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================================================================================ Cross compiling Erlang/OTP ================================================================================ %CopyrightBegin% Copyright Ericsson AB 2009. All Rights Reserved. The contents of this file are subject to the Erlang Public License, Version 1.1, (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You should have received a copy of the Erlang Public License along with this software. If not, it can be retrieved online at http://www.erlang.org/. Software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing rights and limitations under the License. %CopyrightEnd% ================================================================================ This directory contains a configuration file template and configuration examples for cross compiling Erlang/OTP. The configuration files contain configuration variables and should be supplied to the $ERL_TOP/otp_build when setting up an appropriate environment for cross compiling. The currently used configuration variables are described later in this document. The erl-xcomp.conf.template contains all available configuration variables and can be used as a template when creating a configuration. See the erl-xcomp-TileraMDE2.0-tilepro.conf for an example of a working configuration file. Instead of using the configuration files one can export the configuration variables as ordinary environment variables before calling otp_build. If default behavior of a variable is satisfactory, the variable need not to be set and exported. Note that the support for cross compiling is in its early stage of development, and should be considered as experimental. The build system including cross compilation configuration variables used may be subject to non backward compatible changes without prior notice. It works for cross compiling some Linux/GNU systems, but has only been partly tested for more esoteric platforms. The VxWorks example file is highly dependent on our environment and is here more or less only for internal use. Please submit any patches for cross compiling in a way consistent with this system. If a new configuration variable is needed for your system, add it to the template file, use it in otp_build, aclocal.m4 and/or configure.in. All input is welcome as we cannot possibly have all cross compiling environments out there to test with. General information on how to submit patches can be found at: http://wiki.github.com/erlang/otp/submitting-patches == Build and Install ===========================================================  $ cd $ERL_TOP Either set up your cross compilation variables in the environment manually, or set up the environment using a configuration file by executing:  $ eval `./otp_build env_cross <ABSOLUTE_PATH_TO_XCONF_FILE>` Configure and build Erlang/OTP:  $ ./otp_build configure  $ ./otp_build boot -a  $ ./otp_build release -a <ABSOLUTE_PATH_TO_RELEASE_ROOT> The Install script used when installing Erlang/OTP requires common Unix tools such as 'sed' to be present in your PATH. If your target system does not have such tools, you need to run the Install script on your build machine before packing Erlang/OTP. If so, run the Install script like follows; otherwise skip  and :  $ cd <ABSOLUTE_PATH_TO_RELEASE_ROOT>  $ ./Install -cross <ABSOLUTE_INSTALL_ROOT_ON_TARGET> # answer questions Pack Erlang/OTP as follows (gnu tar is assumed):  $ cd <ABSOLUTE_PATH_TO_RELEASE_ROOT>  $ tar -zcf <WHERE_TO_SAVE_THE_RELEASE>/<RELEASE_NAME>.tar.gz * Install Erlang/OTP on the target system like follows. If you ran the Install script before packing ( and ) you should skip :  $ cd <ABSOLUTE_INSTALL_ROOT_ON_TARGET>  $ tar -zxf <WHERE_THE_PACKED_RELEASE_EXIST>/<RELEASE_NAME>.tar.gz  $ ./Install <ABSOLUTE_INSTALL_ROOT_ON_TARGET> # answer questions <ABSOLUTE_INSTALL_ROOT_ON_TARGET> usually equals current working directory when you run the Install script on the target system, but does not have to. It can follow another path through the file system to the same directory. <ABSOLUTE_INSTALL_ROOT_ON_TARGET> is the path that will be used when running Erlang/OTP and is the path that have to be available at run time. == Currently used configuration variables ====================================== -- Mandatory ------------------------------------------------------------------- * erl_xcomp_host Target system. The value will be passed as '--host' argument to the configure script. It does not have to be a full CPU-VENDOR-OS triplet, but can be. The full CPU-VENDOR-OS triplet will be created by: $ERL_TOP/erts/autoconf/config.sub $erl_xcomp_host -- Optional -------------------------------------------------------------------- * erl_xcomp_configure_flags To override the configure flags for a special target system, you can set this variable which overrides configure parameters on the command line and instead uses the specified options. The variable leaves the build-host system untouched. -- Optional build environment flags -- If the cross compilation tools aren't prefixed by '$erl_xcomp_host-', you will have to use these configuration variables in order to use the right cross compilation tools. * erl_xcomp_cc C compiler. * erl_xcomp_ld Linker. * erl_xcomp_cflags C compiler flags. * erl_xcomp_cpp C pre processor. * erl_xcomp_ldflags Linker flags. * erl_xcomp_ranlib Ranlib program. * erl_xcomp_ar Ar program. * erl_xcomp_ded_ld Dynamic Erlang Driver linker. * erl_xcomp_ded_ldflags Dynamic Erlang Driver linker flags. * erl_xcomp_ded_ld_runtime_library_path Dynamic Erlang Driver runtime linker path. -- Optional feature, or bug tests -- These tests cannot (always) be done automatically when cross compiling. You usually does not need to set these variables. Only set these if you really know what you are doing. * erl_xcomp_bigendian - yes|no If yes, the target system must be big endian. If no, little endian. This can often be automatically detected, but not always. If not automatically detected, configure will fail unless this variable is set. No default value is used, i.e., configure will try to figure this out automatically. * erl_xcomp_linux_clock_gettime_correction - yes|no (defaults to yes) If yes, clock_gettime(CLOCK_MONOTONIC, _) on the target system must work. This variable is recommended to be set to no on Linux systems with kernel versions less than 2.6. * erl_xcomp_linux_nptl - yes|no (defaults to yes on Linux; otherwise, no) If yes, the target system must have NPTL (Native POSIX Thread Library). Older Linux systems have LinuxThreads instead of NPTL (Linux kernel versions typically less than 2.6). * erl_xcomp_linux_usable_sigusrx - yes|no (defaults to yes) If yes, the SIGUSR1 and SIGUSR2 must be usable by the ERTS. Old LinuxThreads thread libraries (Linux kernel versions less than 2.2) used these signals and made them unusable by the ERTS. * erl_xcomp_linux_usable_sigaltstack - yes|no (defaults to yes) If yes, sigaltstack() must be usable on the target system. sigaltstack() on Linux kernel versions less than 2.4 are broken. * erl_xcomp_poll - yes|no (defaults to no on Darwin/MacOSX; otherwise, yes) If yes, the target system must have a working poll() implementation that also can handle devices. If no, select() will be used instead of poll(). * erl_xcomp_kqueue - yes|no (defaults to no) If yes, the target system must have a working kqueue() implementation that returns a file descriptor which can be used by poll() and/or select(). If no and the target system has not got epoll() or /dev/poll, the kernel-poll feature will be disabled. * erl_xcomp_putenv_copy - yes|no (defaults to no) If yes, the target system must have a putenv() implementation that stores a copy of the key/value pair. * erl_xcomp_reliable_fpe - yes|no (defaults to no) If yes, the target system must have reliable floating point exceptions. * erl_xcomp_getaddrinfo - yes|no (defaults to no) If yes, the target system must have a working getaddrinfo() implementation that can handle both IPv4 and IPv6. * erl_xcomp_gethrvtime_procfs_ioctl - yes|no (defaults to no) If yes, the target system must have a working gethrvtime() implementation and is used with procfs ioctl(). * erl_xcomp_clock_gettime - yes|no (defaults to no) If yes, the target system must have a working clock_gettime() implementation that can be used for retrieving process CPU time. * erl_xcomp_after_morecore_hook - yes|no (defaults to no) If yes, the target system must have a working __after_morecore_hook that can be used for tracking used malloc() implementations core memory usage. * erl_xcomp_dlsym_brk_wrappers - yes|no (defaults to no) If yes, the target system must have a working dlsym(RTLD_NEXT, <S>) implementation that can be used on 'brk' and 'sbrk' symbols used by the malloc() implementation in use, and by this track the malloc() implementations core memory usage. ================================================================================