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dunst - dmenu-ish universal notification system


dunst [-geometry geom] [-fn font] [-nf/nb/lf/lb/cf/cb color] [-to/nto/lto/cto secs] [-format fmt] [-key key] [-mod mod] [-mon n] [-v]


dunst is a lightweight notification-daemon for the libnotify. dunst displays messages received via dbus or as commandline argument in a fashion similar to dmenu.



display help message.

-fn font

defines the font or font set used.

-lb/nb/cb color

defines the background color of low/normal/critical messages.

-lf/nf/cf color

defines the foreground color of low/normal/critical messages.

-to secs

defines the default timeout. Can be (partially) overridden by the following options.

-lto/nto/cto secs

timeouts for low/normal/critical messages.

-key key

remove notification by pressing key.

-all_key key

remove all notifications by pressing key.

-history_key key

redisplay last notification by pressing key.

-format fmt

defines the format of the message. See FORMAT.

-mon n

show the notification on monitor n.

-follow mode

display notifications on focused monitor. Possible options are "mouse" to follow the mouse cursor, "keyboard" to follow the window with the keyboard focus and "none" to disable focus following. "mouse" and "keyboard" overwrite the -mon option.


sort messages by urgency.


don't sort messages by urgency.

-geometry [{width}]x{height}][+/-{x}+/-{y}]

The geometry of the message window. The height is measured in lines everything else in pixels. If the width is omitted but the height is given ("-geometry x2"), the message window expands over the whole screen (dmenu-like). If width is 0, the window expands to the longest message displayed. A positive x is measured from the left, a negative from the right side of the screen. Y is measured from the top and down respectevly. see also EXAMPLES show the notification on monitor n.


print version information.

-config file

use alternative config file.


fmt is a string containing placeholders. The placeholders will be replaced with the corresponding text, or if the text is not present, nothing. Possible placeholders are:

%a appname
%s summary
%b body
%i iconname (including its path)
%I iconname (without its path)


Every option that needs a color as argument accepts #RGB, #RRGGBB and X color names.


dunst is able to get different colors for a message via notify-send. In order to do that you have to add a hint via the -h option.

notify-send -h string:fgcolor:#ff4444
notify-send -h string:bgcolor:#4444ff -h string:fgcolor:#ff4444


An example configuration file is included (usually /usr/share/dunst/dunstrc). To change the configuration, copy this file to ~/.config/dunst/dunstrc and edit it accordingly.


written by Sascha Kruse <>


copyright 2012 Sascha Kruse and contributors (see LICENSE for licensing information)

If you feel that copyrights are violated, please send me an email.


dwm(1), dmenu(1), twmn(1), notify-send(1)

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