errcheck is a program for checking for unchecked errors in go programs.
go get -u github.com/kisielk/errcheck
errcheck requires Go 1.9 or newer and depends on the package go/packages from the golang.org/x/tools repository.
For basic usage, just give the package path of interest as the first argument:
To check all packages beneath the current directory:
Or check all packages in your $GOPATH and $GOROOT:
errcheck also recognizes the following command-line options:
-tags flag takes a space-separated list of build tags, just like
go build. If you are using any custom build tags in your code base, you may need
to specify the relevant tags here.
-asserts flag enables checking for ignored type assertion results. It
takes no arguments.
-blank flag enables checking for assignments of errors to the
blank identifier. It takes no arguments.
-exclude flag to specify a path to a file containing a list of functions to
errcheck -exclude errcheck_excludes.txt path/to/package
The file should contain one function signature per line. The format for function signatures is
package.FunctionName while for methods it's
(package.Receiver).MethodName for value receivers
(*package.Receiver).MethodName for pointer receivers. If the function name is followed by string of form
the the function call is excluded only if the type of the first argument is
TYPE. It also accepts a special suffix
(os.Stderr), which excludes the function only when the first argument is a literal
An example of an exclude file is:
io/ioutil.ReadFile io.Copy(*bytes.Buffer) io.Copy(os.Stdout) (*net/http.Client).Do
The exclude list is combined with an internal list for functions in the Go standard library that have an error return type but are documented to never return an error.
When using vendored dependencies, specify the full import path. For example:
- Your project's import path is
- You've vendored
- You want to exclude
fmt2.Printlnfrom error checking
In this case, add this line to your exclude file:
The deprecated method
-ignore flag takes a comma-separated list of pairs of the form package:regex.
For each package, the regex describes which functions to ignore within that package.
The package may be omitted to have the regex apply to all packages.
For example, you may wish to ignore common operations like Read and Write:
errcheck -ignore '[rR]ead|[wW]rite' path/to/package
or you may wish to ignore common functions like the
errcheck -ignore 'fmt:[FS]?[Pp]rint*' path/to/package
-ignorepkg flag takes a comma-separated list of package import paths
errcheck -ignorepkg 'fmt,encoding/binary' path/to/package
Note that this is equivalent to:
errcheck -ignore 'fmt:.*,encoding/binary:.*' path/to/package
If a regex is provided for a package
pkg also appears
in the list of packages passed to
-ignorepkg, the latter takes precedence;
that is, all functions within
pkg will be ignored.
Note that by default the
fmt package is ignored entirely, unless a regex is
specified for it. To disable this, specify a regex that matches nothing:
errcheck -ignore 'fmt:a^' path/to/package
-ignoretests flag disables checking of
_test.go files. It takes
Currently errcheck is unable to check packages that import "C" due to limitations in the importer when used with versions earlier than Go 1.11.
However, you can use errcheck on packages that depend on those which use cgo. In order for this to work you need to go install the cgo dependencies before running errcheck on the dependent packages.
See https://github.com/kisielk/errcheck/issues/16 for more details.
errcheck returns 1 if any problems were found in the checked files. It returns 2 if there were any other failures.
integrates errcheck with Emacs by providing a
and customizable variables to automatically pass flags to errcheck.
vim-go can run errcheck via both its