Golang HTML5 SSE Example
This is an minimalistic example of how to do HTML5 Server Sent Events with Go (golang). From the server's perspective, SSE is nearly identical to long polling. The client makes a GET request that establishes a TCP connection. The server keeps this connection open and sends events to the client when they are available. In this example, the server pushes a new event every five seconds, consisting of a short message with the current time. Any number of clients can be connected: they will all receive the same events if they're connected concurrently. (This is achived using Go's channels and a fan-out pattern. In other languages you may need to use some kind of pubsub messaging, like Redis or Zeromq.)
The main advantage of HTML5 SSE over long polling is that there is a nice API for it in modern browsers, so that you need not use iframes and such. SSE is easier than Websockets in the sense that it communicates exclusively over HTTP and therefore does not require a separate server. Websockets, however, supports two-way real-time communication between the client and the server.
Check out the repository from GitHub
git clone https://github.com/kljensen/golang-html5-sse-example
To run the server, do
go run ./server.go
Then point your web browser to
You should see output in the browser like the following:
Yo Duder, here are some facinating messages about the current time: Message: 20 - the time is 2013-03-08 21:08:01.260967 -0500 EST Message: 21 - the time is 2013-03-08 21:08:06.262034 -0500 EST Message: 22 - the time is 2013-03-08 21:08:11.262608 -0500 EST Message: 23 - the time is 2013-03-08 21:08:16.263491 -0500 EST Message: 24 - the time is 2013-03-08 21:08:21.264218 -0500 EST Message: 25 - the time is 2013-03-08 21:08:26.264433 -0500 EST
And, you should see output in the terminal like the following
2013/03/15 03:55:55 Sent message 0 2013/03/15 03:55:55 Broadcast message to 0 clients 2013/03/15 03:55:55 Added new client 2013/03/15 03:55:55 Added new client 2013/03/15 03:55:58 Finished HTTP request at / 2013/03/15 03:55:58 Added new client 2013/03/15 03:56:00 Sent message 1 2013/03/15 03:56:00 Broadcast message to 3 clients 2013/03/15 03:56:05 Sent message 2 2013/03/15 03:56:05 Broadcast message to 3 clients 2013/03/15 03:56:10 Sent message 3 2013/03/15 03:56:10 Broadcast message to 3 clients 2013/03/15 03:56:15 Sent message 4 2013/03/15 03:56:15 Broadcast message to 3 clients 2013/03/15 03:56:20 Sent message 5 2013/03/15 03:56:20 Broadcast message to 3 clients
This code is based off of a few sources, mostly
License (the Unlicense)
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