The Kiwix library provides the Kiwix software suite core. It contains the code shared by all Kiwix ports (Windows, GNU/Linux, macOS, Android, iOS, ...).
This document assumes you have a little knowledge about software compilation. If you experience difficulties with the dependencies or with the Kiwix libary compilation itself, we recommend to have a look to kiwix-build.
Although the Kiwix library can be (cross-)compiled on/for many sytems, the following documentation explains how to do it on POSIX ones. It is primarly thought for GNU/Linux systems and has been tested on recent releases of Ubuntu and Fedora.
The Kiwix library relies on many third parts software libraries. They are prerequisites to the Kiwix library compilation. Following libraries need to be available:
- ICU (package
- ZIM (package
- Pugixml (package
- Mustache (Just copy the
mustache.hppsomewhere it can be found by the compiler and/or set CPPFLAGS with correct
-Ioption). Use Mustache version 3 only.
The following dependency needs to be available at runtime:
- Aria2 (package
These dependencies may or may not be packaged by your operating system. They may also be packaged but only in an older version. The compilation script will tell you if one of them is missing or too old. In the worse case, you will have to download and compile bleeding edge version by hand.
If you want to install these dependencies locally, then use the
kiwix-lib directory as install prefix.
The Kiwix library builds using Meson version 0.43 or higher. Meson relies itself on Ninja, pkg-config and few other compilation tools.
Install first the few common compilation tools:
These tools should be packaged if you use a cutting edge operating system. If not, have a look to the Troubleshooting section.
Once all dependencies are installed, you can compile the Kiwix library with:
meson . build ninja -C build
By default, it will compile dynamic linked libraries. All binary files
will be created in the "build" directory created automatically by
Meson. If you want statically linked libraries, you can add
--default-library=static option to the Meson command.
Depending of you system,
ninja may be called
To run the automated tests:
cd build meson test
If you want to install the Kiwix library and the headers you just have compiled on your system, here we go:
ninja -C build install
You might need to run the command as root (or using
where you want to install the libraries. After the installation
succeeded, you may need to run
If you want to uninstall the Kiwix library:
ninja -C build uninstall
Like for the installation, you might need to run the command as
If you need to install Meson "manually":
virtualenv -p python3 ./ # Create virtualenv source bin/activate # Activate the virtualenv pip3 install meson # Install Meson hash -r # Refresh bash paths
If you need to install Ninja "manually":
git clone git://github.com/ninja-build/ninja.git cd ninja git checkout release ./configure.py --bootstrap mkdir ../bin cp ninja ../bin cd ..
If the compilation still fails, you might need to get a more recent version of a dependency than the one packaged by your Linux distribution. Try then with a source tarball distributed by the problematic upstream project or even directly from the source code repository.