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Erlang port protocol for Python

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README.rst

Erlang port protocol for Python

Project URL: http://erlport.org

Description

The erlport Python library implements Erlang external term format and Erlang port protocol for easier integration of Python and Erlang.

The library exports the following classes and functions:

  • Port(packet=1, use_stdio=False, compressed=False) - class implementing port which connects with the corresponding Erlang port. See open_port/2 for description of packet and use_stdio arguments. compressed is the zlib compression level or True for the default of 6.
  • Protocol() - class which simplifies creation of request-response protocols.
  • Atom(str) - class which represents an Erlang atom.
  • String(unicode | list) - class representing an Erlang string. Must be used as a wrapper if Unicode string expected instead of a list.
  • BitBinary(str) - class representing an Erlang bitstring whose length in bits is not a multiple of 8.
  • decode(str) - function to convert binary data into a term.
  • encode(term, compressed=False) - function to convert a term into the external format. compressed is the zlib compression level or True for the default of 6.
  • IncompleteData - exception raised by decode() in case of incomplete input data.

Installation

Prerequisites:

  • Erlang >= R11B-4
  • Python >= 2.4

To install the library use easy_install from setuptools package like this:

$ easy_install erlport

Examples

See examples directory in the source distribution for additional examples.

For simple request-response protocol use Port and Protocol on the Python side like this:

from erlport import Port, Protocol, String


# Inherit custom protocol from erlport.Protocol
class HelloProtocol(Protocol):

    # Function handle_NAME will be called for incoming tuple {NAME, ...}
    def handle_hello(self, name):
        # String wrapper forces name to be a string instead of a list
        return "Hello, %s" % String(name)


if __name__ == "__main__":
    proto = HelloProtocol()
    # Run protocol with port open on STDIO
    proto.run(Port(use_stdio=True))

Note that if you are sending a string from Erlang (which is actually just a list of integers and can't be recognized as a string at the protocol level), then in Python you must wrap the received data in the erlport.String class, as shown in the example above.

On the Erlang side function hello() can be called like this:

-module(hello).
-export([hello/1]).


hello(Name) ->
    % Spawn hello.py script and open communication channels
    Port = open_port({spawn, "python -u hello.py"},
        [{packet, 1}, binary, use_stdio]),
    % Convert tuple {hello, Name} to external term format
    ReqData = term_to_binary({hello, Name}),
    % Send binary data to hello.py script
    port_command(Port, ReqData),
    % Wait for reply from hello.py script
    receive
        {Port, {data, RespData}} ->
            % Convert binary data to term
            {ok, binary_to_term(RespData)}
    after
        5000 ->
            {error, timeout}
    end.

Test it in the Erlang shell:

1> % Compile hello.erl module
1> c(hello).
{ok,hello}
2> % Call hello:hello() -> HelloProtocol.handle_hello()
2> hello:hello("Bob").
{ok,"Hello, Bob"}

Notes for Windows users

  • It seems Erlang's open_port function ignores nouse_stdio option on Windows. So the Port class must be instantiated with use_stdio=True argument.
  • Python must be ran with -u option to open stdin/stdout in binary mode.

Feedback

Please report bugs, offer suggestions or feedback at:

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