Muffin is a fast, simple and asyncronous web-framework for Python 3
Python Makefile

README.rst

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The Muffin

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The Muffin -- A web framework based on Asyncio stack (early beta)

Muffin is a fast, simple and asyncronous web-framework for Python 3.

Docs are available at https://muffin.readthedocs.org/. Pull requests with documentation enhancements and/or fixes are awesome and most welcome.

Example "Hello User" with the Muffin:

import muffin


app = muffin.Application('example')


@app.register('/', '/hello/{name}')
def hello(request):
    name = request.match_info.get('name', 'anonymous')
    return 'Hello %s!' % name

if __name__ == '__main__':
    app.manage()

Save the script as example.py and run it:

$ python3 example.py run

Open http://fuf.me:5000, http://fuf.me:5000/hello/username in your browser. Enjoy!

Plugins

The list of some Muffin plugins (please make PR if you want to provide more):

Requirements

  • python >= 3.4.1

Benchmarks

You could find some tests here: http://klen.github.io/py-frameworks-bench/

Installation

The Muffin should be installed using pip:

pip install muffin

Usage

See more in the example application sources. The application is deployed on Heroku: https://muffin-py.herokuapp.com

Run example server locally:

$ make -C example run

And open http://fuf.me:5000 in your browser.

Configuration

Muffin gets configuration options from python files. You have to specify default configuration module name in your app initialization:

app = muffin.Application('myapp', CONFIG='config.debug')

This name could be overriden by MUFFIN_CONFIG environment variable:

$ MUFFIN_CONFIG=settings_local muffin example run

Which in its turn could be overriden by --config param of muffin command:

$ muffin --config=config.debug example run

Also you can define default config parameter values while initializing your application:

app = muffin.Application('myapp', DEBUG=True, ANY_OPTION='Here', ONE_MORE='Yes')
Base application options

Base Muffin options and default values:

# Configuration module
'CONFIG': 'config'

# Enable debug mode
'DEBUG': False

# Logging options
'ACCESS_LOG': '-',  # File path to access log, - to stderr
'ACCESS_LOG_FORMAT': '%a %l %u %t "%r" %s %b "%{Referrer}i" "%{User-Agent}i"',

'LOG_LEVEL': 'WARNING'
'LOG_FORMAT': '%(asctime)s [%(process)d] [%(levelname)s] %(message)s'
'LOG_DATE_FORMAT': '[%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S %z]'

# List of enabled plugins
'PLUGINS': []

# Setup static files in development
'STATIC_PREFIX': '/static'
'STATIC_FOLDERS': ['static']

# Setup recognition of HTTPS requests through reverse proxy:
# to enable, provide a tuple of (header, value)
'SECURE_PROXY_SSL_HEADER': None
Configuring logging

You can define your logging configurations with Python dictConfig format and place in LOGGING conf:

LOGGING = {
    'version': 1,
    'disable_existing_loggers': False,
    'formatters': {
        'default': {
            'format': '%(asctime)s %(levelname)s %(name)s %(message)s'
        },
    },
    'handlers': {
        'logfile': {
            'level': 'DEBUG',
            'class': 'logging.handlers.RotatingFileHandler',
            'filename': 'my_log.log',
            'maxBytes': 50 * 1024 * 1024,
            'backupCount': 10
        },
    },
    'loggers': {
        '': {
            'handlers': ['logfile'],
            'level': 'ERROR'
        },
        'project': {
            'level': 'INFO',
            'propagate': True,
        },
    }
}

To use just get logger with logging.getLogger():

import logging
logger = logging.getLogger('project')

CLI integration

Run in your shell:

$ muffin path.to.your.module:app_object_name --help
Write a custom command
@app.manage.command
def hello(name, upper=False):
    """ Write command help text here.

    :param name:  Write your name
    :param upper: Use uppercase

    """
    greetings = 'Hello %s!' % name
    if upper:
        greetings = greetings.upper()
    print(greetings)
$ muffin example hello --help

    Write command help text here.

    positional arguments:
    name        Write your name

    optional arguments:
    -h, --help  show this help message and exit
    --upper     Enable use uppercase
    --no-upper  Disable use uppercase

$ muffin example hello mike --upper

    HELLO MIKE!

Testing

Setup tests

Set module path to your Muffin Application in pytest configuration file or use command line option --muffin-app.

Example:

$ py.test -xs --muffin-app example

Testing application

See examples:

import pytest

@pytest.mark.async
def test_async_code():
    from aiohttp import request
    response = yield from request('GET', 'http://google.com')
    text = yield from response.text()
    assert 'html' in text

def test_app(app):
    """ Get your app in your tests as fixture. """
    assert app.name == 'my app name'
    assert app.cfg.MYOPTION == 'develop'

def test_view(client):
    """ Make HTTP request to your application. """
    response = client.get('/my-handler')
    assert 'mydata' in response.text

Deployment

Use muffin command. By example:

$ muffin example run --workers=4

See muffin {APP} run --help for more info.

Bug tracker

If you have any suggestions, bug reports or annoyances please report them to the issue tracker at https://github.com/klen/muffin/issues

Contributing

Development of The Muffin happens at: https://github.com/klen/muffin

Contributors

License

Licensed under a MIT license (See LICENSE)

If you wish to express your appreciation for the project, you are welcome to send a postcard to:

Kirill Klenov
pos. Severny 8-3
MO, Istra, 143500
Russia