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'''
FBO example
===========
This is an example of how to use FBO (Frame Buffer Object) to speedup graphics.
An Fbo is like a texture that you can draw on it.
By default, all the children are added in the canvas of the parent.
When you are displaying thousand of widget, you'll do thousands of graphics
instructions each frame.
The idea is to do this drawing only one time in a Fbo, and then, draw the Fbo
every frame instead of all children's graphics instructions.
We created a FboFloatLayout that create his canvas, and a Fbo.
After the Fbo is created, we are adding Color and Rectangle instruction to
display the texture of the Fbo itself.
The overload of on_pos/on_size are here to update size of Fbo if needed, and
adapt the position/size of the rectangle too.
Then, when a child is added or removed, we are redirecting addition/removal of
graphics instruction to our Fbo. This is why add_widget/remove_widget are
overloaded too.
.. note::
This solution can be helpful but not ideal. Multisampling are not available
in Framebuffer. We will work to add the support of it if the hardware is
capable of, but it could be not the same.
'''
# needed to create Fbo, must be resolved in future kivy version
from kivy.core.window import Window
from kivy.graphics import Color, Rectangle, Canvas
from kivy.graphics.fbo import Fbo
from kivy.uix.floatlayout import FloatLayout
from kivy.properties import ObjectProperty
class FboFloatLayout(FloatLayout):
texture = ObjectProperty(None, allownone=True)
def __init__(self, **kwargs):
self.canvas = Canvas()
with self.canvas:
self.fbo = Fbo(size=self.size)
Color(1, 1, 1)
self.fbo_rect = Rectangle()
# wait that all the instructions are in the canvas to set texture
self.texture = self.fbo.texture
super(FboFloatLayout, self).__init__(**kwargs)
def add_widget(self, *largs):
# trick to attach graphics instructino to fbo instead of canvas
canvas = self.canvas
self.canvas = self.fbo
ret = super(FboFloatLayout, self).add_widget(*largs)
self.canvas = canvas
return ret
def remove_widget(self, *largs):
canvas = self.canvas
self.canvas = self.fbo
super(FboFloatLayout, self).remove_widget(*largs)
self.canvas = canvas
def on_size(self, instance, value):
self.fbo.size = value
self.texture = self.fbo.texture
self.fbo_rect.size = value
def on_pos(self, instance, value):
self.fbo_rect.pos = value
def on_texture(self, instance, value):
self.fbo_rect.texture = value
if __name__ == '__main__':
from kivy.uix.button import Button
from kivy.app import App
class TestFboApp(App):
def build(self):
# test with FboFloatLayout or FloatLayout
# comment/uncomment to test it
root = FboFloatLayout()
#root = FloatLayout()
# this part of creation can be slow. try to optimize the loop a
# little bit.
s = 30
size = (s, s)
sh = (None, None)
add = root.add_widget
print 'Creating 5000 widgets...'
for i in xrange(5000):
x = (i % 40) * s
y = int(i / 40) * s
add(Button(text=str(i), pos=(x, y), size_hint=sh, size=size))
if i % 1000 == 1000 - 1:
print 5000 - i - 1, 'left...'
return root
TestFboApp().run()
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