arch/$(ARCH)/Makefile
quiet_cmd_vmlinux__ ?= LD $@
cmd_vmlinux__ ?= $(LD) $(LDFLAGS) $(LDFLAGS_vmlinux) -o $@ \
-T $(vmlinux-lds) $(vmlinux-init) \
--start-group $(vmlinux-main) --end-group \
$(filter-out $(vmlinux-lds) $(vmlinux-init) $(vmlinux-main) vmlinux.o FORCE ,$^)
# Generate new vmlinux version
quiet_cmd_vmlinux_version = GEN .version
cmd_vmlinux_version = set -e; \
if [ ! -r .version ]; then \
rm -f .version; \
echo 1 >.version; \
else \
mv .version .old_version; \
expr 0$$(cat .old_version) + 1 >.version; \
fi; \
$(MAKE) $(build)=init
# Generate System.map
quiet_cmd_sysmap = SYSMAP
cmd_sysmap = $(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/mksysmap
# Link of vmlinux
# If CONFIG_KALLSYMS is set .version is already updated
# Generate System.map and verify that the content is consistent
# Use + in front of the vmlinux_version rule to silent warning with make -j2
# First command is ':' to allow us to use + in front of the rule
define rule_vmlinux__
:
$(if $(CONFIG_KALLSYMS),,+$(call cmd,vmlinux_version))
$(call cmd,vmlinux__)
$(Q)echo 'cmd_$@ := $(cmd_vmlinux__)' > $(@D)/.$(@F).cmd
$(Q)$(if $($(quiet)cmd_sysmap), \
echo ' $($(quiet)cmd_sysmap) System.map' &&) \
$(cmd_sysmap) $@ System.map; \
if [ $$? -ne 0 ]; then \
rm -f $@; \
/bin/false; \
fi;
$(verify_kallsyms)
endef
ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS
# Generate section listing all symbols and add it into vmlinux $(kallsyms.o)
# It's a three stage process:
# o .tmp_vmlinux1 has all symbols and sections, but __kallsyms is
# empty
# Running kallsyms on that gives us .tmp_kallsyms1.o with
# the right size - vmlinux version (uname -v) is updated during this step
# o .tmp_vmlinux2 now has a __kallsyms section of the right size,
# but due to the added section, some addresses have shifted.
# From here, we generate a correct .tmp_kallsyms2.o
# o The correct .tmp_kallsyms2.o is linked into the final vmlinux.
# o Verify that the System.map from vmlinux matches the map from
# .tmp_vmlinux2, just in case we did not generate kallsyms correctly.
# o If CONFIG_KALLSYMS_EXTRA_PASS is set, do an extra pass using
# .tmp_vmlinux3 and .tmp_kallsyms3.o. This is only meant as a
# temporary bypass to allow the kernel to be built while the
# maintainers work out what went wrong with kallsyms.
ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS_EXTRA_PASS
last_kallsyms := 3
else
last_kallsyms := 2
endif
kallsyms.o := .tmp_kallsyms$(last_kallsyms).o
define verify_kallsyms
$(Q)$(if $($(quiet)cmd_sysmap), \
echo ' $($(quiet)cmd_sysmap) .tmp_System.map' &&) \
$(cmd_sysmap) .tmp_vmlinux$(last_kallsyms) .tmp_System.map
$(Q)cmp -s System.map .tmp_System.map || \
(echo Inconsistent kallsyms data; \
echo Try setting CONFIG_KALLSYMS_EXTRA_PASS; \
rm .tmp_kallsyms* ; /bin/false )
endef
# Update vmlinux version before link
# Use + in front of this rule to silent warning about make -j1
# First command is ':' to allow us to use + in front of this rule
cmd_ksym_ld = $(cmd_vmlinux__)
define rule_ksym_ld
:
+$(call cmd,vmlinux_version)
$(call cmd,vmlinux__)
$(Q)echo 'cmd_$@ := $(cmd_vmlinux__)' > $(@D)/.$(@F).cmd
endef
# Generate .S file with all kernel symbols
quiet_cmd_kallsyms = KSYM $@
cmd_kallsyms = $(NM) -n $< | $(KALLSYMS) \
$(if $(CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALL),--all-symbols) > $@
.tmp_kallsyms1.o .tmp_kallsyms2.o .tmp_kallsyms3.o: %.o: %.S scripts FORCE
$(call if_changed_dep,as_o_S)
.tmp_kallsyms%.S: .tmp_vmlinux% $(KALLSYMS)
$(call cmd,kallsyms)
# .tmp_vmlinux1 must be complete except kallsyms, so update vmlinux version
.tmp_vmlinux1: $(vmlinux-lds) $(vmlinux-all) FORCE
$(call if_changed_rule,ksym_ld)
.tmp_vmlinux2: $(vmlinux-lds) $(vmlinux-all) .tmp_kallsyms1.o FORCE
$(call if_changed,vmlinux__)
.tmp_vmlinux3: $(vmlinux-lds) $(vmlinux-all) .tmp_kallsyms2.o FORCE
$(call if_changed,vmlinux__)
# Needs to visit scripts/ before $(KALLSYMS) can be used.
$(KALLSYMS): scripts ;
# Generate some data for debugging strange kallsyms problems
debug_kallsyms: .tmp_map$(last_kallsyms)
.tmp_map%: .tmp_vmlinux% FORCE
($(OBJDUMP) -h $< | $(AWK) '/^ +[0-9]/{print $$4 " 0 " $$2}'; $(NM) $<) | sort > $@
.tmp_map3: .tmp_map2
.tmp_map2: .tmp_map1
endif # ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS
# Do modpost on a prelinked vmlinux. The finally linked vmlinux has
# relevant sections renamed as per the linker script.
quiet_cmd_vmlinux-modpost = LD $@
cmd_vmlinux-modpost = $(LD) $(LDFLAGS) -r -o $@ \
$(vmlinux-init) --start-group $(vmlinux-main) --end-group \
$(filter-out $(vmlinux-init) $(vmlinux-main) FORCE ,$^)
define rule_vmlinux-modpost
:
+$(call cmd,vmlinux-modpost)
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modpost $@
$(Q)echo 'cmd_$@ := $(cmd_vmlinux-modpost)' > $(dot-target).cmd
endef
# vmlinux image - including updated kernel symbols
vmlinux: $(vmlinux-lds) $(vmlinux-init) $(vmlinux-main) vmlinux.o $(kallsyms.o) FORCE
ifdef CONFIG_HEADERS_CHECK
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/Makefile headers_check
endif
ifdef CONFIG_SAMPLES
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=samples
endif
ifdef CONFIG_BUILD_DOCSRC
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=Documentation
endif
$(call vmlinux-modpost)
$(call if_changed_rule,vmlinux__)
$(Q)rm -f .old_version
# build vmlinux.o first to catch section mismatch errors early
ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS
.tmp_vmlinux1: vmlinux.o
endif
modpost-init := $(filter-out init/built-in.o, $(vmlinux-init))
vmlinux.o: $(modpost-init) $(vmlinux-main) FORCE
$(call if_changed_rule,vmlinux-modpost)
# The actual objects are generated when descending,
# make sure no implicit rule kicks in
$(sort $(vmlinux-init) $(vmlinux-main)) $(vmlinux-lds): $(vmlinux-dirs) ;
# Handle descending into subdirectories listed in $(vmlinux-dirs)
# Preset locale variables to speed up the build process. Limit locale
# tweaks to this spot to avoid wrong language settings when running
# make menuconfig etc.
# Error messages still appears in the original language
PHONY += $(vmlinux-dirs)
$(vmlinux-dirs): prepare scripts
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$@
# Build the kernel release string
#
# The KERNELRELEASE value built here is stored in the file
# include/config/kernel.release, and is used when executing several
# make targets, such as "make install" or "make modules_install."
#
# The eventual kernel release string consists of the following fields,
# shown in a hierarchical format to show how smaller parts are concatenated
# to form the larger and final value, with values coming from places like
# the Makefile, kernel config options, make command line options and/or
# SCM tag information.
#
# $(KERNELVERSION)
# $(VERSION) eg, 2
# $(PATCHLEVEL) eg, 6
# $(SUBLEVEL) eg, 18
# $(EXTRAVERSION) eg, -rc6
# $(localver-full)
# $(localver)
# localversion* (files without backups, containing '~')
# $(CONFIG_LOCALVERSION) (from kernel config setting)
# $(localver-auto) (only if CONFIG_LOCALVERSION_AUTO is set)
# ./scripts/setlocalversion (SCM tag, if one exists)
# $(LOCALVERSION) (from make command line if provided)
#
# Note how the final $(localver-auto) string is included *only* if the
# kernel config option CONFIG_LOCALVERSION_AUTO is selected. Also, at the
# moment, only git is supported but other SCMs can edit the script
# scripts/setlocalversion and add the appropriate checks as needed.
pattern = ".*/localversion[^~]*"
string = $(shell cat /dev/null \
`find $(objtree) $(srctree) -maxdepth 1 -regex $(pattern) | sort -u`)
localver = $(subst $(space),, $(string) \
$(patsubst "%",%,$(CONFIG_LOCALVERSION)))
# If CONFIG_LOCALVERSION_AUTO is set scripts/setlocalversion is called
# and if the SCM is know a tag from the SCM is appended.
# The appended tag is determined by the SCM used.
#
# .scmversion is used when generating rpm packages so we do not loose
# the version information from the SCM when we do the build of the kernel
# from the copied source
ifdef CONFIG_LOCALVERSION_AUTO
ifeq ($(wildcard .scmversion),)
_localver-auto = $(shell $(CONFIG_SHELL) \
$(srctree)/scripts/setlocalversion $(srctree))
else
_localver-auto = $(shell cat .scmversion 2> /dev/null)
endif
localver-auto = $(LOCALVERSION)$(_localver-auto)
endif
localver-full = $(localver)$(localver-auto)
# Store (new) KERNELRELASE string in include/config/kernel.release
kernelrelease = $(KERNELVERSION)$(localver-full)
include/config/kernel.release: include/config/auto.conf FORCE
$(Q)rm -f $@
$(Q)echo $(kernelrelease) > $@
# Things we need to do before we recursively start building the kernel
# or the modules are listed in "prepare".
# A multi level approach is used. prepareN is processed before prepareN-1.
# archprepare is used in arch Makefiles and when processed asm symlink,
# version.h and scripts_basic is processed / created.
# Listed in dependency order
PHONY += prepare archprepare prepare0 prepare1 prepare2 prepare3
# prepare3 is used to check if we are building in a separate output directory,
# and if so do:
# 1) Check that make has not been executed in the kernel src $(srctree)
# 2) Create the include2 directory, used for the second asm symlink
prepare3: include/config/kernel.release
ifneq ($(KBUILD_SRC),)
@$(kecho) ' Using $(srctree) as source for kernel'
$(Q)if [ -f $(srctree)/.config -o -d $(srctree)/include/config ]; then \
echo " $(srctree) is not clean, please run 'make mrproper'";\
echo " in the '$(srctree)' directory.";\
/bin/false; \
fi;
$(Q)if [ ! -d include2 ]; then \
mkdir -p include2; \
ln -fsn $(srctree)/include/asm-$(SRCARCH) include2/asm; \
fi
endif
# prepare2 creates a makefile if using a separate output directory
prepare2: prepare3 outputmakefile
prepare1: prepare2 include/linux/version.h include/linux/utsrelease.h \
include/asm include/config/auto.conf
$(cmd_crmodverdir)
archprepare: prepare1 scripts_basic
prepare0: archprepare FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=.
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=. missing-syscalls
# All the preparing..
prepare: prepare0
# Leave this as default for preprocessing vmlinux.lds.S, which is now
# done in arch/$(ARCH)/kernel/Makefile
export CPPFLAGS_vmlinux.lds += -P -C -U$(ARCH)
# The asm symlink changes when $(ARCH) changes.
# Detect this and ask user to run make mrproper
# If asm is a stale symlink (point to dir that does not exist) remove it
define check-symlink
set -e; \
if [ -L include/asm ]; then \
asmlink=`readlink include/asm | cut -d '-' -f 2`; \
if [ "$$asmlink" != "$(SRCARCH)" ]; then \
echo "ERROR: the symlink $@ points to asm-$$asmlink but asm-$(SRCARCH) was expected"; \
echo " set ARCH or save .config and run 'make mrproper' to fix it"; \
exit 1; \
fi; \
test -e $$asmlink || rm include/asm; \
elif [ -d include/asm ]; then \
echo "ERROR: $@ is a directory but a symlink was expected";\
exit 1; \
fi
endef
# We create the target directory of the symlink if it does
# not exist so the test in check-symlink works and we have a
# directory for generated filesas used by some architectures.
define create-symlink
if [ ! -L include/asm ]; then \
$(kecho) ' SYMLINK $@ -> include/asm-$(SRCARCH)'; \
if [ ! -d include/asm-$(SRCARCH) ]; then \
mkdir -p include/asm-$(SRCARCH); \
fi; \
ln -fsn asm-$(SRCARCH) $@; \
fi
endef
include/asm: FORCE
$(Q)$(check-symlink)
$(Q)$(create-symlink)
# Generate some files
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# KERNELRELEASE can change from a few different places, meaning version.h
# needs to be updated, so this check is forced on all builds
uts_len := 64
define filechk_utsrelease.h
if [ `echo -n "$(KERNELRELEASE)" | wc -c ` -gt $(uts_len) ]; then \
echo '"$(KERNELRELEASE)" exceeds $(uts_len) characters' >&2; \
exit 1; \
fi; \
(echo \#define UTS_RELEASE \"$(KERNELRELEASE)\";)
endef
define filechk_version.h
(echo \#define LINUX_VERSION_CODE $(shell \
expr $(VERSION) \* 65536 + $(PATCHLEVEL) \* 256 + $(SUBLEVEL)); \
echo '#define KERNEL_VERSION(a,b,c) (((a) << 16) + ((b) << 8) + (c))';)
endef
include/linux/version.h: $(srctree)/Makefile FORCE
$(call filechk,version.h)
include/linux/utsrelease.h: include/config/kernel.release FORCE
$(call filechk,utsrelease.h)
PHONY += headerdep
headerdep:
$(Q)find include/ -name '*.h' | xargs --max-args 1 scripts/headerdep.pl
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
PHONY += depend dep
depend dep:
@echo '*** Warning: make $@ is unnecessary now.'
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Firmware install
INSTALL_FW_PATH=$(INSTALL_MOD_PATH)/lib/firmware
export INSTALL_FW_PATH
PHONY += firmware_install
firmware_install: FORCE
@mkdir -p $(objtree)/firmware
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.fwinst obj=firmware __fw_install
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Kernel headers
#Default location for installed headers
export INSTALL_HDR_PATH = $(objtree)/usr
hdr-inst := -rR -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.headersinst obj
# Find out where the Kbuild file is located to support
# arch/$(ARCH)/include/asm
hdr-dir = $(strip \
$(if $(wildcard $(srctree)/arch/$(hdr-arch)/include/asm/Kbuild), \
arch/$(hdr-arch)/include/asm, include/asm-$(hdr-arch)))
# If we do an all arch process set dst to asm-$(hdr-arch)
hdr-dst = $(if $(KBUILD_HEADERS), dst=include/asm-$(hdr-arch), dst=include/asm)
PHONY += __headers
__headers: include/linux/version.h scripts_basic FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=scripts scripts/unifdef
PHONY += headers_install_all
headers_install_all:
$(Q)$(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/headers.sh install
PHONY += headers_install
headers_install: __headers
$(if $(wildcard $(srctree)/$(hdr-dir)/Kbuild),, \
$(error Headers not exportable for the $(SRCARCH) architecture))
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(hdr-inst)=include
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(hdr-inst)=$(hdr-dir) $(hdr-dst)
PHONY += headers_check_all
headers_check_all: headers_install_all
$(Q)$(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/headers.sh check
PHONY += headers_check
headers_check: headers_install
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(hdr-inst)=include HDRCHECK=1
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(hdr-inst)=$(hdr-dir) $(hdr-dst) HDRCHECK=1
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Modules
ifdef CONFIG_MODULES
# By default, build modules as well
all: modules
# Build modules
#
# A module can be listed more than once in obj-m resulting in
# duplicate lines in modules.order files. Those are removed
# using awk while concatenating to the final file.
PHONY += modules
modules: $(vmlinux-dirs) $(if $(KBUILD_BUILTIN),vmlinux)
$(Q)$(AWK) '!x[$$0]++' $(vmlinux-dirs:%=$(objtree)/%/modules.order) > $(objtree)/modules.order
@$(kecho) ' Building modules, stage 2.';
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modpost
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.fwinst obj=firmware __fw_modbuild
# Target to prepare building external modules
PHONY += modules_prepare
modules_prepare: prepare scripts
# Target to install modules
PHONY += modules_install
modules_install: _modinst_ _modinst_post
PHONY += _modinst_
_modinst_:
@if [ -z "`$(DEPMOD) -V 2>/dev/null | grep module-init-tools`" ]; then \
echo "Warning: you may need to install module-init-tools"; \
echo "See http://www.codemonkey.org.uk/docs/post-halloween-2.6.txt";\
sleep 1; \
fi
@rm -rf $(MODLIB)/kernel
@rm -f $(MODLIB)/source
@mkdir -p $(MODLIB)/kernel
@ln -s $(srctree) $(MODLIB)/source
@if [ ! $(objtree) -ef $(MODLIB)/build ]; then \
rm -f $(MODLIB)/build ; \
ln -s $(objtree) $(MODLIB)/build ; \
fi
@cp -f $(objtree)/modules.order $(MODLIB)/
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modinst
# This depmod is only for convenience to give the initial
# boot a modules.dep even before / is mounted read-write. However the
# boot script depmod is the master version.
PHONY += _modinst_post
_modinst_post: _modinst_
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.fwinst obj=firmware __fw_modinst
$(call cmd,depmod)
else # CONFIG_MODULES
# Modules not configured
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
modules modules_install: FORCE
@echo
@echo "The present kernel configuration has modules disabled."
@echo "Type 'make config' and enable loadable module support."
@echo "Then build a kernel with module support enabled."
@echo
@exit 1
endif # CONFIG_MODULES
###
# Cleaning is done on three levels.
# make clean Delete most generated files
# Leave enough to build external modules
# make mrproper Delete the current configuration, and all generated files
# make distclean Remove editor backup files, patch leftover files and the like
# Directories & files removed with 'make clean'
CLEAN_DIRS += $(MODVERDIR)
CLEAN_FILES += vmlinux System.map \
.tmp_kallsyms* .tmp_version .tmp_vmlinux* .tmp_System.map
# Directories & files removed with 'make mrproper'
MRPROPER_DIRS += include/config include2 usr/include include/generated
MRPROPER_FILES += .config .config.old include/asm .version .old_version \
include/linux/autoconf.h include/linux/version.h \
include/linux/utsrelease.h \
include/linux/bounds.h include/asm*/asm-offsets.h \
Module.symvers Module.markers tags TAGS cscope*
# clean - Delete most, but leave enough to build external modules
#
clean: rm-dirs := $(CLEAN_DIRS)
clean: rm-files := $(CLEAN_FILES)
clean-dirs := $(addprefix _clean_,$(srctree) $(vmlinux-alldirs) Documentation)
PHONY += $(clean-dirs) clean archclean
$(clean-dirs):
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(clean)=$(patsubst _clean_%,%,$@)
clean: archclean $(clean-dirs)
$(call cmd,rmdirs)
$(call cmd,rmfiles)
@find . $(RCS_FIND_IGNORE) \
\( -name '*.[oas]' -o -name '*.ko' -o -name '.*.cmd' \
-o -name '.*.d' -o -name '.*.tmp' -o -name '*.mod.c' \
-o -name '*.symtypes' -o -name 'modules.order' \
-o -name 'Module.markers' -o -name '.tmp_*.o.*' \
-o -name '*.gcno' \) -type f -print | xargs rm -f
# mrproper - Delete all generated files, including .config
#
mrproper: rm-dirs := $(wildcard $(MRPROPER_DIRS))
mrproper: rm-files := $(wildcard $(MRPROPER_FILES))
mrproper-dirs := $(addprefix _mrproper_,Documentation/DocBook scripts)
PHONY += $(mrproper-dirs) mrproper archmrproper
$(mrproper-dirs):
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(clean)=$(patsubst _mrproper_%,%,$@)
mrproper: clean archmrproper $(mrproper-dirs)
$(call cmd,rmdirs)
$(call cmd,rmfiles)
# distclean
#
PHONY += distclean
distclean: mrproper
@find $(srctree) $(RCS_FIND_IGNORE) \
\( -name '*.orig' -o -name '*.rej' -o -name '*~' \
-o -name '*.bak' -o -name '#*#' -o -name '.*.orig' \
-o -name '.*.rej' -o -size 0 \
-o -name '*%' -o -name '.*.cmd' -o -name 'core' \) \
-type f -print | xargs rm -f
# Packaging of the kernel to various formats
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# rpm target kept for backward compatibility
package-dir := $(srctree)/scripts/package
%pkg: include/config/kernel.release FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(package-dir) $@
rpm: include/config/kernel.release FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(package-dir) $@
# Brief documentation of the typical targets used
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
boards := $(wildcard $(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/configs/*_defconfig)
boards := $(notdir $(boards))
board-dirs := $(dir $(wildcard $(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/configs/*/*_defconfig))
board-dirs := $(sort $(notdir $(board-dirs:/=)))
help:
@echo 'Cleaning targets:'
@echo ' clean - Remove most generated files but keep the config and'
@echo ' enough build support to build external modules'
@echo ' mrproper - Remove all generated files + config + various backup files'
@echo ' distclean - mrproper + remove editor backup and patch files'
@echo ''
@echo 'Configuration targets:'
@$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/kconfig/Makefile help
@echo ''
@echo 'Other generic targets:'
@echo ' all - Build all targets marked with [*]'
@echo '* vmlinux - Build the bare kernel'
@echo '* modules - Build all modules'
@echo ' modules_install - Install all modules to INSTALL_MOD_PATH (default: /)'
@echo ' firmware_install- Install all firmware to INSTALL_FW_PATH'
@echo ' (default: $$(INSTALL_MOD_PATH)/lib/firmware)'
@echo ' dir/ - Build all files in dir and below'
@echo ' dir/file.[ois] - Build specified target only'
@echo ' dir/file.ko - Build module including final link'
@echo ' modules_prepare - Set up for building external modules'
@echo ' tags/TAGS - Generate tags file for editors'
@echo ' cscope - Generate cscope index'
@echo ' kernelrelease - Output the release version string'
@echo ' kernelversion - Output the version stored in Makefile'
@echo ' headers_install - Install sanitised kernel headers to INSTALL_HDR_PATH'; \
echo ' (default: $(INSTALL_HDR_PATH))'; \
echo ''
@echo 'Static analysers'
@echo ' checkstack - Generate a list of stack hogs'
@echo ' namespacecheck - Name space analysis on compiled kernel'
@echo ' versioncheck - Sanity check on version.h usage'
@echo ' includecheck - Check for duplicate included header files'
@echo ' export_report - List the usages of all exported symbols'
@echo ' headers_check - Sanity check on exported headers'
@echo ' headerdep - Detect inclusion cycles in headers'; \
echo ''
@echo 'Kernel packaging:'
@$(MAKE) $(build)=$(package-dir) help
@echo ''
@echo 'Documentation targets:'
@$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/Documentation/DocBook/Makefile dochelp
@echo ''
@echo 'Architecture specific targets ($(SRCARCH)):'
@$(if $(archhelp),$(archhelp),\
echo ' No architecture specific help defined for $(SRCARCH)')
@echo ''
@$(if $(boards), \
$(foreach b, $(boards), \
printf " %-24s - Build for %s\\n" $(b) $(subst _defconfig,,$(b));) \
echo '')
@$(if $(board-dirs), \
$(foreach b, $(board-dirs), \
printf " %-16s - Show %s-specific targets\\n" help-$(b) $(b);) \
printf " %-16s - Show all of the above\\n" help-boards; \
echo '')
@echo ' make V=0|1 [targets] 0 => quiet build (default), 1 => verbose build'
@echo ' make V=2 [targets] 2 => give reason for rebuild of target'
@echo ' make O=dir [targets] Locate all output files in "dir", including .config'
@echo ' make C=1 [targets] Check all c source with $$CHECK (sparse by default)'
@echo ' make C=2 [targets] Force check of all c source with $$CHECK'
@echo ''
@echo 'Execute "make" or "make all" to build all targets marked with [*] '
@echo 'For further info see the ./README file'
help-board-dirs := $(addprefix help-,$(board-dirs))
help-boards: $(help-board-dirs)
boards-per-dir = $(notdir $(wildcard $(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/configs/$*/*_defconfig))
$(help-board-dirs): help-%:
@echo 'Architecture specific targets ($(SRCARCH) $*):'
@$(if $(boards-per-dir), \
$(foreach b, $(boards-per-dir), \
printf " %-24s - Build for %s\\n" $*/$(b) $(subst _defconfig,,$(b));) \
echo '')
# Documentation targets
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
%docs: scripts_basic FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=Documentation/DocBook $@
else # KBUILD_EXTMOD
###
# External module support.
# When building external modules the kernel used as basis is considered
# read-only, and no consistency checks are made and the make
# system is not used on the basis kernel. If updates are required
# in the basis kernel ordinary make commands (without M=...) must
# be used.
#
# The following are the only valid targets when building external
# modules.
# make M=dir clean Delete all automatically generated files
# make M=dir modules Make all modules in specified dir
# make M=dir Same as 'make M=dir modules'
# make M=dir modules_install
# Install the modules built in the module directory
# Assumes install directory is already created
# We are always building modules
KBUILD_MODULES := 1
PHONY += crmodverdir
crmodverdir:
$(cmd_crmodverdir)
PHONY += $(objtree)/Module.symvers
$(objtree)/Module.symvers:
@test -e $(objtree)/Module.symvers || ( \
echo; \
echo " WARNING: Symbol version dump $(objtree)/Module.symvers"; \
echo " is missing; modules will have no dependencies and modversions."; \
echo )
module-dirs := $(addprefix _module_,$(KBUILD_EXTMOD))
PHONY += $(module-dirs) modules
$(module-dirs): crmodverdir $(objtree)/Module.symvers
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(patsubst _module_%,%,$@)
modules: $(module-dirs)
@$(kecho) ' Building modules, stage 2.';
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modpost
PHONY += modules_install
modules_install: _emodinst_ _emodinst_post
install-dir := $(if $(INSTALL_MOD_DIR),$(INSTALL_MOD_DIR),extra)
PHONY += _emodinst_
_emodinst_:
$(Q)mkdir -p $(MODLIB)/$(install-dir)
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modinst
PHONY += _emodinst_post
_emodinst_post: _emodinst_
$(call cmd,depmod)
clean-dirs := $(addprefix _clean_,$(KBUILD_EXTMOD))
PHONY += $(clean-dirs) clean
$(clean-dirs):
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(clean)=$(patsubst _clean_%,%,$@)
clean: rm-dirs := $(MODVERDIR)
clean: rm-files := $(KBUILD_EXTMOD)/Module.symvers \
$(KBUILD_EXTMOD)/Module.markers \
$(KBUILD_EXTMOD)/modules.order
clean: $(clean-dirs)
$(call cmd,rmdirs)
$(call cmd,rmfiles)
@find $(KBUILD_EXTMOD) $(RCS_FIND_IGNORE) \
\( -name '*.[oas]' -o -name '*.ko' -o -name '.*.cmd' \
-o -name '.*.d' -o -name '.*.tmp' -o -name '*.mod.c' \
-o -name '*.gcno' \) -type f -print | xargs rm -f
help:
@echo ' Building external modules.'
@echo ' Syntax: make -C path/to/kernel/src M=$$PWD target'
@echo ''
@echo ' modules - default target, build the module(s)'
@echo ' modules_install - install the module'
@echo ' clean - remove generated files in module directory only'
@echo ''
# Dummies...
PHONY += prepare scripts
prepare: ;
scripts: ;
endif # KBUILD_EXTMOD
# Generate tags for editors
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
quiet_cmd_tags = GEN $@
cmd_tags = $(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/tags.sh $@
tags TAGS cscope: FORCE
$(call cmd,tags)
# Scripts to check various things for consistency
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
includecheck:
find * $(RCS_FIND_IGNORE) \
-name '*.[hcS]' -type f -print | sort \
| xargs $(PERL) -w $(srctree)/scripts/checkincludes.pl
versioncheck:
find * $(RCS_FIND_IGNORE) \
-name '*.[hcS]' -type f -print | sort \
| xargs $(PERL) -w $(srctree)/scripts/checkversion.pl
namespacecheck:
$(PERL) $(srctree)/scripts/namespace.pl
export_report:
$(PERL) $(srctree)/scripts/export_report.pl
endif #ifeq ($(config-targets),1)
endif #ifeq ($(mixed-targets),1)
PHONY += checkstack kernelrelease kernelversion
# UML needs a little special treatment here. It wants to use the host
# toolchain, so needs $(SUBARCH) passed to checkstack.pl. Everyone
# else wants $(ARCH), including people doing cross-builds, which means
# that $(SUBARCH) doesn't work here.
ifeq ($(ARCH), um)
CHECKSTACK_ARCH := $(SUBARCH)
else
CHECKSTACK_ARCH := $(ARCH)
endif
checkstack:
$(OBJDUMP) -d vmlinux $$(find . -name '*.ko') | \
$(PERL) $(src)/scripts/checkstack.pl $(CHECKSTACK_ARCH)
kernelrelease:
$(if $(wildcard include/config/kernel.release), $(Q)echo $(KERNELRELEASE), \
$(error kernelrelease not valid - run 'make prepare' to update it))
kernelversion:
@echo $(KERNELVERSION)
# Single targets
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Single targets are compatible with:
# - build with mixed source and output
# - build with separate output dir 'make O=...'
# - external modules
#
# target-dir => where to store outputfile
# build-dir => directory in kernel source tree to use
ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
build-dir = $(patsubst %/,%,$(dir $@))
target-dir = $(dir $@)
else
zap-slash=$(filter-out .,$(patsubst %/,%,$(dir $@)))
build-dir = $(KBUILD_EXTMOD)$(if $(zap-slash),/$(zap-slash))
target-dir = $(if $(KBUILD_EXTMOD),$(dir $<),$(dir $@))
endif
%.s: %.c prepare scripts FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(build-dir) $(target-dir)$(notdir $@)
%.i: %.c prepare scripts FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(build-dir) $(target-dir)$(notdir $@)
%.o: %.c prepare scripts FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(build-dir) $(target-dir)$(notdir $@)
%.lst: %.c prepare scripts FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(build-dir) $(target-dir)$(notdir $@)
%.s: %.S prepare scripts FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(build-dir) $(target-dir)$(notdir $@)
%.o: %.S prepare scripts FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(build-dir) $(target-dir)$(notdir $@)
%.symtypes: %.c prepare scripts FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(build-dir) $(target-dir)$(notdir $@)
# Modules
/: prepare scripts FORCE
$(cmd_crmodverdir)
$(Q)$(MAKE) KBUILD_MODULES=$(if $(CONFIG_MODULES),1) \
$(build)=$(build-dir)
%/: prepare scripts FORCE
$(cmd_crmodverdir)
$(Q)$(MAKE) KBUILD_MODULES=$(if $(CONFIG_MODULES),1) \
$(build)=$(build-dir)
%.ko: prepare scripts FORCE
$(cmd_crmodverdir)
$(Q)$(MAKE) KBUILD_MODULES=$(if $(CONFIG_MODULES),1) \
$(build)=$(build-dir) $(@:.ko=.o)
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modpost
# FIXME Should go into a make.lib or something
# ===========================================================================
quiet_cmd_rmdirs = $(if $(wildcard $(rm-dirs)),CLEAN $(wildcard $(rm-dirs)))
cmd_rmdirs = rm -rf $(rm-dirs)
quiet_cmd_rmfiles = $(if $(wildcard $(rm-files)),CLEAN $(wildcard $(rm-files)))
cmd_rmfiles = rm -f $(rm-files)
# Run depmod only if we have System.map and depmod is executable
quiet_cmd_depmod = DEPMOD $(KERNELRELEASE)
cmd_depmod = \
if [ -r System.map -a -x $(DEPMOD) ]; then \
$(DEPMOD) -ae -F System.map \
$(if $(strip $(INSTALL_MOD_PATH)), -b $(INSTALL_MOD_PATH) ) \
$(KERNELRELEASE); \
fi
# Create temporary dir for module support files
# clean it up only when building all modules
cmd_crmodverdir = $(Q)mkdir -p $(MODVERDIR) \
$(if $(KBUILD_MODULES),; rm -f $(MODVERDIR)/*)
a_flags = -Wp,-MD,$(depfile) $(KBUILD_AFLAGS) $(AFLAGS_KERNEL) \
$(NOSTDINC_FLAGS) $(LINUXINCLUDE) $(KBUILD_CPPFLAGS) \
$(modkern_aflags) $(EXTRA_AFLAGS) $(AFLAGS_$(basetarget).o)
quiet_cmd_as_o_S = AS $@
cmd_as_o_S = $(CC) $(a_flags) -c -o $@ $<
# read all saved command lines
targets := $(wildcard $(sort $(targets)))
cmd_files := $(wildcard .*.cmd $(foreach f,$(targets),$(dir $(f)).$(notdir $(f)).cmd))
ifneq ($(cmd_files),)
$(cmd_files): ; # Do not try to update included dependency files
include $(cmd_files)
endif
# Shorthand for $(Q)$(MAKE) -f scripts/Makefile.clean obj=dir
# Usage:
# $(Q)$(MAKE) $(clean)=dir
clean := -f $(if $(KBUILD_SRC),$(srctree)/)scripts/Makefile.clean obj
endif # skip-makefile
PHONY += FORCE
FORCE:
# Declare the contents of the .PHONY variable as phony. We keep that
# information in a variable so we can use it in if_changed and friends.
.PHONY: $(PHONY)
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